China's Air Defence Capabilities

Kunal Biswas

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HQ-6/RF-6 (SD-1 and CSA-N-2)

Type
Short-range, ground- and ship-based, solid propellant, theatre defence missile.

Development

The Hong Qi-6 (HQ-6) system, sometimes designated HQ-61, SD-1, RF-6 or RF-61 by the Chinese, was designed to meet the requirements of both the Chinese People's Liberation Army and Navy. Development of this missile system is believed to have started in the early 1960s as a PLA project with the designator HQ-41. It is believed that the missile system was developed by the Shanghai Aerospace Industry Corporation. In 1966 the programme became a joint Army and Navy project, and the designator was changed to HQ-6 for the land-based missile system, and to RF-6 for the ship-based version. Around 1970 the designations were changed to HQ-61 and RF-61, indicating that improvements had been made to the original designs.The missile was first seen in public during the November 1986 Beijing Defence Exhibition. Photographs released in 1984 by the Chinese Navy revealed that two Jiangdong-class frigates were armed with a new SAM. This system was believed to be a naval RF-61 version of the HQ-61, and was given the NATO designation CSA-N-2. These frigates are no longer operational. Recent Chinese brochures also refer to the ship-based variant as SD-1, and it is reported that an improved RF-61A was developed from 1989 to 1991, and flight tested in 1993. RF-6 missiles were mounted in sextuple launchers on Jiangwei 1 (Type 053H2G)-class frigates, but these were expected to be replaced by HQ-7 missiles, but this has not been confirmed.










 

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PLA Mechanised Infantry Division Air Defence Systems PLA Point Defence Systems

PLA Mechanised Infantry Division
Air Defence Systems
PLA Point Defence Systems



The People's Liberation Army's 112th Mechanised Infantry Division was the first unit using the new structure and when unveiled in 2006 is claimed by the PLA to be two generations ahead of its predecessor.[4] The division is organised and equipped to fight as independent battle groups on mountainous and urban terrain, its equipment being lighter in weight and firepower than those of the PLA's divisions tasked to defend the nation against aggressors equipped with main battle tanks. Its theatres of operation are Xinjiang and Tibet where the division's lighter vehicles and support weapons can operate in areas where the communications infrastructure can be described as poor at best.

There are three mechanized infantry companies to the battalion and three battalions to the brigade with three brigades in the division giving a total of 351 Type 86 infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs). These are supported by an artillery brigade of 72 PLZ89 122mm self-propelled guns and a tank battalion of 99 Type 96 main battle tanks. Type 89 armoured command vehicles are liberally provided throughout the division down to the company level to provide command and control. Intelligence and electronic warfare assets are held at the divisional level in a battalion and distributed as required. Although described as a light division the PLA generally classes wheeled units as light and tracked units as heavy.

The new mechanised infantry brigade has four mechanised infantry battalions, one armoured battalion, one fire support battalion, one engineer battalion and one communication battalion. Each mechanised infantry battalion has three mechanised infantry companies, each of three platoons with each company having 13 infantry fighting vehicles; four in each platoon and one headquarters vehicle.

Each armoured brigade has three armoured battalions for a total of 99 main battle tanks, one mechanised infantry battalion, one artillery battalion with 18 self-propelled guns and one air defence battalion of 18 AAA guns. Each armoured battalion has three armoured companies, each of three platoons with each company having 11 main battle tanks; three in each platoon and two headquarters vehicles. There are no tanks at the battalion or brigade headquarters. A complete armoured brigade contains 2,200 soldiers.[5]

The Type 86 infantry fighting vehicle, a Chinese copy of the Russian BMP-1, is being updated by replacing its existing 73mm low velocity gun turret with the new Chinese one man 'universal turret' containing a 30mm chain gun which has impressive performance against light armour, can disable many main battle tanks, and can be used in an anti-helicopter role.[6]

The other combat tracked vehicles in the division, other than the tanks, are based on the indigenous Type 89 armoured fighting vehicles. The support company of the battalion comprises one 100mm mortar company of 10 vehicles with one mortar per vehicle and a fire control vehicle, an automatic grenade launcher (AGL) platoon in two vehicles with two AGLs each; one anti-tank platoon in two vehicles sharing three anti-tank guided missile systems, normally the Hong Jian 8. There are a total of 18 Type 89 series armoured vehicles in each brigade providing 54 anti-tank guided missile systems in the division.

