Brazil expanding naval power with nuclear subs, new aircraft carriers and more

Discussion in 'Naval Warfare' started by A.V., Jan 4, 2010.

  1. A.V.

    A.V. New Member

    Feb 16, 2009
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    Moscow, russia
    original article translated from

    The National Defense Strategy (END), formulated in 2008, was organized around three main structuring.

    The first concerns the organization and orientation of the military to better fulfill their constitutional and their duties in peace and war.

    The second refers to the reorganization of the domestic defense equipment to ensure that the care needs of the military equipment to support technology in the national domain.

    The third deals with the composition of the troops of the Armed Forces and the future of the Draft.

    Regarding the first measure, was given to the armed forces drawing up their plans for Articulation and equipment, which should include a proposal for a spatial distribution of military installations and quantifying the resources needed to care effectively Chance of Employment. Furthermore, should review, from a policy of optimizing the use of human resources, the composition of the troops in order to scale them to adequately meet the requirements of NDT.

    As a result, the Command of the Navy has established a "Joint Plan and Equipment of the Navy of Brazil (PEAMB), establishing projects and goals for the modernization, expansion and relocation of its Military Organizations (OM), and increasing training and their effective, depending on their mission.


    In preparing PEAMB, aimed to get all the actions to be implemented to provide the MB military organizations, naval, naval air and marines, systems, weapons, ammunition and effective staff required to meet the guidelines established in the END.

    Whereas the task of "denying the use of the sea to the enemy" should guide, predominantly in the strategy for maritime defense of the country, the Navy will continue the construction of conventional submarines and the development project of nuclear-powered submarine, and build a base and a Shipyard in Itaguaí (RJ), in order to build and support for its submarines.

    Furthermore, based on the premise that force should be organized under the auspices of the trinomial monitoring / control, mobility and presence, the Navy will expand the Management System of the Amazon Blue (SisGAAz), including aircraft, fixed speed cameras and unmanned aerial unmanned (UAV), and modernize its military communications capabilities. To ensure greater action in the vicinity of the mouth of the Amazon River Basin in the Amazon and Paraguay-Paraná and greater control of the coastal strip between Santos (SP) and Vitoria (ES), will deploy a 2nd Squadron and the 2nd Amphibious Division in the Region N / NE of the country, expand or create new OM Operating System, Maritime Traffic Safety (SSTA) and logistical support, which will be strategically distributed throughout the country, and renew its fleet by obtaining naval, naval air and Marine resources.

    In pursuing these steps, you are also ensuring increased its capacity to render force of peacekeepers, to carry out humanitarian actions and rescue non-combatants abroad, of carrying out search and rescue (SAR) and to contribute to ensuring law and order.

    Given the need to review, from a policy of optimizing the use of human resources, the actual composition of the three forces, so scaling them to adequately meet the requirements of END, the MB will enhance their ability to raise , training of human resources through the expansion, modernization and construction of new schools and Education Centers.

    In addition, improve the care of the Naval Family, providing a high level of job satisfaction of its people, through the construction of National Equity Residential (PNR) and the expansion, modernization and construction of hospitals and centers of Integrated Care System.

    The establishment of the set of actions and their physical and financial targets was not conditioned on questions of budget and training of the industrial park - home and abroad. In studies on the design, we tried to meet the strategic needs of the Navy, to make it able to protect the interests of the country

    Highlights mention that is not included in the Plan project to equip the strength of the space itself, given that the need for satellite coverage, both for monitoring / control and communications must be integrated and formulated by the Ministry of Defense, because it involves the three Armed Forces.

    It was thought in a Navy believable, making it clear to potential opponents of our ability to overcome the opposing forces.


    The PEAMB is divided into two volumes, as specified below:
    Volume I - Equipment and Articulation
    Understands the PEAMB itself, divided into three distinct parts. Parts I and II show, in summary form, all Individualized Projects (IP) necessary for the adequacy of MB to the END. Part III deals with the necessary changes in the composition of the troops of the MB, to cope with the demand of personnel due to the implementation of the plan contained in the two previous parts:
    Part I - Equipment;
    Part II - Relationship, and
    Part III - Human Resources.

