Global National Elections 2024

Indx TechStyle

Kitty mod
Mod
Joined
Apr 29, 2015
Messages
18,267
Likes
56,097
Country flag
From Guardian
Left to right: Indonesian politician Prabowo Subianto, Mexican politician Claudia Sheinbaum, former US president Donald Trump, US President Joe Biden, prime minister of India Narendra Modi, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Taiwanese politician Lai Ching-te, British politician Keir Starmer, UK prime minister Rishi Sunak and Bangladeshi prime minister Sheikh Hasina Wazed.

2024: Year of elections
Elections tracker 2024: every vote and why it matters
More than 80 countries, more than half the world’s population, will vote this year in elections that could be pivotal for democracy
More than 80 countries are due to head to the polls this year, including some of the wealthiest and most powerful, the most populous, the most authoritarian and the most fragile. Many votes will test the limits of democracy, while others will be exercises in rubber-stamping. Some will be boycotted by the opposition or undermined by government crackdowns on press and dissenters. Keep track of all the results and upcoming polls with our election tracker:
January
BHUTAN
30 November 2023 – 9 January 2024: The tiny Himalayan kingdom elected the liberal former prime minister Tshering Tobgay and his People’s Democratic Party (PDP) with a large majority. Tobgay has vowed to promote the investment needed to boost the country’s $3bn economy and address the unemployment that is driving an increasing number of young Bhutanese abroad, mainly to Australia, in search of better opportunities.
BANGLADESH
7 January: Prime minister Sheikh Hasina won a fifth term in office in an election that was overshadowed by a ruthless crackdown on the opposition and voter turnout of just 40%. In the months leading up to the election, tens of thousands of opposition leaders and rank and file party members were arrested en masse with at least nine dying in jail in the three months preceding the election.
TAIWAN
13 January: Taiwan elected Lai Ching-te as its next president, ushering in a historic third term in power for the pro-sovereignty Democratic Progressive party (DPP) and angering Beijing. Two days after the elections, China managed to reduce the number of Taiwan’s formal diplomatic allies to just 12, and has also begun increasing its military threats, with warplanes frequently entering Taiwanese airspace.

COMOROS
Opposition supporters destroy a billboard image of Comoros President Azali Assoumani and his Convention for the Renewal of Comoros party.
Opposition supporters destroy a billboard image of Comoros President Azali Assoumani and his Convention for the Renewal of Comoros party. Photograph: Olympia de Maismont/AFP/Getty Images
14 January: President Azali Assoumani won a fourth five-year term more than two decades after he first came to power in a coup. Though the country experienced three democratic transitions of power after he first stepped down in 2006, his return in elections in 2016 have since seen him erode democratic mechanisms. After January’s vote opposition candidates alleged fraud and ballot-stuffing.
TUVALU
A woman places her vote into a ballot box on election day in Funafuti, the capital of the south Pacific nation of Tuvalu.
A woman places her vote into a ballot box on election day in Funafuti, the capital of the south Pacific nation of Tuvalu. Photograph: Sam Pedro/AFP/Getty Images
26 January: Tuvalu’s prime minister, Kausea Natano, lost his seat in the general election but a new leader is yet to be selected. Incoming lawmakers will decide on the Pacific nation’s next leader but dangerous weather has prevented them from reaching the capital Funafuti to hold talks. The outcome is being closely watched by Taiwan, China, the US and Australia amid a geopolitical tussle for influence in the Pacific. Tuvalu is one of three remaining Pacific allies of Taiwan, and one contender for prime minister has said the new government should review whether Taipei or Beijing can best respond to Tuvalu’s development needs.
FINLAND
28 January-11 February: Centre-right former prime minister Alexander Stubb won an election runoff against rival Pekka Haavisto in what was seen as the country’s most high-stakes presidential election in a generation. It was the country’s first poll since it joined Nato and took place amid escalating geopolitical drama on the border with Russia.
February

