The secret of S-500 !

jakojako777

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S-400 against the F-22. Western military analysts believe in the superiority of Russi

S-400 against the F-22. Western military analysts believe in the superiority of Russian air defense systems on U.S. military aircraft


Air defense, "Military-Industrial Courier focuses on constantly. Our reader is not bad state of affairs in this sphere, which is key in ensuring the country's defense. In the development and production of air defense focused enormous intellectual and industrial potential of the country. Here, we compete on equal terms with the leading countries of the world: in some moments are ahead, go somewhere on a par. Sometimes that competitors getting ahead. Competition in this sphere has not stopped for the day and is constantly in the field of view of our state, our specialists. However, sometimes extremely useful to look at the results of their own, especially when expert opinion, not one of our supporters. Australian military analyst Dr Carlo Kopp is one of the leading foreign experts. He is co-founder of think tank Air Power Australia and is known for his studies of military aviation and air defense of both the western and produced in Russia. Recently in an interview Lente.ru this scientist (he is also a professional pilot) shared his views on the outcomes of the technical confrontation between East and West, spoke about the prospects of the world military industries.

- In a recent study, you stated that U.S. combat aircraft F-15, F-16 and F/A-18, as well as prospective Joint Strike Fighter, have no chance of survival in the struggle with Russia's air defense systems, as Russians successfully improved them using the experience of NATO's military conflict in Iraq in 1991, and in Serbia in 1999. What achievements Russian producers you consider most significant?

- After the end of the Cold War technologies used in Russia's industry to build anti-aircraft radar systems, antiaircraft missiles, mobile launchers of stations significantly improved. In Soviet times, was created many remarkable and innovative designs of defense equipment, such as radar illumination and guidance 5N63 for S-300P, the scheme "cold start" for anti-aircraft guided missiles 5V55/48N6/9M82, radar early warning 5N64/64N6. But then the West had a great advantage due to a number of new technologies.

Since 1991, many talented Russian engineers, designers were able to get acquainted with the technology, inaccessible to them during the Cold War. Pre-existing restrictions imposed by Western countries, were withdrawn. Now Russia's weapons systems are not so very different from Western counterparts, and often work on the same computer processors.

For example, many Western analysts were shocked when Russia's company Agat reported that the U.S. uses processors from Texas Instruments in its latest active radar homing anti-aircraft guided missiles and missile air-to-air. Similar processors used and Western manufacturers missile. An important factor was the fact that Russia's designers were able to use many modern technologies and components, which do not have access to their predecessors in Soviet times.

The defeat of the Iraqi air defense forces in 1991 caused great confusion in the ranks of the use of guided missiles for defense against aircraft. Russia's experts carefully studied the success of American troops and were able to see the strengths and weaknesses of the technical strategy for the United States. Nevertheless, difficult to say which elements of Russian air defense systems to give them a major advantage, since most of them work together.

Very dangerous anti-aircraft range missiles 48N6E2/E3 and 40N6, because they can affect our air system, radar, electronic reconnaissance and targeting, as well as production of radio-electronic jamming aircraft. And it therefore makes our troops "blind" in the battle, does not allow the fight to the enemy's radar.

The new radars are phased array radio frequency power and high frequency hopping is also able to resist most of our interference.

New self-propelled SAM system with high cross, such as "Favorite", "Triumph", "Antey-2500", the system of protection against radar guided anti-radar missiles and bombs, including those such as missile and missile-gun complexes "Tor-M2E" and Pantsir-S1, also pose serious obstacles to the enemy to suppress air defenses.

By the way, the success of the U.S. and its allies in 1991 and 1999 was largely achieved through the vulnerability of Soviet fixed air defense systems. For example, S-75 and C-125, which could be easily detected and destroyed by anti-radar missiles and guided bombs.

Modern Russia's low-frequency radars and passive radio detection systems are also able to play a role. Although they are not very effective against the F-22 and B-2 bombers, but it is less able to detect "invisible» F-35 aircraft and older models and build on them Zura.

The latest U.S. stealth technology developments in the design of the F-22 and B-2, are able to successfully resist Russia's radars and missiles, but the older samples of American and European aircraft were obsolete in comparison with Russia's systems, such as "Triumph" and "Favorite" as well as new radars and remedies, which are equipped with these air defense missile systems. This significantly alters the situation in the global strategic scale.

- The latest system of air defense S-400 Triumph "according to the developer much more than the old S-300. However, re-Russia Army C-400 has been slow and now Triumph are deployed only in a few regions of Russia, while the most common are still C-300. In your opinion, whether Russia to accelerate delivery of C-400 of his army, or, instead, it would be logical to focus on more sophisticated weapons that meets the requirements of future wars? Should I export joint-
 belt air defenses and deliver them to its allies like Belarus?

- From the perspective of the Western military analyst, I can say that the smaller systems will make Russia "Triumph", the better, and their exports will be a problem for us strategically. Countries such as Iran and Venezuela, were armed with a system like C-400, able to deliver us into serious trouble.

Sell S-400 Belarus may be attractive from a commercial point of view. But it does not improve Moscow's relations with the EU, since C-400, located near the western border, would cover half the territory of Poland and not allow the Polish aviation airspace safely use their own country. Strategically, such actions can be called provocative and destabilizing.

Profitable export S-400 or not, depends on the specific effects. For example, the sale of S-300 Cyprus has created political turmoil in the region of the Aegean Sea. Similar effects can be expected in any other place where they will be exported to C-400. This is a powerful and strategically important weapons that can neutralize any military aircraft in the arsenal that no F-22 fighter.

- Today, in fact, only Russia and China create their own fifth-generation fighter, which theoretically could compete with American F-22 and F-35. Both projects are still highly classified, but what do you think might be the result of this work?

- To predict the results of which are not yet represented, is always dangerous. Russia has a majority of technologies necessary to create a level of fighter F-22, but it does not have much experience in developing stealth aircraft. When the PAK FA (working title promising fifth-generation fighter Sukhoi. "- Ed.) Will be presented, we can assess how engineers" Sukhoi "managed to cope with these difficulties.

Chinese J-XX? The Chinese have not yet revealed anything about the plane standing by, so that any conclusions about its ability to be speculation.

- While Russia and the United States actually share the market of combat aircraft, a number of other countries also develops and promotes its multi-role fighter. This, for example, the French Rafale, the pan-European Typhoon, Swedish Gripen. Will Russia's manufacturers, such as MiG and Sukhoi, to remain competitive in the market and which of the Russian fighters would you call the best today and why?

- Success in air combat depends on several key factors. The advantage of receiving the aircraft, which are equipped with on-board radar more power, have more missiles, have a higher speed and maneuverability, are primed with large amounts of fuel and, moreover, protected by more advanced stealth technology. None of the European fighter aircraft on these indicators has a significant advantage over the new Su-35-1 or MIG-35.

Fighter aircraft Eurofighter and Gripen NG will be armed with the Meteor missile ram-jet engine. This will allow them to gain an advantage in a distant battle, but only so long as similar to Russia's missile RVV-AE-PD extended range will not appear in mass production.

It is hard to say which of the European fighter more competitive, because none of them could achieve great success in the global market.

With regard to Russian aircraft, the Su-35-1 has the best export potential as compared to the MiG-35, as most potential customers are in Asia, and for greater distances need a big plane with a wide range.

PAK FA, if its design will be successful, can achieve great success in the global market, while the F-35 - is a technical error. Western countries, if they can not buy F-22 will certainly face the strategic challenge.

- What are the advantages and disadvantages of Russia voenproma? Can Russia in this respect to be independent from the former Soviet republics, whose establishment in the Soviet era were closely linked with Russia?

- In Soviet times the military industry had no shortage of public funding for the production of deadly weapons on a massive scale. At the same time it has been denied access to the latest advances in computers and high-technology world market. Now the situation is opposite. Russia is not enough funding its military-industrial complex, and most Warsaw Pact countries became members of NATO and Russia to buy arms. But now your OPK get unlimited access to modern computers, software, high-frequency electronics and optical chips on the world market.

I studied the Soviet and Russia's military technology for over thirty years. Since 1991, I witnessed a real explosion of creativity and innovation. The speed with which Russia's arms industry took over the West's complex computer technologies and use them in their development, was striking. Russia still has a high professional culture in the field of engineering decisions and military science.

When modern Russia's professional magazines write about radar systems and missile arms, it does it better than most similar professional publications in English. During the Cold War was all the opposite. Western defense industry has suffered greatly from a brain drain - are often highly skilled engineers and scientists are leaving to develop computers in Silicon Valley or to engage in finance on Wall Street: the salary is higher and the risk of losing their job less.