    In order to facilitate understanding, Projects, Part I - Equipment - are grouped into five broad and organized into chapters, a total of 72 Individualized Projects:
    Chapter 1 - Media Corps;
    Chapter 2 - aviation resources;
    Chapter 3 - Means of Marines;
    Chapter 4 - Ammunition, and
    Chapter 5 - Dry System for Maritime Traffic Safety (SSTA) and Support Vessels.

    Similarly, Part II - Relationship - is organized into the following chapters, a total of 138 Individualized Projects:
    Chapter 1 - Naval Complex Precinct 2 / 2 Amphibious Division;
    Chapter 2 - Marine Corps Forces, Forces District Directors and Support;
    Chapter 3 - Logistics Support;
    Chapter 4 - Management System of the Amazon Blue (SisGAAz) Military and Communications;
    Chapter 5 - Organs of the Education System Naval Support of Health and Welfare and National Equity Residential (PNR), and
    Chapter 6 - System Security Maritime Traffic.

    In turn, in Part III - Human Resources - the personal matter is subdivided into chapters which are presented the actions to be implemented to meet the needs imposed by the Joint Equipment and detailed in Parts I and II, respectively:
    Chapter 1 - Military Personnel;
    Chapter 2 - Civilian Personnel;
    Chapter 3 - Training, and
    Chapter 4 - Costing.
    Chapter 1 includes measures related to the military, which detailed the actions of adequacy of manpower, procurement, training and selection.
    Chapter 2 identifies the measures relating to civil servants, and also described the actions of the adequacy and effective production.
    Chapter 3 describes the actions to be developed for training of staff and by the academia, focused on the domain knowledge of areas of defense.
    Chapter 4 details the reflections in the budget plan.

    Annexes to Volume I are the "Statement of Costs" with the summary of the resources needed for each IP (Annex A), intended to "Breakdown of naval, aircraft and Marines" for the various agencies operating in Navy (Annex B) and the "Priorities for Individualized Service Projects" (Annex C).

    Volume II - Detailed
    This volume presents the details of the internal actions of each of the projects listed in the Individualized Parts I and II of Volume I. Is divided into two parts, whose chapters keep homonomia with the corresponding Volume I.

    Part I - Equipment, for each type of entity to be acquired or upgraded are detailed in the concept of employment and the strategic rationale of the medium, quantitative history and current status of inventory, a summary of low planning, modernization and procurement, budget data and schedule of physical targets.

    Part II - Relationship to each OM to be established, modernized or expanded are detailed the purpose, location, who commanded the subject, concept of employment, reasons for the design and all the internal actions related to their achievement, with their physical and financial schedule.


    The deadline for implementation of PEAMB is 2030, divided into short-term actions (2010-2014), medium term (2015-2022) and long-term (2023-2030).
    Given the complexity and magnitude of the project, to obtain some means to the achievement of the Strategic Quantity Required only be completed after 2030.

    Likewise, a military career lasts for thirty years. Obtaining all the required effective PEAMB in timeline of twenty years, would create an undesirable distortion in the flow of career. Thus, it is necessary to consider the long-term actions have a duration exceeding the year during 2030.


    Notwithstanding the strategic considerations related to national security, worth, too, the imprint of economic and social. Achieving PEAMB unique way to boost the domestic industry. Shipbuilding is considered a basic industry and its increase implies the growth of other segments, with intense reflection in the supply chain of many other fields of economic activity, such as electronics, metallurgy, heavy machinery, marine propulsion engines, weapons and information technology, among others, such is the diversity of equipment on board the warships. The high technology used in the construction and maintenance of ships and the need for self-sufficiency to keep the military operating make the country look for its technological independence in several areas.

    On the social side, it is estimated to create 30,000 new direct jobs and 100,000 indirect jobs, in addition to opportunities created due to the increase of the actual suit brought by about 70,000 new positions of civilian and military. Such increase will mean the annual generation of significant direct job opportunities, promoting inclusion and improving the training of thousands of citizens coming from different social classes, contributing substantially to the advancement of the country

    All this represents also an increase in tax revenue of R $ 7.5 billion per year.


