The secret of S-500 !

Discussion in 'Land Forces' started by jakojako777, Dec 25, 2009.

  1. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Radar 96l6e

    RADAR 96L6E

    Summary

    96L6ERadiolokatsionnaya radar station - all-altitude detector (TSBs) 96L6E designed for the detection and measurement of target coordinates (azimuth, elevation, distance), can be included in the composition of S-300PMU, S-300PMU1 and S-300PMU2 as a stand-alone tool targeting SAMs 90ZH6E, 90ZH6E1, 90ZH6E2 and mates with MP ACS type "Baikal-1E", "Senezh-M1E" or manual RTV-type base-1E "," Field-E.

    Radar 96L6E with a full-azimuth multi-beam antenna array, providing scanning beam in uglomestnoy plane, automatically delivers the ROP 30N6E, 30N6E1, 30N6E2 information about the air conditions on a wide range of aerodynamic targets: aircraft, cruise missiles (including the construction of stealth technology ) and the means of the WTO. Due to the use of adaptive shirokobazovyh signals and multifrequency radar work provides a highly efficient detection of both low-altitude targets and goals for the medium and high altitudes. To detect targets at extremely low altitudes in the forest and rough terrain antenna device locator can be raised on a special tower - 966AA14.
    Layout radar 96L6E exhibition MAKS-97 © Nevsky Bastion

    Radar 96L6E provides: a review of specified areas of detection and automatic selection of priorities for the drawstrings routes; auto-runs on auto tracking purposes (bearings) by assigning numbers, identification of nationality purposes; automatic selection of priorities for the issuance of ZU for ROP; automatic issue of ROP target coordinates accompanied by the ROP, to ensure coordinate support, recognition of 4 classes of goals - airplanes, helicopters, UAVs and missiles.

    Pair radar 96L6E with S-300PMU, S-300PMU1 carried by cable, with S-300PMU2 pairing is carried out using remote workplace 965RR03E on microwave and fiber-optic communication lines.
    Radar 96L6E
    Radar 96L6E in stowed position to a transport unit - MZKT-7930 "astrologer" © FGUP LEMZ "
    Radar 96L6E
    Radar 96L6E in firing position on the two transport units in the shop FGUP LEMZ "© FGUP LEMZ"

    Radar 96L6E has two versions: one version of the execution of the transport unit; variant execution on two transport units.

    In the embodiment of performance on a transport unit of the radar 96L6E includes: antenna device 966AA01E; container 966FF03E with receiving and transmitting equipment, information processing equipment, operator's station, communications equipment and system of national identification, a set of APP-0; TM966E transport vehicle on the basis of self-propelled chassis MZKT-7930 "astrologer", with a system of autonomous power supply BOT-2L on the basis of the generator power takeoff from the engine self-propelled chassis, a set of cables.

    In the embodiment of performance of two transport units of the radar 96L6E includes: Antenna 966AA00E - combination of Trucks and semi-trailer, which contains 966AA01E antenna device, the system of autonomous power supply SPS-75 (SES-75M), or similar, set of cables, hardware post 966FF00E - combination of Trucks and semi-trailer, which contains the container 966FF03E with autonomous power supply system SES-75 (SES-75M), or similar.

    Option execution 96L6E two transport units allows for spacing to position the antenna and hardware posts up to 100 m.

    Radar 96L6E can be given: a means of external power supply 98E6U; cars for towing 98E6U; 966AA14 tower - a tower equipped with 40V6M trucks for transportation of the MAZ-537G (74106) Remote operator station (up to 4), a set of APP Group P28E.

    Electricity can be carried out by autonomous, built-BOT-2L, SES-75 (SES-75M), from funds given to the external power supply type 98E6U or from an industrial power through BOOT 98E6U.

    Term of service - not less than 20 years.

    Full service life of up to 25 000-30 000 hours in the light overhaul. Life before the first overhaul - not less than 10 years, the service life of 12 000 hours.

    There is a single ZIP-0 in each radar, provided spare parts in the trailer group P28E for three radar.

    Method of moving radar 96L6E - its course, run at least 10 000 km. RLS is transported by rail, water and air.

    For communication on the march radar 96L6E completed voice equipment such as 14YA6-5.

    Key performance characteristics

    Range of radiation frequencies
    "C
    The presence of automatic frequency tuning
    eat
    The range of distances detected purposes
    5-300 km
    Field of view:
    A) When all-altitude detection:
    - Azimuth
    360 °
    - On the corner of the place
    from -3 ° to +20 °
    - On the Doppler velocity
    ± 30 to ± 1200 m / s
    The coefficient of suppression of reflections from the underlying surface, dB
    70
    Rate update:
    - In the lower zone from 0 to 1,5 °
    6
    - In the upper zone from 1,5 to 20 °
    12 s
    B) When the sector review:
    In the sector slowing:
    - Azimuth
    120 °
    - On the corner of the place
    from 0 to 60 °
    - On the Doppler velocity
    from ± 50 to ± 2800 m / s
    time sector review
    to 8 with
    Outside the sector slowing down:
    - On the corner of the place
    -3 to 1,5 °
    time review of the lower sector
    5,5 with
    Full review cycle
    With 13,5
    B) When low-altitude detection:
    - Azimuth
    360 °
    - On the corner of the place
    0 - 1,5 °
    - On the Doppler velocity
    from ± 30 to ± 1200 m / s
    rate review
    6
    Accompaniment tracks purposes is provided in the corners of the place
    60 °
    The number of tracked goals
    100
    Time straps route and issuance ZU on aerodynamic purposes:
    - At angles less than 1,5 °
    12 s
    - At angles greater 1,5 °
    21 p.
    The number of false ZU 30 minutes of work
    no more than 3-5
    Time commitment:
    for execution options for a transport unit:
    - From the march
    5 min
    - From the unfolded state
    no more than 3 minutes
    - Duty of the state
    not more than 40

    execution options for the two transport units:
    - From the march

    30 min
    - From the unfolded state
    no more than 3 minutes
    - Duty of the state
    not more than 40
    Time of installation of tower
    2 h
    The number of combat crew
    3 pers.

    Developer

    Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Lianozovo Electromechanical Plant"

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  2. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    [​IMG]

    S-300 Series Tactical and Technical Performance

    the S-300V was developed as tactical SAM system, while the S-300P was developed as a strategic SAM system. The S-300V was developed for Land Forces and the S-300P system for long-range air defense.

    SA-10 GRUMBLE is the low-end S-300PS/PT series with FLAP LID radar and 5V55 radars. SA-20 GARGOYLE is the high-end S-300PM-1/2 series with TOMB STONE radar and 48N6 missiles. The 9M96 missiles don't fit into the larger 48N6 tubes, rather, the four-round 9M96 launcher replaces a 48N6 tube.

    The S-300P has a similar code name but in fact is an entirely different missile system. The S-300V series includes two systems, S-300V (SA-12), and the improved S-300VM Antey 2500. These two weapons systems use two types of missiles, the 9M83 SA-12A Gladiator and the 9M83 SA-12B Giant.


    The S-400 can selectively use several types of missiles, both previously developed SAMs and the new, unique SAMs. The Triumph air defense system can use 48N6E missiles of the S-300PMU-1 system and the 48N6E2 missiles of the S-300PMU-2 Favorit system. There are two new missiles in the S-400 system: the quad-packed missile has a range of 120-150km and the big one has a range of 400km.

