Pakistan Armed Forces ORBAT


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Sep 4, 2011
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First draft of Pakistan Air Force's ORBAT

  • 19 Infantry Divisions ??
  • 2 Mechanised Divisions
  • 2 Armoured Divisions
  • 2 Artillery Divisions
  • 51 Armoured Regiments
  • ARTILLERY: 1960-2000
    • Self Propelled Artillery: 420-450
      • 155 mm M109A2, A5 and L: 380-390
      • 203 mm M110: 40-60
    • Towed Artillery: 1539. 105 mm: 413. 122mm: 579. 155 mm:521. 203 mm 26
      • 105 mm M101: 300
      • 105 mm Mod56: 113
      • 122 mm Type 86: 179
      • 122mm Type 54-1: 400
      • 155 mm Panter: 72
      • 155 mm M198: 389
      • 155 mm. M114: 60
      • 203 mm. M115: 26
  • Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS)
    • A-100 : 50-65
  • TANKS:2400-2800
    • VT-4 (Upgraded Al-Khalid/MBT-2000)3rd Gen: 2-4 delivered 176-240 planned/ordered(?)
    • Al-Zarrar/Type-59, based on T-54A. 2nd Gen.:710/1100
    • T-54/55. 2nd Gen: 50
    • Type-69 2nd Gen:. 2nd Gen: 400
    • Type-85 IIAP .2nd Gen: 270
    • Al-Khalid. Based on MBT-2000/Type-90-IIM. 3rd Gen: 350
    • Al-Khalid-I. 3rd Gen: 20
    • T-80UD. 3rd Gen: 320

Composition of an Armoured Division

  • 1 Armoured Division = 246/176 tanks
    • 2 Armoured Brigades = Total of 246/176 Tanks.
      • Each armoured brigade has 3/2 Tank regiments
        • Each regiment = 41-44 tanks in 3/2 Squadrons. 1 tank used by CO and 2nd IC each.
        • Each squadron = 13 tanks in 3 Troops
        • Each Troop = 3 Tanks
    • 1 Artillery Brigade = Total of 54-72 guns
      • Each artillery brigade has 2-3 Artillery Regiments
        • Each Regiment has 18-24 guns in 3 artillery batteries
        • Each battery has 6-8 guns
    • 1 Infantry Brigade = Approx 2700-3000 soldiers on average.
      • 1 Mechanised Infantry Brigade = 3 battalions
        • Each battalion = 800-900 men in 3-4 Companies.
        • Each company=80-120 men in 3-4 platoons
        • 10-15 sections with 10-20 men in each section.
    • Air Defence Brigade
      • Talha APC(M-113 copy) with RBS-70 SAM and Giraffe Radar in 2-3 Regiments
    • Engineers
Pakistan Army Corps & Divisions
  • I Corps, Mangla. Punjab Strike Corps Command

  • 6th Armoured Division (Gujranwala)
Uses Al-Zarrar (upgraded T-59) MBT
  • 7th Armoured Brigade, Gujranwala
  • 9th Armoured Brigade, Kharian
  • 11th Armoured Brigade (?)
  • 106th Air Defence Brigade
  • 314th Assault Engineers
  • 6th Armoured Artillery Brigade.

  • 6th Armoured Division Air Aviation Brigade(wartime)
  • 17th Infantry Division (Kharian)
  • 37th Mechanised Infantry Division (Kharian)
  • Artillery division or (I) Artillery Brigade ?
  • 8th (I) Armoured Brigade (allocated to 6th Div in war)
  • ?? (I) Infantry Brigade
  • ?? (I) Air Defence Brigade
  • II Corps, Multan. Punjab Strike Corps Command
    • 1st Armoured Division (Multan)
      • T-80UD tanks
    • 14th Infantry Division (Okara)
    • 40th Infantry Division (Okara)
    • 13th (I) Armoured Brigade
    • 44th (I) Mech Brigade
    • ?? (I) Artillery Brigade
    • ?? (I) Infantry Brigade
    • ?? (I) Air Defence Brigade
  • IV Corps, Lahore. Punjab Holding Corps Command
    • 2nd Artillery Division (Gujranwala)
    • 10th Infantry Division (Lahore)
    • 11th Infantry Division (Lahore)
      • ?? Artillery Brigade
      • 21st Infantry Brigade
      • 52nd Infantry Brigade
      • 106th Infantry Brigade
    • 212nd (I) Infantry Brigade, Lahore
    • 3rd (I) Armour Brigade
    • ?? (I) Artillery Brigade
  • V Corps, Karachi Sindh Command. (Eastern and Southern)