The wheeled units are equipped with the WZZ551 family of vehicles. In 1990 the first vehicle was introduced into service as the Type 90 (WZ551A) IFV was equipped with turreted 25mm automatic cannon, and in 1992 the Type 92 (WZ 551B) was introduced as a cheaper APC with the semi-open turret used on the ZSD89 APC. The WZ551D air defence version using the heat seeking PL-9 point defence SAM round was developed but not put into production. The Type 02 assault gun mounting a 100mm high velocity gun in a turret is in service and the self-propelled gun version mounting the same gun as on the PLZ89 is due into service shortly.

The division headquarters comprises an engineer battalion, an electronic warfare battalion, a chemical defence battalion, the division headquarters (company sized), an air defence troop and a guard company for HQ protection. Logistics is provided by corps assets attached to the battle groups as required.

Mechanised formations based on this model are well equipped with organic air defence assets, intended to deploy with the units and provide mobile point and limited area defence capabilities against opposing aircraft and helicopters.

Within each mechanised infantry battalion there is an air defence platoon of three vehicles with four Hongqi6 (HY-6) man portable air defence system (MANPADS) missile launchers per Type 89 APC vehicle, for a total of twelve. A division has 27 air defence vehicles and has 108 Hongqi6 MANPADS available for air defence at any time. They come under operational control of the air defence brigade commander.

The divisional air defence brigade comprises one battalion of 24 towed 57mm anti-aircraft guns and one battalion of 18 towed twin 37mm anti-aircraft guns. An air defence platoon of six Type 95 self-propelled combination AAA/SAM vehicles and one of light surface-to-air missiles are attached to the artillery brigade.

The Type 95 SPAAG/SAM system uses the same hull as the PLZ89 122mm self-propelled gun, with a turret mounting four 25mm automatic cannon and can be fitted with four QW-2 IR-homing, short-range surface-to-air missiles, the Chinese equivalent of the Russian Igla-1 (SA-16 Gimlet).
If heavier forces are required to augment the new division, these have been developed as well. These include the Sixth Armoured Division, which has a similar structure to the mechanised infantry division; an independent supporting artillery brigade equipped with 72 152mm Type 83 or the new PLZ45 155mm self-propelled gun, which uses the Chinese built version of the Russian KBP laser guided round; the 16th anti-tank regiment, which is really the size of a small battalion and contains six PTZ89 120mm self-propelled huatang guns and 18 Type 89 Hongjian 8 anti-tank guided missile tank destroyers; and an air defence brigade that contains a battalion of 24 57mm towed anti-aircraft guns and one of six Hongqi 7 SAM systems, the Chinese clone of the French Crotale system. The air defence and anti-tank units are light enough to go with the mechanised division into isolated areas. The PLA still depends on towed AAA despite having vehicles available to replace them. The 37mm and 57mm systems are still capable of causing considerable damage but are showing their age.
 

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Type 95 SPAAG

Type 95 SPAAG









The Type 95 SPAAG is a PLA attempt to produce a capability equivalent to the ZSU-23-4M4, providing a mix of gun and heatseeking missile armament. The system is equipped with a CLC-1 search radar, claimed to operate in the S-band. Target tracking is provided a thermal imaging and TV system with a laser rangefinder.

