Overview of the Russian floating nuclear power plant "Akademik Lomonosov".


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Mar 21, 2022
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Russian is again beginning to actively explore its northern borders. Military efforts are being stepped up in the Polar Zone, new mineral deposits are being developed, and the industrial capacities of the North are increasing. Against the background of all this, the issue of delivering electricity and heat to industrial enterprises, military bases and cities in the northern part of the country becomes relevant. One of the solutions to this problem was the use of the Akademik Lomonosov floating nuclear thermal power plant. The nuclear floating power unit of project 20870 was launched in 2019, the FNPP consists of a floating power unit, coastal infrastructure for the distribution of electrical and thermal energy to consumers, as well as hydraulic structures that are responsible for safe parking in the water area. The station has two nuclear reactors of the KLT-40S type. The electrical power of each is 35 MW, the total power of the entire station is 70 MW. This is enough to cover the energy needs of a settlement with up to 100,000 people. In addition to generating electricity, the station can generate heat and desalinate water with a capacity of up to 240,000 cubic meters of sea water per day. The station is designed with a large margin of safety to counter external threats. The station serves 70 people and has a canteen, a lounge, a library, a sports complex, a swimming pool, a shop, a laundry, an outpatient clinic and other auxiliary facilities. The project was criticized a lot for the cost and, in general, the ability to implement all this normally, nevertheless, the station has successfully earned and provides energy to the city of Pevek in Chukotka. According to Rosatom, 15 countries have shown interest in this project. The service life of the power unit of the station is 40 years with annual maintenance and current repair of individual equipment every 12 years. Displacement of the vessel of the station is 21560 tons. The cost of the project for 2015, taking into account the coastal infrastructure, is 37 billion rubles, or about 740 million dollars.


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