    Almaz is working on an S-500, described in September 2002 as an improvement of the Phase 2 S-400, with new missiles and radar. As of 2007 it appeared that the merged Antey-Almaz was working on the S-500 Samoderzhets (Autocrat) system, that will include elements from both the S-400 system and the S-300VM (Antey 2500).

    S-300 Series Tactical and Technical Performance
     
  3. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    JSC Bryansk Automobile Plant "

    JSC Bryansk Automobile Plant "

    PRESS RELEASE, 11.08. 2009

    Bryansk Automobile Plant will provide BAZ-6402
    at MAKS


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    JSC Bryansk Automobile Plant, the sales representative who is the company Ivanovskaya brand, provide tractor BAZ-6402 at the International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS-2009, which will be held from 18 to 23 August in the town of Zhukovsky airfield central test base country - Flight Research Institute. Gromov. Stand Bryansk Automobile Plant - OS-C4.

    Semitrailer tractor BAZ-6402 is part of the unified family of dual-purpose vehicles "honeycombs-1". It is designed to tow trailers weighing up to a full 32,7 t. With all-wheel drive (6x6), independent suspension, tires with adjustable air pressure, a tractor has a high cross and able to travel on roads of all categories and bezdorozhyu.Podveska wheels on the rear truck tractor - combined independent odnotorsionnaya for lower leverage and equalizer-leaf for the upper lever, without shock absorbers. Tractor is designed for operation at ambient temperatures from -50 to + 50 C0, relative humidity 98% at 25 C0, dusty air up to 2.0 g/m3, in areas located at an altitude of 4500 m and in overcoming the mountain passes up to 4650 m above sea level. BAZ-6402 can reach speeds of up to 80 km / h and overcome a ford deep 1,4 m minimum turning radius is 13 m, range of the control fuel consumption of a single tractor - 1000 km. The machine is adapted for the carriage of cargo aircraft An-22 Antonov An-124, IL-76.

    Tractor unit BAZ-6402 - one of the most successful models in the line of the plant - is delivered JSC "BAZ" under the state defense order for the RF Armed Forces under the launcher assembly and transport vehicle anti-aircraft missile systems S-400 Triumph.

    The first-ever tractor BAZ BAZ-6402, with three-axle 6x6, with a load on the fifth wheel up to 11.5 tonnes, was manufactured in July 1997. BAZ-6402 - the pride of the Bryansk automobile plant - was presented at the Moscow military parade on Victory Day in 2008 as part of modern anti-aircraft rocket launcher "Triumph" C-400. May 9 2008 4 towed launchers on the chassis BAZ-6402 took place on Red Square in a convoy of wheeled anti-aircraft missile systems.

    JSC "BAZ" - one of the leading Russian companies to develop and produce special wheeled chassis and all-terrain trucks with capacity from 14 to 40 t. The company was founded in 1958. Over the years the Bryansk Automobile Plant was issued more than 95 different models of chassis and all-terrain trucks. Produced by the plant chassis used as base for weapon systems that are supplied for the needs of the Ministry of Defense and defense agencies of other countries. Production of the plant is used for the installation of crane technology and equipment for oil and gas industry.

    International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS deservedly - one of the world's leading aviation forums. The main objective of the International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS - demonstration of Russian high technology and openness of the domestic market of Russia for joint projects with foreign partners. Only at MAKS can see prototypes of aircraft and combat systems, pilot plants, which are not shown abroad. MAX provides professionals and business people a unique opportunity to establish a multi-level contacts, further development of industrial cooperation and seek new business partners. MAKS-2009 is held under the patronage of the Prime Minister of Russia, it is traditionally opened by the President of Russia, which is a confirmation of the high level of organization and status of the event.

    Memo:

    LLC "Trading Company" Ivanovo mark "- the exclusive sales representative plants: OJSC" crane "and JSC" Gazprom-off "by selling mobile cranes" Ivanovets and supporting-turning device, JSC Bryansk Automobile Plant "to implement the special wheeled chassis and OAO RASKAT "Sales of road-sealing technique. The central unit "Ivanovo brand" is located in Moscow. Regional network of the company has more than 13 offices, 11 of which are located in major cities of Russia and 2 - in the CIS: Kiev (Ukraine) and Almaty (Kazakhstan).

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  4. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    S-500/S-1000 (Russian Federation), Defensive weapons


    S-500/S-1000 (Russian Federation), Defensive weapons

    Description
    There have been unconfirmed reports since 1996 from the Russian Federation that successors to the S-300 (SA-10/-20 'Grumble') and S-300V (SA-12 'Gladiator/Giant') SAM systems are in development by Almaz-Antey. Specifically aimed at defence against short- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles with ranges up to 3,500 km and against AEW, AWACS and jamming aircraft, these systems may have the Russian designators S-500 (Samoderzhets) and/or S-1000. The S-500 system is expected to be fully mobile. In addition, a follow-on anti-ballistic missile system to replace ABM-3 around Moscow may also be in development. There is similarity between the possible new anti-ballistic missile system development and the S-500/S-1000 projects, and there may well be common components. It has been expected that the Russians would have prepared a possible ASAT system as well as SAM and ABM system upgrades, although no ASAT tests have been made by Russia for over 20 years. Unconfirmed reports have stated that an air-launched version (Kh-96) is also in design, possibly for use as a boost phase interceptor against ballistic missiles, or as an ASAT. The follow-on system or systems may therefore have several roles. It is possible that the S-500 missiles will be land- and sea-based, and similar in performance to the US THAAD and SM-3 systems, but with additional roles against large high-flying aircraft. Unconfirmed reports in November 2001 and July 2003 stated that China was jointly funding the S-500 and S-1000 programmes. However, an unconfirmed Russian report in 2002 suggested that the S-500 system was being funded by

    S-500/S-1000 (Russian Federation) - Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems
     
  5. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Russian SAMs and ABMs

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    Perhaps no missiles ever produced had as much historical influence as the surface-to-air missiles of the Soviet Union. Originally conceived to provide a defence against the American bomber fleets of the early Cold War, they decisively affected the turn of events when they shot down American U-2 reconnaissance aircraft over Russia and Cuba. Soviet-provided missiles accounted for a hundred American aircraft over North Vietnam and set the terms of the air battle. A new generation of missiles presented a huge technological surprise and took an awful toll of Israeli aircraft in the 1973 war. To this day, Russian surface-to-air missiles provide the only defence available to most countries against American bombers, and Russian man-portable anti-aircraft missiles are a major part of the terrorist threat.

    Until the fall of the Soviet Union, Russian missiles were only known in public by the designations assigned by the Western military. Since the 1990, the true designations and technical details of these missiles have become known. Not unsurprisingly, a large number of missiles that never reached production of which the West was unaware have also been described. Here all of the previously-secret details of these four generations of weapons are presented. There were huge failed projects that reached the hardware stage - Dal and V-1000. There were plans for enormous equivalents to the American Bomarc and British Bloodhound missiles. All appear.

    Sergei Korolev made the first Russian experiments with surface-to-air missiles before World War II, but his imprisonment ended further work. During the war the Red Army experimented with use of Katyusha rockets as anti-aircraft barrage rockets.

