Indian Lunar Space Probes and Exploration

Discussion in 'Defence & Strategic Issues' started by Indx TechStyle, Oct 6, 2016.

  1. Cutting Edge 2

    Cutting Edge 2 Space Power

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    Chandrayaan 2 rover test
    images


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    Chandrayaan 2 images

    Rover coming out from lander
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    All three

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  2. Cutting Edge 2

    Cutting Edge 2 Space Power

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    Chnadryaan 2 Mission Animation


     
  3. Mikesingh

    Mikesingh Senior Member Senior Member

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    The Rover of Team Indus looks much slicker than Chandrayaan 2, It is unfortunate that ISRO could not send it to the Moon last year due to unforeseen circumstances losing out on the $20 million prize.

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  4. Bhumihar

    Bhumihar Jako Rakhe Saiyan Mar Sake Na Koi Senior Member

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    Good to see our own private enterprises taking part in our space ambition.
    Cant wait for the day when have several of our own space x like comapnies.
     
  5. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Chandrayaan-2 nearly ready for July launch[​IMG]

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  6. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    There are a couple of such companies already emerging. Bellatrix Aerospace, Agnikul etc. for launch vehicle technology.

    A number of companies are already into satellite manufacturing. A very strong ecosystem for space economy will be there in one or two decades. We will have a ULA like launch company soon.

    Team Indus is however is just a for profit organization playing with relatively primitive tech to somehow earn revenue (in form of prize), something not to be taken seriously.
     
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  7. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    ISRO releases first pictures of Chandrayaan-2 at Bengaluru Satellite Integration and Testing facility
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  8. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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  9. IndianHawk

    IndianHawk Senior Member Senior Member

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    Don't fall for looks. I'm pretty sure ISRO rover will be more advanced , more useful and more practical after all ISRO knows much more about loonar surface than any private entity.

    Sent from my C103 using Tapatalk
     
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  10. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Jun 18, 2019
    Second Lunar Science Meet at ISRO HQ
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  11. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    So, as Selene-2 cancelled, Chandrayaan-2 departing next month and Chandrayaan-3 officially announced, I guess Chandrayaan-3 would be a joint Indo Japanese robotic mission to moon. However, whether Japan will go ahead with India or not will depend upon success of Chandrayaan-2.

    Just my theory.
     
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  12. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Ah! Probably this!!
    India, Japan look at joint moon mission, will bring samples to earth
     
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  13. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Please enter a message with at least 30 characters.
     
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  14. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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  15. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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  16. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Inching towards the edge of discovery
    Are you ready for the unknown?
    Chandrayaan 2 is an Indian lunar mission that will boldly go where no country has ever gone before — the Moon’s south polar region. Through this effort, the aim is to improve our understanding of the Moon — discoveries that will benefit India and humanity as a whole. These insights and experiences aim at a paradigm shift in how lunar expeditions are approached for years to come — propelling further voyages into the farthest frontiers.

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    Why are we going to the Moon?
    The Moon is the closest cosmic body at which space discovery can be attempted and documented. It is also a promising test bed to demonstrate technologies required for deep-space missions. Chandrayaan 2 attempts to foster a new age of discovery, increase our understanding of space, stimulate the advancement of technology, promote global alliances, and inspire a future generation of explorers and scientists.

    What are the scientific objectives of Chandrayaan 2? Why explore the lunar South Pole?
    The Moon provides us the best linkage to Earth’s early history and an undisturbed record of the nascent Solar System environment. While a few mature models do exist, the Moon's origin still needs further explanations. Extensive mapping of the lunar surface will aid us in studying variations in its composition — an essential piece of information in tracing the Moon's origin and evolution. Evidence of water molecules — discovered by Chandrayaan 1 — and the extent of its distribution on the lunar surface and sub-surface also require further studies.

    The lunar South Pole is especially interesting because a larger section of its surface stays in the shadow than the North Pole. There is a possibility of the presence of water in permanently shadowed areas around it. In addition, the south polar region has craters that are cold traps, containing a fossilised record of the early Solar System.

    Chandrayaan 2 will use the Vikram lander and Pragyan rover to attempt a soft landing in a high plain between two craters — Manzinus C and Simpelius N — at a latitude of about 70° south.
     
  17. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    [​IMG]
    1st space mission to conduct a soft landing on the Moon's south polar region

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    1st Indian expedition to attempt a soft landing on the lunar surface with home-grown technology

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    1st Indian mission to explore the lunar terrain with home-grown technology

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    4th country ever to soft land on the lunar surface
     
  18. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Launcher and the Spacecraft
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    Launcher
    The GSLV Mk-III is India’s most powerful launcher to date, and has been completely designed and fabricated from within the country.
    Click here >

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    Orbiter
    The Orbiter will observe the lunar surface and relay communication between Earth and Chandrayaan 2's Lander — Vikram.
    Click here >

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    Vikram Lander
    The lander is designed to execute India's first soft landing on the lunar surface.
    Click here >

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    Pragyan Rover
    The rover is a 6-wheeled, AI-powered vehicle named Pragyan, which translates to ‘wisdom’ in Sanskrit.
    Click here >
     
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  19. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Spacecraft
    Chandrayaan 2 will be aided in achieving its mission by some of India's most advanced engineering marvels. Its integrated module, which comprises technology and software developed across the country, includes ISRO's most powerful launch vehicle to date and a wholly indigenous rover. Some of the advancements on the spacecraft include:

    Lander capable of 'Soft Landing' on the lunar surface

    Algorithm wholly developed by India's scientific community

    Rover capable of conducting in-situ payload experiments

    Orbiter
    Weight

    2,379 kg

    Electric Generation Capability

    1,000 W

    At the time of launch, the Chandrayaan 2 Orbiter will be capable of communicating with Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) at Byalalu as well as the VikramLander. The mission life of the Orbiter is one year and it will be placed in a 100X100 km lunar polar orbit.

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    Lander — Vikram
    Weight

    1,471 kg

    Electric Generation Capability

    650 W

    The Lander of Chandrayaan 2 is named Vikram after Dr Vikram A Sarabhai, the Father of the Indian Space Programme. It is designed to function for one lunar day, which is equivalent to about 14 Earth days. Vikram has the capability to communicate with IDSN at Byalalu near Bangalore, as well as with the Orbiter and Rover. The Lander is designed to execute a soft landing on the lunar surface.

    Rover — Pragyan
    Weight

    27 kg

    Electric Generation Capability

    50 W

    Chandrayaan 2's Rover is a 6-wheeled robotic vehicle named Pragyan, which translates to 'wisdom' in Sanskrit. It can travel up to 500 m (½-a-km) and leverages solar energy for its functioning. It can only communicate with the Lander.

    [​IMG]
     
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  20. Indx TechStyle

    Indx TechStyle War Mongerer Veteran Member Senior Member

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    Key payloads
    • Chandrayaan 2 Large Area Soft X-ray Spectrometer
    • Elemental composition of the Moon
    • Imaging IR Spectrometer
    • Mineralogy mapping and water-ice confirmation
    • Synthetic Aperture Radar L & S Band
    • Polar-region mapping and sub-surface water-ice confirmation
    • Orbiter High Resolution Camera
    • High-res topography mapping
    • Chandra’s Surface Thermo-physical Experiment
    • Thermal conductivity and temperature gradient
    • Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer and Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope
    • In-situ elemental analysis and abundance in the vicinity of landing site
     
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