Another thing we need to remember that Iraqi tank crews at the time were either lacking in the training department and had no real will to fight anymore as they’d not been paid salaries for months and some cases years, as Iraq was nearly bankrupt at the time after the Iran-Iraq wars, Falling oil prices, sanctions etc, they’d mostly given up on even posing a decent fight. I believe mainly the “elite” Repblican Guard armour regiments were given the Soviet made export T72s and regular amour regiments locally made “Lion of Babylon” Polish variants of the T72, which they began using inferior steel in order to reduce costs, hence were even worse then regular export T 72s.It's around 560mm against KE... add 150 to 200mm for K 5 & you have something like 700 to 760mm against KE in case of Russian tank & around 600 to 650mm in case of Indian.
Indian T 72 need an urgent replacement.
Yes. Soviets kept modifying there T 72 MBT. Most people get the opinion regarding T 72 from it's poor performance in gulf war without realising that Iraq used monkey models & its desi version, not the one russians were using.
Soviets were actually leading the charge.
1980 T-72 wins
T-72A - Protection: 410-500mm, APFSDS 3BM22: 380mm at 2km.
M1 - Protection 350mm , APFSDS M735: 410mm at 2km.
1985 T-72 wins
T-72B/S w. Kontakt-1 - Protection 520–540mm, APFSDS 3BM26: 410mm at 2km
M1A1 - Protection 400mm, APFSDS M829: 540mm at 2km.
1991 T-72 wins
T-72B w. Kontakt-5 - Protection 770–800mm, APFSDS 3BM48: 650mm at 2km.
M1A1HA - Protection 600mm, APFSDS M829A1: 700mm at 2km.
Also the lack of night vision and range finders was another thing the Americans used to their advantage. Even majority of our T 72s lack thermals, but I don’t know about range finders.
I still will acknowledge that in the present scenario the T 72 in their present states are cannon fodder and are going to be used for the sake of numerical supremacy and diversion tactics etc.