The Type 95 is armed with four gas operated 25 mm guns, providing an aggregate rate of fire up to 1600 rounds/min, and up to four QW-2 heatseeking missiles, based on the PLA MANPADS, can be carried. Accompanied by a battery acquisition and command vehicle equipped with a CLC-2 search and acquisition radar with its large antenna, an air defence battery of six Type 95 SPAAGs is used to protect divisional artillery assets. To simplify maintenance the Type 95 uses the same standard hull as PLA artillery vehicles including the Type 83 152mm and PLZ-89 122mm self-propelled guns, the PLZ89 122m self-propelled anti-tank gun and the PHZ89 122mm self-propelled multiple rocket launcher.
 

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Ludun 2000 / LR66 / Type 347G / 30 mm SPAAG/SPAAGM

Ludun 2000 / LR66 / Type 347G / 30 mm SPAAG/SPAAGM





The Ludun-2000 is a Chinese copy of the Thales Nederland Goalkeeper 30 mm close-in weapons system (CIWS) mounted on the rear a 8 x 8 single cab flat bed truck and generator and system container behind the cabin.

The Type 730B gun is a copy of the General Electric GAU-8 30 mm x 173 mm seven-barrel Avenger gun used on the A-10. It fires at 4,200 rounds-per-minute with the APDS round having a muzzle velocity of 1,150m/sec and the HE cartridge of 920m/sec. There are two 500 round cylindrical magazines either side of the gun.

The system can intercept targets flying at a velocity of Mach 2 or below. Although a target can be optically tracked up to 18 km, a cruise missile with a radar cross section of approximately 0.1 m2 can be detected at 12 km, optically tracked using a charge coupled device at five km. The gun has a maximum effective range of 2.5 km, its intercept engagement range between 1000 to 1,500 m and a maximum ground range of 3,000 m. The response time of 9.8 sec is given the system is able to simultaneously track and prioritise 48 targets.

In the anti-aircraft role, the Ludun-2000 system is claimed to be as effective as a battalion of 18 Type 65 twin 37mm anti-aircraft guns. In the counter rocket and mortar (C-RAM) role, it is claimed that when cued by an AN/TPQ-37 Block 1B Firefinder artillery locating radar of between 60 to 70 percent of 60 mm and 81 mm mortar rounds, and there is enough ammunition for 50 engagements against mortars and rockets. The PLA employs the SLC-2 which is an improved clone of the TPQ-37 series.

By design, the LD-2000 is essentially a land based derivative of the existing PLAN Type 730 CIWS, itself modelled on the closed loop tracking US Phalanx CIWS and EU Goalkeeper CIWS.

Production vehicles are intended to be based on the Wanshan WS-2400 chassis, common to the HQ-9 SAM system. The engagement and tracking radar as yet undesignated, operates in the Ku-Band.

More recent imagery depicts the addition of a mast mounted search radar and six launch tubes for the TY-90 Surface-to-Air-Missile.

While intended to fulfill much the same role as the Russian Pantsyr S1 / SA-22 system, the LD-2000 is hampered by older technology acquisition and engagement radar technology in comparison with its Russian competitor. The cited use of SLC-2 / AN/TPQ-37 Block 1B Firefinder artillery locating radar indicates an intent to address this capability limitation. This radar is however optimised for the CBR role, which differs in geometry from the Counter-PGM roles.

This will limit the system's ability to acquire and track low signature targets, especially guided weapons. To date no evidence has emerged showing the integration of extant PESA air defence engagement radars such as the H-200 or SJ-231 with the LD-2000 system, both of these radars providing the power-aperture performance and beam-steering agility required to make the LD-2000 genuinely effective in killing salvoes of high angle low signature smart munitions. A single H-200 or SJ-231 supporting three, four or six LD-2000 fire units makes for a formidable point defence capability.

Current acquisition radar technology does not preclude further development of this system as China's industry eventually masters PESA and AESA antenna technology. A mature LD-2000 variant has the potential to be a very effective terminal defence weapon against supersonic and subsonic guided weapons.
 

