- Jul 3, 2010
EPILOGUEBurnt-out interior of Saragarhi as it looked on 14th September, 1897
Heliographs.Sepoy Gurmukh Singh, the detachment signaller, went up an elevated mound to set up his heliograph and began signalling to Fort Lockhart about their predicament: "ENEMY APPROACHING THE MAIN GATE ... NEED REINFORCEMENT".
Lt Col Haughton, Commanding Officer of 36th Sikh Battalion, rushed his troops to augment the outnumbered Sikhs but to no avail. The Pathans had systematically cut-off the supply route between Fort Lockhart and Saragarhi, a tactic to slowly strangle the Sikhs into submission.
Fort Lockhart transmitted back: "UNABLE TO BREAKTHRU ... HOLD POSITION".
Saragarhi flashed back: "UNDERSTOOD".
The heliograph sent its signals by reflecting sunlight towards the intended recipient with a mirror or mirrors, the beam being keyed on and off with a shutter or a tilting mirror, allowing Morse code to be sent. Heliographs were used by the armies of several countries during the late 1800's; they were highly popular with British forces in India because of the dependable sunlight.
The classic heliograph is the Mance pattern, devised by Sir Henry Mance at Bombay in 1869. See illustration below.
Dutt to make film on historical battle of Saragarhi - Indian ExpressIf things fall in line, the historical battle of Saragarhi, where 21 Sikhs of 4th Battalion (then the 36th Sikhs) of the Sikh Regiment of British India died fighting 10,000 Afghan and Orakzai tribesmen while defending an army post, may be presented in a Bollywood film.
Actor Sanjay Dutt on Wednesday said that the concept for the movie based on the battle that took place on September 12, 1897 is ready he has spoken to Deputy Chief Minister Sukhbir Badal for assistance in start its production. He said a major portion of the film will be shot in Punjab.
Dutt said that he and Ajay Devgn would jointly produce the film, which would take a year for pre-production preparations, 10 months for shooting and as much time for post production.
The Martini Henry breech loading rifle, the standard British Infantry rifle, was put through its paces.
Martini Henry rifles first entered service with the British Army in 1871 and quickly became its mainstay. Colonial units such as the Sikhs and Gurkhas only received them after all the British units were equipped .
It had only been a few months since these frontier regiments were equipped with these rifles, replacing the venerable Enfield. Capable of firing ten .303 calibre rounds a minute, it proved to be more than a match to the antiquated muzzle loading rifles possessed by the tribesmen.
Dude it all comes to the strategic location in which the 21 Sikhs were present in and their armament. Not degrading about the Pathans.again i agree they were good warriors once
but just 21 against 10k is too much
if they numbers were even 21 against 100.i would agreed
not even 150 because on the other side they were pushtoon
you need to read about pushtoon as well
agreed but even if you equip those 21 Sikh with all the latest weapons and those .10K pushtoons with just stickDude it all comes to the strategic location in which the 21 Sikhs were present in and their armament. Not degrading about the Pathans.
Pathans won... none of the Sikhs survived and all were martyred. So where is the problem ?agreed but even if you equip those 21 Sikh with all the latest weapons and those .10K pushtoons with just stick
still they will win because of the very huge quantative edge
again plz read about pushtoon history as well
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