Some say that Russia's military-industrial complex now faced with the same: the talented engineers and scientists leave the country. However, if the talented young engineer or scientist wants to find work in their fields in Russia, the choice he has in fact not be - it goes to the military research institutes or in the defense plant. In the great advantage of Russia's military-industrial complex, as compared with Western rivals.

Compared with the period of the Cold War the number of doctors in the field of physics, engineering and computer science, mathematics in the West declined. It is difficult to retain talented graduates in university laboratories or in the defense industry.

The independence of Russia's military industry of former Soviet republics also an interesting question. The severance of relations with Ukraine in 2004-2005, has your MIC disservice, since many of the key design offices and businesses remained in the Ukraine. Moreover, many Ukrainian companies also have been eliminated or have to compete with Russia, selling spare parts, carrying out repairs and modernization of weapons of Soviet manufacture. Relations between Russia and Ukraine have been difficult since tsarist times, and today Russia is paying the price politically.

Russia industry in contrast to western is not afraid to experiment with new ideas and solutions, because the experiments are limited in the West need to be funded from company profits.

Andrei Fedorov, MIC number 30 (296), 5-11 August 2009
ÎÀÎ "Êîíöåðí ÏÂÎ "Àëìàç - Àíòåé" - Ñ-400 ïðîòèâ F-22. Çàïàäíûå âîåííûå àíàëèòèêè óâåðåíû â ïðåâîñõîäñòâå ðîññèéñêèõ ñèñòåì ÏÂÎ íàä àìåðèêàíñêîé áîåâîé àâèàöèåé
 

jakojako777

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Russia deploys new air defence system(August 07, 2007!)

Russia deploys new air defence system S-400 (August 07, 2007!)

A new Russian air-defence system has reached operational status in the town of Elektrostal in the Moscow region. It can monitor a radius of 400 kilometres at almost any altitude and is capable of countering any kind of rocket or aircraft.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ripHZ58Jp-w&feature=player_embedded#
 

jakojako777

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New generation of anti-aircraft weapon system S-400(SA-21 Glower)

The S-400 Triumph (Russian: C-400 «Триумф»; NATO- (SA -21 Glower)) is a new generation of anti-aircraft/anti-missile weapon system complex developed by the Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family. Its NATO reporting name is SA-21 Growler. The S-400 was previously known as S-300PMU-3. It overshadows the capabilities of the other systems from the S-300 series, and its range is 2 times greater than that of the MIM-104 Patriot system.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lRhx117hKvc&feature=player_embedded#
 

Armand2REP

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Lets not get confused, S-400 = modernised S-300 and that long range missile everyone talks about hasn't even been tested. So really S-400 is just S-300PMU2. S-500 development is facing critical delays according to Zelin. 2015 is just a fantasy like all Russian timetables.
 

Zmey Smirnoff

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Long range S-400 missile was tested last week. Its not being mass produced yet, thats for sure though.
 

jakojako777

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Lets not get confused, S-400 = modernised S-300 and that long range missile everyone talks about hasn't even been tested. So really S-400 is just S-300PMU2. S-500 development is facing critical delays according to Zelin. 2015 is just a fantasy like all Russian timetables.
S-300PMU3 is S-400 so what?
You can interpret as much as you want nobody will stop you
So you say that S-300PMU3 that is called S-400 is not worthy to be called S-400 by your standards?
Of course, for you it is just modernized "tiny bit" not worthy to be called S-400 by your interpretation huh?Is that it?
Prove it that there are no important changes!


Well you are in contradiction with Russians they consider it to be worthy of that name S-400 so unless you have argument that shows that there is no improvement in S-400 comparing with S-300 that will just stay your personal opinion.

As for the tests I'll try to find something...but I'm fed up already Goggling in my free time...
If anybody has any info people please post it!

BTW why are you having doubt about delay to make S-500 huh?!
WHY?!
When you think anyway that Russians are cheating, just make minor changes and call it completely new missile!...
That will not be so difficult (by your logic !!) for them to call it S-500 after minor changes . Just giving new name, huh?

Yet numbers are objective and they show objectives very far from being "small changes"!
They are showing radically different picture!
We will see about the delays,... Russia is NOT weak any longer like it used to be!

Lucky I'm Orthodox you would really spoil my Christmas otherwise :Laie_46:...
 

jakojako777

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S-400 Triumph at MAKS-2007

One of the most interesting events held in August 2007, the International Air and Space Salon MAKS-2007 in Zhukovsky was a one-day demonstration of anti-aircraft missile system with a new generation (the fourth) 40R6, it is the same C-400, it also "Triumph".

AAMS "Triumph" was and remains one of the most anticipated weapons systems, which supply the troops permanently postponed.

In February of 2007 (27.02.2007) "Chetyrehsotka" was first officially presented the leadership of the Military-Industrial Commission under the Government at the retreat meeting, the MIC Concern PVO Almaz-Antey "in the NGO" Almaz "[1]. RF Government Decree anti-aircraft missile system "Triumph" adopted an army of Russia's April 28, 2007 [2] And on Aug. 6, 2007 the first battalion and a headquarters of S-400 Triumph in a solemn ceremony put on combat duty in Elektrostal in the Moscow region [3].

The public AAMS "Triumph" was shown only on the first day of the International Aviation and Space Salon MAKS-2007. At the airshow included the following elements of S-400: launchers 5P85TE2 (with tractors BAZ-64022) with four SAM in transportation and launch container, multifunction radar 92N2E (at the MZKT-7930), para battle management 55K6E (chassis Ural -532,301), missing only shown in Elektrostal all-altitude radar 96L6E and never displayed radar detection 91N6E [4].

At the disposal of the President of Russia № 465-rp of 21 August 2007, authorizing a demonstration at the MAKS-2007 sample of military products, revealed indices of anti-aircraft missiles, which can be equipped with S-400 - 48N6E, 48N6E2, 48N6E3, 9M96E2, 40N6E .

Advertising booklet NPO "Almaz", dedicated air defense missile systems "Triumph", are the main features of the new anti-aircraft missile system in its current configuration with the use of anti-aircraft guided missiles 48N6E2 and 48N6E3. Since target detection range of 600 km, range defeat aviation purposes - from 3 to 240 km, and ballistic targets - from 5 to 60 km. Thus, apparently the first division, put on combat duty, is not armed with the so-called "long" hands - an anti-aircraft missiles with a range of up to 400 km (perhaps its index 40N6E).

Despite the relative youth of AAMS "Triumph", immediately after its appearance in the public started marketing efforts to promote AAMS "Triumph" on foreign markets. In September, information was received that the Turkish Air Force within the announced international tender for the supply of long-range air defense missile systems are considering the acquisition of S-400 Triumph "[5]. Russia is negotiating with the United Arab Emirates to establish a national defense system, using the elements of S-400 Triumph, but the evidence for the conclusion of contracts in the press did not appear.
Âåñòíèê ÏÂÎ :: ÇÐÑ Ñ-400 "Òðèóìô"
------------------------------------------------------




Air defense missile systems S-400 Triumf (40R6)

S-400 Triumf (NATO classification - SA-21) - system of new generation, replacing the well-known family of systems S-300P and S-200. In the coming years "chetyrehsotka" will be the basis of Defense air borders of the country. It is designed to defeat all types of aerial targets (aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles, cruise missiles, etc.) at a distance of 400 km and an altitude of 30 km.

Compared with the previous generation of S-400 Triumph has a much greater tactical and technical vozmozhnostyamiobespechivaya more than twofold increase in efficiency. "Triumph" - the only system that can selectively operate with more than 4 types of missiles with various launch mass and launch range, creating a layered defense.

The high degree of automation of all phases of combat operation, modern element base significantly reduced staff. Principles of construction and an extensive communications system means "chetyrehsotki" enable integration into various levels of management, not only military but also other branches of the Armed Forces.

S-400 Triumf adopted an April 28, 2007. First Division put on combat duty Aug. 6, 2007. In the period until 2015 is planned to supply the troops for more than 20 battalions of S-400 Triumph. Ministry of Defense develop the necessary statutory instrument to be used "chetyrehsotki" to ensure security during the Olympic Winter Games in Sochi in 2014.

The system has significant export potential. The system is already interested in the armed forces of China, negotiations with the UAE. According to the Director General of NPO Almaz manufacturing for export is planned to start in 2009 after two years of bringing the complex in the light of comments from the Russian military.

The performance characteristics of S-400 Triumph

To date, S-400 Triumph has more than the double advantage of efficacy compared with previous generation systems.

The command post of "Triumph" can provide the integration of air defense missile systems in the management structure of any air defense system. Each SAM provides fire up to 10 targets with guided them to 20 missiles.