EL SALVADOR
El Salvador President Nayib Bukele, accompanied by his wife Gabriela Rodriguez, addresses supporters from the balcony of the presidential palace in San Salvador, El Salvador, after polls closed on 4 February.
El Salvador President Nayib Bukele, accompanied by his wife Gabriela Rodriguez, addresses supporters from the balcony of the presidential palace in San Salvador, El Salvador, after polls closed on 4 February. Photograph: Moisés Castillo/AP
4 February: President Nayib Bukele won a thumping victory after voters rewarded him for a fierce gang crackdown that has transformed security in what was once one of the world’s most dangerous countries. But his second term was unconstitutional and his New Ideas party’s sweep of parliamentary seats means Bukele will wield unprecedented power. Analysts also suggest that the suspension of civil liberties and imprisonment of more than 2% of the country’s adult population – many without charge – is unsustainable.
MALI
Were scheduled for 4 February: The junta said in September it would postpone presidential elections set for February – which was already a two-year delay on what as agreed by interim authorities after the 2020 coup led by Colonel Assimi Goïta. It appears the military plans to hang on to power indefinitely in the west African country, which has suffered an upsurge in terrorist violence since the military takeover.
AZERBAIJAN
7 February: President Ilham Aliyev won his fifth term with over 90% of votes in elections observers said were neither free nor fair. He had called the poll early after recapturing the breakaway region of Nagorno-Karabakh from Armenia last year and launching a crackdown on independent journalists.
HAITI
Were due by 7 February 2024: Elections were supposed to happen in 2023 with an earlier agreement in place for power to have been transferred by 7 February 2024. Since the assassination of president Jovenel Moïse in 2021, Haiti has descended into crisis, with violence from street gangs and vigilantes prevalent. In 2023, the last 10 remaining senators in parliament officially left office, leaving the country without a single democratically elected government official. In February this year, prime minister Ariel Henry, who himself is seen as illegitimate by most Haitians, pledged to hold general elections as soon as the security issues were resolved.
PAKISTAN
Supporters of Imran Khan’s PTI party protest against alleged rigging in general elections in Peshawar.
Supporters of Imran Khan’s PTI party protest against alleged rigging in general elections in Peshawar. Photograph: Arshad Arbab/EPA
8 February: Despite opposition from the powerful military and a state-led crackdown, the PTI party of jailed former prime minister Imran Khan won the most votes in legislative elections. However after days of wrangling and political horse-trading a coalition including the rival Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PLM-N) and the Pakistan People’s party (PPP) agreed to form the next government with Shehbaz Sharif as prime minister and ensure that that the PTI party cannot take power.
INDONESIA
14 February: Prabowo Subianto, a 72-year-old former general who was dismissed from the military amid allegations he was involved in kidnapping and torture in the 1990s, is on course to win the presidency in the world’s third largest democracy with more than half of votes counted. Prabowo has always denied wrongdoing but the results have provoked fear among rights activists that accountability for past atrocities will fade even further under his leadership, and that his future government will have little regard for human rights.
BELARUS
Maria Kolesnikova, one of Belarus’ opposition leaders, at a rally in Minsk, Belarus in August 2020. She has since been jailed for 11 years and no one has heard from her since February 2023.
Maria Kolesnikova, one of Belarus’ opposition leaders, at a rally in Minsk, Belarus in August 2020. She has since been jailed for 11 years and no one has heard from her since February 2023. Photograph: AP
25 February: No surprises are expected in this year’s parliamentary elections, the first since presidential elections won by longtime dictator Alexander Lukashenko sparked widespread protests in 2020. He has since cracked down even harder on opposition figures, including his main challenger Svetlana Tikhanovskaya who is now in exile. But the elections will see the All-Belarusian People’s Assembly become an official organ with immense powers, after a constitutional change made last year. According to one analyst, “It’s a step on the path to a Belarus without its contested leader Alexander Lukashenko, even if it’s impossible to say how long that path will be.”
CAMBODIA
25 February: Human rights activists have warned that the country is “continuing on its descent into authoritarianism” ahead of Senate elections. Last year Hun Sen, who had ruled the country for almost four decades, handed power to his son, military general Hun Manet, just a month after parliamentary elections widely criticised as a sham. Opposition leaders continue to be jailed and activists have reported brutal physical attacks.
SENEGAL
Were scheduled for 25 February: President Macky Sall’s decision to delay presidential elections scheduled for 25 February just weeks beforehand triggered outrage from the opposition and pitched the west African nation, one of the region’s more stable democracies, into uncharted constitutional waters. However Sall later pledged to abide by a court ruling that overturned the election postponement bill and said he would hold consultations to organise the vote as soon as possible. Some opposition figures have called on Sall to set an election date before 2 April, when his mandate expires.
March


IRAN

An Iranian woman walks next to a wall painting of Iran’s national flag on a street in Tehran.
An Iranian woman walks next to a wall painting of Iran’s national flag on a street in Tehran. Photograph: Abedin Taherkenareh/EPA
1 March: Elections for parliament (Majlis) and the Assembly of Experts, the body which chooses the Supreme Leader, will be the first since the massive protests sparked by the death of Kurdish woman Mahsa Amini in police custody in 2022. Observers have therefore said that turnout could have a “symbolic value”. However, Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei has already disqualified reformist former president Hassan Rouhani from running for the assembly and in the last Majlis election disqualified half of the candidates.
PORTUGAL
10 March: The second snap election in as many years was called in November after the Socialist prime minister António Costa resigned amid a corruption investigation. Polls indicate the party will win the most votes, but not enough for it to form a government. A centre-right coalition is predicted to hold the majority, and as in other European countries the far-right is expected to make gains. In February, the far-right Chega party jumped 6 percentage points in an opinion poll to break the 20% support mark for the first time.
RUSSIA
Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) and Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko.
Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) and Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko. Photograph: Dmitry Astakhov/SPUTNIK/GOVERNMENT PRESS SERVICE POOL/EPA
15-17 March: In an election which appears to be a formality, President Vladimir Putin will seek a fifth term. Political opposition already clamped down on by his government has been further stifled after his invasion of Ukraine two years ago with prominent opposition politicians such as Alexei Navalny and Ilya Yashin jailed. Just a month before the election Navalny died in unclear circumstances in prison, leaving what little opposition remains without a charismatic figurehead. Western leaders have blamed Putin for his death. Voting will also take place in what Russia calls its new territories; parts of Ukraine now occupied by Russian forces.
SLOVAKIA
23 March: While populist, pro-Moscow prime minister Robert Fico isn’t running, he could be the biggest winner if he succeeds in getting the presidential candidate backed by his three-party coalition elected. The vote will show how the country feels about his comeback last year after being forced to resign amid mass protests in 2018. If no candidate wins a majority in the first round a run-off between the top two candidates will be held two weeks later.
UKRAINE
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy. Photograph: APAImages/REX/Shutterstock
Due by 31 March: Ukraine is due a presidential election by the spring – Volodymyr Zelenskiy’s five-year term is up. Under martial law, elections are suspended, but observers say a vote that acts as a safety valve to release internal tensions and popular discontents would be a worthwhile exercise – even if Putin tried to bomb it.
NORTH KOREA

Expected by March: No surprises are expected in elections to the hermit state’s rubber-stamp National Assembly. However observers have noted that little has been said publicly about the polls and suggested the lack of discussion may be down to a constitutional amendment the Kim Jong Un regime wants to make regarding relations with Seoul which may mean a possible delay. Elections usually feature a 99.99% turnout, with 100% backing the ruling Workers’ party.
TOGO
By end of March: Legislative and regional elections will be held by the end of the third quarter, President Faure Gnassingbe announced in November, despite having pledged to hold them within 12 months in December 2022. The country’s last elections, in 2018 were marred by opposition boycotts. Since coming to office in 2005, President Faure Gnassingbe – who took over after the death of his father, who had ruled for 38 years – has won every election.
April


