Main Battle Tanks and Armour Technology

If Tanks have to evolve, which path they should follow?

  • Light Vehicles-Best for mobility

    Votes: 14 5.1%
  • Heavy Armour-Can take heavy punishment.

    Votes: 47 17.0%
  • Modular Design-Allowing dynamic adaptions.

    Votes: 161 58.1%
  • Universal Platform-Best for logistics.

    Votes: 55 19.9%

  • Total voters
    277

ArgonPrime

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So can we say its the Vijayanta experience and British tank influence for the rifled gun on the Arjun? Else we could have taken the gun of the Leopard 2.
That is indeed the fact. Apparently, the Army was extremely satisfied with the performance of the HESH rounds in both 65 and 71 wars and for that time period, i.e in the 70s, it would have been a sensible choice. But the insistence on retaining the same capability (i.e to fire HESH rounds) in the 90s and beyond, when the whole tank scene had already seen a drastic change in design and type of armor and when better alternatives were made available, is simply beyond preposterous, to put it mildly.
 
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Swiftfarts

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The only thing I would do differently would be to up-armor the turret face at least. I know, I know, the Afghanit, it's a neat piece of technology but I'd want a solid back up to fall back on in case the technology fails.
This issue was raised by even russian military during testing, since it's turret was getting hammered badly by low calibre rounds and i heard they asked for some redesigning which will happen for production model.

I think russian will go for 152mm version in later models while export version for friendly countries will be restricted to 125mm gun.

IMG_20201001_205409.jpg

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And lastly, if we are not looking for it to become operational in the near future, as in it is to become operational by 2030 or beyond, then I would also want them to do away with conventional guns altogether and adopt a Combustion light-gas gun. I mean, have you looked at the muzzle velocity this thing can achieve??!! Forget about the new Russian gun or the German 130 mm Rheinmetall prototype, Heck, forget about mass drivers/ coil guns/ rail guns, this thing just blows every competition out the water!!

For example, a 45mm technology demonstrator managed to propel a projectile at a hopping 11km/sec muzzle velocity!! It almost feels like the stuff from some sci-fi literature like HALO or Star Wars. Now try and match that with a conventional gun.

And the advantage just doesn't stop there either. Use of this technology can completely eliminate the need for the extremely hazardous propellant charges, you can make the gun smaller in diameter which in turn will enable you to pack more ammo inside your tanks, reduced barrel wear as it doesn't heat up the bore nearly as much as the present guns - the list just goes on.
If this happen.... i don't think there will be a need for a bigger gun. But it's a big if. There is always a issue of safety with CLG guns and with higher calibre , risk will increase exponentially.
quality standards would need to be top notch. Rail gun could be a another option but problems there have also not been overcomed.
this is a very good explanation. thank you! but why then is the Challenger 2's rifled gun so hyped about its legendary accuracy and killing capability?
It's called British humour. It supposed to be funny.
 

Bleh

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The guys over at the tanknet had estimated it to be so.
Pff... Tank Ex had 10°.

And T-90 max LOS thickness (at the green area) is 875mm. So I wrote, 800mm+ effective armour.
 
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Haldilal

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[email protected]

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Not Armata copy, because Armata has unmanned turret. Here crew can be seen sticking out of the turret hatches. It anything, the frontal profile seems to be heavily inspired by Abrams. However, the turret seems small in length compared to abrams. Also has side mounted ATGM launchers, which is not very common in MBTs. Also visible are some grenade launchers embedded along the sides of the turret.



Some are saying it is a upgraded M 2002 (Pokpung Ho) tank, but it is difficult to say. For the record North Korea has a history of operating T-55, T-59 (Chinese), T-62 and their own Chollima tank (based on T-62).
 

itsAurea

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Is durability really important anymore? There are so many 'anti-tank' weaponry nowadays so I don't think a very heavy tank is going to be helpful.
 

[email protected]

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Is durability really important anymore? There are so many 'anti-tank' weaponry nowadays so I don't think a very heavy tank is going to be helpful.
Tank vs Anti-tank weapons debate has been going on since WW2. Yet most major countries field tanks today. In Indian context, we do possess a large inventory of Milan, Konkurs ATGM. We are also planning to induct Spice and Nag. However, these cannot be substitute for tanks. This is due to the simple reason that both Pakis and Chinks fields a large number of tanks. Chink Type 15 light tank claims to sport an APS system which can defeat modern ATGM. In future Paki tanks can field such system. Then most of our existing anti tank missiles will be useless. In such a situation, tanks will become more crucial to take on Paki and Chink tanks.
However, some countries(like Britain) which do not share a land border with a hostile country (fielding a large tank force), are debating the utility of tanks in their army. So, it all depends on threat perception. In Indian context, we do not have such luxury.
 

