Lockheed Martin awarded contract to upgrade Pakistan F-16 fighter jets

ezsasa

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Remove one N from LANTIRN, what a difference it makes!!! :)

but on a serious note, I think it’s time to let of this notion that US should not be selling anymore Military equipment to pak. It’s abundantly clear US won’t stop doing it, and India is no position to influence it.

Might as well the discourse be about the capabilities of the equipment, and can IAF counter this equipment.
 

Assassin 2.0

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Might as well the discourse be about the capabilities of the equipment, and can IAF counter this equipment.
If india is not in position to suspended the sales of equipment then what makes you think that we have enough influence on USA to force them to break key strategic agreements with Pakistan?
Tho india can always get disclosure about equipments capability from Israel but still these things gives PAF a edge. If American were really interested in sabotaging our enemies airforce then Pakistani jets American made Gulfstream or transport fleet could have been crippled.


I think all of this is related to understanding between Pakistan and USA. I don't think they will disclose anything to india.
 
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ezsasa

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If india is not in position to suspended the sales of equipment then what makes you think that we have enough influence on USA to force them to break key strategic agreements with Pakistan?
Tho india can always get disclosure about equipments capability from Israel but still these things gives PAF a edge. If American were really interested in sabotaging our enemies airforce then Pakistani jets American made Gulfstream or transport fleet could have been crippled.


I think all of this is related to understanding between Pakistan and USA. I don't think they will disclose anything to india.
One good thing about US is that, they are transparent about almost everything.

And of course IAF knows what to do with these information.
 

WARREN SS

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If india is not in position to suspended the sales of equipment then what makes you think that we have enough influence on USA to force them to break key strategic agreements with Pakistan?
Tho india can always get disclosure about equipments capability from Israel but still these things gives PAF a edge. If American were really interested in sabotaging our enemies airforce then Pakistani jets American made Gulfstream or transport fleet could have been crippled.


I think all of this is related to understanding between Pakistan and USA. I don't think they will disclose anything to india.
What Exactly We did To Make this concession Had We Given US Firms Market in india
or Any Pie in Major strategic Deal Like We do With blood Sucking Russians
We Know What Is on stake our independent Policy but they Way Paki's Aligned themselves With our Real enemy CCP
I think Its Better To be Join USA as Formal ally

Non Alignment sucks and Russians are snakes they back stabbed us during Kashmir UNSC discussion
France Had more guts than Russians

Nevertheless USA is always Made sure that We get Edge If They Did not Pakistan's Would Have gotten F-16 Blk 60 Upgrades Like UAE
We important to them To take on CCP


Keep in mind USA has there interest foremost From Escaping Afghanistan Any country would have done same .We did Same With Sri lankan Govt When we Left them at Mercy of LTTE a Strategic blunder of our Foreign policy

Responsibilities Lies on Our Establishment To engage USA And Make a Mutual expect-able proposal
But Trump fellow is a Shrewd Business man Which should be dealt With caution
 

Assassin 2.0

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Superior Electro-Optical Targeting Capability
Chosen for its superior targeting capability, the Sniper Advanced Targeting Pod (ATP) is the most widely fielded combat-tested targeting pod employed today. Sniper ATP is a proven electro-optical targeting system housed in a single, lightweight pod. It handles the most challenging precision targeting and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) air-to-air and air-to-ground missions in the land, sea, and air domains.

Sniper Customers
Platforms
Pods Delivered
Employed by over 27 international customers and the U.S. Air Force, Sniper ATP is a global leader in precision targeting and intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance. More than 1,450 pods have been delivered worldwide. Sniper ATP is interoperable across multiple platforms, including U.S. Air Force and multinational F-2, F-15, F-16, F-18, A-10, B-1, B-52, Harrier and Typhoon aircraft.
Sniper Pod ATP
Advanced Sensor Features
• Industry leading passive detection, tracking, and ranging for air-to-air and air-to-surface targets
• High-definition sensors
• Laser spot tracker
• Ability to deliver laser energy to accurately support laser-guided weapons against moving targets
• Laser designator with aircrew selectable tactical and eye-safe wavelengths
• Two-way full-motion video datalink with metadata
• Digital data recorder
• Extended range precision geo-coordinate generation
• Global Scope® advanced sensor software suite for ISR, video and metadata playback, advanced scene visualization and point of interest planning
 

Assassin 2.0

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LANTIRN is a system consisting of two pods which allow aircrew to fly their aircraft by day or night and in adverse meteorological conditions. It provides Terrain-Following Radar (TFR), Forward-Looking Infra-Red (FLIR), targeting information for the aircraft's on-board fire control system and target laser illumination. LANTIRN is currently deployed on F-16C/D, F-15E/I/S and F-14 platforms. Over 1,400 pods are currently in service with 10 countries.