INDIA
India’s prime minister Narendra Modi carries an offering to officially consecrate the Ram temple in Ayodhya in India’s Uttar Pradesh state in January.
India’s prime minister Narendra Modi carries an offering to officially consecrate the Ram temple in Ayodhya in India’s Uttar Pradesh state in January. Photograph: PIB/AFP/Getty Images
April- May: Prime minister Narendra Modi has been accused of overseeing an unprecedented consolidation of power since he was first elected in 2014 and he is widely expected to win a third term with his Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party. Regional opposition is strong in pockets of south and east India but nationally it is seen as fragmented and weak and a recently formed coalition of all major opposition parties – which goes by the acronym INDIA – has yet to unite on crucial issues.
SOUTH KOREA

10 April: Legislative elections are predicted to be a neck-and-neck race between the two major parties, although neither is enjoying particular public favour ahead of the legislative elections and both are grappling with their own internal power struggles. Support for the already unpopular President Yoon Suk Yeol has sunk further after a scandal over a Dior bag allegedly given to his wife. The unfolding drama has not gone down well with major conservative media who are typically sympathetic to the president, with the upheaval being described as a potential “risk” for his ruling People Power party.
SOLOMON ISLANDS
April: Voters in Solomon Islands head to the polls in April. The election was slated for 2023 and delayed due to the cost of hosting the Pacific Games. In 2019 the Pacific nation switched diplomatic allegiance from Taiwan to China and prime minister Manasseh Sogavare has been pursuing closer ties ever since. A security pact struck with China in 2022 rattled the west over Beijing’s ambitions in the Pacific region – and the election will be closely watched for any deepening of the relationship.
May


PANAMA
Supporters of former Panamanian president and presidential candidate Ricardo Martinelli at a rally in Panama City in February.
Supporters of former Panamanian president and presidential candidate Ricardo Martinelli at a rally in Panama City in February. Photograph: Martin Bernetti/AFP/Getty Images
5 May: Former president Ricardo Martinelli is leading a crowded field in the upcoming presidential election. That’s despite a nearly 11-year prison sentence handed down last year for money laundering. Martinelli is appealing against his sentence, but should he lose his appeal he will be barred from running for office. In that case, the election could pit Martín Torrijos, another former president, against Ricardo Lombana, who leads a new centrist political movement focused on austerity and anti-corruption.
THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
19 May; 30 June (runoff): Centrist incumbent Luis Abinader is leading the polls, which suggest he could win over 50% in the first round of the presidential election, voiding the need for a runoff. Analysts attribute his popularity to a strong post-Covid recovery and a hardline stance on migrants from Haiti. But others say the resulting economic challenges posed by the closure of the Haiti border may erode his support. A coalition of three opposition parties could also challenge the majorities held by his Modern Revolutionary party in both houses of Congress in simultaneous legislative elections.
LITHUANIA
12-26 May: President Gitanas Nauseda, who won 66% in the 2019 runoff, will be seeking a second five-year term and is the frontrunner in this year’s elections. The independent’s main challenger will be his centre-right former opponent Ingrida Simonyte, who has since become prime minister. The country has been a staunch Ukraine supporter, and that stance is not expected to change regardless of who wins. Lithuania will also hold parliamentary elections later in the year.
MADAGASCAR
Madagascar President Andry Rajoelina rides in a pickup truck holding a flare as he greets supporters during his re-election campaign, in Toamasina, November 2023.
Madagascar President Andry Rajoelina rides in a pickup truck as he greets supporters during his re-election campaign, in Toamasina, November 2023. Photograph: RIJASOLO/AFP/Getty Images
29 May (unconfirmed): Legislative elections are due to take place months after President Andry Rajoelina was re-elected in a vote marred by low turnout, an opposition boycott and accusations of fraud. Despite its wealth of resources, 75% of the population of the island nation off the south-east of Africa lives below the poverty line. Rajoelina’s government has been accused of sliding towards dictatorship – it banned public protests last year and has cracked down on opposition.
June

ICELAND
1 June: Five candidates have so far declared they will run for election to Iceland’s presidency after the incumbent, former history professor Guðni Th. Jóhannesson, said he would seek a third term. They include a former judge, a rescue worker and an investor, and have until 26 April to collect at least 1,500 voter signatures to make it to the ballot. Several other candidates, including actor, comedian and former Reykjavik mayor Jón Gnarr, have said they may enter the race. The role is largely ceremonial, acting as a guarantor of the constitution and national unity, although Icelandic presidents have in the past refused to sign unpopular legislation.
MEXICO
Mexican presidential candidate Claudia Sheinbaum pictured in February.
Mexican presidential candidate Claudia Sheinbaum pictured in February. Photograph: Rodrigo Oropeza/AFP/Getty Images
2 June: Mexico will almost certainly have its first female president this year, after the governing leftist Morena party and the opposition coalition both chose women as their candidates. Polls show Morena’s Claudia Sheinbaum, a climate-scientist-turned politician, with a double-digit lead over her rival Xochitl Galvez, candidate of a right-left alliance of three parties. Whoever wins will have to contend with widespread drug-related gang violence.
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
A float depicting ‘Barbies and Ken’.Russian President Vladimir Putin (L), AfD leader Alice Weidel (C) and Sahra Wagenknecht, leader of the left-wing BSW party) at the Rose Monday parade in Mainz, Germany in February. There are fears the AfD could do well in European Parliament elections.
A float depicting ‘Barbies and Ken’.Russian President Vladimir Putin (L), AfD leader Alice Weidel (C) and Sahra Wagenknecht, leader of the left-wing BSW party) at the Rose Monday parade in Mainz, Germany in February. There are fears the AfD could do well in European Parliament elections. Photograph: Arne Dedert/AP
6-9 June: Populist “anti-European” parties are heading for big gains in elections across the 27-nation bloc that could shift the parliament’s balance sharply to the right and disrupt key parts of the EU’s agenda. Radical right parties are forecast to finish first in nine countries, including Austria, France and Poland, and second or third in another nine, including Germany, Spain, Portugal and Sweden. It’s not clear yet whether a centre-right, conservative and radical right MEPs will emerge with a numerical majority – still less whether such a majority could ever function – but in theory the next parliament could block or slow laws on Europe’s green deal and take a harder line on other areas of EU sovereignty including migration, enlargement and support for Ukraine.
BELGIUM