  • 16th Infantry Division (Pano Aqil)
  • 18th Infantry Division (Hyderabad)
  • 25th Mechanized Division (Malir)?? Corps reserve
  • 105th (I) Infantry Brigade
  • 31st (I) Mechanised Brigade, Malir
  • 2nd (I) Armoured Brigade, Hyderabad + 1 more ??
  • ?? (I) Artillery Brigade
  • X Corps, Rawalpindi. Kashmir Command.(Attack role in north and POK)
    • Force Command Northern Areas (Gilgit)
      • 80th Infantry Brigade
      • 150th Infantry Brigade
      • 323rd Infantry Brigade
      • 62nd Infantry Brigade
      • 61st Infantry Brigade
    • 12th Infantry Division (Murree)
      • 6 infantry brigades LoC
    • 19th Infantry/Mountain Division (Mangla)
      • 3 infantry brigades between Jhelum and Kel. Corps reserve
    • 23rd Infantry Division (Jhelum)
      • 4 infantry brigades between Kotli-Bhimber
    • Special Security Division /34th Infantry(?) (Chilas)
      • 9 Infantry battalions & 6 paramilitary wings =15000 troops. CPEC security
    • 111th (I) Infantry Brigade, Rawalpindi for VIP security & coups
      • 3 infantry battalions, 2 light artillery regiments, SSG battalion and 1 armoured regiment
    • 8th (I) Armoured Brigade, Kharian
    • ?? (I) Artillery Brigade
  • XI Corps, Peshawar. Western Command. (NWFP, Balochistan, Afghan border and reserve(?) for eastern oriented formations)
    • 7th Infantry Division (Peshawar)
    • 9th Infantry Division (Kohat)
    • ?? (I) Armoured Brigade
    • 1 special operations task force on rotation.
  • XII Corps, Quetta Western Command.(West Sindh, Afghan Border and reserve(?) for eastern oriented formations)
    • 33rd Infantry Division (Quetta)
    • 41st Infantry Division (Quetta)
    • ?? (I) Infantry Brigade
    • ?? (I) Armoured Brigade
  • XXX Corps, Gujranwala Punjab Holding Corps Command (Between Jhelum and Narowal,South of IV Corps boundary)

  • 8th Infantry Division (Sialkot)
    • 3-4 Brigades
  • 15th Infantry Division (Sialkot)
    • 4 Brigades
  • 2nd (I) Armoured Brigade
  • ?? (I) Anti-Tank Brigade
  • ?? (I) Artillery Brigade
  • XXXI Corps, Bahawalpur. Punjab Holding Corps Command
    • 26th/34th Mechanized Division (Bahawalpur). Corps reserve
    • 35th Infantry Division (Bahawalpur)
    • 101st (I) Infantry Brigade
    • 10th or 13th (I) Armoured Brigade
  • Air Defence Command, Rawalpindi
    • 3rd Air Defence Division (Sargodha)
    • 4th Air Defence Division (Malir)
    • 105th (I) Air Defence Brigade
  • Strategic Forces Command, Rawalpindi
    • 21st Artillery Division (Pano Aqil)
    • 22nd Artillery Division (Sargodha)
    • 2nd Missile Group (Sargodha)
    • ?? Missile Group, Hyderabad?