    After victory in Europe, Stalin ordered that German surface-to-air missiles be put into production. Teams were established headed by Sinilshchikov (Wasserfall = R-101, R-108, R-109), Rashkov (Schmetterling = R-102, R-112, R-117), and Kostin (Taifun = R-103, R-110). Isayev led the team developing Soviet storable liquid engine technology from German originals.

    Within four years missiles were in flight test but it was found that the Germans themselves had not solved the guidance problem. Finally Stalin ordered his secret police chief, Beria, to conduct a ruthless crash program to solve the problem of the defence of Moscow against American bombers. Beria's son worked in an existing missile design bureau, headed by Kuksenko. Beria established absolute priorities, and exploited Russian and German engineer-prisoners. The KB-1 bureau developed the S-25 air defence system in record time. In 1953, two years from the start, tests were being conducted against crewed copies of B-29 bombers and sites around Moscow had gone into operation. This first production Soviet missile was known to the West as the SA-1 Guild.

    Following Stalin's death, surface-to-air missile development returned to more standard Soviet practice. Kuksenko and Beria's son were removed from their posts and competing design bureau were designated to design the next generation of missiles.

    Design and development of most of the missiles used with air defence systems over the forty years that followed was accomplished by Pavel Dmitrevich Grushin (the organisation later known as Fakel MKB) Beginning with his 32B alternate to the S-25, Grushin developed a series of missiles that were the bane of American and Israeli pilots during the cold war - the S-75 (SA-2 and SA-N-2 Guideline), S-125 (SA-3 and SA-N-1 Goa), S-200 (SA-5 Gammon), S-300 (SA-10 and SA-N-6 Grumble), Shkval (SA-N-3 Goblet), Osa (SA-8 and SA-N-4 Gecko), Tor (SA-15 and SA-N-9 Gauntlet), S-300 (SA-10 and SA-N-6 Grumble). Grushin also provided the exo-atmospheric interceptor missiles for the V-1000, A-350 (ABM-1), and A-135 (ABM-3) anti-ballistic missile systems. At the time of Grushin's death on 29 November 1993, MKB Fakel had produced over 16 basic types of surface-to-air missile, 30 modernisations of these basic versions, and exported missiles to over 50 countries.

    Other design teams that entered the missile design business over the years included those headed by:

    * L V Lyulev (at OKB-8 GKAT, later EMKB Novator named for L V Lyulev), responsible for the unique Krug (SA-4 Gainful) ramjet-powered missile, and later the super-high acceleration missiles for the A-135, Buk (SA-11 Gadfly), and S-300V (SA-12 Giant/Gladiator) systems.
    * Lavochkin (OKB-301), responsible for the missiles for the original S-25 system. The bureau got out of the surface-to-air missile field after the disastrous Dal program in the early 1960's
    * A I Lyapin (KB-82 Factory 134 GKAT, later GosMKB Vympel) responsible for the unique Kub (SA-6 Gainful) missile

    Different firms developed the overall anti-aircraft and anti-ballistic missile systems themselves, as opposed to the missiles that were part of those systems. This meant that air defence systems developed by different bureaux could use the same missile. Leading system designers were:........................
    ................




    S-500

    Surface-to-air missile. Family: Russian SAMs and ABMs. Country: Russia. Status: Development. Department of Defence Designation: SA-21. Manufacturer's Designation: S-500. Complex: S-500.

    New anti-aircraft, anti-missile system design in competitive development with Antey's S-400 to produce a Russian equivalent to THAAD.

    Manufacturer: Almaz.


    S-400

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    Fourth generation surface-to-air missile system that replaced the Army's S-300V (SA-12) and the Air Defence Force's S-300PMU (SA-10).
    Surface-to-air missile.....
    ..............Improved version of the 48N6E for the S-400 system, capable of shooting down tactical ballistic missiles at incoming speeds of 4.8 km/s or hypersonic targets flying at 3.0 km/s at 150 km altitude.

    Total Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Core Diameter: 0.52 m (1.69 ft). Total Length: 6.98 m (22.91 ft). Span: 1.04 m (3.40 ft). Standard warhead mass: 180 kg (390 lb). Maximum range: 400 km (240 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Minimum range: 3.00 km (1.80 mi). Ceiling: 30,000 m (98,000 ft). Floor: 10 m (32 ft). Version:

    9M96. Launch System: Triumf. Complex: S-400. Missile: 9M96.

    Improved, longer range version of 9M96 for the S-400. Four 9M96's can be housed in a single 48N6E launch container position.

    Total Mass: 420 kg (920 lb). Standard warhead mass: 24 kg (52 lb). Maximum range: 250 km (150 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Minimum range: 1.00 km (0.60 mi). Ceiling: 30,000 m (98,000 ft). Floor: 5.00 m (16.40 ft).



    Antey-2500




    Surface-to-air missile. Family: Russian SAMs and ABMs. Country: Russia. Status: Active. Manufacturer's Designation: Antey-2500. Launch System: S-300V. Missile: 9M82M, 9M83M.

    The Antey-2500 was a new generation of the S-300V, capable of shooting down re-entry vehicles of IRBMs of up to 2500 km range.

    The system could track simultaneously 24 low radar cross section aerial targets, or 16 re-entry vehicles of 0.02 square meter radar cross section coming in at speeds of 4500 m/s. The system was equipped with the modernised 9M82M and 9M83M missiles. These had the same mass and dimensions as the earlier missiles, but were equipped with improved guidance systems. They were capable of successfully intercepting even intensively manoeuvring targets. The 9M82M would be assigned by the system to re-entry vehicles and aircraft or cruise missile targets up to 200 km away. The 9M83M would be assigned to closer targets. It took ten years to develop this system after the go-ahead. A division of Antey-2500 missiles would consist of:

    * One 9S15M2 circular observation radar
    * One 9S19M sector observation radar
    * One 9S457M command point
    * Four 9S32M MSNR
    * 24 9A93M PU
    * 24 9A84M PZU
    * 48 9M82M surface-to-air missiles with 200 km range
    * 96 9M83M shorter range surface-to-air missiles

    Maximum target speed, 3 km/sec. Reaction time 28 seconds. 5 minutes time to set-up or depart launch site for shoot-and-scoot. 24 targets can be tracked, and four missiles guided simultaneously to 4 seperate targets. 96-192 missiles per firing unit depending on mix.

    Radars: 9S15MT-3 Bill Board A target acquisition radar, F band, range 330 km. 9S19 Imbir High Screen target acquisition radar, range 175 km. 9S32 Grill Pan target tracking radar, band, range 175 km.

    Manufacturer: Antey. Standard warhead mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Maximum range: 200 km (120 mi). Guidance: GAS. Ceiling: 30,000 m (98,000 ft). Floor: 25 m (82 ft). Version:

    9M82M. Department of Defence Designation: SA-12b. ASCC Reporting Name: Giant. Missile: 9M82M.

    Anti-tactical ballistic missile; outer-layer defense.

    96 missiles per firing unit.