The means of S-400 Triumph offers organizing defenses of objects from a massive attack from the air. Ensured the defeat of aerial targets at speeds up to 4800 m / s at a distance of 400 km and an altitude of 30 km. The minimum distance is 2 km defeat at a minimum height of 100 meters.

Time of the full deployment of the state and marching prevedeniya of the system in the combat readiness of 5-10 minutes.

The automated processes of all combat activity - detection; line travel support; distribution of objectives between the SAMs, and their capture, tracking and recognition, select the type of missiles, their preparation for launch, launch, capture, and missile guidance to the target, evaluation of results of fire.

Applying the principle of construction and an extensive communication system of S-400 Triumph enable integration into various levels of management, not only military but also other branches of the Armed Forces.

New important features are:

News pairing with a large number of existing and emerging sources of land, air and space-based
a base-building block concept, allowing to meet the specific requirements of the systems in their application to the Air Force, Navy and Army
possibility of integration into existing and future management groups, not only air defense, but an army air defense forces and air defense of the Navy

Composition of S-400 Triumph

The composition of the new generation is based on well-established family structure ZRS S-300P. However, advanced principles of building, the use of modern element base accounts for more than two-fold superiority in efficacy.

The basic version of an anti-aircraft missile system S-400 Triumph includes:

multifunction radar
anti-aircraft missile systems
autonomous detection and targeting
Command Post
complex technical systems AKING
means the technical operation of missiles

All means are installed on wheeled chassis of high cross and allow transport by rail, water and air.

The command post has a radar air defense missile systems, radar creates a field within the range of systems, and implement it in the detection, line travel support and identifying the nationality of all types of goals in a quantity of hundreds of units. Radar detection of air defense missile systems equipped with phased array with two-dimensional scanning beam operates on a circular view, is a Three-, noise.

According to radar detection of the command post makes the distribution of objectives between the guided anti-aircraft missile systems systems, and ensures their appropriate targeting, and also interacts SAMs under massive attacks of air attack at different altitudes of their combat use, in an atmosphere of intense jamming. The command post of air defense missile systems may also receive additional trace information about the objectives of the higher command posts, which are closed with ground-based radar duty and battle mode, or directly from these radars, as well as on-board aircraft radar systems. Integration of radar data obtained at different wavelengths, the most appropriate in conditions of intense jamming. KP AAMS "Triumph" has the ability to simultaneously control up to 8 SAM c total number of launchers to 12 in each.

SAMs are equipped with single-pulse chetyrehkoordinatnymi the sectoral multi-function radar (MFRLS). In the SAM used a combined system management SAM, which consists of an inertial system of governance in most of the trajectory and homing (GOS) in the area closer to the goal. This allows the stage of inertial control channels to release a multifunction radar tracking function of the SAM and to increase the number of simultaneously tracked and fired targets. Application of active homing head frees MFRLS of support functions and illumination purposes at the site homing, which also extends the capabilities of radar on the number of tracked targets. Envisaged the use of SAM Advanced kompleksirovannyh active-semi-active homing, have also passive receive channel capable of searching not only the frequency of the received signal, but also target search over the angular coordinates.

At one launcher can be placed four extra high-range missiles (400 km) for the defeat of AWACS aircraft, air command posts, electronic warfare aircraft, strategic bombers and ballistic targets with a maximum speed of 4800 m / sec. It will destroy the aircraft outside the radio coverage ground radar guidance. The need to defeat the horizon goals require the installation of a radically new missile homing (GSN), developed by the Almaz, which can operate as a semi-active and in active mode. In the latter case, the missile after the climb on the team from the ground translates into a search mode, and finding purpose, brings on her own.

Unlike their foreign counterparts, the system uses a "cold" vertical launch missiles - before starting the propulsion engine, they are ejected from the container to a height of more than 30 meters. During the ascent to this altitude the rocket with gasdynamic system leans toward the goal. After starting the propulsion engine on the primary and secondary sections of the flight path used in inertial control with radio correction (which allows for maximum noise immunity), and directly in the process of interception target - active radar homing. If you want intense maneuvering before the meeting point to the missile is capable to realize mode super maneuverability ", which uses gas-dynamic control system. This system allows for increased aerodynamic overload 0.025s missiles on the order of 20 units. It should be noted that the use of the system of "super maneuverability" missiles, along with increased precision guidance allows for trajectory guidance that improve the conditions in order to meet the rocket, increasing the efficiency of the use of military equipment of anti-aircraft missiles.

Used in the S-400 Triumph missile equipped with a 24-kilogram fragmentation warhead with a controlled field of lesion. Such fighting equipment geared to defeat the purposes of "stopping" action (destruction of the structure) when intercepting manned goals and defeat (neutralize) the combat load for the interception of unmanned purposes. Arming missiles controlled radiovzryvatelem, which is used to adapt to the meeting to all the available on board the missile information. Radiovzryvatel determines the time to undermine the warhead, which must be carefully coordinated with the velocities of fragments for the covering of the fragmentation field of vulnerable targets and the direction in which you want to secure the release of fragments with increased rates of spread. Directional emission of fragments is carried out using a controlled high-explosive fragmentation warhead with a system of multi-point initiation. This system of command radiovzryvatelya to relieve the warhead in a controlled manner (if there is information about the phase slip) causes the initiation of its charge in the desired direction of the peripheral points of detonation. As a result of the explosion energy is a redistribution of charge in a given direction, and throwing the main part of the fragmentation of the field at high speed toward the goal. In the absence of information about the phase slip center realized undermining warhead with a symmetrical dispersion of the fragments.





ÇÅÍÈÒÍÀß ÐÀÊÅÒÍÀß ÑÈÑÒÅÌÀ Ñ-400 "Òðèóìô" (40Ð6) » Ðàçâëåêàòåëüíûé ïîðòàë -=Sex Fun Warez=-
 

jakojako777

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Long range S-400 missile was tested last week. Its not being mass produced yet, thats for sure though.
This is answer to Armand2REP

Russia completes trials of new surface-to-air missile

Russia has completed preliminary testing of a long-term interceptor missile for the advanced S-400 missile-defense system, the chief of the Almaz-Antei design bureau said on Wednesday.

Igor Ashurbeili said the trials had been completed in November and there were no problems with the new missile.



He also said all elements of Russia's unified missile defense system, including the advanced S-500 surface-to-air missile, will be in place by 2015.

It was not entirely clear how the new missile would be different from the one currently used in the S-400 Triumf system.

At present, Russia has two S-400 battalions, and Air Force commander Col. Gen. Alexander Zelin said in late November another five air-defense battalions equipped with S-400 Triumf systems would be deployed next year.

Gen. Nikolai Makarov, the chief of General Staff, said in August Russia had deployed S-400 air-defense systems in the Far East to counter the potential threat posed by North Korea's missile tests.

However, his statement has not been confirmed to date. Some military commentators have suggested the general "jumped the gun" and "was trying to pass off his wishful thinking for reality."

The S-400 Triumf (SA-21 Growler) is designed to intercept and effectively engage airborne targets, including stealth aircraft, cruise and ballistic missiles, at ranges of up to 3,500 kilometers (2,200 miles) and speeds of up to 4.8 kilometers (3 miles) per second.

A standard S-400 battalion comprises at least eight launchers with 32 missiles and a mobile command post, according to various sources. The new state arms procurement program through 2015 stipulates the purchase of enough S-400 air defense systems to arm 18 battalions during this period.

MOSCOW, December 16 (RIA Novosti)


Russia completes trials of new surface-to-air missile | Top Russian news and analysis online | 'RIA Novosti' newswire
 

Zmey Smirnoff

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trials arent completed. Trials have just begun. New missile is not in production yet. But there are NO indications that there are any problems with it.
 

jakojako777

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trials arent completed. Trials have just begun. New missile is not in production yet. But there are NO indications that there are any problems with it.
but how can they have already 3rd S-400 system (brigade) and not have it in production yet?!?
Didn't first S-400 came 2 years ago?!!
Can it possibly not yet be in production?
 

jakojako777

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S-400 Triumf



The 40N6 missile is one of the new missiles that come with the S-400 Triumf system. It has a range of 400km.
The guidance used is active radar homing. The steering element is INS + ARH + IIR.
Its maximum velocity is 4000m/s almost double the velocity with the missiles like 48N6E2 that were there in the earlier S-300 system.
Operating altitude is up to 185 kms (shocked). Not sure whether to believe this. At least that’s what the German defense threat information group says.
Some forums and other links say altitudes of 50-60 kms have been tested.




