- May 10, 2010
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IntroductionLeft: HQ-12/KS-1A TELs and H-200 engagement radar; right: HQ-9 TEL and HT-233 engagement radar (via Chinese Internet).
Above, below: HQ-9 TELs on 8 x 8 TAS-5380 chassis with HT-233 engagement radar (Â© 2009, Bradley Huang).
HQ-9 TEL, stowed. The design closely resembles the 5P85SU (via Chinese Internet).
HQ-12 TELs and a H-200 engagement radar (Â© 2009, Bradley Huang).
The HT-233 engagement radar has always been regarded to be a derivative of the Russian 30N6E Flap Lid / Tomb Stone series, sharing most of the basic technology in this design. Until this year, available imagery was of very poor quality, and showed a range of configurations carried on 8 x 8 and 10 x 10 variants of the Taian TAS-5380 series chassis.HT-233 engagement radar on the 10 x 10 Taian TAS-5380 series chassis (Â© 2009, Bradley Huang).
Stills captured from a January, 2010, CCTV7 broadcast discussing the HQ-9 SAM system in operation, show a number of operator consoles in vans used with the system. Notable is the use of state-of-the-art AMCLD COTS display technology, and modern software based synthetic displays and mode selection. This is quite distinct from the CRT technology used in Russian built S-300PMU/PMU1 battery components.
The design background and history of the H-200 Triumphant Mountain remains undocumented in the West. While high quality imagery of the design has been available for some years, until now images of the rear face of the space fed passive array antenna and the feed have not been available.The H-200 system comprises two components, a towed van mounting the radar head, and a systems van (Â© 2009, Bradley Huang).
The Type 120 low altitude acquisition radar was not disclosed prior to the 2009 parade. The design appears to be an evolution of the JY-29/LSS-1 series, which itself appears to be a derivative of the extant and widely marketed ECRIEE / CETC JY-11B/ Hunter-1 high mobility low altitude 3D acquisition radar. The Type 120 and JY-11B use an identical 6 x 6 truck chassis, equipment cabin, hydraulic supports and accessory housings. The Type 120 and LSS-1 share similar antenna and mast designs, differing in details, but use different chassis and cabins.Type 120 fully deployed. Note the hydraulic rams used to elevate the antenna mast (Â© 2009, Bradley Huang).
Detail of Type 120 planar array antenna and turntable
The new Type 305A 3D acquisition radar is unique and does not resemble any known Chinese radar designs. It is carried on the same Mercedes-Benz NG 80 derived chassis as the Type 120 and Type 305B radars.Type 305A phased array acquisition radar deployed, in the background to the right for comparison the frequency scanned planar array Type 305B, based on the YLC-2V. The van parked behind the Type 305A radar head vehicle, also on an NG 80 chassis, contains the operator stations (Â© 2009, Bradley Huang).
Performance envelope for Thales Ground Master 400 S-Band AESA acquisition radar. The Type 305A appears to be modelled on the self-propelled variant of the GM400 ,  (Thales).
Above, below: Type 305A systems with antennas deployed (via Chinese Internet).
The Type 305B 3D acquisition radar appears to be a variant of the existing NRIET / CEIEC / CETC YLC-2V, which has been photographed as part of a HQ-9 battery, and has been reported as employed to support up to four HT-233 engagement radars, each with four TELs. Chinese sources describe this radar as optimised for search and acquisition of aerial targets.Type 305B systems with antennas deployed (via Chinese Internet).
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