Swiftfarts

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Is durability really important anymore? There are so many 'anti-tank' weaponry nowadays so I don't think a very heavy tank is going to be helpful.
Tanks are going nowhere. It's ATGM , HEAT, HESH rounds which are going to face judgement day in coming future , since hard kill APS have come a long way. There are method like precursor tip used in RPG 30, and some other APFSDS to Fool hard kill and ERA but they can also be dealt with in future. most people do not realize that it will be difficult even for stealth plane for a effective penetration going into the future due advancement in anti aircraft artillery.

Imagine this with railgun or CLG gun. No stealth plane , standoff weapons passing this shield ever.
 

WolfPack86

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US confirms Abrams MBT deal with Taiwan
The US State Department has made a determination to approve a possible Foreign Military Sale (FMS) to Taiwan of equipment including General Dynamics M1A2 Abrams main battle tanks (MBTs) and Raytheon Stinger missiles.


The proposed deal was announced on 8 July by the US Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) and is worth an estimated USD2.22 billion. It comes as the US government ‘normalises’ the way it processes military contracts with Taiwan.


DSCA said it had notified Congress of the deal, which features a range of land systems and weapons including 108 Abrams M1A2T MBTs, 250 Block I-92F Stinger missiles, BAE Systems M88A2 armoured recovery vehicles, Oshkosh M1070A1 heavy equipment transporters, and an assortment of machine guns, munitions, smoke grenade launchers, tank engines and transmissions, and communications equipment.

The DSCA said the sale is in response to a request to procure the materiel from the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States, Taiwan’s principal representative office in Washington. The deal is separated into two projects, with the Abrams tanks and related equipment costed at an estimated USD2 billion and the Stinger missiles valued at USD223.5 million.


The DSCA added that the sale serves US national, economic, and security interests by supporting Taiwan’s efforts to modernise its armed forces and to maintain a credible defensive capability.


The sale of the Abrams MBTs will “contribute to the modernisation of [Taiwan’s] main battle tank fleet, enhancing its ability to meet current and future regional threats and to strengthen its homeland defence”, said the DSCA. Taiwan-US interoperability will also be enhanced through the Abrams acquisition, it said.
 

ArgonPrime

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Is durability really important anymore? There are so many 'anti-tank' weaponry nowadays so I don't think a very heavy tank is going to be helpful.
Modern-day composite armor is incredibly effective against shaped-charge warheads. Take Merkavas for example - while dozens were damaged by heavy ATGMs, none of those were actually written off. They were subsequently repaired and put back into service. In my opinion, the effects of ATGMs are somewhat overhyped. Top attack ATGMs can be dealt with a hardkill APS.
 

Swiftfarts

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Tanks will be getting heavy going into the future there's no way around it. Armata type configuration is the only way to keep weight down some what. even armata tin can turrent will probably get a heavy armour and gun upgrade. Pushing weight upward of 60 tonne. It will get Harder and harder for non APFSDS rounds to be effective going into the future, due to advancement in hard kill APS.
 

Swiftfarts

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IMG_20201027_064826.jpg


from left

• Mango APFSDS > 220 mm/ 60° at 2 km , 11 MJ.

• M829 APFSDS > 120 mm/60° at 2 km , 11 MJ.

• Svinets 1 APFSDS > 350 mm/60° at 2km , 12 MJ

• DM 53 APFSDS > 340 mm/60° at 2km , 13 MJ.

• 2A82 gun vacuum 1 APFSDS > 450 mm/60° at 2 km , 14 MJ. Improved version 2A82-1M used in armata has 2050m/s muzzle velocity and between 15-25 MJ muzzle energy per shot with DOP between 800-1000+ mm LOS.

• 2A83 object 195 152mm gun > 520 mm/60° at 5 km , 25 MJ.

• XM964 APFSDS > 480 mm/60° at 2 km , 18 MJ.
 

Swiftfarts

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Object 195 with it's 152mm gun.

EgcHDB6UYAEIBrS.jpeg

EgcHrzYUwAA2LPY.jpeg


d8ijmtj5udy21.jpg


size compared to M1A2.
q23rpscsjhv51.jpg


gun new version under development has been cancelled recently due to failure to maintain high chamber pressure. Probably will require new material technology which will take time.
 

Swiftfarts

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Nexter claimed 70% increase in performance. Muzzle velocity would probably be upward of 2500 m/s. Upcoming Franco-German MBT will be a game changer and will dominate Europe decades to come.
Russian's will have to build that 152mm gun or they are a done deal.
 

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