Max radar range is 700 kms




The SA-21 GROWLER is mobiles, all-weather long-distance ground to air guided weapon system, to target against combat aircraft and cruise missiles in all flight altitudes. Likewise ballistic short and medium-range missiles can be targeted.
The new system was developed with the following air targets in mind
1) Small radar echoing area (Stealth).
2) supersonic airplanes within all elevator ranges
3) high-flying and far removed monitoring airplanes
4) low-flying cruise missiles
5) ballistic medium-range missiles
6) supersonic standoff weapons
7) supersonic low flying bombers and combat aircraft
8.) the new system should be without reservation operational in a surrounding field of strong electronic breakdown measure name (ECM)
9) The new system should be mobile
10) Independently of the employed location the new system should be able to be supplied with data via air
11) data exchange with the C2 systems of the air-defense troops of ground armed forces (should be possible.


The S-400 of systems can be supplied with radar data of the Russian monitoring airplane IL-76/A-50 MAINSTAY. The radar system consists of a radar antenna with phase-controlled, electronic jet turning (Phased array) as well as a cab for the operators. The actual radar device is continuous line pulse Doppler 3D radar. The antenna surface is equipped with 2'041 phase modules. The fire-control equipment leads at the same time the determination of the target data, as well as the search for further airborne targets through (TRACK while scan). The entire radar complex is accommodated on a MZKT-7930 (8x8) truck
2 40N6 large missiles can be transported per vehicle.
Ballistic medium-range missiles with a maximum range of 3'500 km can be intercepted. The maximum ballistic missile that can be targeted is 5000m/s and at 60km altitude(this is where the 185 km mentioned above gets confusing)



SA-21B GROWLER (S-400M Samoderzhets)
The Russian armed forces see this version as economical and fast-available variant of the S-400. I guess it means quickly available. Guess then the features are less than the S-400 Triumf.
The draft of this variant became possible by the union of the two companies Almaz (system S-300P) and Antey (system S-300V). The SA-21B uses the same radar components as the SA-21A, however the 9M82M guided weapons of the S-300VM (SA-X-23) system can be used. The 9M82M guided weapons possesses a range of 200 km and can target at altitudes by 25-30'000 m. In each case two of these guided weapons can be accommodated on a modified 5P58TE trailer. For support during the target acquisition also the HIGH SCREEN (9S19M) sector monitoring radar can be used. A S-400M Samoderzhets (Imperator) battery consists of GRAVESTONE fire control radar, a 9P58TE trailer with 16 9M96 guided weapons as well as 2-3 9P58TE of trailers with in each case two 9M82M guided weapons. With the S-400M system ballistic rockets with a maximum range of 2'500 km can be intercepted. These can be fought up to a maximum airspeed of 4'500 m/s on a distance against 40 km. The S-400M system is still in the development.





Operation of S-400:
For the anti-missile defense the S-400 can be supplied with target data from the space defense troops. The target acquisition is also done with passively working radar monitors (SIGINT). These devices seize, analyze and identify practically all well-known emitters of airplanes e.g. radio, radar, TACAN navigation, NATO JTIDS (joint Tactical information distribution system) data transfer system and radar altimeter. These systems received and process the signals without even active to send and betray thereby their positions. With these systems it is to be seized possible air targets on a distance from several 100 km to and to identifying. Likewise thereby stealth air targets can be discovered and seized.
Hey this means that anti-radiation systems will find it tough to target S-400 batteries.
The Russian armed forces use the following passively working air surveillance systems:
1) the Czech system Vera and
2) the mobile Czech system Tamara/KRTP-86 and KRTP-91 (NATO: TRASH CAN)
3) the Russian system Orion (85V6)
4) the mobile system Kolchuga and Kolchuga m of the Ukrainian company Topaz
5) The older system Ramona m/KRTP-81M (NATO: SOFTLY BALL)

The co-ordination of the individual S-400 brigades on stage front takes place with the mobile Baikal-1 C3I system from the company Proton NPO, or the D4M Polyana C3I system (9S82) of the company Agat NPO. With these systems the co-ordination of the individual regiments and/or brigades and the higher places of the PVO or VVS is guaranteed. Together with the systems specified above the 5S99M Senej, 5S99M-1 Senej m or the 5S99M-2 Senej M1E C2 system can be used also alternatively.

On brigade level a bite-long unknown C3 system is used. Probably this system is based on the 83M6E2 system of the S-300PMU-2. The new system consists of a command post and a 3D-Langstrecken-Ueberwachungsradar. This radar is to possess a range of 700 km. In the command post all data of the air traffic control of the individual batteries are processed and coordinated. Likewise the data of the air traffic control of the next higher stage (stage army, front or national air defense VVS or PVO) are received and processed. The new C3 system is equipped also for data exchange the older systems S-300P (SA-10), S-300PMU-1/-2 (SA-20) and S-300V (SA-12)




The command post implements the following actions:



1) Control and monitoring of the long-distance monitoring radar
2) Acquisition, identification, pursuit of over 300 airborne targets
3) The friend enemy recognition (IFF)
4) Prioritization of the individual airborne targets and the passing on of the most dangerous to the individual batteries
5) Control of the ECCM of systems of the batteries and brigade
6) Co-ordination of the individual batteries and regiments in the autonomous, or connected employment Data exchange with neighboring brigades and the next higher stage

For the low flier collection the 3D-monitoring and tracking radar 96L6 of the company Lira KB are used. This radar device was presented for the first time at the IDEX-97 the public. The export designation reads 96L6E. It can be used alternatively for low flier collection or as monitoring radar of the brigade. The 96L6 radar can be used for the long-distance target acquisition also in the group with the new long-distance monitoring radar. The entire plant is accommodated on a MAZ-7930 (8x8) truck. Providing readiness for firing takes 5 minutes. The system can be used at day and night and in all weather. The system consists of a radar antenna with phase-controlled, electronic jet turning and a command post. The opening angle of the transmitting antenna is with -3° to +60° in the elevation and 360° in the azimuth. The system produces a radar jet of 2.3° in the azimuth and 1.5-3.0° in the elevation. The rotation speed of the transmitting antenna amounts to a revolution every 12 seconds. The computers lead at the same time the determination of the target data, as well as the search for further airborne targets through (TRACK while scan). The smallest detectable radar echoing area of a goal amounts to 0.02 m2. The system has a range of 5-300 km. At the same time computer components can automatically determine the target data of 100 different airborne targets, in a speed range of 30-2'800 m/s. Each seized goal is classified and assigned to everyone automatically a fight priority. The target data are sent over the C3I of systems of the brigade to fire control radar of the batteries. With the employment in strongly cut through or wooded area the transmitting antenna can be put on the 40V6M2 antenna tower.

By monitoring radars the determined target data to the fire control radar GRAVESTONE are sent. This fire control radar produces a strongly bundled radar jet during the tracking. The narrow jet width guarantees an exact tracking and reduces susceptibility with opposing electronic breakdown measure names. Besides a Clutter briefcase supports the radar adjustment to clutters and electronic disturbances. The radar possesses large frequency opportunities of evasion as well as a variable pulsbreite(?). Likewise it possesses an automatic selection to few disturbed frequency. Besides it orders a function for the impulse compression as well as for side-lobe suppression. Also a passive pursuit of interference sources (direction) is to be possible. A fight software for burning through interference sources (distance to the jamming aircraft) should be also installed. The expiration of fight runs off as follows: After the target acquisition by monitoring radars on stage the regiment or brigade a threat analysis is provided automatically and the target datas is determined. Afterwards the goals are passed on to the GRAVESTONE of fire control radar of the batteries. The fight algorithms of the SA-21 calculate automatically the optimal course for the guided weapon flight. If the radar echo of the air target is strong enough and if the goal is in the range of the guided weapon, a guided weapon start takes place. These run off processes fully automatic. The operating surgeons must confirm and for the fight release only the seized goals. Naturally the expiration of fight can take place also manually. During the fight against airplanes and cruise missiles becomes the guided weapon with the internal navigation system (IN) as well as with radio command signals the air target guided (COMMAND update). Few seconds before the impact in the goal the as well as the guided weapon-own seeker are activated, and the guided weapon makes the last corrections of course. With this procedure the pilot of the attacked air target only little time remains introducing around electronic