  • Special Services Group (SSG) Brigades
    • 1st SSG (12 companies in 3 Battalions)
      • 1st Commando Battalion
        • Ayub Company
        • Liaqat Company
        • Kamal Company
        • Mitha Company
      • 2nd Commando Battalion
        • Ghazi Company
        • Tipu Company
        • Quaid Company
        • Bilal Company
      • 4th Commando Battalion
        • Shaheen Company
        • Jungju Company
        • Yaqub Company
        • Yusuf Company
    • 2nd SSG (4 Companies in 1 battalion)
      • 3rd Commando Battalion
        • Hamza Company
        • Ibrahim Company
        • Zakria Company
        • Easa Company

  1. Air Force Strategic Command (AFSC),
  2. Islamabad Northern Air Command (NAC),
  3. Peshawar Central Air Command (CAC),
  4. Lahore Southern Air Command (SAC),
  5. Karachi Air Defence Command (ADC), Rawalpindi



  1. F-16 A/B Block 15 & C/D Block 52. 64(46+18). Multirole
  2. 46 Bought in 1980 as Block-15, 18 in 2008. all upgraded to Block-52
  3. JF-17 Block I and II. 98-120 in 5-6 Squadrons. Multirole. Block-III under development. 50 Block I and rest Block II.
  4. Mirage-III. 68. Interceptor.
  5. Mirage-V. 87. Ground attack. Both Mirage-III and V are upgraded under Retrofit of Strike Element (ROSE) program. 43 III & V bought from France in 1990 and 50 from Libya in 2004.
  6. J-7P and J-7PG 140/181(127+54). Interceptor. Old with poor serviceability. Being replaced by JF-17.


SAAB 2000 Erieye : 4. Original 4, 3 damaged, 2 repaired and 1 replaced
Shaanxi Y-8 (ZDK-03) : 4


Dassault Falcon 20: 2


Ilyushin-78: 4


C-130. 16 including 6 old from Australia
SAB-2000. 1 VIP duties.
Y-12. 2
CN-235. 3


  1. Hongdu JL-8/K-8P. 28-38. Advanced trainer.
  2. Cessna T-37. 30-39. Intermediate trainer.
  3. MFI-17 Mushshak. 120-149. Basic trainer.
  4. Chengdu J-7/FT-7. 7. Conversion trainer.
  5. Shenyang J-6/FT-6. 9. Jet trainer.


  1. Mi-17. 4
  2. AW-139.
  3. Alouette III. 15

Pakistan Air Force Bases & Squadrons

Bholari AB. 41 Tactical Wing

19th Squadron (Sherdils). F-16A&B. (F-16 shotdown in Feb 2019 was most likely from this unit)

Korangi Creek, Karachi.
Training base with F-6. F-7 and Mirage

Masroor. 32 Tactical Attack Wing.

4th Squadron (Karakoram Eagles). KE-03 AWACS
7th Squadron (Bandits). Mirage 3EA and 3DP. Tactical Attack.
8th Squadron (Haiders). Mirage 5PA2, 5PA3 and 5DD. Tactical Attack
22nd Squadron (Ghazis). Mirage-3DP, 5EF, 3EL,3BE & BL. Conversion Unit.
84th Squadron (Dolphins). AW-139, Mi-17SH

M.M. Alam AB, Mianwali, 37 Combat Training Wing
Training base
1st Squadron (Rahbers). K-8P. Training
18th Squadron (Sharp Shooters) F-7 and F-7P. Conversion unit.
20th Squadron (Cheetahs). F7PG, FT-7PG. Conversion Unit
86th Squadron. (Ababeel). Alouette-3. Search & Rescue.
Shooter Squadron. F-7, FT-7P

Minhas AB, Kamra. 33 Tactical Air Wing
Near Pakistan Aeronautical Complex Kamra which manufactures JF-17 and overhauls F-7 and Mirages,
3rd Squadron. Saab-2000 Erieye. 4 AWACS
16th Squadron (Black Panthers. JF-17 and JF-17B. Multi role.
1st Flight- Abad, Burraq and Shahpar UAV.
87th Squadron (Dragonflies). Mi-17 and Alouette 3