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CSSA-1 / Type 90 35 mm SPAAG

CSSA-1 / Type 90 35 mm SPAAG



Recently unveiled, the CSSA-1 is a self-propelled variant of the Type 90 35 mm AAA system, previously only available as a towed AAA piece. The system is based on a licensed Oerlikon GDF-002, and is credited with a 1175 m/s muzzle velocity, 3200 metre effective range, and 2 x 500 rounds/min rate of fire, with 360° traverse and +92° to -5° elevation. A Type 902 engagement radar is usually associated with the Type 90 AAA system, based on the Oerlikon Skyguard I/II system. The Super Fledermaus / Skyguard radar and GDF guns were used in the German Gepard SPAAG.
 

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HQ-7/FM-80/FM-90 / CSA-4 Crotale

HQ-7/FM-80/FM-90 / CSA-4 Crotale





The HQ-7 is a Chinese clone of the French Thales/Thomson CSF Crotale SAM. During the 1970s the French supplied samples of the Crotale which was promptly reverse engineered. The cloned Crotale has been built in two configurations, a high mobility variant for PLA Army units on a 4 x 4 cloned French Thomson-Hotchkiss P4R armoured vehicle, and a less mobile PLA-AF air field defence system, using either a trailer or a truck platform. The Thomson-Hotchkiss P4R vehicle uses either a diesel or gasoline engine driving an alternator which powers electrical motors driving the wheels. Chinese sources sometimes label the P4R as a B-20. A naval variant of the Crotale as also been developed.

A four round elevating tube launcher turret is used, mounting the Ku-band Automatic Command to Line Of Sight monopulse radar dish antenna. Export variants are the FM-80 and improved FM-90 with a FLIR tracker and longer ranging missiles. HQ-7/FM-80/90 batteries are typically supported by an acquisition radar system, the FM-90 usually on a new design indigenous 6 x 6 light armoured personnel carrier.



 

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Hq-6/hq-61

HQ-6/HQ-61





The US DoD credits the PLA with 30 "HQ-6" launchers, most likely referring to the HQ-61 series point defence SAMs deployed during the 1980s. Based conceptually on the cloned Alenia Aspide missile, itself which is based on the US RIM-7E/F Sparrow, the HQ-61 is much larger and heavier and equipped with a semi-active radar homing seeker and midcourse command link guidance. A 6x6 YanAn SX2150 truck carries two rounds on a slewable elevating launcher. Guidance is provided by the Type 571 radar system. The cumbersome HQ-61 series has been largely superceded by the HQ-7 and HQ-64 point defence SAMs.
 

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LY-60 / HQ-64 Aspide

LY-60 / HQ-64 Aspide









The CPMIEC LY-60 is a direct clone of the Italian Selenia (Alenia) Aspide Mk.1, itself derived from the RIM-7E Sea Sparrow. This missile is frequently cited as the direct replacement for the conceptually similar but much bulkier HQ-61. Recent literature shows a four round LY-60 TEL which is based on the naval box launcher mount, similar to the US Sea Sparrow and original Aspide designs. Like the Aspide / Sparrow, the LY-60 appears in naval and mobile point defence SAM configurations, and as an AAM for fighter aircraft, designated as the FD-60 or PL-10.

The missile is a semi-active homing design, reliant on a CW illuminator which is cued by an acquisition and tracking radar. Cited battery composition is one acquisition radar, three engagement radars and six TELs, with eight support vehicles providing missile transport, backup and primary power supply, missile test, electronics maintenance, mechanical maintenance, tools and spares. The acquisition radar is likely to be a derivative of the CLC-2 series operating at 2.9 ~ 3.4 GHz, or the YLC-6M. The engagement radar is a truck mounted variant of the naval LY-60 engagement radar, which is a single channel X-band design with providing CW illumination of the target. Until recently, no good imagery was available for the radar package, specifications remain unstated. CPMIEC brochures claim the capability to engage low flying aircraft and cruise missiles. Other sources claim the capability to detect 40 targets, track 12, and engage three
 

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FB-6A "Avenger" SAM System

FB-6A "Avenger" SAM System



The FB-6A is a copy of the United States Army's AN/TWQ-1 Avenger system which mounts the Stinger short-range surface-to-air missile on an octuple launcher on a HMMWV chassis. The HMMWV variant employed is the aluminium body Shenyang SFQ2040.