The target acquisition takes place with the passively working radar monitors described above and the guided weapon without radar support under EMCOM is started. Again for the last few seconds of the target approach the fire control radar from condition by the mode is only switched into the fire control mode. Thus it is to be accomplished possible a so-called LOCK on afterlaunch fight. During the fight against low-flying goals the guided weapon is superelevated fired in relation to the line between guided weapon and a goal. The guided weapon rises to one to the goal strongly superelevated flight path. With this flight profile the guided weapon seeker has an optimal "field of view" on the goal. With this procedure also extremely low-flying airborne targets can be seized and fought such as cruise missiles optimally. The guided weapon encounters from its superelevated flight path in a steep angle the goal down. During the fight against ballistic rockets and high-flying, supersonic airplanes the goal on the direct way is approached. During the fight against ballistic rockets the guided weapons are fired to the point of collision of the ballistic rocket and the guided weapon calculated ahead. The guided weapon keeps itself given with the internal navigation system on the flight path. For the last five seconds the guided weapon-own semi-active seeker will become activated and it the last course changes made. The semi-active guided weapon control makes the firing possible of several guided weapons on a goal. In order to increase hit expectation, in the tactical employment a salvo is mostly fired from two to three guided weapons on the same goal. If the guided weapon misses its goal, then this destroys itself after a certain flying time automatically. With the S-400 system can be inserted a whole pallet by guided weapon types. Together with the again-developed 9M96, 9M96M and 40N6 guided weapons also the older types 48N6 and 48N6-2 can be used. Likewise the modified 48N6DM guided weapon stands to the selection. The 9M96, 9M96M and 40N6 guided weapon possess an active radar seeker head. The older guided weapons of the 48N6 series possess a SARH TVM steering system. With the SARH TVM guidance methods are sent back the target datas, which the semi-active radar seeker head of the guided weapon seized, with one DATA left to the fire control radar. There they are adjusted together with the radar image of the fire control radar by high-performance computers and sent back to the guided weapon. In the fire-control equipment sufficient place is present for the computer components, which is normally rather meagerly present in a guided weapon trunk. With this system much larger precision is reached than with the conventional SARH steering system, with which the target datas come only from the fire control radar. If an attacked airplane radar breakdown systems (ECM) begins, the operation of the fire control station can switch the guided weapon seeker to a passive search mode, and so the interference source attack (home on jam).
.
All guided weapons are delivered in sealed, before influences of the weather protected, transportation and firing containers from the manufacture work. The guided weapons can be transported and stored without control of 10 years in the cylindric containers. To control purposes the guided weapons possess an inserted electronic self check, which can be accomplished by the operating personnel at a kontrollkasten at the launch tubes. All guided weapon types are fired vertically from their transportation and launch canisters. By means of a gas producer the guided weapons become from the containers on a height of approx.. 30 meters discharged. Then the solid rocket motor ignites and accelerates the guided weapon on its cruising speed. The 48N6DM guided weapons is single-step missiles with a solid motor. At the missile tail four trapezoidal steering and tax wing are attached. These control surfaces are set, while the guided weapon is in transport and launch canisters, on the guided weapon trunk. The wings unfold direct after the guided weapon the launch canister left. The missile steering element takes place by means of these tax wings and a thrust-vector control (TVC). Thrust-vector control is at the outlet of the rocket engine. The rocket jet and the hot exhaust gases are moved with four graphite-coated control surfaces into the desired direction. This mechanism supports the four steering and tax wings at the missile tail. By means of these two steering mechanisms the guided weapons maneuvers with a maximum load of 20 g can fly. The 48N6DM guided weapon is also equipped beside the semi-active radar seeker head also with a passively working seeker. This seeker is to be used with the fight against clearing-up -, monitoring, and jamming aircraft. Just as also ballistic rockets can be fought the two guided weapon types 9M96 and 9M96M to rule itself at present still in the development. It is not well-known also, as far the development progressed. The export versions of the two guided weapons carry the designation 9M96E and 9M96E2. At some places the guided weapons are called also 96N6E and 96N6E2. The upper trunk section with the steering system and the search and sprengkopf is identical with both guided weapons. The only one differentiated exists in the length of the rocket motor. This guided weapon part is longer with the 9M96M guided weapon around 90 cm. Thus the 9M96M guided weapon weighs more than 9M96 guided weapon by 87 kg. By the larger rocket motor possession the 9M96M guided weapon one around 80 km increased range. Both guided weapons are single-step missiles with a solid motor. The actual solid-propellant engine is equipped with a newdeveloped high speed driving off. At the missile trunk two groups are appropriate by steering and tax wings. In the rear range four trapezoidal stabilization wings are attached. At the front of the quarter missile trunk four tax wings, which exhibit again trapezoidal geometry, are attached. These control surfaces are set, while the guided weapon is in transport and launch canisters, on the guided weapon trunk. The wings unfold direct after the guided weapon the launch canister left. Additionally to the four tax wings the guided weapon is steered by small, laterally rocket engines attached in trunk. With the combination of control surfaces and transverse slide nozzles the guided weapons can fly in fractions of a second curves of 90° and more largely. Also the guided weapons can accomplish maneuvers with a maximum transverse load of 25 g. The 9M96 guided weapons uses the aerodynamic control (control surfaces) for the first part of the air route and during the last part the transverse slide price increase around the goal to meet exactly. Like the 48N6DM guided weapon, fly also the 9M96 guided weapons in a strongly superelevated flight path on the goals too. Ballistic rockets are approached on direct way.

Simulation and test shots resulted in the following hit expectations:

90 % with the fight of a high speed combat aircraft
80 % with the fight of a ballistic rocket
70% with the fight against parts of a ballistic rocket (e.g. sprengkopf—don’t know what this is)............

The complete readiness of application (with the 40N6 guided weapons) will be reached in early 2008. Potential export customers are Iran, China, Syria, Malaysia as well as the United Arab Emirates with export starting as of 2009.

SA-21 GROWLER / S400 Triumph Long Range TABM/SAM | Russian Arms, Military Technology, Analysis of Russia's Military Forces
 

Zmey Smirnoff

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but how can they have already 3rd S-400 system (brigade) and not have it in production yet?!?
Didn't first S-400 came 2 years ago?!!
Can it possibly not yet be in production?
The NEW long range missile isnt in production. Everything else is. For now S-400 use "old" long range missiles from S-300 mods.
 

jakojako777

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About S-500




Life and premature death of Pax Obamicana
By Spengler

Dec 24, 2009

......Russia faces a slow demographic death, but it remains a great power in terms of military technology: its surface-to-air missile systems are as good as anything American can field, and its newest system, the as yet undeployed S-500, may be better, according to a senior American aviation executive.......

Asia Times Online :: Central Asian News and current affairs, Russia, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan

-------------------------------------



Russia to return to joint AMB testing with US when its concept becomes clear

05.12.2009, 07.00


...........The director of the Institute of Political and Military Analysis, Alexander Sharavin, believes that the creation of a joint Russian-American missile defence system would transfer bilateral relations from the plain of political battles to the field of real military-to-military cooperation and possibly allied relations.

“There is a unique chance for Russia and the U.S. to become closer. It is represented by their agreement to create a joint missile defence system,” the expert said.

He recalled that the creation of such a system would have been impossible several years ago.

Sharavin believes that such a system would give a number of advantages both to Russia and the U.S. “Such a system will create conditions for the development of the Russian defence industry because our S-300, S-400 and possibly S-500 systems can serve as the basis for the joint defence,” Sharavin said.






http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/8433352.stm





Goku: "I love the blue sky of the motherland," an Air Force military songs, the Air Force proud of the time
[ 2009-12-24 17:06:00 | By: opqr503 ]

0
推荐
Red Army's march to climb mountains to go over the grass, you know what mean?, Of course, full warehouse of people may not like the blue sky of Nike Air Forcethe motherland, but more like the sky Hongxia; "Titanic" music, on behalf of the ship tape To Shen of all stocks, including nine Horses can only see, not long-term holding, in large Pandie time, what is the stock failed to use the Russian Air Force Commander of the S-500 missile development and production dissatisfaction, according to Russian news network reported that Russia Air Force Commander Alexander Zelin will have on the prospects of S-500 air defense missile systems, expressed dissatisfaction with the progress of the development. General Alexander Zelin told reporters Thursday, said: "This development of S-500 air defense missile systems, I am not satisfied." He pointed out that "I hope that the development of the system's 'Diamond - Aetna' (Almaz-Antey) Group's ability to double the U.S. military to enhance X-37B space plane took off in April next year, the U.S. Air Force prepared in April 2010 implementation of the X-37B space plane flying a secret mission, and released the X-37B of the newNike Air Force pictures. Air Force spokesman said that the This aircraft unmanned space plane is expected April 19 aboard "Atlas" -5 rocket from Cape Canaveral. with a wing X-37B, also known as "track test carrier" Air Force began to recruit flight Lu beginning students
Today, the Air Force cadets from the Jinan Military Region, organized by the Center of the pre-selection of the beginning of the Unit came to Liaocheng to begin pre-cadet, which marked the year 2010, the Air Force cadet in the province of the work started. Preselection cadet determine Qingdao Rizhao, Jining, Liaocheng, Heze, Dezhou, Binzhou, Tai'an, Laiwu and other nine cities and Shandong University, Ocean University of China, Shandong Normal University and other 32 colleges and universities begin. It is learned that retired Lieutenant-General: Pakistan looking forward to adding to China's fourth generation fighter R & D projects Pakistan News Network (thenews.com.pk) 2009 published Nian 11 Yue 25 Ri retired Pakistani Lieutenant General Talat - Masuo De (Talat Masood) article, article on the first aircraft manufactured in Pakistan JF-17 fighter (Xiao Long) 23 in Pakistan Nike Air Forcespoke highly of the successful off the assembly line on the Chinese side has done for the Pakistan Air Force support and assistance to express its deep gratitude; the same time, the United States "when the Air Force newspaper ": U.S. military officials said the United States need to develop new nuclear weapons Chilton at the Air Force Association meeting in Los Angeles, said:" First of all, we need to support our nuclear weapons stockpile refurbishment of infrastructure. But we can not just continue to maintain inventory (those Cold War weapons) ... ... is now the new world of the 21st century, we need to design for the 21st century to meet the needs of the 21st century weapon

http://blog.zhanlangongsi1.cn/u/opqr503/archives/2009/339.html
 

jakojako777

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The S-500 "Samoderzhets" (Autocrat)