    Total Mass: 3,300 kg (7,200 lb). Core Diameter: 0.85 m (2.78 ft). Total Length: 10.00 m (32.00 ft). Span: 0.85 m (2.78 ft). Standard warhead mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Maximum range: 200 km (120 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Guidance: Semi-Active Radar Homing. Maximum speed: 8,640 kph (5,360 mph). Ceiling: 30,000 m (98,000 ft). Floor: 200 m (650 ft). Version:

    9M83M. IOC: 1983. Department of Defence Designation: SA-12a. ASCC Reporting Name: Gladiator. Missile: 9M83M.

    Anti-tactical ballistic missile; inner-layer defense.

    192 missiles per firing unit.

    Total Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Core Diameter: 0.50 m (1.64 ft). Total Length: 7.50 m (24.60 ft). Span: 0.50 m (1.64 ft). Standard warhead mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Maximum range: 40 km (24 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Cruise Propulsion: Solid rocket. Guidance: Semi-Active Radar Homing. Maximum speed: 6,120 kph (3,800 mph). Ceiling: 30,000 m (98,000 ft). Floor: 25 m (82 ft).






    V-1000

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    First Soviet anti-ballistic missile system. Development began in 1956 and the system was tested at Sary Shagan 1960 to 1961.

    Anti-ballistic missile. Family: Russian SAMs and ABMs. Country: Russia. Status: Retired 1973. Department of Defence Designation: ABM-1. Complex: A. Missile: V-1000.

    First Soviet anti-ballistic missile system. Development began in 1956 and the system was tested at Sary Shagan 1960 to 1961. It was clear that enormous development work was needed to achieve an operational anti-ballistic missile system. Therefore work began on the successor A-35 system, although the Americans were led to believe that an operational system was deployed around Moscow. The System A anti-ballistic missile equipped with the V-1000 rocket made the first intercept and destruction in the world using a conventional warhead of an intermediate range ballistic missile warhead coming in at 3 km/s on 4 May 1961. The US did not demonstrate an equivalent capability until 1984.

    At the beginning of 1956 the Soviet leadership authorised an urgent program for construction of the world's first anti-ballistic missile system - 'System A'. Project manager G B Kisunko at SB-1, who had led the crash program for the first Soviet surface-to-air missile, was put in charge of the project. Subcontractors for the development were designated in February 1956:

    * Central computer system: Lebedev at TsVS.
    * Long-range tracking radar (SDO): two variants were to be developed in parallel by V P Sosulnikov and A L Mintsa at the Radiotechnical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
    * The three guidance radars (RTN), each capable of tracking both an incoming ICBM and outgoing anti-ballistic missile simultaneously: G B Kisunko, with A L Mintsa.
    * V-1000 anti-ballistic missile: Grushin.
    * Missile launcher: I I Ivanov.
    * Station for the anti-ballistic missile guidance beam (RSVPR): S P Rabinovich
    * Long-range intercept system (SPD): F P Lipsman

    In March 1956 KB-1 completed the draft project for System A. A decree of 17 August 1956 authorised construction of the first anti-ballistic missile site -Area A'. This was to be 250 km from the train station of Sary Shagan near Lake Baikal in the Bet-pak-Dala Desert. Colonel A A Gubako was in charge of the site. Work began on 3 July 1956 and by the beginning of 1957 it was ready for equipment installation. Within three years Area A was in use for trials of dozens of military systems.

    The radars required for the anti-ballistic missile systems were 100 times larger than existing surface-to-air missile radars, and generated 10 million times more energy. They required encrypted communications lines between the radar and the guidance system computers. The computers themselves had to be capable of 40,000 operations per second.

    In 1958 the anti-ballistic missile tracking station Dunai-2 went into operation on the shores of Lake Baikal. The 1200 km range radar was put into immediate use to track the first test flights of the V-1000, the launchers for which were located at a site 100 km west of Lake Baikal. The three RTN tracking radars were located in the Bet-pak-Dala Desert, in a line 100 to 250 km from the shore of Lake Baikal. These provided the data to triangulate the location of the target to within 5 km at a range of 150 km. The RTN's parabolic antennae had a tracking range of 700 km. Once a target was localised, the V-1000 missile launcher was slewed to the azimuth and angle to the intercept point calculated by the RSVPR. The RTN sent the launch command to the anti-ballistic missile when the incoming warhead reached the intercept position.

    In Februray 1959 KB-1 was reorganised to concentrate on development of an anti-ballistic missile system. SKB-30, under G B Kisunko, would develop the anti-ballistic missile; SKB-31, under Raspletin, would continue surface-to-air missile development, and SKB-41, under A A Kolosov, would develop the aviation systems of the rocket forces.

    On 29 November 1960 the first attempted intercept of an R-5 IRBM by the V-1000 was fully successful. The anti-ballistic missile passed within the kill radius of the high-explosive fragmentation warhead of the V-1000. But the warhead itself had not completed development and was not installed. The five following intercept attempts were unsuccessful - five R-5's and two V-1000's were expended (three times the system failed to launch the anti-ballistic missile in time):

    * On 8 December 1960 the system didn't function due to the failure of the 6N55 tube of the central computer
    * On 10 December there was a failure of the software to recognise the anti-ballistic missile in flight
    * On 17 December there was a failure of the receiving unit of the radar at the command point
    * On 23 December there was an error of the operator of the long-range radar
    * On 25? December the second stage of the V-1000 failed to ignite.
    * On 30 December a sixth attempt was planned, but the launches of both the R-5 and V-1000 were scrubbed when the long-range radar couldn't come on line.

    1961 began with another string of failures (5 further launches were planned in the first test series). A variety of warheads were wasted in attempting to destroy the incoming missiles. Once, manually, and twice, automatically, the missile made a more-or-less successful intercept. But this was followed by three failures, indicating a great amount of time and effort were needed to develop the intercept method.

    On 4 March 1961 the V-1000 achieved a world first - the destruction of the re-entry vehicle of an R-12 IRBM. This was followed by the destruction of an R-5 re-entry vehicle. In all, there were 11 launches with military warheads, plus launches of developmental warheads. The S2TA variant used an infrared-homing self-guiding high-explosive warhead and was designed by Storozhenko at the GOI State Optical Institute in Lengingrad. It was capable not only of determining the moment for warhead detonation, but also was capable of guiding the anti-ballistic missile independently using an on-board computer. The R2TA version used a radio-guided explosive warhead, with two types of proximity fuses used to determine the correct moment for warhead detonation. These were the G2TA, a radio ranging system, developed by Bondarenko and an optical system, developed by Emdin at GOI. Flight tests of the V-1000 with a nuclear warhead designed at Chelyabinsk-70 were also carried out.

    As the anti-ballistic missile system reached maturity, a range of anti-ballistic missile countermeasures deployed by the incoming missiles challenged it. These included Verba (inflated decoy warheads); Kaktus (an anti-radar system that generated false targets on the anti-ballistic missile system radars); and Krot (an active jammer). Operation K (including live nuclear-armed target and interceptor missile exercises K1 through K5) tested the effects of nuclear explosions at altitudes of 80 to 300 km on the ability of the anti-ballistic missile system to function. System A demonstrated its ability to continue operation despite the nuclear detonations, although the tests were primarily conducted to obtain scientific data for the design of the next generation of anti-ballistic missiles. At the end of 1961 KB-1 and SKB-30 were transferred to OKB-301 and dedicated to full-time anti-ballistic missile work. In 1966 the developers of System A received the Lenin Prize for their work.