9 June: The far-right Vlaams Belang party has traditionally been excluded from Belgian coalition governments but commentators have increasingly been asking whether this can hold after the upcoming legislative elections as the party has topped opinion polls over the past year. Prime minister Alexander De Croo is well regarded but his popularity is not reflected in his conservative liberal Open VLD party’s ratings, which are at an all-time low according to one recent poll. Belgium is infamous for its lengthy coalition negotiations: after the last elections in 2019 it took more than 650 days before a government was formed.
MAURITANIA
22 June: The country’s last presidential election, in 2019, represented the first peaceful transfer of power in its history. President Mohamed Ould Cheikh Ghazouani, whose party won a comfortable victory in parliamentary elections last year, is seeking a second five-year term. He has overseen the West African country’s relative stability in the increasingly violent Sahel region.
MONGOLIA
28 June: Parliamentary elections will be the first to take place since major changes were made to the system last year, increasing the number of seats in the chamber from 76 to 126 and reducing the number of electoral districts from 29 to 13. The measures, introduced by President Khurelsukh Ukhnaa and his ruling Mongolian People’s party (MPP), are designed to attract more female candidates and ensure more diverse representation in the country which held its first free multiparty elections in 1990. The MPP can count on widespread support but observers say frustration among voters over issues like corruption could boost the opposition, especially in cities.as
 

Indx TechStyle

Kitty mod
Mod
Joined
Apr 29, 2015
Messages
18,267
Likes
56,097
Country flag
July
VENEZUELA
Venezuelan opposition leader Maria Corina Machado greets her followers during a rally in Caracas in January.
Venezuelan opposition leader Maria Corina Machado greets her followers during a rally in Caracas in January. Photograph: Miguel Gutiérrez/EPA
Expected in second half of 2024: Presidential elections are expected to go ahead in the second half of this year, but opposition leader María Corina Machado has been barred from running for office for alleged corruption and for backing international sanctions against Caracas. Machado is appealing that decision. Incumbent Nicolás Maduro took power after the 2013 death of his mentor Hugo Chávez – who spent 14 years dismantling the country’s already fragile democracy – and has held onto the presidency since then by cracking down, sometimes violently, on the opposition and allegedly rigging elections. After decades of mismanagement, the economy of the country with the world’s largest oil reserves is in tatters; over the eight years until 2022, GDP shrank by 80%.
RWANDA

15 July: No surprises are expected in presidential and legislative elections in a country where President Paul Kagame has ruled with an increasingly iron fist since coming to power in 1994, after the genocide. About two-thirds of the deputies in the lower house of parliament will be elected on the same day and the remainder on the following day. Kagame is eligible to continue in office for another decade, after a constitutional amendment in 2015 changed term limits.
BURKINA FASO
Supporters of Burkina Faso’s President Ibrahim Traore hold photographs of the president at an official donation ceremony to receive Russian wheat in Ouagadougou in January.
Supporters of Burkina Faso’s President Ibrahim Traore hold photographs of the president at an official donation ceremony to receive Russian wheat in Ouagadougou in January. Photograph: Fanny Noaro-Kabre/AFP/Getty Images
Were scheduled for July: Elections scheduled for this year have been indefinitely postponed by the junta that seized power from the democratically-elected government two years ago. Since then security in the country has rapidly worsened as the government cracks down on Islamist militants, with both sides accused of the mass killings of civilians. Observers suggest junta leader Capt. Ibrahim Traoré’s refusal to stick to a 24-month transition timetable set out by Ecowas in July 2022 suggests he intends to cling on to power.
SYRIA
Expected by July 2024: A date for legislative elections has yet to be announced and 13 years after the country descended into a bloody civil war little change is expected under President Bashar al-Assad and his ruling Ba’ath party.
August


KIRIBATI
By August: President Taneti Maamau reaches the end of his second term in May and must call the election within three months, according to the constitution. Kiribati is a collection of atolls that sit in the central Pacific Ocean and like Solomon Islands, it is an ally of China. The vote will take place against the backdrop of a long-running judicial and constitutional crisis, with limited legal services available and no court of appeal.
SOUTH AFRICA
Supporters of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) during the party’s manifesto launch at Moses Mabhida stadium in Durban in February.
Supporters of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) during the party’s manifesto launch at Moses Mabhida stadium in Durban in February. Photograph: Rajesh Jantilal/AFP/Getty Images
By August: Observers see this year’s election as the most important since the end of apartheid in 1994 – one that could see the end of ANC rule after three decades in power. Odds are that the party of Nelson Mandela, in possible coalition with the leftist Economic Freedom Fighters, will in fact cling to power. But the party looks set to be punished by voters for years of shameless corruption, leadership scandals, high rates of crime and unemployment, and its inability, literally, to keep the lights on – daily power cuts of up to six hours have become routine.
September

CROATIA
Before 22 September (most likely spring, parliamentary) and December (presidential): Polls currently predict the ruling centre-right Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) will again finish top, on about 32% of the national vote, ahead of the Social Democratic party (SDP) on 19% and with a trio of smaller parties including We Can!, Most and DPMS on about 10%. The presidential race later in the year is currently headed by the SDP-affiliated incumbent, Zoran Milanović, and the Andrej Plenković of the HDZ, who has served as the country’s prime minister since 2016.
October