Mushaf AB
Includes Airpower Center of Excellence (ACE) with Combat Commanders School (CCS) for Mirage, F-7, JF-17 and F-16
9th Squadron (Griffins). F-16A,B Multi role
24th Squadron (Blinders). Falcon-20. Electronic Warfare
82nd Squadron (Stallions). AW-139

Nur Khan AB, Islamabad. 35 Composite Air Transport Wing

6th Squadron (Antelopes) C-130B & E, L-100. Transport
10th Squadron (Buffaloes). IL-78MP. Tankers
12th Squadron. (Globe Trotters). F-27, Falcon 20, A301-304, G-IV. VIP & transport
41st Squadron. PA-34, Y-13, Ce-172, EMB-500, VIP & Transport
52nd Squadron (Markhors). CN-235M

Peshawar AB. 36 Tactical Wing
17th Squadron (Tigers). F-7PG & FT-7PG. Interceptors
26th Squadron (Black Spiders). JF-17. Multi Role
81st Squadron (Kangaroos). Alouette 3. Search & Rescue.

Quetta AB. 31 Tactical Wing
23rd Squadron (Talons). F-7PG & FT-7PG. Interceptors
28th Squadron (Phoenix). JF-17 Multi role
85th Squadron. Alouette 3, Search & Rescue

Rafiqui AB. 34 Tactical Wing
14th Squadron (Tail Choppers). JF-17. Air superiority ??
15th Squadron (Cobras). Mirage 3DA,3EA, 5DD,5DR & 5PA. Land attack.
25th Squadron (Night Strike). Mirage 5EF, 3DP & 5DD. Land Attack
27th Squadron (Zarrars). Mirage 5EF, 3DP. Land Attack
83rd Squadron (Kites). Alouette 3. Search & Rescue

Risalpur AB. 41 Tactical Wing
Hosts PAF’s Asghar Khan Academy with following Flying Training (FT) Wings:
Primary FT Wings:1st and 2nd Primary FT Squadrons. MFI-17
Basic FT Wing: 1st and 2nd Basic FT squadrons. T-37B, T-37C
Advanced Jet Training Wing: 1st AJT Squadron. K-8
College of FT with Flying Instructors School (T-37B), PAC College (Sf-25) and Sherdils Aerobatics (K-8)
38th Multi-role wing. Shaheen Training Corps (S6T)

Shahbaz AB, JACOBABAD. 39 Tactical Wing
2nd Squadron (Minhasians). Multi-role JF17.
5nd Squadron (Falcons). Multi-role F-16C-52 and D-52
11th Squadron (Arrows.) Multi-role F-16A and B
88th Squadron. Search & Rescue AQ-139

Sharea Faisal. PNS Mehran. 40 Wing
21st Squadron (Pegasus). C-130E and Saab-2000. Transport.

I'll be adding updates on my website and will try to do so in this thread at the same time


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Sep 4, 2011
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Considering the number of aircraft (civil & military both) they have, Pakis sure have a disproportionally large number of airstrips. Largesse of 4fathers put to good use. That being said, roughly 45 squadrons of all 3 branches are spread in just 11-12 bases. Majority of remaining bases barely anything more than bare airstrips, though a fair number do have good infrastructure.

Majority of remaining bases are barely anything more than bare airstrips, though a fair number do have good infrastructure. Indian military has talked about a list of 400(?) targets in Pakistan which may get pounded. Doable task with LCA & Prahar types inducted in large numbers.

Few "strategic" targets like these will need a bit more love. Massive pre-emptive strikes hardly ever work, but its still an interesting idea to play with. Brahmos for precision, , rocket artillery, CMs & SRBM for the rest with Jaguar, Su-30, Tejas as mudmovers.
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Sep 4, 2011
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ORBAT of X Corps, Pakistan. Infantry heavy Corps with ~1 lakh irregular forces & heavily involved with terrorism, border firing in J&K. 1. FCNA brigade locations. 2. Irregular AK Brigades 3. Rest of units

Pakistani army #orbat under progress. Their armour force is much weaker than Indian and majority of anti-tank units not that great.