    Radars: Dunai 2 early warning radar, RE-1 early warning radar, RE-2 and RE-3 target tracking radars.

    Manufacturer: Vympel, Grushin. Launches: 37. Failures: 5. Success Rate: 86.49%. First Launch Date: 1958-10-16. Last Launch Date: 1962-11-01. Launch data is: incomplete. Apogee: 100 km (60 mi). Liftoff Thrust: 0 N ( lbf). Total Mass: 8,800 kg (19,400 lb). Core Diameter: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Total Length: 14.50 m (47.50 ft). Maximum range: 300 km (180 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Cruise Propulsion: Storable liquid rocket, AK-20I/TG-02. Cruise engine: S2.726. Cruise Thrust: 102.900 kN (23,133 lbf). Guidance: Radio command. Maximum speed: 3,600 kph (2,200 mph). Ceiling: 25,000 m (82,000 ft).

    * Stage0: 1 x V-1000-0. Gross Mass: 3,000 kg (6,600 lb). Motor: 1 x PRD-33. Thrust (vac): 1,962.000 kN (441,075 lbf). Burn time: 4.50 sec. Length: 3.10 m (10.10 ft). Diameter: 1.00 m (3.20 ft). Propellants: Solid.

    * Stage1: 1 x V-1000-1. Motor: 1 x S2.726. Thrust (vac): 103.000 kN (23,155 lbf). Length: 8.00 m (26.20 ft). Diameter: 0.55 m (1.80 ft). Propellants: Nitric acid/Amine.

    Russian SAMs and ABMs
     
  6. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    CONTINUE


    S-300V[/U][/B]

    [​IMG]

    The S-300V/S-300VM/Antey-2500 is the world's only truly mobile Anti Ballistic Missile system, and later variants are claimed to be capable of intercepting 4.5 km/sec reentry speed targets. The large size of the Grill Pan phased array and TELAR command link and illuminator antennas is evident. The system provides the capability to engage very low RCS aircraft at ranges in excess of 100 nautical miles. Below: 9M82 Giant round (images © Miroslav Gyűrösi).

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]
    9M82 Giant round and 9Ya238 transport container.

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]

    Surface-to-air missile. IOC: 1985. Family: Russian SAMs and ABMs. Country: Russia. Status: Active. Department of Defence Designation: SA-12. Launch System: S-300V.

    Mobile, multiple-target, universal integrated surface-to-air missile. The S-300V system can fire either of two versions of the containerised missiles loaded: long range and medium range. These missiles are given different NATO designations. However any mix of the two missiles can be loaded as needed in the vertical launcher cells.

    At the end of the 1960's General Designer V P Efremov at Antey began development of the mobile, multiple-target, universal integrated surface-to-air missile system S-300V. This was to be capable of hitting aircraft of whatever type as well as the re-entry vehicles of tactical ballistic missiles. Following protracted development the system was accepted by the Soviet surface forces in 1985. The system used the 9A83-1 universal mobile self-propelled launcher chassis, developed by N S Popov at KB-3 of the Kirov Factory. This was a highly mobile self-contained vehicle, with its own electrical generators, living quarters, and radio communications. Two missiles were developed by EMKB Novator for launch by the system. The 9M82 had a mass of 4.6 tonnes and could reach 2400 m/s, while the 9M83 weighed 2.5 tonnes and could reach 1700 m/s. Both were two stage vehicles, with inertial guidance systems and semi-active radar homing systems for terminal homing. The system could track 24 targets simultaneously.

    Vehicles:

    * 9S457 mobile command post (9S457M for S-300VM)
    * 9A83 TELAR with 4 missile tubes (9A83M for S-300VM)
    * 9A85 transloader with 4 missile tubes
    * Radars mounted on individual Type 80 tank chassis

    Radars: 9S15MT Obzor-3 Bill Board A target acquisition radar, F band, range 250 km. 9S19 Imbir High Screen target acquisition radar, band, range 175 km. 9S32 Grill Pan target tracking radar, range 175 km.

    Manufacturer: Antey, Lyulev. Standard warhead mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Maximum range: 75 km (46 mi). Guidance: GAS. Minimum range: 6.00 km (3.70 mi). Ceiling: 25,000 m (82,000 ft). Floor: 250 m (820 ft). Version:

    9M82. Department of Defence Designation: SA-12b. ASCC Reporting Name: Giant. Launch System: S-300V. Missile: 9M82.

    Anti-tactical ballistic missile; outer-layer defense.

    96 missiles per firing unit. Aviation Week gives entirely different masses and dimensions: Length 6.1 m, diameter 0.8 m, total mass 1500 kg. Radars: 9S15MT Obzor-3 Bill Board A target acquisition radar, F band, range 250 km. 9S19 Imbir High Screen target acquisition radar, band, range 175 km. 9S32 Grill Pan target tracking radar, band, range 175 km.

    Manufacturer: Antey, Novator. Total Mass: 3,300 kg (7,200 lb). Core Diameter: 0.85 m (2.78 ft). Total Length: 10.00 m (32.00 ft). Standard warhead mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Maximum range: 100 km (60 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Cruise Propulsion: Solid rocket. Guidance: Semi-Active Radar Homing. Maximum speed: 8,640 kph (5,360 mph). Minimum range: 13 km (8 mi). Ceiling: 30,000 m (98,000 ft). Floor: 25 m (82 ft). Version:

    9M83. IOC: 1983. Department of Defence Designation: SA-12a. ASCC Reporting Name: Gladiator. Launch System: S-300V. Missile: 9M83.

    Anti-tactical ballistic missile; inner-layer defense.

    192 missiles per firing unit. Aviation Week gives completely different masses and dimensions: 4.7 m length, 0.8 m diameter, 1000 kg mass.

    Total Mass: 1,700 kg (3,700 lb). Core Diameter: 0.50 m (1.64 ft). Total Length: 7.50 m (24.60 ft). Span: 0.50 m (1.64 ft). Standard warhead mass: 150 kg (330 lb). Maximum range: 40 km (24 mi). Boost Propulsion: Solid rocket. Cruise Propulsion: Solid rocket. Guidance: Semi-Active Radar Homing. Maximum speed: 6,120 kph (3,800 mph). Ceiling: 25,000 m (82,000 ft). Floor: 25 m (82 ft).

    Russian SAMs and ABMs
     
  7. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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  8. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    [​IMG]

    |
    Improvement of the battlefield and theater ballistic missiles, in particular increase of their firing range, called for qualitative improvement of the SAM system characteristics of antimissile defenses. Non-strategic ballistic missiles with varied ranges of fire are currently in service with about 30 countries. Those are the Atakms, Ades, Dunfen-3, Dunfen-15, Dunfen-25, Skud-S, Pershing, Iyerikhon-2 ballistic missiles, among others. Some countries have implemented programs to produce and introduce into service medium-range missile systems capable of performing tactical and strategic missions.
    To counter the evolving threat, Russia's Antey-2500 system has been developed. The experience of the Persian Gulf War has revealed that the response was timely and correct. The Americans had to improve their Patriot system just after the Gulf War. Still, a great deal remains to be done.