AUSTRIA
Before 23 October (most likely in September): The far-right Freedom Party (FPÖ) has led in the polls since late 2022 and is on course to win 27% of the vote, ahead of the centre-left Social Democratic party (SPÖ) on 23% and the centre-right Austrian People’s Party (ÖVP) on 22%. After the debacle of the 2019 Ibiza scandal, the FPÖ has regained the confidence of far-right voters with criticism of Covid lockdowns and EU sanctions on Russia and could provide Austria’s next chancellor in one of Europe’s most significant votes this year.
BOTSWANA
Expected October: One of Africa’s most stable democracies, Botswana’s elections are shaping up to be the most competitive ever, according to observers. The president is indirectly elected by the National Assembly. President Mokgweetsi Masisi will be running for re-election with the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP), which has held a parliamentary majority for decades, but the opposition Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) coalition has been boosted by success in 2022 byelections.
SRI LANKA
Police fire tear gas to disperse supporters of the opposition National Peoples Power (NPP) party during a protest to urge the government to hold local council election as scheduled in Colombo on 26 February 2023.
Police fire tear gas to disperse supporters of the opposition National Peoples Power (NPP) party during a protest to urge the government to hold local council election as scheduled in Colombo on 26 February 2023. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images
By October: Ranil Wickremesinghe, the six-time former PM who was brought back as caretaker president from political near obsolescence in 2022 as the country grappled with its worst economic crisis since independence, is expected to seek another term. Yet he has little public support. One recent poll gave him only 9% while AK Dissanayake, leader of the left-wing AK Dissanayake JVP party gained 50%. As observers suggest however, this suggests a rejection of the establishment rather than solid support for the JVP.
CHAD
October-November: It will be more than three years since General Mahamat Déby seized power in a military coup following the death of his father, who had himself seized power three decades earlier. Though he has committed to transitioning to a democratic civilian government, the signs are that Déby intends to cling on to power in the planned presidential and legislative elections. Dozens of people were massacred by security forces in October 2022 when they held protests to push for a quicker transition to democratic rule.
LITHUANIA
By 6 October, second round two weeks later: A coalition of centre-right parties led by the Homeland Union and current prime minister Ingrida Simonyte – who is contesting the presidency in May – will be fighting to retain power after weathering an expenses scandal last year.
MOZAMBIQUE
9 October: Violent – and deadly – protests broke out after local elections in the east African country in October 2023 amid allegations of vote rigging; the ruling party, Frelimo, was declared the winner in 64 out of 65 municipalities. Frelimo has ruled Mozambique since independence in 1975. Observers suggest last year’s polls offer a taste of what to expect in the presidential and legislative elections scheduled for a year later.

GEORGIA
A demonstration in Tbilisi against Georgian Dream’s ‘foreign agents’ bill in March 2023.
Georgian Dream said it would withdraw a bill on ‘foreign agents’ in March 2023 after two nights of violent protests against what opponents called a Russian-inspired authoritarian shift. Photograph: Anadolu Agency/Getty Images
26 October: Georgian Dream, led by prime minister Irakli Kobakhidze, remains the country’s most popular party, but it has lost ground since winning the last legislative elections in 2020 and it is unclear if it can hang onto its slim majority this time round. On paper, the ruling party wants to move closer to the west and is pursuing EU and Nato membership, with support from its overwhelmingly pro-western population. In reality however, Georgians fear that Russia is already taking over their country by stealth aided by their own government. Press freedom has been eroded in recent years and civil society activists say Georgian Dream party is answerable just to one man, its billionaire founder, Bidzina Ivanishvili.
URUGUAY
27 October (first round); 24 November (runoff): The current president can’t run again, which makes this election an eagerly watched race. Some observers say it should reinforce the view that Uruguay is one of the strongest democracies in the world. The polls are too close to call, but analysts name among the leading contenders as Montevideo’s mayor and electrical engineer Carolina Cosse from the Frente Amplio (FA) party, as well as Álvaro Delgado, a veterinarian by trade from the ruling Partido Nacional (PN) party.
November
MOLDOVA
A Moldovan demonstrator bangs a spoon on a dish next to another holding a religious icon during a protest on behalf of the Sor opposition party in Chisinau on 12 March 2023.
A Moldovan demonstrator bangs a spoon on a dish next to another holding a religious icon during a protest on behalf of the Sor opposition party in Chisinau on 12 March 2023. Photograph: Daniel Mihăilescu/AFP/Getty Images
Expected by November: Pro-European President Maia Sandu will be running for a second term in an election that will be closely watched for signs of Russian interference. Sandu has made EU membership the cornerstone of her programme since defeating the country’s most prominent opposition figure, Socialist pro-Russian former president Igor Dodon by a landslide in December 2020. Last year she accused Moscow of plotting a coup against her.
JORDAN
Expected by November: Parliamentary elections are scheduled for later this year though no firm date has been set and the country is largely apathetic towards them. The last polls, in 2020, were marred by low turnout amid the Covid epidemic. The country’s parliamentary system is structured so that urban areas – Islamist and Palestinian strongholds – have far fewer MPs per voter than the countryside, whereas sparsely populated tribal and provincial cities which form a bedrock of support for the kingdom’s Hashemite monarchy send the majority of deputies to parliament.
UNITED KINGDOM
Expected by November: About 20 points behind in recent opinion polls, Conservative prime minister Rishi Sunak faces an uphill battle against Labour’s Keir Starmer. A Labour victory would put an end to 14 years of Tory rule, the last half of which has been dominated by the economic and political fallout of Brexit including a rotating carousel of Conservative prime ministers.
NAMIBIA
Namibia’s President Nangolo Mbumba shakes hands with his vice-president Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah in February.
Namibia’s President Nangolo Mbumba shakes hands with his vice-president Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah in February. Photograph: Reuters
November: Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah, the ruling Swapo party’s candidate, could become the southern African nation’s first female president should she win elections planned for November. Swapo has won every previous presidential election since independence from South Africa in 1990 but its share of the vote has been declining.
UNITED STATES
Anti-Trump demonstrators protest outside the US Supreme Court in February.
Anti-Trump demonstrators protest outside the US Supreme Court in February. Photograph: Roberto Schmidt/AFP/Getty Images
5 November: The US’ 60th presidential election is expected to see its oldest ever candidate, Democrat Joe Biden, face off against the first former US president to stand trial on criminal charges, Republican Donald Trump. Amid fears that America’s democracy is facing unprecedented challenges, observers have likened the race to a “powder keg” that could explode at any point over the course of the year.
SOMALILAND
13 November: Presidential elections in Somalia’s breakaway region have been postponed for two years and the opposition has accused President Muse Bihi Abdi of trying to hold on to power longer than his five-year term. But opposition parties in January approved changes made to electoral law meant to improve transparency and previous elections have seen transitions of power between parties.
TUNISIA
24 November: President Kais Saied has cracked down on the opposition and the press since suspending parliament in 2021. Subsequent elections have been boycotted by the opposition and marred by extremely low turn out – just 8.8% in the parliamentary polls held in December 2022 and 11% in the runoffs a month later. Observers say this presidential election the opposition will try to field a united candidate but they face an environment much more restricted than in the last such poll in 2019.
SOUTH SUDAN
South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir pictured in 2020.
South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir pictured in 2020. Photograph: Jok Solomun/Reuters
Late 2024: President Salva Kiir – in power since before Africa’s youngest nation voted for independence in 2011 – has repeatedly postponed general elections until now. Holding free and fair polls will present a huge challenge to the fledgling nation, which has been embroiled in a conflict for the past decade that has cost an estimated 400,000 lives and in which three-quarters of the population depends on aid.
MAURITIUS
30 November: The ruling Militant Socialist Movement (MSM), which has led the government since 2009, will be seeking to retain its parliamentary majority in one of Africa’s most stable democracies. Victory would grant prime minister Pravind Kumar Jugnauth, who took over from his father in 2017, a new five-year term.
ROMANIA
November and December: Local, parliamentary and presidential ballots due before the end of the year make 2024 a crunch electoral year as support for the far-right Alliance for the Unity of Romanians (AUR) climbs steadily. Polls suggest the anti-establishment, pro-Russian party, which emerged from nowhere in 2020 to score 9%, could take 19% of the vote in the parliamentary election, level with the Liberal party (PNL) – potentially depriving the centre-right party and the Social Democrats (PSD, forecast to win 30%), who have governed in coalition for the past 10 years, of an absolute majority. A PSD candidate, Nato deputy secretary-general Mircea Geoană, currently leads the presidential race, but AUR leader George Simion is a contender.
PALAU
November: Palau will hold general elections in November in which President Surangel Whipps Jr. will seek another term. The archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean is an independent country with a Compact of Free Association with the US. Its relationship with Washington including delays over funding, along with continued ties with Taiwan, will be among the issues facing voters.
December