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Sep 4, 2011
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1st part of detailed ORBAT of Pakistani Army with locations of a all corps, most divisions and a few other units. Map at bottom of post.



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Sep 4, 2011
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Pakistani Armed Forces ORBAT, Part 2: Anti Tank, Air Defence & Army Aviation units and weapons

Excuse the bad formatting.
This section covers some of the components (can’t remember the right word for it at the moment) of Pakistani army like regiments, armour and anti-tank units. There is surprisingly little information about even basic information like infantry regiments of Pakistani army and a lot of data is missing.

Anti Tank
Pakistani Army utilises dedicated vehicle mounted anti-tank infantry battalions and organic anti-tank guided missiles (ATGM) with some infantry battalions.These battalions have good mobility and are meant for harassing enemy armour formations as in defensive as well as offensive operations. Starting from the late 1950s, 1-2 battalions from certain divisions were assigned the role of Reconnaissance and Support (R&S) by arming them with weapons mounted on light vehicles. At that time jeep like vehicles were fitted with recoilless rifles and medium (and heavy?) machine guns. This formed a fast moving screening and reconnaissance element for rest of the forces.

Later on, most of these battalions were converted into Light Anti Tank (LAT) battalions assigned to brigade level command. There are some Heavy Anti Tank (HAT) battalions which are most probably under Corps or Division level control.
Following are some of the known anti-tank units:

19 Baloch LAT battalion
5 Punjab? LAT Regiment Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
21 Punjab LAT Battalion
23 Punjab LAT Battalion
26 Punjab LAT Battalion Sialkot
34 Punjab LAT Okara Cantt
TABLE 1: Known Light Anti-Tank Units
40 AK HAT XXXI Corps TOW on M113PA2 APCs
44 AK HAT XXX Corps Bhaktar Shikan on VCC-1 APCs
226 AK HAT Company
227 AK HAT Company TOW on M113PA2 APCs
36 Baloch Bhaktar Shikan on VCC-1 APCs
TABLE 2 : Known Heavy Anti-Tank Units