    Antey-2500 System Composition.
    System control center.
    Circular scan radar
    Sector scan radar
    Command post

    The Antey-2500 mobile versatile antimissile and antiaircraft system represents a new generation of AMD and AAD weapons. It is intended for the defense of critical state, military and industrial installations and troop from ballistic and aerodynamic threats. The Antey-2500 is a unique AMD and AAD system capable of effectively combating ballistic missiles with a launch range of up to 2,500 km and all types of aerodynamic and aeroballistic targets. It is able to operate as a self-contained unit and can be employed in all types of armed conflict, in any Earth's region. When required, the Antey-2500 may be integrated into national troop and weapon control systems.



    [​IMG]


    The Antey-2500 system can simultaneously engage 24 aerodynamic targets, including "stealth" targets, or 16 ballistic missiles with an echo area of up to 0.02 m2, flying at a speed of up to 4,500 m/s. The Antey-2500 is unrivalled in the world since it can kill warheads of ballistic missiles that can be launched from points of 2,500 km away. The system is also very cost-effective.

    The Antey-2500 employs new missiles, the 9M82M and 9M83M, whose weight and size characteristics, guidance system concept and warhead effect remain the same as those of the 9M82 and 9M83 missiles of the S-300V system. The missiles boast a significantly longer range and higher kill potential and can engage all types of battlefield and theater, ballistic and aeroballistic missiles. The 9M82M and 9M83M missile's maneuvering characteristics have been considerably enchanced, thus allowing engagement of highly maneuverable targets.

    Antey-2500 System Composition.
    AD missile system.
    Multichannel missile guidance station (MMGS)
    Launchers
    Loader-launchers


    Improved characteristics of the radar information facilities and optimization of radar signal processing technics make it possible to combat high-speed ballistic targets with a small echo area.

    Overall automation of operational procedures, high reliability, and utilization of up-to-date troubleshooting techniques have minimized the number of operating personnel and the time required to prepare the system for action.

    The 9M82M missile is intended to engage battlefield, theater and medium-range ballistic missiles, as well as aerodynamic targets at a distance of up to 200 km. The missile is under control throught the flight.

    The 9M83M missile is designed to engage battlefield and theater missiles at short and medium ranges, as well as aerodynamic targets.

    Both missiles can be operated in the field for at least 10 years and need neither testing nor servicing within this period.
    The basic characteristics of the Antey-2500 are compared with those of the S-300V system and modified Patriot PAK-3 system in Table 1.

    The Russian Antey-2500 air defense system is a unique weapon capable of countering effectively nonstrategic battlefield and theater ballistic missiles with a launch range of up to 2,500 km.

    It should be noted here that the Antey-2500 system, as distinct from other operational SAM systems, was conceived as a weapon intended to combat battlefield and theater missiles and other high-speed, "stealth," highly maneuverable and hard-to-hit targets. The unique combat capabilities of the Antey-2500 AD system are the result of extended, science-intensive research conducted by the institutes, design bureaus and plants of the Antey Concern production complex using the latest advances in the development of radar information systems and in rocket building, as well as enormous experimental work and test firings at various ballistic and aeroballistic missiles.

    The Antey Concern, developer and producer of the system, guarantees after-sales servicing of the armament and hardware throughout its use.

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]



    MILITARY PARADE JANUARY-FEBRUARY
     
  9. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    NIEMI/Antey 9K81/9K81-1/9K81MSelf Propelled Air Defence System / SA-12/SA-23 Giant/G

    NIEMI/Antey 9K81/9K81-1/9K81MSelf Propelled Air Defence System / SA-12/SA-23 Giant/Gladiator Antey-2500

    [​IMG]
    [​IMG]
     
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    2009: Our Army

    Press Reviews / Articles


    Articles / Interviews / Media Announcements

    Weapons of the Twenty-first Century


    Into Joint Stock Company "Head System Design Bureau Almaz-Antey" Academician AA Raspletina "(General Director - Igor Ashurbeyli) 16 December, a field meeting of the Military Industrialization Commission (MIC) under the Government of Russia under the leadership of Vice Prime Minister, Sergei Ivanov, chairman of the MIC. What issues are addressed, the Commission and that this was preceded by?
    MIC, 24 December 2009

    FIFTH GENERATION

    Offsite meeting MIC in large enterprises of military industry of the country have become a tradition. And it is yielding results. Hard statistics show: Enterprise "defense" today the most successfully overcome the crisis through timely action taken, including through the MIC.

    In GSKB "Almaz-Antey" the first such meeting was held in February 2007. That it was announced that Russia would begin to establish a unified system of antiaircraft missile weapons (EU AWGB) air defense missile, the fifth generation, which will combine the resources of air, missile and space defense.

    New weapons instructed to create the Head System Design Bureau named after Academician AA Raspletina. It was designed to integrate core developers, specializing in the creation of complex air defense Air Force, Navy, Army, as well as automated control systems and missile defense.

    GSKB "Almaz-Antey" - well-known head System-defense enterprises in Russia, engaged in the development of anti-aircraft missile systems and air defense systems since its formation. It was created in accordance with the Decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of September 8, 1947 № 3140-1028 as the prime contractor for the development of controlled missiles.

    Today GSKB "Almaz-Antey" is a set of research and development work to create IWT fifth generation. This points command and control, multifunction radar air defense missile systems, equipment for automatic start launchers, radio-electronic equipment of anti-aircraft guided missiles, Software for ground vehicles, missile guidance systems on the target. The company lot of developments in the creation of laser systems and their elements. With more than 60 years of experience, OAO GSKB "Almaz-Antey" remains by far the world leader in the development of anti-aircraft guided missiles.

    At this time of a representative delegation of business profits chairman of the Duma Committee on Defense Viktor Zavarzin, director of the Department of Defense Industry and High Technology Russia Nikolai Moiseyev, deputy minister of Industry and Trade Yuri Borisov, head of the apparatus of the MIC under the government of Russia - Deputy Chief of Staff Government Minister Igor Borovkov, first deputy chairman of the MIC Vladislav Putilin, CEO of Almaz-Antey "Vladislav Menshikov, the chief weapons RF Armed Forces - Deputy Defense Minister Vladimir Popovkin, and other officials.

    The commission began with a visit to the shop, which were presented today and are in the development of promising examples of IWT. General Director of JSC "Concern PVO Almaz-Antey" Vladislav Men'shchikova and CEO of OAO GSKB "Almaz-Antey" Igor Ashurbeyli were shown samples of weapons and military equipment, which, according to the Ministry of Defense, in general, meet the world level, and some of them to excel. This, in particular, in the course of the MIC said the Head of Department - Head of RF armed forces Oleg Frolov.

    Remember, shortly after the first meeting of the MIC in the company in Russia has adopted an anti-missile system "Triumph" C-400, which put on combat duty in the suburban town of Elektrostal. At this time the committee members have learned how the release of much-needed capacity to our Armed Forces systems, which are in connection with this problem, it is necessary to address them.


    Of particular interest to the MIC S-400 is clear. For this, we repeat, a promising air defense missile systems, which will soon become a more perfect long-range rocket. AAMS "Triumph" - until the unbeatable weapon in the world. Neither the American Patriot, or other air defense system is not yet able to compete with it. The system is designed to defeat all types of aircraft - planes, drones, cruise missiles. Can be used to control the aerodynamic and ballistic targets, making it a key element in establishing a theater missile defense.

