The 17th electric power survey of India report claims:
1. Over 2010–11, India's industrial demand accounted for 35% of electrical power requirement, domestic household use accounted for 28%, agriculture 21%, commercial 9%, public lighting and other miscellaneous applications accounted for the rest.
2. The electrical energy demand for 2016–17 is expected to be at least 1392 Tera Watt Hours, with a peak electric demand of 218 GW.
3. The electrical energy demand for 2021–22 is expected to be at least 1915 Tera Watt Hours, with a peak electric demand of 298 GW.
If current average transmission and distribution average losses remain same (32%), India needs to add about 135 GW of power generation capacity, before 2017, to satisfy the projected demand after losses.
McKinsey claims that India's demand for electricity may cross 300 GW, earlier than most estimates. To explain their estimates, they point to four reasons:
1. India's manufacturing sector is likely to grow faster than in the past.
2. Domestic demand will increase more rapidly as the quality of life for more Indians improve.
3. About 125,000 villages are likely to get connected to India's electricity grid.
4. Currently blackouts and load shedding artificially suppresses demand; this demand will be sought as revenue potential by power distribution companies.
A demand of 300GW will require about 400 GW of installed capacity, McKinsey notes. The extra capacity is necessary to account for plant availability, infrastructure maintenance, spinning reserve and losses.
In 2010, electricity losses in India during transmission and distribution were about 24%, while losses because of consumer theft or billing deficiencies added another 10–15%.
Easy to say, but very impractical. The implementation of the first design of any technology will pose challenges that will have to be addressed carefully. The second implementation is always going to be more efficient than the first. Get the experience building the first reactor, and the 2nd reactor will be better, safer, more efficient and more cost effective.This should be built in every state
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