HQ-16AE/LY-80 40,0.015-18 9 x 4 Lahore IBIS-150 L-Band PESA 150km
HQ-9 27,200 Only rumours
HQ-7B/FM-90 SP 0.7 -15,0.015-6 15 x 3 S-Band AESA.25 km
SPADA-2000 25 10x 2 sections (6 missiles/ launcher). 750 missiles RAC-3D. 60km
Anza 0.5-6,0.03-4 2400-3500 missiles IR
FIM-92 Stinger 8,3.5 350 missiles IR
FN-6 MANPAD 5.5,3.8 295 missiles IR
RBS-70 MANPAD. SP 5,3 140 Laser
TABLE 3: Pakistan’s anti-aircraft missile inventory
5 Lt AD (Fakhar-e-Quaid)
6 Lt AD (Glorious)
13 Lt AD. Peshawar Cant
19 SP AD
20 Medium AD (Sky Saviours)
36 Lt AD
41 Med AD
43 Lt AD (Teer-Ba-Hadaf)
44 SP AD
52 Medium AD
58 Medium AD
67 Light? SP AD Multan Cantt
75 RCG AD (Katiba Mujahid)
88 Lt AD (Mardan-e-Haq)
90 Lt AD
95 Light AD Regiment. Warsk Garrison, Peshawar
100 Lt AD (Centurions)
102 Lt AD
103 Lt AD
104 Lt AD (Fakhar e Chaman)
126 Lt AD (G/M) Regiment (Victorious)
127 medium AD
133 RCG AD
134 RCG AD
135 Missile AD
136 RCG AD
140 Lt AD
141 Lt AD
142 Missile AD
143 Missile AD
144 SP AD
145 Lt AD
146 SP AD (Bahimmat)
147 Lt AD
148 SP AD (AK)
151 SP AD (The Pioneers) Bahawalpur
152 Lt AD
153 SP AD – RBS-70 SAM on APC
154 SP AD
155 SP AD
157 Lt AD
156 Lt AD
158 Lt AD
159 Lt AD
161 Lt AD
1st ‘The Pioneers’ PAC/MFI-17SA316B Mangla
2nd ‘ Above The Best’ PAC/MFI-17SA316B Lahore Composite
VVIP Flight Merged with 13th Squad in Aug 2006
3rd ‘Daring Three’ PAC/MFI-17SA315B Multan
4th ‘Gallants’ Bell 412EPMi-17-1V, Mi-35M Gilgit Combat Aviation Squadron plus transport?
5th ‘FearlessFive’ MI-17 Skardu
6th Emergency Relief Cell‘Anytime, anywhere’ AW-139, UH-1H Islamabad
7th ‘Scorpions’ Mi-17, SA316B PNS Mehran, Karachi
8th ‘Chumik Saviours’ L-19, MFI-17 Planes. Alouette-III Rawalpindi Composite
9th MFI-17, Alouette-III Peshawar Composite
10th “Balochis’ MFI-17 Multan
11th AAv Squadron AS350B3, PAC/MFI-17, SA315B Rahwali
12th ‘Desert Reckoner’ Mangla
13th ‘Mujahid’ Y-12 Rawalpindi
21st Quick Reaction ‘Jabir’ Mi-17, Puma? Tarbela Dam
24th ‘Desert Hawks’ Puma Multan
25th ‘Azam-O-Laggan’ Puma, Bell 412EP Gilgit
27th ‘Al-Najam-Us-Saqib’ Mi-8, MI-17 Rawalpindi
28th AAV Squadron IAR330SM, SA330J Rawalpindi
29th AAv Squadron Mi-17-1V, Mi-17V-5 Rahwali
31st Combat “Panzer’ AH-1F Cobra, Bell 206B-2/3 Multan Combat Aviation Squadron
33rd Combat ‘Air Wolves’ AH-1F Cobra, Bell 206B-2/3 Multan Combat Aviation Squadron
35th Combat ‘Air Mustangs’ AH-1F Cobra, Bell 206B-2/3 Multan Combat Aviation Squadron
50th Border Security Force
56th ISR Squadron Beech 200, Beech 350/350i, Ce208BCe208B EX Rawalpindi Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Squadron
199 EME Battalion ‘Pioneers’ Repair TH-300PAC/MFI-17 Rahwali 4 companies for Flight line Ops, Technician training, Field Repair & Base Repair.
299 EME Battalion Repair SA315B Mi-8, Alouette-III Rawalpindi
399 EME Battalion Repair Mi-17
499 EME Battalion Repair AH-1F Cobra
599 EME Battalion ‘Optimists’
Central Aviation Spares Depot, Dhamial Formerly Central Ordnance Aviation Depot.
Ordnance Aviation Depot, Multan Multan
1st Forward Area Arming Refuelling Company
2nd Forward Area Arming Refuelling Company
3rd Forward Area Arming Refuelling Company
301st,302nd & 303rd Fuel Storage Platoon
351st, 353nd, 353rd Field Supply Platoons
Pakistan Rangers
Frontier Corps NWFP Aviation Flight
Pakistan Rangers, Sindh
Accident Investigation Board
Army Aviation Cell Artillery Centre
1 Light Company Defence Service Guards
AAv Engineering School
Qasim AAv Base
AAv School, Chakla
Combat Group
503rd Workshop EME
HQ AAv Command
Aviation Directorate
Pakistan Army Aviation Corps


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Sep 4, 2011
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I am restarting this thread and adding some more details. Does anyone know composition of an Artillery Division of PA? Is it 3 Brigades with 2 Regiments each or 2 Brigades with 3 Regiments? Most sources say that there are 6 Regiments, but also found some saying 9.


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Sep 4, 2011
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Third post in the series detailing Pakistani armed forces Order Of Battle.