    With the adoption of its weaponry increased significantly in the firing capabilities in the fight against hypersonic goals. It incorporates a new element base, new computer systems, new communications and data transmission, a new all-terrain transport base. This system in its target channels is twice the previous air defense missile systems such as S-300PM. It may, with the highest reliability to cover the base area of strategic nuclear forces, submarines, nuclear arsenals ... In short, C-400 opens up a completely new, previously unattainable possibilities in the fight against enemy aircraft.

    High enough for S-400 and export potential. But above all it will be supplied to our army. Not surprisingly, the conversation in the company were members of the military industrial complex, as the CEO GSKB "Almaz-Antey" Igor Ashurbeyli, in advance of arming the system S-400 is Russian Armed Forces. "The final volume of orders will be corrected by the Ministry of Defense in the first quarter of 2010", - said Igor Ashurbeyli.


    PROSPECTS FOR EU AWGB

    After touring the shop with samples of modern air defense weapons and prospective members of the committee continued to work in the conference hall. MIC Chairman Sergei Ivanov said that in accordance with the agenda to consider three questions.


    The first - on the Implementation of the Military-Industrial Commission on a single system of antiaircraft missile weapons. The second - the cessation of research and development work performed under the state defense order, and have lost their relevance. Third - the appointment of the general designer of systems and means of intelligence Missile Forces and Artillery Sun Russia.

    Sergei Borisovich stressed that the place of the meetings was not chosen by chance. It was here at the Head of system design bureau Almaz-Antey "Academician Alexander A. Raspletina designed anti-aircraft missile systems, which form the basis of many years of defense of our country.

    Now GSKB actively working on establishing a unified system of antiaircraft missile defense / ABM 5-th generation. In February 2007, and in April 2008, the first in the Commission had already addressed issues related to the new system. At the same time were given specific instructions, including those aimed at providing a unified scientific-technical policy and crosscutting harmonization of basic technical solutions in the EU AWGB Concern "Almaz-Antey".

    Sergei Ivanov said that the MIC to be examined, as things stand with their implementation. In addition, a detailed understanding of the prospects of establishing a system of antiaircraft missile weapons, to identify solutions to problems faced by its developers.

    Regarding the second question, the meeting agenda, Sergei Ivanov said that consideration should be prepared by the Ministry of Defense Rules for termination of research and development work performed by the GOZ and lost their relevance. The need for approval of such rules is long overdue.

    - Obviously, we did not just say that the Public Procurement in need of well-defined algorithm of action that allows them to abandon R & D, who have lost their relevance, - he stressed.

    In law enforcement today is changing: optimized structure and staffing level, introducing new ways of doing things, of course, is forcing them to abandon some of the developments. In addition, the market there are analogues of the ordered products that meet the tactical and technical requirements.

    And, of course, to stop work, according to Ivanov, it is necessary in the event that it becomes clear that the deadline due to lack of technical and scientific or technological backlog is simply impossible to achieve the intended results. In prepared Ming-defense related regulations, in particular, determined that the grounds for termination of research or development activities is the decision to refine the state defense order for the relevant period, taken to the procedure established by government decree approving the GOZ.

    It provides that the actual costs incurred by the prime contractor will be paid from and within the means provided for the financing of Public Procurement defense order for a given year with the appropriate specification. If necessary for these purposes may be sent to the resources released as a result of refinement of other tasks.

    Low-defense presented a draft of the Rules of the termination of research and development work performed by GOZ and lost relevance, in the apparatus of the MIC finalized and agreed upon by all interested parties.

    The report of the Director General of JSC "GSKB" Almaz-Antey "Igor Ashurbeyli conducted by videoconference, was presented the course to develop a unified system of antiaircraft missile weapons (EU AWGB), including C-500. He illustrated his report figures implementation of plans in 2009, reported on promising areas in which the staff will work in creating anti-aircraft missile-5-th generation. Shared his vision of solving problems facing GSKB large-scale problems.

    At the meeting, the MIC decided to ensure the establishment of the EU AWGB. Among them:

    - Include EU funds AWGB the priority list of types of weapons, military and special equipment, determining the appearance of advanced systems of weapons (arms), the RF Armed Forces;
    - To include activities on technological and technical re-equipment of the organizations participating in the creation of the EU AWGB;
    - Develop proposals for the application of EU AWGB in defense of the Navy;
    - Adopt a comprehensive task of creating a technology program EU AWGB necessary technologies, materials and electronic component base.

    Military equipment being developed under the EU AWGB, is the foundation created a system of air and space defense. Therefore, the MIC retreat meeting discussed were issues related to the execution of the work to create a forward-looking S-500, the further development of the EU AWGB and potentially create SAI RF.

    For GSKB "Almaz-Antey" today is connected with the creation of high-grade ground-based radar, missiles, long-range and high-altitude interception. This is the main thing that determines the future of air defense and missile defense. Recall that it is against these objectives November 30, 2009 at a meeting of the Board of Directors of OJSC "Concern PVO Almaz-Antey" in the presidential administration of Russia was approved by the reorganization of the group by adhering to GSKB "Almaz-Antey" companies such as OAO MNIIP " , JSC MNIIRE "Altair", OJSC "NIIRP", OJSC "NIEMI.

    All this shows that Russia's school of anti-aircraft missile in the face GSKB "Almaz-Antey" to maintain its best traditions, technological and industrial base, the scientific and engineering personnel, and intellectual potential.

    In conclusion, at a meeting of the MIC was considered the candidature of General Designer of systems and means of intelligence Missile Forces and Artillery.

    RESULTS OF TWO YEARS

    MIC results of the visit to the company led the General Director of JSC "GSKB" Almaz-Antey "Igor Ashurbeyli. At a meeting with representatives of the media, he said that the meeting discussed the results of two years work Almaz-Antey "for enforcement, which the MIC is taken in February 2007. Then the first time, was tasked to establish a unified system of Russia's air defense systems (EU AWGB). It was set eight development projects, which include the development of anti-aircraft missile systems and systems of ultra, medium, and long-range missile defense.

    For two years on all these works is nearly complete engineering design, and we have begun the final phase: the development of design documentation. All elements of the EU AWGB should be developed in accordance with the LG 2015. "The Commission noted that in general, problems are solved in accordance with the plan and set deadlines", - emphasized Igor Ashurbeyli.

    There are problems associated with the need to expand military fields Kapustin Yar, that attributable to the large-scale tactical and technical characteristics of the S-500, which can not be tested within the present borders of fields that we have today. In connection with the new range, altitude, speed range is no longer sufficient for the tests that are planned in 2012. Therefore, the remaining two years to bring it into line with the possibilities of new technology.

    The meeting also touched upon issues of concern creating a technological basis for future air defense, electronic component base of domestic production and some others. Other difficulties in fulfilling the task is not, and the next step in the program will have the task of creating a system of air and space defense. It, along with the EU AWGB will also include space surveillance systems, missile warning and other systems EBA. All work on C-500 will be completed within the LG-2015. How vividly observed Igor Ashurbeyli, with C-500 we go into space.

    There is a presidential order to increase the serial production of air defense missile systems. Now the issue of the expansion of production capacities Almaz-Antey ", in particular the construction of two new plants for the production of anti-aircraft guided missiles and ground vehicles. His final decision is yet to come, but there is a positive resolution.