History
The research and development program, initially conceived as a capabilities upgrade program for the F-16, began in September 1980 with Martin Marietta (now Lockheed Martin) as contractor. Two years later, in 1983, the program was already suspended and reshaped to reduce the technical risks involved with the development of the advanced technology, most notably the Automatic Target Recognizer (ATR) sub-system. The ATR was meant to automatically discriminate between various battlefield targets such as MBT's, SAM's and APC's. Eventually it was decided not to incorporate this functionality from the start of the program on, but instead to add it under a later retrofit program. Ultimately, the ATR never made it into LANTIRN.

A USAF F-16C lines up on a tanker during an Allied Force combat mission. Note the ECM and Lantirn pods. (Photo by Greg L. Davis)
Flight trials with the LANTIRN wide-angle HUD began in the summer of 1982. By that time congressional support for the program had all but vanished and the House Armed Services Committee warned that it had seriously considered recommending denial of all 1983 authorization of funding'. Flight testing, using dummy pods (equal to the real pods as far as weight, shape and mass distribution are concerned) started in September 1982. The pods were instrumented so that accurate measurement of vibration and flutter could be performed.

One year after tests with the HUD started, in the summer of 1983, flight tests with fully functional pods started with two F-16B and two A-10A aircraft. By the winter of 1984, LANTIRN had completed operational tests in adverse weather conditions during combined Development, Test and Evaluation (DT&E) and Initial Operational Test & Evaluation (IOT&E) deployments in Europe.

Congressional support declined further when Congress stipulated that, before a production decision could be taken (expected in 1985), LANTIRN had to be tested in competition with the FliR-pod Ford Aerospace had developed for the F/A-18. The USAF was prohibited to order LANTIRN into production before the testing was done with. By that time, LANTIRN had become a key component of other programs such as the F-15E dual-role fighter program, and as such was no longer regarded as a sub-system of the F-16 but as a program in its own. This in turn led to huge cost overruns, since development costs of LANTIRN could no longer be billed on the F-16 program. In real terms, cost overruns amounted only to some 10%. Ultimately, LANTIRN was chosen for the F-16C/D and F-15E and has recently been fitted to US Navy F-14 aircraft as well.

The Air Force could finally approve low-rate initial production of the navigation pod in March 1985 and full-rate production in November 1986. The first production pod was delivered to the Air Force March 31, 1987. The initial contract was for 561 navigation and 506 targeting pods and it had a $2.9 value. The complete LANTIRN system adds about $4 million to the cost of the aircraft which is a real bargain for turning day into night.

In April 1986, IOT&E of the LANTIRN targeting pod proved that a low-altitude, night, under-the-weather, precision attack mission was feasible. The Air Force approved low-rate initial production in June 1986. Introduction of the LANTIRN revolutionized night warfare by denying enemy forces the sanctuary of darkness.

Construction
The LANTIRN system comprises two pods; one AN/AAQ Navigation Pod ("To Fly"), and one AN/AAQ-14 Targeting Pod ("To Fight"). The pods were conceived in a way that allows them to operate autonomously, so either pod can be used without the other should the need arise. The pods communicate with aircraft systems through a standard 1553B data-bus.

AN/AAQ-13 Navigation Pod

Environmental Control Unit
Terrain-Following Radar
Antenna
Forward-Looking Infra-Red
Power Supply

The main sub-systems of the navigation pod are a Texas Instruments Ku-band terrain-following radar (AN/APN-237A), a wide field-of-view (WFOV) forward-looking infra-red sensor, and the necessary computers and power supplies.
The TFR uses advanced signal processing to provide a wide azimuth coverage, which in turn allows more violent maneuvering of the carrier aircraft. This is because the system can provide directional inputs to the pilot or the flight control computer, whereas older systems only provided pitch-up commands.

The TFR significantly enhances the aircraft's chances to survive on the modern battlefield, since it not only allows the pilot to automatically avoid the terrain but also enables to evade air defense systems by maneuvering in the horizontal plane. The radar can be linked directly to the F-16's autopilot to automatically maintain a preset altitude down to 100 feet while flying over virtually any kind of terrain. I has five modes five modes: Normal, Weather, ECCM, Low Probability of Intercept (LPI), and Very Low Clearance (VLC).

The FliR has a 28 degrees field-of-view in azimuth and 21 degrees in elevation. The resulting images are superimposed on the outside scenery by projecting them on the HUD. The image is grainy, but the sense of depth is good enough to fly by in total darkness or the smoke of a battlefield. Rain, fog, or smoke however, degrade the performance of the system, since infra-red energy is greatly absorbed by aerosols or water vapor. For an expanded perspective beyond normal HUD viewing limits, the pilot can HOTAS-select snaplooks left or right 11 degrees from the center. Another switch allows the pilot to select either a negative "white hot" or a positive "black hot" image, both green and white rather than black and white. Each pilot has his preference.