Overview

The S-500 is a new generation surface-to-air missile system, designed for intercepting short- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles with ranges up to 3,500 km (2,175 mi) and for defense against Airborne Early Warning and Control, Airborne Warning and Control System, and jamming aircraft. It is not an upgraded version of the S-400[1]. With a planned range of 600 km (373 mi), the S-500 will be able to detect and simultaneously engage up to 10 ballistic supersonic targets flying at a speed of 5 km/s.[2][3]

As of 2009, the system is currently under design stage development at Almaz-Antey, and is planned to be completed in 2012.[4] There is also a version of the system called S-1000, but it is not known what the difference between the two versions is.[1]

S-500 will reportedly be able to outperform both the S-400 as well as the U.S. Patriot Advanced Capability-3 system.

S-500 missile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Anti-ballistic missile
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


An anti-ballistic missile (ABM) is a missile designed to counter ballistic missiles (a missile for missile defense). A ballistic missile is used to deliver nuclear, chemical, biological or conventional warheads in a ballistic flight trajectory. The term "anti-ballistic missile" describes any antimissile system designed to counter ballistic missiles. However the term is used more commonly for ABM systems designed to counter long range, nuclear-armed Intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs)..........



Russia
S-300PMU-2 vehicles. From left to right: 64N6E2 detection radar, 54K6E2 command post and 5P85 TEL.

Apart from the Moscow ABM deployment during the Cold War, Russia has striven actively for intrinsic ABM capabilities in its late model SAM systems. Russian ABM capable systems include the following:

* S-300P (SA-10)
* S-300V (SA-12)
* S-300PMU-1/2 (SA-20)
* S-400 (SA-21)
* S-500, Самодержец
* ABM-1 Galosh[10][11]
* ABM-3 Gazelle[12]
* ABM-4 Gorgon[13]


Anti-ballistic missile - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia



The S-500 is a Russian surface-to-air missile system, currently under development by the Almaz-Antey company. The S-500 is a new generation surface-to-air missile system, designed for intercepting short- and intermediate-range ballistic missiles with ranges up to 3,500 km (2,175 mi) and for defense against Airborne Early Warning and Control, Airborne Warning and Control System, and jamming aircraft. It is an upgraded version of the S-400. With a planned range of 600 km (373 mi), the S-500 will be able to detect and simultaneously engage up to 10 ballistic supersonic targets flying at a speed of 5 km/s. As of 2009, the system is currently under design stage development at Almaz-Antey, and is planned to be completed in 2012. There is also a version of the system called S-1000, but it is not known what the difference between the two versions is. S-500 will reportedly be able to outperform both the S-400 as well as the U.S. Patriot Advanced Capability-3 system. Although sharing a similar.

S-500 missile facts - Freebase.com
 

jakojako777

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Old article !

Saturday, August 25, 2007

Samoderzhets Decloaked

INTRODUCTION

The introduction of the S-400 strategic SAM system into the operational inventory of the Russian air defense network has resulted in increased speculation over the nature of the next-generation of Russian SAM systems. One of the most common misconceptions appears to be the belief that a new SAM system referred to as Samoderzhets is being prepared for front-line service.

RUSSIAN MODERN SAM DEVELOPMENT

The development of the next generation of Russian SAM systems can be traced back to 1979 when the first S-300PT batteries were accepted for service. Over the course of the S-300P's lifetime, various modifications have surfaced, each providing an incremental increase in capability over the last variant.

The principal S-300P variants were as follows:

S-300PT: Initial trailer-launched SAM system employing 5N63 (FLAP LID) target engagement radar (TER) and 5V55K missile.

S-300PS: Initial mobile SAM system with components mounted on 8x8 chassis, introduced 5N63S/30N6 (30N6E) TER and 5V55R missile.

S-300PM (export variant: S-300PMU): Introduced digital connectivity between components and 5V55RUD missile.

S-300PM-1 (export variant: S-300PMU-1): Introduced new 30N6-1 (30N6E1, TOMB STONE) TER, and 48N6 (48N6E) missile.

S-300PM-2 (export variant: S-300PMU-2): Introduced 48N6D (48N6E2) missile, as well as 9M96 (9M96E) and 9M96D (9M96E2) missiles, although there is no evidence that the latter two weapons have been fielded with Russian units.

S-300PM-3: developmental variant aimed at increased range with 48N6DM missile and new TER (GRAVE STONE). Evolved into the S-400 (SA-X-21).

As early as 1984, two other advanced SAM systems were stated to be in development, the S-500 and S-1000. The S-500 was a new long-range, mobile ATBM system, analogous to the American THAAD system currently in development. The S-1000 was described as a very long-range SAM designed to target air-breathing targets such as ISR platforms and other support aircraft. Where the S-300P was the successor to the S-25 (SA-1 GUILD) in the Moscow air defense network, the S-1000 was possibly intended to be deployed as a partial replacement for the S-200 (SA-5 GAMMON); S-300P units have replaced S-200 units in some areas, but only the most recent iterations can claim to have a range anywhere near that of the massive 300 kilometers attained by the S-200. Neither the S-500 nor the S-1000 were anywhere near operational service, as they only existed as concepts throughout the 1980s. Recent analysis would seem to suggest, however, that both systems will eventually be operationally employed, with at least one of them being mentioned by name as recently as August 2007.

It is likely that the S-1000 has actually been absorbed into the S-400. The intended capabilities of the S-1000 seem to match up with the S-400's 40N6 missile, a product of OKB Fakel, who has historically been responsible for the development of long-range strategic SAM missiles such as the 5V21 employed by the S-200 and the 48N6 employed by the S-300PM-1. The likely course of development could have seen the S-300PM-3 and S-1000 combined into a new system, the S-400, utilizing common system components and radars. This would explain the delays in fielding the S-400 as well as the current status of the 40N6 program. Radars would need to be suitably altered to support longer-range engagements, and the S-1000's weapon would need to be refined and complete development allowing it to function as part of the S-400 system.

ALMAZ-ANTEY MERGER

In May of 2002 the producer of the S-300P, the Almaz design bureau, was merged with the Antey design bureau, creator of the S-300V tactical SAM system, to form the Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern. This effectively consolidated all of the long-range SAM and ATBM experience into one organization. The new association resulted in a whole new concept of thinking regarding the boundaries between tactical and strategic air defense.

SAMODERZHETS

Despite the merger of Almaz and Antey, projects which had previously been active did continue development. These included the Antey-2500/S-300VM (SA-X-23) and the latest S-300P iteration, the S-300PM-3, which had by then morphed into the S-400. Future projects, however, would need to take full advantage of the consolidated expertise offered by the new corporation. Enter Samoderzhets.

Samoderzhets was a program begun shortly after the merger of Almaz and Antey aimed at identifying the characteristics and capabilities of new SAM systems operating on a national level. The research effort was conducted by the Second Central Scientific Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense. Deputy Defense Minister General of the Army Aleksey Moskovskiy, in a December 2004 interview for Vestnik Vozdushnogo Flota, described Samoderzhets as a project aimed at finding an "optimal solution" for the development of new air defense systems, systems capable of performing tasks for both the Army and PVO air defense, and operating within a national integrated air defense network framework:

"The name you mentioned, Samoderzhets, is not a system. It is a system project to look for an optimal solution."