GHANA
Ghana’s vice-president and presidential candidate from the ruling New Patriotic party (NPP), Dr. Mahamudu Bawumia at the launch of his campaign ahead in Accra in February.
Ghana’s vice-president and presidential candidate from the ruling New Patriotic party (NPP), Dr. Mahamudu Bawumia at the launch of his campaign ahead in Accra in February. Photograph: Francis Kokoroko/Reuters
7 December: The west African country is undergoing its worst economic crisis in a generation, a subject set to dominate the campaign ahead of the vote to succeed President Nana Akufo-Addo. Vice-president Mahamadu Bawumia, a 60-year-old economist, will run for the ruling New Patriotic Party (NPP), facing off against former president John Mahama. But his presidential prospects may be threatened by his role as the face of economic policy throughout the presidency of Akufo-Addo.
GUINEA-BISSAU
French President Emmanuel Macron (C) and Guinea-Bissau’s President Umaro Sissoco Embalo (L) gesture to the crowd in front of the Presidential Palace in Bissau in July 2022.
French President Emmanuel Macron (C) and Guinea-Bissau’s President Umaro Sissoco Embalo (L) gesture to the crowd in front of the Presidential Palace in Bissau in July 2022. Photograph: Ludovic Marin/AFP/Getty Images
Expected December: No firm date has yet been set for this year’s presidential election and candidates have not yet been announced but analysts suggest it could be a rematch between 2019’s close-run match-up between President Umaro Sissoco Embalo and leader of the opposition PAIGC party Domingos Simões Pereira. The poll will take place in an atmosphere of political uncertainty – Embalo dissolved parliament in December, accusing the government of “passivity” in the face of an attempted coup.
GUINEA
Expected in December: After a junta seized power from the country’s first democratically elected president in 2021, it is hoped this year’s planned legislative and presidential elections will be a step back on the road to democracy. Junta leader Col. Mamady Doumbouya has announced a constitutional referendum to take place this year and agreed an election roadmap with regional body Ecowas, but has failed to provide much transparency or a timeline.
ALGERIA
Expected in December: No candidate has yet stepped forward to challenge President Abdelmajid Tebboune, the 78-year-old leader who after his 2019 election vowed to reach out to the pro-democracy protesters who ousted his predecessor. Algeria has continued to dole out harsh punishments to journalists and activists who criticise the government yet public discontent is rising due to economic and other factors. As one observer writes, “Algeria has almost returned to the situation it was in prior to the 2019 presidential elections, when the thought of new leadership, with all the uncertainties that it could entail, was too risky to envision.”
UZBEKISTAN
Expected in December: The Central Asian nation is to hold its first legislative polls since President Shavkat Mirziyoev – who won a third term last year in what monitors said was a poll “lacking genuine competition” – signed into law a mixed majority and proportional electoral system. However there is little opposition in a country where the media are tightly controlled and the government cracks down on any form of dissent.
 