There are a lot of images and tables which don't get formatted properly, so just some text excerpt here. Corrections and updates are welcome.

Pakistani military has spent considerable amount of efforts and resources on their armoured units over the years. The Armoured Corps has two divisions and 9 independent brigades and a total of around 50 regiments. This post is not complete yet with lot of missing data and I’ll keep on adding information in future.
Pakistani Armoured Divisions:
Both Pakistani armoured divisions have 2 armoured brigades with 2 armoured regiments each. Each such regiment has 42-44 tanks. These are divided in 3 squadrons of 14 tanks each with the rest for command and reserves. Additionally, these divisions have an integral artillery brigade and an air defence brigade. The former usually has 2 (or 3) regiments with 18 self propelled guns each. Regiments with M110 203mm SPH usually have 12 guns. Those with M109 155mm guns have 18. AD Brigade usually has 2 regiments comprising of RBS-70 SAM (mounted on M-113 variant) along with Giraffe radar.
The support elements consist of a Signals Battalion, Assault Engineers Battalion, EME Company(?) and and Ordinance Company(?). All Corps have an Independent Armoured Brigade.


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Sep 4, 2011
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Pakistani Armed Forces ORBAT, Part 2: Anti Tank, Air Defence & Army Aviation units and weapons

Excuse the bad formatting.

This post has been updated with some new data.


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Sep 4, 2011
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Restarting my Pakistani Order of Battle Project to fill up missing details.

For all their talk of strategic depth, Pakistanis have constructed most of their nuclear infrastructure (civilian and military both), less than 150 km from LoC. Any idea about how many spots I'm still missing? #orbat 38/n

Missile TELs being assembled in a complex over last 4-5 years. Location 25 km east of Islamabad. Even if the economy is going down the drain, no expense is ever spared spared for military and nukes. The already huge missile assembly complex is being expanded even now. 37/n



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Sep 4, 2011
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Pakistani Armed Forces ORBAT, Part 7: Air Force

All the Pakistani air fields (104), Air Force, Army Aviation & a few other squadrons and air force badges. Scroll to bottom of post for Google Map.

Pakistan Air Force (PAF) has grappled with various issues over the last 2-3 decades mostly due to lack of funding and sanctions. Yet it has kept a reasonably good inventory of aircraft and munitions through extensive efforts of sourcing second hand air frames, spares and overhauls. Even with sporadic sanctions, American F-16s have been their most capable aircraft for close to four decades now. But they are few in numbers and the bulk of the airframes consist of F-7 (Chinese copy of Soviet Mig-21), Mirage-III, Mirage-V and JF-17. J-10 is the most recent addition and inductions started in 2022.


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Sep 4, 2011
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Pakistani Armed Forces ORBAT, Part 6: Artillery
The artillery regiments are classified as per following. The numbers of regiments mentioned are speculative and subject to change:

  1. Heavy : 203 mm (Self-propelled and towed). 6-8 regiments
  2. Medium: 130 mm, 155 mm (Self-propelled and towed). 38 regiments.
  3. Field: 122 mm, 105 mm (Towed). 76 regiments.
  4. Mountain: 105 mm (Towed). 4 regiments.
  5. MBRL: 122 mm, 300 mm (Self-propelled)
  6. Meteorological and Locating Regiments
There are two artillery divisions 2nd (Gujranwala) and 21st (Pano Aqil), each comprising 3 brigades. Each artillery brigade usually has 3 regiments with each gun regiment having 18 guns. MBRL regiments have 12 launchers. Additionally each Corps has one independent artillery brigade. These are usually armed with MBRLs and sometimes towed guns.

The artillery divisions are assigned to Corps HQs and the HQ can assign whole divisions or its subordinate units to different sectors. There are two known independent artillery brigades. Additionally, some regiments have different composition than others.