General Moskovskiy goes on to state that an actual SAM system like the one outlined in the Samoderzhets project would most likely not be procured anytime soon as it would be "superfluous", as the S-400 was nearing service entry, but does state that modifying S-400 components to operate in such a manner (implying a national integrated network) was possible. The reason for integrating such systems would be to better coordinate air defense assets, and to better integrate the anti-missile capabilities of S-300V type systems (which are presently Russian Army assets, being tactical systems) into the national defense network. Ergo, the creation of an actual weapon system was not the goal of Samoderzhets, but rather the description and outlining of a new national framework to better control and integrate present and future systems to maximize their effectiveness, as well as the delineation and outlining of capabilities required by the individual systems serving in such a network. Official news regarding the Samoderzhets project virtually disappeared after 2004. There was a logical explanation for this, however: the research program was completed in 2004.

Samoderzhets was clearly never intended to result in the direct production of a new SAM system bearing the name, but it was a very important research endeavour, especially in the light of the new Almaz-Antey consortium. Future SAM systems will likely be designed around the system requirements and framework researched and outlined in the Samoderzhets project. In fact, early 2007 saw the mention of such a system. Sergey Ivanov, Russian Defense Minister, gave Almaz-Antey the task to develop a new air defense system capable for the first time of providing air defense, missile defense, and space defense. Such a project would seem to be revolutionary in concept, but seems perfectly logical as a next step given the results of the Samoderzhets project, and has been given until 2015 to produce hardware. 2015 may not seem that far off, especially given the delays associated with the S-400 system, but the new all-encompassing system has in fact been mentioned as early as 2005, and may have been in development before then.

It should be noted that the term "air defense system" does not necessarily imply one specific system such as the S-400, but could very well imply a series of systems, in this case the S-400 and S-500, integrated under a united national network, such as the kind outlined under the Samoderzhets project.

It is likely that the new system will build upon the S-400, using S-400 components for air defense. The missile defense component will likely be the aforementioned S-500 system, referred to in some sources as Vlastelin. The S-500 re-entered the public eye in August of 2007. On the 6th of August, Igor Ashurbeyli of Almaz-Antey was interviewed on Channel One TV in Russia regarding the first S-400 battery being activated near Elektrostal. Ashurbeyli stated that the next project for Almaz-Antey was the S-500, a mobile anti-missile system designed to function as part of the "unified system of Russia's air defense", a clear reference to Ivanov's statements in February and the concepts researched under Samoderzhets. Development of the S-500, according to some sources, had ended at one point in the past due to a lack of funding, but could easily have been restarted, saving Almaz-Antey from having to come up with a new anti-missile system from scratch. The S-500 is also believed to be related to the 45T6 anti-ballistic missile, which would certainly enable it to potentially perform exoatmospheric intercepts.

Confusion resulting from the appearance of the Samoderzhets name in press reporting did lead to the assumption that a new system was being developed, but as Samoderzhets was a project only, this is clearly not the case. There are a few reasons why certain assumptions about the potential new system were made, however, and they can be logically explained.

Samoderzhets is often claimed to be a SAM system integrating S-300P/S-400 and S-300V components. This is basically true, but not in a physical sense. Samoderzhets called for the integration of existing systems into a national level network, while designing new systems to operate in such a manner from the outset, regardless of whether or not they were employed by the Army or the Air Defense Troops. These systems would have, according to General Moskovskiy, included the S-300P and S-300V families. They would have been integrated, but not in a physical sense, as many have incorrectly assumed.

Samoderzhets was also described as combining the best aspects of previously developed SAM systems, and serving as the basis for a new standardized SAM system. This is partly correct; Samoderzhets would have integrated S-300V and S-300P/S-400 type systems, enabling their effectiveness to be maximized. Samoderzhets does also form the basis for new SAM development, as it outlined the framework under which new systems will operate, as well as their desired performance characteristics.

The main nail in the coffin of the Samoderzhets argument is the 2007 tasking to develop a new SAM system. Were Samoderzhets already a developed system by 2004, as some suggest, a new air and missile defense system would clearly not have been required. Furthermore, the Samoderzhets project was already three years past its completion date by 2007. As such the project initiated in 2007 would not have required a 2015 demonstration date; were Samoderzhets a true SAM system, completed in 2004, it would be ready for deployment far earlier than 2015. Lastly, the S-500 has been mentioned as the next SAM system to be developed for operational use, not Samoderzhets.

Some sources have claimed that Samoderzhets was proposed as an alternative to the S-400. In that light Samoderzhets may have been intended to result in a hybrid system, but the induction of the S-400 into front-line service would seem to be enough to put that theory to rest.

A final argument against the development of Samoderzhets as an actual SAM system is that it would represent both a waste of effort, given the S-500 development program for the anti-missile role, and a reduction in capability when compared to the S-400. In the anti-aircraft role the S-300VM's 9M83M missile has a range of 200 kilometers, a full 50 or 100 kilometers shy of the two range figures quoted for the 48N6DM employed by the S-400, even without considering the 400 kilometer range attained by the S-400's 40N6. Furthermore, Samoderzhets cannot be the new S-500 system, provided of course that both Ivanov and Ashurbeyli were referring to the same system. If, as many sources would have us believe, Samoderzhets represents a combination of S-300VM and S-400 systems, then the resultant system would fail to achieve the performance specified by Ivanov insofar as intercepting exoatmospheric targets is concerned.

Samoderzhets as a research endeavour is a far more logical explanation in light of the current evidence.

CONCLUSION

Samoderzhets was a very important project, one which will help to outline and govern the framework and interoperability of Russian air defense units for some time. But Samoderzhets was not a SAM system development effort, and no Samoderzhets system will be operating in Russia. The task of defending the skies and space over Russia will fall in the future to the S-400 and S-500 systems.

SOURCES

-New Russian SAM System Said Superior to Patriot, Has Multipurpose Capability (Moscow Vremya Novostey, 13 August 2004 p. 4)
-Russia approves Almaz-Antei merger (David Isby, Jane's Missiles & Rockets, 1 June 2002)
-Russian Defense Ministry to state performance specifications for new air defense system (Interfax, 4 October 2004)
-Russia to Develop New Air, Missile, Space Defense "Superweapon" (Vremya Novostey, 28 February 2007)
-Russian Channel One TV broadcast (6 August 2007)
-Russia looks to bolster air defence (James O'Halloran, Jane's Defence Weekly, 7 March 2007)
-Advantages of Upgraded Versus New Technology (Vestnik Vozhdushnogo Flota, 31 December 2004)
-Second Central Scientific Research Institute of MoD Receives Pennant (Krasnaya Zvezda, 22 November 2005)
-Jane's Strategic Weapons Systems

IMINT & Analysis: Samoderzhets Decloaked
 

jakojako777

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S-500 Samoderzhets

In 2004 it was reported that the merged Almaz-Antei consortium had developed a new surface-to-air missile system designated Samoderzhets (Autocrat, not Emperor). This nomenclature is probably associated with the S-500 designation, though some sources associate the Samodyerzhets designation with the S-400M [formerly SA-20 Gargoyle B, later SA-21B Growler B]. Not all sources would associate Samoderzhets with S-500. According to one source "The S-500 has been described as an S-300P follow-on system. The S-500 will likely not enter development for some time, and will represent the next generation of Russian SAM systems, perhaps finally breaking out of the S-300P family's mold."

The new Samoderzhets missile system was described as being "fifth-generation" -- the term fourth-generation having been used to describe the S-400 Triumf. It may combine the ground systems, radar, and shorter range 9M96 and 9M96/2 missiles of the S-400 with the long-range 9M82M missile originally developed for the S-300VM Antei-2500. The Samoderzhets system could be the same "fifth generation" system as that referenced in a January 2007 report in Voyennykh Novostey, which quoted Antei designers saying that the new system would be available by 2012.........................................
...........................................

S-500 System

The earliest attestation of the S-500 was in June 2000, when Secretary of Defense William Cohen and Rep. Curt Weldon (R-PA), Chair of the House Armed Services Committee's Military Research and Development Subcommittee, led a US delegation to Moscow to meet with Russian Deputy Defense Minister Nikolai Mikhailov and several senior Russian generals. In these discussions, two new Russian surface-to-air missile systems were mentioned: the S-400 Triumf, then still under development, and the S-500, which at that time was said to exist solely on paper.

By 2004 Defense Ministry experts were working with their counterparts of the Russian defense industry to specify the performance of the future air defense system to be developed at the Almaz-Antei Air Defense Holding Company. At that time, Army General Alexei Moskovsky, Armed Forces Chief for Armament and Deputy Defense Minister, said that the first thing was to come to a mutual agreement with the defense industry on the development of a single system on the basis of the work done by Almaz-Antei. He explained that he meant the S-300V for Land Forces and the S-300P system for long-range air defense.

Moskovsky stated that the existing fleet of air defense systems in service should be combined with new solutions. "The new systems are the same S-300s. And we should not forget that the S-400 system's official tests are scheduled for next year [ie, 2005]. It is obvious that we need an effective answer to this question. Samoderzhets is not simply an anti-aircraft missile system, but a program aimed to find the most effective solution to make the maximum use of various AD systems," the general said.