SKC

Senior Member
Joined
Aug 16, 2014
Messages
8,782
Likes
30,252
Country flag
What's the timeline of US elections?
 

Indx TechStyle

Kitty mod
Mod
Joined
Apr 29, 2015
Messages
18,267
Likes
56,097
Country flag
Iran Elections 2024: Iranian conservatives sweep polls amid record low turnout | 10 Updates
Iranian conservatives dominated the majority of seats in elections for a clerical body and the national legislature on Sunday, as reported by AFP citing local media.
  1. Authorities continued to tally ballots two days after Friday's vote for members of parliament and the Assembly of Experts, responsible for selecting Iran's supreme leader. This election marked the first since protests erupted following the September 2022 death of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old Iranian Kurd who was arrested for allegedly violating the country's strict dress code for women.
  2. The election, marred by a vetting process that disqualified numerous candidates, occurred against the backdrop of Iran grappling with a severe economic crisis exacerbated by international sanctions.
  3. The official IRNA news agency estimated the turnout at approximately “41 per cent" among the 61 million eligible voters. However, no official figure had been announced at the time.
  4. The reformist daily Shargh predicted that the next parliament would be in the hands of radical conservatives who “took advantage of the opportunity created by the low participation".
  5. Etemad, a reformist newspaper, indicated that turnout was lower in Iran's larger cities compared to smaller ones and highlighted a significant number of “blank votes." Concerns regarding a low turnout had been circulating prior to the elections, particularly after a state TV poll revealed that more than half of the respondents expressed indifference towards the elections, AFP reported.
  6. Turnout in the capital Tehran was reported to be approximately 25 percent, as per Iranian media sources. They also stated that ultraconservative candidates managed to secure 12 out of the 30 parliamentary seats allocated to the capital. “Some seats have gone to a second round, which will take place in either April or May," IRNA reported.
  7. The pro-government Iran Daily said authorities should see the low turnout as a “wake-up call and redouble their efforts to fortify their support base". Reformist daily Ham Mihan said that “the soul of the elections was lost" and that turnout was "far from victorious" which could have “political repercussions" for Iran's system, AFP reported.
  8. As reported by AFP, political analyst Mohammad Mohajeri suggested that conservatives and ultraconservatives would be the primary beneficiaries of the elections due to a “sharp decline in the participation rate".
  9. A record high of 15,200 candidates competed for seats in the 290-member parliament. Additionally, 144 candidates contended for positions in the 88-member Assembly of Experts, an institution exclusively composed of male Islamic scholars. Iran's parliament in 2020 was elected amid the Covid-19 pandemic, with a turnout of 42.57 per cent. This marked the lowest turnout since the 1979 Islamic Revolutionat that time.
  10. Former moderate president Hassan Rouhani cast his ballot on Friday despite his disqualification from running for the Assembly of Experts after 24 years of membership. According to the Reform Front, a coalition of parties, another former president, the reformist Mohammad Khatami, was among those who abstained from voting. In February, Khatami had said on his official website that Iran is “very far from free and competitive elections".
 

Indx TechStyle

Kitty mod
Mod
Joined
Apr 29, 2015
Messages
18,267
Likes
56,097
Country flag
Erections Around World from Visual Capitalist
1710832297787.png


CountryElection DateTypePopulation
🇮🇳 India6/1/2024Legislative1,428,627,663
🇪🇺 European Union6/6/2024Legislative448,387,872
🇺🇸 United States11/5/2024Executive & Legislative339,996,563
🇮🇩 Indonesia2/14/2024Executive & Legislative277,534,122
🇵🇰 Pakistan2/8/2024Legislative240,485,658
🇧🇩 Bangladesh1/7/2024Legislative172,954,319
🇷🇺 Russia3/15/2024Executive144,444,359
🇲🇽 Mexico6/2/2024Executive & Legislative128,455,567
🇮🇷 Iran3/1/2024Legislative89,172,767
🇬🇧 UKN/ALegislative67,736,802

CountryElection DateTypePopulation
🇿🇦 South Africa5/29/2024Legislative60,414,495
🇰🇷 South Korea4/10/2024Legislative51,784,059
🇩🇿 AlgeriaN/AExecutive45,606,480
🇺🇦 Ukraine3/31/2024Executive36,744,634
🇺🇿 UzbekistanN/ALegislative35,163,944
🇬🇭 Ghana12/7/2024Executive & Legislative34,121,985
🇲🇿 Mozambique10/9/2024Executive & Legislative33,897,354
🇲🇬 MadagascarN/ALegislative30,325,732
🇻🇪 VenezuelaN/AExecutive28,838,499
🇰🇵 North KoreaN/ALegislative26,160,821

CountryElection DateTypePopulation
🇹🇼 Taiwan1/13/2024Executive & Legislative23,923,276
🇲🇱 MaliN/AExecutive23,293,698
🇸🇾 SyriaN/ALegislative23,227,014
🇱🇰 Sri LankaN/AExecutive & Legislative21,893,579
🇷🇴 RomaniaN/AExecutive & Legislative19,892,812
🇹🇩 ChadN/AExecutive18,278,568
🇸🇳 Senegal12/15/2024Executive17,763,163
🇰🇭 Cambodia2/25/2024Legislative16,944,826
🇷🇼 Rwanda7/15/2024Executive & Legislative14,094,683
🇹🇳 TunisiaN/AExecutive12,458,223

CountryElection DateTypePopulation
🇧🇪 Belgium6/9/2024Legislative11,686,140
🇯🇴 JordanN/ALegislative11,337,052
🇩🇴 Dominican Republic5/19/2024Executive & Legislative11,332,972
🇸🇸 South SudanN/AExecutive & Legislative11,088,796
🇨🇿 CzechiaN/ALegislative10,495,295
🇦🇿 Azerbaijan2/7/2024Executive10,412,651
🇵🇹 Portugal3/10/2024Legislative10,247,605
🇧🇾 Belarus2/25/2024Legislative9,498,238
🇹🇬 Togo4/20/2024Legislative9,053,799
🇦🇹 AustriaN/ALegislative8,958,960