Designated the FB-6A it uses the TY90 surface–to-air missile that is 1,862 mm long, 90 mm in diameter and weighs 20 kg. The missile is quoted as having an effective range of between 500 to 6,000m; can engage targets flying at altitudes from 15 to 4500 m; and can reach Mach 2.2. The launcher is quoted, as being able to acquire a target a 12 km, a reaction time of 2 to 3 seconds and the vehicle and launcher are a direct copy of the HMMWV.

 

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LS-II ADS "PLA SLAMRAAM/Chapparel" SAM System

LS-II ADS "PLA SLAMRAAM/Chapparel" SAM System














The Lie Shou "Hunter" II Air Defense System or "LS-II ADS" was displayed publicly at the Zhuhai 2008 exhibition. It is a Chinese analogue to the US MIM-120/MPQ-64 Sentinel "SLAMRAAM" point defence system, but with the important distinction in a mixed missile armament, comprising two SD-10/PL-12 and two PL-9C. The SD-10/PL-12 is an analogue of the AIM-120 AMRAAM, but with better range performance, and equipped with the Russian designed Agat 9B-1103M active radar seeker. The PL-9C is an analogue of the AIM-9H/L Sidewinder. The LS II is therefore a defacto hybrid of the Chapparel and SLAMRAAM concepts, but with a self propelled engagement/acquisition radar rather than the towed MPQ-64 radar used with the SLAMRAAM.

Both the TEL and the engagement/acquisition radars are carried on the Dong Feng EQ-2050 HMMWV. The TEL is equipped with an electro-optical acquisition and tracking sensor mounted on the cabin roof. The radar is a planar array design, likely operating in the X-band.
 

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FLV-1/FLG-1/FL-2000 Wheeled Air Defence Vehicle

FLV-1/FLG-1/FL-2000 Wheeled Air Defence Vehicle









The FLV-1 close in lightweight air-defence weapon system is based on the WZ 551 four wheeled armoured vehicle.[13] This vehicle appears to be half way between the United States Army's AN/TWQ-1 Avenger system which uses the Stinger short range surface-to-air missile on an octuple launcher on a HMMWV chassis, and the Russian 9K31 Strela-1 system (SA-9 'Gaskin') based on the BRDM 4 x 4 chassis.

The FLV-1 uses the rear engine version of the WZ 550 4 x 4 chassis but has only two-wheeled drive. The FLV-1 weighs 8.5 tonnes, is 5.5 metres long and the rest of the chassis is the same as the WZ 550. The engine produces 132kw of power with a maximum road speed of 90 km/hr.

There are six smoke dischargers in two rows of three at the rear of the vehicle. The FLV-1 carries a pintle mounted 7.62 mm machine gun at the front of the vehicle for local defence. The octuple launcher turret houses two quad launchers for the QW-1A lightweight surface-to-air missiles. There is a FLIR, laser rangefinder, and most probably a laser designator, contained in a ball mount between the missiles with a search radar mounted on the top of the system. The search radar appears to be a variant of the NRIET AS-901 series, an L-band MTI with ~20 km range. The FLV-1 can be used for used for independent close in protection of high value assets.
 

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Yi Tian WZ551 Wheeled Self-Propelled Surface-to-Air Missile System

Yi Tian WZ551 Wheeled Self-Propelled Surface-to-Air Missile System









The Yi Tian wheeled self-propelled surface-to-air missile system uses the WMZ551 6x6 wheeled armoured fighting vehicle hull on which is mounted a surface-to-air missile comprising two square quad box launchers each containing a TY-90 short range short-range surface-to-air missile separated by the sensor system and mounting. The system comprises a CCD day/night sight, thermal imaging sight, laster range finder that elevate with the missile launchers. A top this is a mast mounted rotating planar array low probability of intercept (LPI) radar, designated the 825[36].