AN/AAQ-14 Targeting Pod

Environmental Control Unit
Power Supply
Control Computer
Forward-Looking Infra-Red
Laser
Missile Boresight Correlator


Close-up of the AN/AAQ-14 Targeting pod on the 5R station of an Aviano (31st FW) F-16CG on the ramp at Florennes during TLP 97-3. The large orange window is the FliR, the smaller yellow one the laser. (F-16.net pPhoto)
Main sub-systems of the targeting pod are another FliR and a laser designator/rangefinder. Both are housed in the movable nose section of the AN/AAQ-14, and are stabilized by a stabilization system which compensates for aircraft movement and vibration. The FliR that is installed in a two-axis turret operates in two modes: a wide field-of-view (6x6 degrees) for target acquisition or a narrow one (1.7x1.7 degrees) for zooming in. When LANTIRN is not in operation, the turret is turned inwards so that the sensors are not exposed to the elements.
The FliR can be aimed independently for zooming in on the selected target. Data from the FliR is fed into one of the multi-function head-down displays in the cockpit and is used to identify terrain features and/or targets at long range.

The pod also houses Environmental Control Systems and a boresight correlator ("look where I look") hands-off system which passes targeting data to the aircraft's Fire Control Computer (FCC) and the weapon systems.

The laser designator can "illuminate" targets for laser-guided bombs. It can also be used to automatically track moving targets on the ground as well as to designate them for AGM-65 Maverick missiles. It is even possible to designate targets for multiple Maverick shots in a single pass. Another use for the laser is to determine the exact distance of a landmark in order to update the aircraft's inertial navigation system. This can be critical to deliver both guided and unguided ordnance without visual references.

HUD and Cockpit Displays

The GEC-Marconi holographic Head-Up Display (HUD) was the answer to the USAF's request for a HUD capable of displaying the WVOW FliR-imagery of the LANTIRN Pod. The design of the new HUD was particularly challenging; conventional optics do not allow implementation of such a large combiner glass. New holographic technologies (diffraction gratings; simply put, they reflect light of a particular wavelength or color with high efficiency while transmitting all other wavelengths with little absorption) were applied, in the mean time ensuring that the HUD installation would not interfere with the ejection line (i.e. allow enough space for the legs and feet of the pilot during ejection). Designers want to place the HUD as close to the ejection line as possible to maximize the FOV.
In the case of the F-16, the combiner glass of the HUD also serves as windshield during ejection, since the one-piece canopy is jettisoned completely thus exposing the pilot to the slipstream. The HUD combiner glass needs to be strong enough to withstand these forces. As a tribute to the GEC-Marconi engineers who designed the HUD, completely functional examples have been retrieved from crashed F-16s.

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IndianHawk

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I guess the US Lockheed Martin know now that they won't sell their F16, oops sorry F21, to #India, so no reason not to do business with its ennemy... #mmrca #Rafale
They would sell and donate equipment to Pakistan even if we bought 126 f16s.

Pakistan will remain important to USA because of both Afghanistan and china. And it has a market of 220 million people and growing. No matter how poor they still count as potential growth market .
 

WolfPack86

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Pakistan Air Force To Upgrade F-16 Fighter Jets Fleet With IRST, LANTIRN & Sniper Pods

The United States Department of Defense (DOD) has approved an indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract for Pakistani F-16s. The contract has been awarded to Lockheed Martin. The contract involves Foreign Military Sales (FMS) for Sniper, Infrared Search and Track (IRST), and Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting Infrared for Night (LANTIRN) navigation pod (fixed wing) hardware production. The US DOD confirmed the development on its website on Monday. This contract provides the necessary resources required for the management, fabrication, upgrade/retrofit, integration support and testing and shipping of its non-developmental item (NDI) Sniper Advanced Targeting Pods (ATP) System, NDI LANTIRN Fixed Image Navigation Set upgrades, and the NDI IRST system as it relates to the requirements document associated with each specific delivery order placed under this contract. The contract, from Air Force Life Cycle Management Center, is valued at more than $485 and covers Sniper, Infrared Search and Track (IRST); and Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting Infrared for Night (LANTIRN) navigation pod (fixed wing) hardware production. The work on the production will be performed in Orlando, Florida and it will be completed by May 2025. The contract is for Department of Defense and Foreign Military Sales (FMS) include Bahrain, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Egypt, Greece, Indonesia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Republic of Korea, Kuwait, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Poland, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Taiwan, Thailand and Turkey. It is a proven provider of IRST technology for more than 30 years, Lockheed Martin has left its mark. To date, the team has delivered more than 350 systems worldwide and consistently advanced its IRST capabilities across a variety of platforms.
 

HariPrasad-1

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Or more precisely to say, Pakistan has been enlisted within FMS program, alongside dozen other customers, for possible sales of numerous air combat support systems.

A bad news for India. This is India's diplomatic failure.US has willingly done this to convey India a message. Since the arrival of Trump, US is taking many hostile steps in cover of friendship. We need to take counter measure.
 

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