The new system should be made with due account of the new trends in aerospace attack assets development. "An aerospace defense concept should specify the performance of single systems. Therefore, the second goal of the Samoderzhets program is to find the most optimum performance specifications of the new system," Moskovsky said. He added that the systems already fielded would have to be adjusted for the new concept, as well as the S-400s to come. "We will most likely choose this road. But will step on it only as soon as we have clear and agreed performance specifications".

The Samoderzhets is intended to become the basis for the unified anti-aircraft missile complex for all types of the Russian military forces. It can also become the basis of a theater missile defense (TMD) complex ensuring protection from short-range ballistic missiles on the battlefield. The system combines the long range of the S-300VM missile and the advanced electronics of the S-400 missile. As a result Russian designers have developed a system that they claim is better by all parameters then the newest American system, the PAC-3 Patriot.

The 9M82M missile has a maximum range of 200km against large aircraft targets and can engage ballistic missiles re-entering at speeds of up to 4.5km/s. The latter velocity is associated with missiles with a range of 2,500km. Its warhead creates 20g fragments.

On 08 August 2007 it was reported that the Russian Air Force commander stated that Russia was developing a fifth-generation air defense missile system that is superior to S-400 Triumf complex and capable of hitting targets in space. "While working on the S-400, we have been developing a fifth-generation air defense system, which will be more compact, more maneuverable, and will certainly have superior technical characteristics," Colonel General Alexander Zelin said. According to Zelin, the new missile system will combine elements of air, missile and space defense, and will be developed by the Almaz-Antei air defense consortium. The Air Force commander said major enhancements would be made to the system's electronic components. "The enhancement of electronics will allow the systems to see farther, higher and react quicker, which will significantly expand the range of their capabilities, including repelling strikes from space," Zelin said.


S-500 Samoderzhets




So first thing is first, the current S-400 is rumored to just be the S-300PMU3, that was renamed for convenience reasons. This makes sense technically, since the system is the same, with only changes in the form of a single new munition, and new radars. It's a deep modernization rather then a new system. The S-500 is supposed to be an optimal air and space defense system that combines tactical BMD, and GBAD into one package......

S-500 - Defence Talk Forum
 

jakojako777

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Anti-Aircraft Missile Troops (Zenitno-Raketnye Voiska)

Surface-to-Air Missiles
SAM Radars

SA-1 GUILD
SA-2 GUIDELINE
SA-3 GOA
SA-5 GAMMON
SA-10 GRUMBLE
SA-20 GARGOYLE
SA-21 GROWLER
S-500 Samoderzhets
S-1000
The Anti-Aircraft Missile Troops (Zenitno-Raketnye Voiska - ZRV literally Zenith Rocket Troops), were the missile branch of the PVO and provided the "defensive" air defense capability. The Troops of National Air Defense (PVO) contained brigades and regiments of either surface-to-air missiles (SAMs) or antiaircraft (AA) guns. Maintaining single-system units allowed the PVO to manage limited assets, tailoring support to a particular region or air defense zone.

The Surface-to-air Missile (SAM) Forces of the PVO consist, organisationally, of rocket brigades (each with 10 to 12 launch battalions), regiments (3 to 5 launch battalions) and independent launch battalions. Each battalion has 6 to 8 launchers, according to the type of rocket with which it is equipped. Each battalion has between 80 and 120 men. First, all battalions were equipped with S 75 rockets. Then, to replace these, two rockets, the S 125 (low-altitude and short-range) and the S 200 (high-altitude and long-range), were developed. The S 200 can be fitted with a nuclear warhead to destroy enemy rockets or aircraft.

In 1989 the Antiaircraft Rocket Troops manned 12,000 strategic surface-to-air missile launchers at 1,400 sites inside the Soviet Union. These forces were organized into brigades of launch battalions. Soviet SA-3 and SA-5 antiaircraft missiles, first produced in the 1960s, together with older SA-1 and SA-2 missiles, constituted over 90 percent of the Soviet surface-to-air missile inventory. In the late 1980s, the new SA-10 was entering service to replace SA-1 and SA-2 missiles.

By the mid-1990s the missile forces were equipped with approximately 2,500 launchers deployed in about 250 different sites around the country. Air defense forces have particular responsibility for defending administrative and industrial centers; for instance, they surround Moscow with about 100 missile launchers. The missile troops were equipped with about 150 SA-2 Guideline, 100 SA-3 Goa, 500 SA-5 Gammon, and 1,750 SA-10 Grumble missile launchers. A program to replace all of the older systems with the SA-10, well under way by 1996, has been considered by experts to be one of the most successful reequipment programs of the post-Soviet armed forces.

In the 1987 edition of Soviet Military Power it was claimed that the SA-X-12b' Giant variant was at the flight testing stage and was to be used by the ZRV (Zenitnye Raketnye Vojska: Zenith Rocket Troops) on behalf of the PRO (antr-rocket defence component of the VPVO (Vojska Protivovozdushno Olborony: Troops of Air Defence) The weapon is similar in appearance to the SA-12a but is longer at 10.5 m. has a greater diameter at 1.0 m and a 100km maximum range. The SPU carries two ready-to-fire SA-12b missiles and is heavier at 22,4OOkg when fully loaded. The missile uses active-radar homing.

The commander of an PVO Division is responsible for the protection of a single, highly important installation, for instance, of a large power-supply center. He was also required to prevent incursions by enemy aircraft over his sector. The division therefore deploys one SAM brigade to cover the main installation, and moves two or three SAM regiments into the-areas most likely to be threatened, ahead of the brigades, and a number of independent SAM battalions into areas which are in less danger. In addition, the divisional commander has one air regiment which may be used to make contact with the enemy at a considerable distance, for operations at boundaries or junctions not covered by SAM fire, or in the area in which the enemy delivers his main thrust. The operations of the SAM sub-units and of the interceptor aircraft were supported by radar battalions and companies which are subordinated both to the divisional commander himself and to the commanding officers of the division's SAM units.












http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/pvo-zrv.htm
 

jakojako777

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Different short articles that mention s-500

Long Shot
Posted by Bill Sweetman at 9/21/2009 6:46 AM CDT
Maxim Pyadushkin writes:

Russian military leaders confirmed last week that the development of an all-new long range air defense system, dubbed S-500, is under way, and revealed some operational parameters of the future weapon.

Air Force Commander Gen. Col. Alexander Zelin was quoted by RIA Novosti as saying that S-500 will be a completely new system, not a further development of the current S-400 Triumf SAM. He mentioned that the target detection range of the new system will be extended by 150-200 km compared to the S-400.

blog post photo

S-400 deployed near Moscow (Russian Defense Ministry)

According to the Almaz-Antey company, the designer of the S-400 and the future S-500, the Triumf has a detection range of 600 km, implying that the S-500 will be able to detect targets at 750-800 km. The S-500 is also expected to be able to engage 10 targets simultaneously, four more than the S-400 and the earlier S-300PM.

Zelin said that the S-500 will be ready “in the near future”. The Russian Air Defense Forces, a part of the Air Force, have just started to receive the S-400. The first S-400 regiment was deployed near Moscow in 2007, the second one in 2008. Earlier, military officials said that the long-term program calls for the acquisition of 23 Triumf battalions by 2015.


Ares Homepage


Description: The S-500 is the first Russian air and space defense system being developed to counter ballistic and hypersonic threats that could exist beyond 2020. As of summer 2009, the S-500 is in the blueprint stage an is expected to be rolled out in 2012. Designed to outperform the S-400 air defense system, it will provide the unique ability to shoot down hypersonic aircraft above 30,000 meters of altitude. The S-500 air-space defense system would be fully operational with the Russian Air Force by 2020. A new family of missiles will replace 48N6E2/E3 missiles, associated with S-300 and S-400 air defense systems, as the silver bullets of the Russian air defense systems. The S-500 missiles are related to the Bulava and Topol thermal technology developments and are intended to climb faster achieving awesome speeds of Mach 10 and ranges in excess of 600 kilometers. The whole S-500 system represents an entire new development not based on previous missile weapon systems.

Specifications
Performance: Weapon Max Range 600 km (324 nm)

Other: Engaged Aerial Targets 10

S-500



S-1000

According to one source, "The S-1000 has been described as a follow-on to the S-300V system. The S-1000 may enter development earlier than the S-500, as there is no "S-400 equivalent" being pursued for the Russian S-300V systems. ... In reality, the S-1000 may represent a THAAD-style system, or with the merger of Almaz and Antey the S-500 and S-1000 may be replaced by a single system useable for both roles, along the lines of Samdoerzhets."

S-1000


 

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