Against a helicopter or non-stealth attack aircraft the radar provides surveillance out to 18km, tracking at 12km, engagement at 10km with the missile firing at 6km from an oncoming target. Against a cruise missile the surveillance range drops to 8km. The system can intercept at target with a maximum speed of 400 m/sec (1,440km/hr) and the system reaction time reaction time is given as between 6 – 8 secs

The vehicle weighs 16 tons, has a crew of four and is armed with a remote controlled QZZ89 12.7 x 108mm heavy machine gun mounted forward on the right hand side of the roof next to the driver. There is a small CCD optical sensor camera mounted under the gun cradle which is operated by a joystick inside the gunner's position. There are four twin 76mm smoke dischargers mounted on the roof immediately, two mounted behind the machine gun and the driver's hatch.

The vehicle takes 30 seconds to prepare for firing from a cold start and two seconds to move which would assume the engine is running.
Yi Tian Air Defence Battalion [37]
The Yi Tian Air Defence Battalion comprises a battalion headquarters and three self-supporting air defence companies. The battalion headquarters consists of a WZ551 armoured command vehicle 4x4 truck with a folding mast mounted IRIS-80 radar. For instance, the 113th Mechanised Infantry Division of the 38th Army Group is equipped with both Type 92 and 92A wheeled infantry fighting vehicles. Other vehicles based on the chassis include command, anti-tank with the Hong Jia-8 ATGW, the Yi-Tian self propelled SAM system and the wheeled 122mm self-propelled gun, the latter is at this time close to approval.

The air defence company headquarters comprises a single WZ551 ACV mounting a surveillance radar, six fire WZ551 air defence vehicles, two 4 x 4 resupply and two 4 x 4 maintenance trucks. Each company could spilt into two self-supporting groups (dui). Whether the company is organised into two vehicle platoons (pei) or squads (bian) is not known.
 

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Type 63 APC equipped with a ZU-23-2 3 mm AAA gun.

Type 63 APC equipped with a ZU-23-2 3 mm AAA gun.

 

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Man Portable Air Defence Systems

Man Portable Air Defence Systems
QW-2 and HY/FN-6/FN-16 Man Portable Air Defence Systems




The QW-2 is a reverse engineered copy of the Russian 9K310 Igla-1 (SA-16 Gimlet). The infrared seeking missile is 72mm in diameter is 1.59m long and weighs 11kg. It has a launch speed of 25 m/sec and can engage a target at a distance between 500m to 6,000m at an altitude from 10m to 4,000m. All up, the system weighs 18.4kg and has a shelf life of ten years. In action, the reaction time is five seconds with a reported 75% chance of intercepting a target.


QW-1 and QW-1M MANPADS are predecessor variants to the QW-2 series.






The HY/FN-6 is an infrared seeking missile with a diameter of 71mm, a length of 1.495m and a weight of 10.77kg. All up with the launcher the system weighs 17kg and can intercept a target going 600m/sec. The launcher can be equipped with a night sight and an IFF system similar to the AN/PPX-1 fitted to the FIM-92 Stinger.
 

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Large Calibre Anti-Aircraft Machine Guns

Large Calibre Anti-Aircraft Machine Guns



China has developed a lightweight 14.5mm anti-aircraft machine gun designated the QJG02.[17] The weapon is designed to replace the Type 56 copy of the Russian ZPU-1 that comes in at 413kg.[18] Despite a double baffle muzzle brake, the weapon would jump around on fully automatic fire. This is not unlike firing a .50 M-2 Browning on a hard surface. The weapon would have been very handy for the Mujahideen during the Russian invasion of Afghanistan but has been rendered obsolescent at best by MANPADS. This weapon remains nevertheless effective against rotary wing aircraft and low flying transports.

Once broken down into six man portable loads, the heaviest weight is less than 20kg. It has a rate of 600rpm and an effective range of 2,000m; however its effective rate of fire is 100rpm. It was introduced with two new 14.5 x 114mm rounds, the DGJ02 APDS-T and the DGE02 APHEI-T.





