IDEOLOGY AND POLICY OF NEHRUVIAN VISION

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Objectives:
Discuss the nature of nehruvian ideology and vision and explain the essence of nehruvian vision with respect to specific policies and also the achieve ments of Nehru

NOTE : KINDLY DONT POST ANY REPLY TILL I COMPLETE THE THREAD .




Part 1 , brief introduction of Jawaharlal Nehru ( 1889-1964).
1) Nehru was associated with independence movement since his teenage years , and became a rising figure in indian politics in the turbulent times of early twentieth century .
2) In 1929, he was elected as the president of Congress Working Committee ( CWC ) as he was approved by his mentor mahatma gandhi
Called for complete independence or " poorna swaraj " during Lahore session .
3 ) He instigated the Congress's decisive shift to centre of left .
4) He wanted to see india progression industrially but without compromising on ideals of equality, social justice and freedom.


Part 2 , WHAT IS NATURE OF NEHRUVIAN IDEOLOGY AND VISION ?
1) Nehruvian in most simple explanation means a steadfast commitment to secularism , scientific temper and inclusive liberalism .
In economic terms, it means "state intervention" in formulating the direction of indias economy and planned development
So , the economy shows a mixture of fabian socialist and soviet model ideological features
 

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2 ) What is ideology ?
It basically is a body of ideas concerning, social and political values and goals , which can create concrete plans to realise the goals.

Jawahar lal Nehru has been regarded as the one of the important visinory leaders in the world but he is certainly the most important to our country.
He had a vision, he had been decided as indias future prime minister, way back in 1941 , after being approved by gandhi , where gandhi proclaimed Nehru as his political heir .
He oversaw indias transition from a colony to a sovereign country.
While nurturing a multi party system, even though dominating it for decades to come .
Under his leadership, Congress dominated state and provincial elections and reduced the opposition to dust in 1951, 57 and 62 general elections.
He was also accused of a leadership failure in 1962 , india China war .
He remained popular till he died on 27 MAY, 1964 after a massive heart attack in New Delhi.
He was called respectfully as pandit Nehru as he belonged to a kashmiri pandit community.
( to which our @FalconSlayers. Aka panditji belongs to.
 

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Part 3 , NEHRUVUAN VISION AND GOVERNING POLICIES .
1) For Nehru, modernisation was the national policy , with 7 goals viz.
National unity
Parliamentary democracy
Industrialisation
Socialism
Religious harmony
Development of scientific temper .
Non alignment
 

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NEHRU ON ECONOMIC POLICIES ,
1) He was a advocate of mixed economy.
2) He believed , the establishment of basic and heavy industries was essential for development and modernisation of our economy.
The government hence directed investment into key public sector industries like iron coal steel power .
3) the brain behind the Industrial policy resolutions of 1948 and 1956.
Thus was biased towards public sector

4 )He made public sector occupy the commanding heights of our economy.
In a parliament session in May of 1956. He did state that, " we don't mind if private sector advances provided that in regards to basic and strategic things , the public sector holds the field
 

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5) He once said that "distinction between public and private sector was of relative emphasis .... the both sectors cannot be looked upon as separate entities, : they are and most function as a part of single organism " .
6 ) He advocated of sufficient autonomy to public enterprises, he disapproved the bureaucratic ( Babu )style management of these enterprises .he clearly said this once
" I have no doubt that Normal government procedure applied to a public enterprise of this kind will lead to failure of that enterprise.
Thus a system must be evolved that along with adequate checks and balances , there should enough freedom for organisation to work quickly without obstructions "

6) He did oppose rigid parliamentary control over them.
His preferences of big state controlled enterprises created a complex system of quantitative regulations, quotas , tariffs , industrial licenses and host of other controls , this system was known as the " permit system or "LICENSE RAJ "
okay guys remaining tomorrow morning.
 

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NEHRUVIAN VISION ON AGRICULTURAL POLICIES .


1) The government initiated agrarian reforms along with massive industrialisation.
He knew that ,for industrialisation to be viable, it needed a firm and strong base of agriculture and small scale industries
2) He introduced a successfull landreform policy , but the efforts with respect to redistribution of land by placing limits on landownerships failed to a large extent.
3) his effort to introduce cooperative farming was sabotaged by land owning rural elite,who had considerable political support in opposing the efforts of Nehru .
4) Agricultural production increased in 1960s as more land was brought under cultivation and many irrigation projects started to have a effect .
Also , the newly setup Agricultural universities played an important role in expansion of agriculture.
5) The green revolution was a massive success story , the whole north India was transformed into a large producer of high yielding variety of wheat .( probably called as CL 60 or something)
6) green revolution was criticised by activists and environmentalists for its adverse effects on environment and for creating regional inequalities.
7) It must be remembered though , that green revolution achieved self sufficiency in agriculture , regardless of the accusations levelled against green revolution, it made india independent in food security and today india is one of the most important Agricultural nations in the world.
 

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NEHRU ON SOCIAL POLICIES

A- EDUCATION
1) He was a great visionary of education system in india , and advocated and implemented free and compulsory education for all of Indias children and youth.
2) massive enrolment programmes for children were initiated, and thousands of schools were constructed.
3) schools and learning centres for adults in rural areas were also started , this shows the impact of soviet planned development model on Nehrus ideology .
4) His tenure oversaw creation of centres of higher learning and institutes of national importance like Aims , IITs etc.
He was of the opinion that , many of the foreign experts were " second rate " as compared to their much abler indian counterparts and these " second rate " foreign experts were paid more than their indian counterparts.
Thus special recruitment channels were started for adequate placement of foreign trained Indians in these institutes of higher learning
 

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