CountryElection DateTypePopulation
🇸🇻 El Salvador2/4/2024Executive & Legislative6,364,943
🇸🇰 Slovakia3/23/2024Executive5,795,199
🇫🇮 Finland1/28/2024Executive5,545,475
🇲🇷 Mauritania6/22/2024Executive4,862,989
🇵🇦 Panama5/5/2024Executive & Legislative4,468,087
🇭🇷 Croatia9/22/2024Executive & Legislative4,008,617
🇬🇪 Georgia10/26/2024Executive & Legislative3,728,282
🇲🇳 Mongolia6/28/2024Legislative3,447,157
🇲🇩 MoldovaN/AExecutive3,435,931
🇺🇾 Uruguay10/27/2024Executive & Legislative3,423,108

CountryElection DateTypePopulation
🇱🇹 Lithuania5/12/2024Executive & Legislative2,718,352
🇧🇼 BotswanaN/ALegislative2,675,352
🇳🇦 NamibiaN/AExecutive & Legislative2,604,172
🇬🇼 Guinea BissauN/AExecutive2,150,842
🇲🇰 North Macedonia5/8/2024Executive & Legislative2,085,679
🇲🇺 Mauritius11/30/2024Legislative1300557
🇰🇲 Comoros1/14/2024Executive852,075
🇧🇹 Bhutan1/9/2024Legislative787,424
🇸🇧 Solomon Islands4/17/2024Legislative740,424
🇲🇻 Maldives3/17/2024Legislative521,021

CountryElection DateTypePopulation
🇮🇸 Iceland6/1/2024Executive375,318
🇰🇮 KiribatiN/AExecutive & Legislative133,515
🇸🇲 San MarinoN/ALegislative33,642
🇵🇼 Palau11/12/2024Executive & Legislative18,058
🇹🇻 Tuvalu1/26/2024Legislative11,396
 

Azaad

Senior Member
Joined
Nov 1, 2022
Messages
6,606
Likes
24,482
Country flag
Iran Elections 2024: Iranian conservatives sweep polls amid record low turnout | 10 Updates

  1. Authorities continued to tally ballots two days after Friday's vote for members of parliament and the Assembly of Experts, responsible for selecting Iran's supreme leader. This election marked the first since protests erupted following the September 2022 death of Mahsa Amini, a 22-year-old Iranian Kurd who was arrested for allegedly violating the country's strict dress code for women.
  2. The election, marred by a vetting process that disqualified numerous candidates, occurred against the backdrop of Iran grappling with a severe economic crisis exacerbated by international sanctions.
  3. The official IRNA news agency estimated the turnout at approximately “41 per cent" among the 61 million eligible voters. However, no official figure had been announced at the time.
  4. The reformist daily Shargh predicted that the next parliament would be in the hands of radical conservatives who “took advantage of the opportunity created by the low participation".
  5. Etemad, a reformist newspaper, indicated that turnout was lower in Iran's larger cities compared to smaller ones and highlighted a significant number of “blank votes." Concerns regarding a low turnout had been circulating prior to the elections, particularly after a state TV poll revealed that more than half of the respondents expressed indifference towards the elections, AFP reported.
  6. Turnout in the capital Tehran was reported to be approximately 25 percent, as per Iranian media sources. They also stated that ultraconservative candidates managed to secure 12 out of the 30 parliamentary seats allocated to the capital. “Some seats have gone to a second round, which will take place in either April or May," IRNA reported.
  7. The pro-government Iran Daily said authorities should see the low turnout as a “wake-up call and redouble their efforts to fortify their support base". Reformist daily Ham Mihan said that “the soul of the elections was lost" and that turnout was "far from victorious" which could have “political repercussions" for Iran's system, AFP reported.
  8. As reported by AFP, political analyst Mohammad Mohajeri suggested that conservatives and ultraconservatives would be the primary beneficiaries of the elections due to a “sharp decline in the participation rate".
  9. A record high of 15,200 candidates competed for seats in the 290-member parliament. Additionally, 144 candidates contended for positions in the 88-member Assembly of Experts, an institution exclusively composed of male Islamic scholars. Iran's parliament in 2020 was elected amid the Covid-19 pandemic, with a turnout of 42.57 per cent. This marked the lowest turnout since the 1979 Islamic Revolutionat that time.
  10. Former moderate president Hassan Rouhani cast his ballot on Friday despite his disqualification from running for the Assembly of Experts after 24 years of membership. According to the Reform Front, a coalition of parties, another former president, the reformist Mohammad Khatami, was among those who abstained from voting. In February, Khatami had said on his official website that Iran is “very far from free and competitive elections".
Excellent . The final countdown has then begun between the people of Iran & the ultra conservative Mullahcracy ruling it . May the best side win & tear the country apart in the bargain.
 

Blademaster

Senior Member
Joined
Aug 19, 2009
Messages
9,313
Likes
27,193
Excellent . The final countdown has then begun between the people of Iran & the ultra conservative Mullahcracy ruling it . May the best side win & tear the country apart in the bargain.
I used to be pro Iran because I felt that Sunni Muslim countries were hostile to India and Iran was more friendlier to India but now that’s not the case anymore. Saudis are cracking down on Islamic extremism and agreed to control the cash flow to India and make sure they are not being used for terrorism but for active development and wants more friendlier relations with India and is willing to downgrade the relationship with Pakistan. Still I believe that India needs to culture a good relationship with Iran just to make sure we don’t get any blowback from Iran. Iran is smart enough to realize that it doesn’t need another enemy.
 

Latest Replies

Global Defence

New threads

Articles

Top