W95A .50in Heavy Machine Gun
The Chinese Defence Industries are now offering the W95 12.7mm heavy machine gun in 12.7mm x 99mm, based on the PLA's W85 heavy machine gun in 12.7mm x 108mm. The gun itself weighs 28 kg without the tripod and is 2050mm long overall. The heavy barrel, the rear half which is heavily fluted, is 1002mm long and the weapon has a cyclic rate of fire of 650-750 rounds per minute and an effective rate of fire of 80 – 100 rounds per minute. It is designed to operate in temperatures from -150C to 700C.

Representing another doomed attempt to replace the M2 Browning heavy machine gun, it will probably be offered to Third World countries that are under a U.S. embargo against the supply of spare parts for their M2 Browning heavy machine guns. Given the popularity and numbers of M2s in the world, spare parts are readily available from many suppliers, and this is a forlorn hope. Some may be bought by countries in an attempt to spite the United States but the numbers would be small.



Type 85 12.7mm x 108mm Heavy Machine Gun




The Type 85 12.7 x 108mm heavy machine gun is a "product improved" version of the Type 77, and is as simple a design as a 12.7mm machine can be. With the tripod laid flat, the Type 85 is 2050mm long and 1160mm wide. It has a rate of fire of 650 – 750 rpm and depending on the tripod's configuration (it can be set up for anti-aircraft fire) its elevation is from -10 to + 800 and an arc of 3600. The complete system weighs 39.6kg with its box magazine on the left hand side holding sixty rounds of link ammunition.







Type 85 23 mm towed AAA piece
 

venkat

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Kunal!!! excellent posts with lots of info on Chinese ADS!!! may I request you to post a comparative analysis of our ADS with chinese using non classified data available in the open forums!!! Thanks!!!
 

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Kunal!!! excellent posts with lots of info on Chinese ADS!!! may I request you to post a comparative analysis of our ADS with chinese using non classified data available in the open forums!!! Thanks!!!
I have already done a complete analysis on PLA as well as IA:

1. Infantry ( Small arms to Medium arms in Light Infantry )

2. Arty ( Mobile, Static & MRLS)

3. AD (AAA&SAM Mobile/static and Medium range )

4. Light Armour. ( APC/IFV and fire support vehicles )

5. Heavy Armour. ( MBTs )

Side by Side comparison and usefulness in mountain terrain along LAC..

http://www.defenceforum.in/forum/showthread.php?t=16694
 

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Type 56 Quad 14.5 x 114mm Anti-Aircraft Gun System

Type 56 Quad 14.5 x 114mm Anti-Aircraft Gun System



A copy of the Russian ZPU-4, the Type 56 quad 14.5 x 114mm anti-aircraft gun system provided Chinese units and fixed sites a high firepower powerful and light anti-aircraft system. On a small four-wheel mount, the equipment could be towed behind a light vehicle. To permit accurate firing the two side stabilisers swung out, the wheels swung upwards and the jacks screwed down so the ordnance sat on cruciform shaped mount.

In traveling configuration, it was 5.545m long by 1.86m wide by 2.3 m high with guns in a horizontal position. Ready to it was 4.33m long, by 2.68m wide by 1.97m high. In an emergency, it could be fired in the traveling position.

Its four magazines could each hold 150 round of ammunition in non-disintegrating link belts, weighed 42kg, and fully loaded for combat the Type 56 weighed 2,150kg. Each gun fired at 600 rpm giving a total firepower of 2,400 rpm. In the anti-aircraft role its effective slant range is given as 1,000m and a 2,000m effective ceiling.
 

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Nice post Kunal, after reading your post it is clear that china has already taken countermeasure to counter IA's assault. China has strong air defense along LAC specially on Arunachal borders. I think IA will have to hold any major assault until indian forces weaken chinese air defense. Air dropping commando units to rectify these units along with fighter choppers can work here. That is we need to kill their air defense smartly with our troops and choppers equipped with enough missiles.
 

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