  • Field artillery regiments (four^) under FCNA have 12 105 mm guns instead of 18.
  • Artillery regiments with armoured divisions usually have 2 Heavy Regiments of 8 M110 203 mm SPH + 4 M59 155 mm and one regiment of 18 Type-59 130 mm.
  • Certain mechanised armoured divisions (4 in numbers^) each have 1 artillery brigade with 3 regiments each. Each such regiment is a SP Medium with 12 M109 155 mm SPH
  • Artillery brigades with Infantry divisions have 4 field artillery regiments with 18 122 mm towed guns.
  • Independent armoured brigades (5 in numbers^) have one regiment each of 12 M109 155 mm SPH.
  • The 2 armoured divisions have 1 artillery brigade. Each such brigade has 1 Medium regiment of 8 M109 155mm SPH + 4 M110 203mm and 2 Medium regiments with 12 M109 155mm SPH.


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Sep 4, 2011
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Pakistani Armed Forces ORBAT, Part 5: Air Defence

Pakistan’s Air Defence (AD) system is a tri-service and mutually integrated setup with the main focus on defence against India. PAF laid the foundation of an integrated AD network in 1976 or 1977 under “Project Crystal”. Multiple fixed and mobile radar systems were acquired to set the foundation.

Presently, Air Defence Command (ADC) is responsible for air defence of strategic nature.Its Command HQ is located in Chaklala, Rawalpindi and it controls four geographical Sector HQs. Each such sector HQ controls one Sector Operations Centre (SOC) which gets its inputs from a mix of sensors and radars (airborne and ground based). Operational Control Centres (OCC) which work alongside SOC control the actual AD actions like use of SAMs, interceptors and other available assets . Army’s AD command is located at Chaklala and is under direct control of GHQ. Each of the army’s AD brigade has multiple regiments with AAA guns, MANPADs and SAMs.

There are 3 sub-commands, Northern, Southern and Central based in Peshawar, Sargodha and Masroor respectively. There are four Sector Operations Centres:

  • North – Peshawar
  • South – Karachi
  • Centre – Sargodha
  • West – Quetta
Following types of Air Defence formations are in service:

  • Air Defence Regiments:
Following type of AD Regiments exist:

  1. Surface To Air Missile (SAM) Regiments.
  2. Mixed Regiments (AAA and SAM)
  3. Surveillance, Control and Reporting (SCR) Regiments.
There seem to be 70+ AD regiments. These are listed later in this chapter.

Each regiment usually has following characteristics:

  1. 3 batteries with 4-6 SAM launchers or 6 AAA guns. Newer HQ-9 and HQ-16/LY-80 (9 batteries) may have a different structure.
  2. 300-400 troops commanded by a Major and sometimes a Captain..
  3. Radar section in some regiments
  • Air Defence Brigades: Attached to Armoured divisions. 12-14 Brigades
  • Air Defence Divisions: Attached to Corps. 2 Div


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Sep 4, 2011
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Pakistani Armed Forces ORBAT, Part 4: Nuclear Forces

Pakistan nuclear command and control structure is a 3 layered structure with representation from military as well as civilian authority. The three tiers are National Command Authority (NCA), Strategic Force Commands (SFC of Army, Air Force and Navy) and Strategic Plans Division (SPD). This is the highest decision making body in Pakistan and is tasked with formulating and exercising control over use of nuclear and conventional assets of the country.

There have been a few changes in the roles played by the members over the years, mostly due to unstable political environment and constant interference of the army in civilian administration. It is not possible to cover the past events and the likely effects on future workings of the command structure due to such events repeating again without making this section too long. So I’ll stick to the current system as we know it.

Following is the list of NCA members:

  1. Chairman: Prime Minister or head of government when under dictatorship.. (Till 2009, this post was held by the President)
  2. Deputy Chairman: Foreign Affairs Minister
  3. Defence Minister
  4. Finance Minister
  5. Interior Minister
  6. Defence Production Minister of Pakistan
  7. Military Adviser: Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC)
  8. Chiefs of Staff of Army, Navy & Air Force
  9. Secretary: Director General of the Strategic Plans Division (SPD)
  10. Director General of the Inter Services Intelligence (ISI)

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