    But after a session of the MIC is taken. In particular, the protocol signed by the decision that the task of creating an EU AWGB generally performed in a timely manner.

    Igor Ashurbeyli stressed that the technique developed in the field of air defense in Russia than in its characteristics foreign counterparts, in addition to significantly lower prices.

    In general, Military-Industrial Commission has worked very fruitfully, taken about ten points decisions.

    And the last. Responding to questions from the media, Igor Ashurbeyli stressed that in November 2009 completed preliminary testing of a new long-range missiles interception for S-400. Before the end of 2009 it will be submitted to the state tests. Dates of state tests is directly dependent on funding.
    http://www.avia.ru/press/15462/
     
  17. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Air Force chief praises and criticizes S-400 S-500-developers

    Defense and Security
    Air Force chief praises and criticizes S-400 S-500-developers
    15:12 | 26 / 11 / 2009

    Print version

    MOSCOW, 26 November (RIA Novosti). The Russian air force chief Alexander Selin, the testing of the new S-400 air defense system praised, but called for more efficiency. The S-500-developers received a complaint against.

    "We have first two S-400-to 2010, five departments and get more. But everything depends on the capabilities of our defense industry, "Selin said on Thursday.

    He showed the S-400-tests in the Astrakhan region on the Caspian Sea satisfied. The new weapon was able to shoot down short-and medium-range ballistic missiles and missile wing. The desired tactical and technical data were not yet achieved.

    The developers of the S-500 system, which still must be more efficient than S-400, received a reprimand from Selin: "I wish that the Almaz-Antey Group doubled or even tripled their potential."

    The S-500 system, according to Selin will be able to ballistic targets at altitudes of up to 200 kilometers as well as shoot-wing hypersonic missiles.

    Photo gallery: Russian mobile anti-aircraft missile systems

    RIA Novosti - Verteidigung und Sicherheit - Luftwaffenchef lobt S-400 und rügt S-500-Entwickler
     
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    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    Russia's new generation of anti-aircraft missiles "dictator" will come out

    Russia's new generation of anti-aircraft missiles "dictator" will come out

    ?????? 2009-09-23 11:02:00


    Russian-made S-300PMU long-range air defense missile system. (Data Chart)
    Assessment agency in Beijing September 23 / Xinhua to С-75, С-125, С-200, С-300 and the С-400 world-famous family of Russian anti-aircraft missiles in the coming years is expected Adds "new favorite." Russian Air Force commander Alexander. Zelin General, September 16 CIS member countries, held in Astrakhan Defense Coordination Committee meeting of the Governing Council announced a new generation of Russian air defense missile system "dictator" (С -500) will soon come out.

    "It's not an upgrade version of С-400"

    "Youth Reference" report, "This work is proceeding as planned, it will come out in the next few years." Turning to researchers and experts are currently working on research and development work, Seeling Admiral says.

    According to Zelin introduction, С-500 (also as S-500) the future will replace the С-400, but it is not an upgraded version of С-400, but Russia's new generation air defense missile system - the system's missile "will increase the range of 150 ~ 200 km (600 km), it could also crack down on 10 targets. "

    Zelin on "dictator," a brief description of the missile performance is compared with С-400's strike capability for the purposes of. С-400 is the fourth-generation surface to air missile system, which pairs the biggest anti-aircraft distance of 400 kilometers, which can intercept six aircraft. In the intercept tactical ballistic missile, С-400 maximum range of 60 kilometers, the minimum range of 7 km. Although Zelin С-500 does not deal with the performance of intercepting ballistic missiles, but Russian media had previously disclosed, С-500 can intercept ballistic missiles with a range of 3,500 km.

    Two families of "mixed blood"

    С-500 from Russia "Almaz - Aetna" anti-aircraft equipment group responsible for the development. The Group consists of Russia, the former two anti-aircraft equipment business - Almaz Scientific Production Union and Aetna merger a few years ago. The former is a series of missiles in the Russian С-300П developer, now the Russian Air Force equipment and exporting countries such as the С-400 missile systems from the plant, the series is mainly used against aircraft and missiles, such as aerodynamic targets; while the Russian army's air defense forces the existing fleet of С-300В, and development of type С-300ВМ "Aetna -2.5 thousand", the latter by the development and production. This series is mainly used to intercept ballistic missiles, has so far not been exported.

    The U.S. "global safety net", according to Russian sources reported that industrial enterprises, С-400М originally had a "dictator" name, but soon was used in Group launched С-500 head. As for the С-500 is the С-400М, or a group of the brand new air defense missile systems, at present different opinions.

    However, according to Russian military experts the authority of Leonid. Nikolayev description, С-500 most important feature is the use of 40Н6 missile, which means that its main purpose is to intercept ballistic missiles.

    When to come depend on funding

    In accordance with the Russian Air Force Commander Zelin say, the future "dictator" will be Russia's air defense missile system for all units will basis.

    However, С-500, as Zelin will be able to put it soon, is still uncertain. The biggest problem is that money can not be guaranteed.
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  19. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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    President Medvedev announces plans for joint aerospace defense system

    President Medvedev announces plans for joint aerospace defense system

    What the Russian papers say
    19:5929/09/2008

    On Friday, President Dmitri Medvedev, who is also commander-in-chief of the armed forces, chaired a conference with military-district commanders in Orenburg in the Volga Federal District and announced the main military-development aspects planned for implementation up to 2020. President Medvedev said a joint aerospace defence system capable of shielding Russia from missile and terrorist attacks would have to be created in the next 12 years.

    The Russian General Staff said the Space Force, a separate armed service, would now become an element of the Air Defence Force, an Air Force component. The tie with the Air Force may be ended and a separate service comprising the Space Force and the Air Defence Force established. A Defence Ministry staff official said the Moscow missile-defence system would be an independent unit; it would comprise radio-technical and air-defence elements, and it would eventually become a large formation shielding the Russian Far East, southern Russia, and other regions.

    Viktor Yesin, former chief of the Strategic Missile Force’s main headquarters, said, unlike the United States, Moscow was unable to deploy elements of its missile-defence system outside Russia. “Even if Russia deployed its missile interceptors in Cuba and Venezuela, it would still be unable to reach missile bases in the northern USA. We must build missile-defence systems on the Kamchatka Peninsula and Sakhalin Island in the Russian Far East”, Mr Yesin told the paper. He said a nationwide missile-defence system would prove too expensive and ineffective, and that it was better to deploy missile interceptors around major cities, industrial centres, and strategic nuclear-force bases.

    Mr Yesin said that neither the federal budget nor the Stabilisation Fund had enough funds to build a 100 percent effective missile-defence system, and that Moscow must convince theoretical enemies that it is ready to defend itself and to retaliate, regardless of any scenario. “This is the essence of Russia’s current strategic deterrence policy”, Mr Yesin told the paper. “Russia, which staunchly opposes the militarization of other space and the deployment of orbital weapons, will not launch such weapons, unless the United States does it first”, he told the paper. Mr Yesin said Russia had the required know-how to quickly orbit extremely destructive weapons.

    29 September 2008


    What the Russian papers say | Top Russian news and analysis online | 'RIA Novosti' newswire
     
  20. jakojako777

    jakojako777 Senior Member Senior Member

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