    Currently, the PEAMB is under consideration by the Ministry of Defense, to form, together with the plans of the other services, the Plan Coordination and equipment of the Armed Forces.

    South America is going through a time of transition. As it grows its importance in the world, mainly due to their large reserves of oil and gas, its immense biodiversity, both on the continent, and in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and, above all, plenty of drinking water has caused the interest the "United Central" to turn to our region.

    Today, you can see a movement of "United Central" to create spheres of influence in the region. Russia, in recent years went to Venezuela and try to expand its area of influence also to Ecuador, Bolivia and Paraguay. The United States maintains strong ties with Colombia and Chile, and try getting closer with Peru. For some time, China attempts a rapprochement with Argentina and Uruguay.

    Brazil, which has its own vision for the future of the continent, with greater independence for the country, has sought not to enter into any of these areas of influence. Thus, we sought a strategic partnership that would allow the nation to counter this new geopolitics. As a result of this view, the agreement was signed with the French Government.

    To maintain their autonomy and representation not only in the South American region, as also the rest of the world, the Brazilian government understood the need to maintain armed forces equipped and trained, with sufficient amount of resources to enforce their interests.

    In this context, the Ministry of Defense asked the Armed Forces, the development of their plans and Networking Equipment (PEA). Each plan should include the needs of media for the coming years and the actions of articulation with the defense industry.

    The SAP Navy of Brazil, known as PEAMB, presents the need for resources for the next 30 years. Budgeted at about $ 250 billion, is quite ambitious, it presented the MB your needs to face this new context.

    The PEAMB, envisages the need for 2 aircraft carriers with about 40,000 tons; LHD 4 with about 20,000 tonnes, 30 escort ships, 15 S-BR, 5 BR-SN, in addition to 62 patrol vessels.

    These figures ambitious aim to end the dangerous power vacuum existing in the South Atlantic The MB is aware of the need to fill the strategic vacuum ostensibly in our theater, because if you do not, surely someone will.
  3. mattster

    mattster Respected Member Senior Member

    May 30, 2009
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    Everybody keeps talking about Asian countries - the rise of China and India, etc.

    But Brazil is a country whose economy is developing fast and they are also making an impact in high tech like aviation with Embraer and they have all the major ingredients to be a top 5 economy and military power in the world.

    Their economy is rapidly expanding and they are moving millions out of poverty.
    The have a population that is young and expanding. The have all the land they need for food production, etc. and they recently discovered vast quantities of offshore gas & oil.
  4. Armand2REP

    Armand2REP CHINI EXPERT Veteran Member

    Dec 17, 2009
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    New information on the "S-BR, the new conventional submarine Brazil

    By Editor in chief.
    Posted May 9, 2010, last updated May 9, 2010.

    ALIDE learned Tuesday, during the presentation ceremony of the new frigate FREMM Lorient, which Scorpene exactly the submarine that DCNS will build in coming years and Brazil.

    The type of submarine proposed that meets the needs expressed by Brazil, is actually an extended version of the Scorpene and modernized.

    To increase the range of the submarine, it will measure nearly 70 feet long, between 4 and 5 m higher than the Scorpene sold in Chile and Malaysia. The hull section added will increase the capacity of 20 tons of fuel tanks of Scorpene Brazil. And to reach that its autonomy 60 days required by the Brazilian Navy, a cold room and storage rooms of dry food will be installed in this part. Another change resulting from the extension of the submarine, is that the number of berths from 31 to 35, thus increasing the size of the crew or the number of special forces carried by the submarine.

    The fighting system of Brazilian submarine, like the Indian submarine, will be relatively more modern than the one installed on the Chilean and Malaysian Scorpene.

    For the engine, there will be a significant change: instead of using only two large diesel engines, like other Scorpene submarines, the Navy has asked Brazilian DCNS it installs in the place of power less than 4 engines . The source said the request would result from the satisfactory experience with the Brazilian U-209 German, using four diesel engines.

    The S-BR has two periscopes, one of which traditional (optical), penetrating the hull. The other will be equipped with a digital video camera that can transmit the image to one or more screens in the submarine without having to drill another hole in the hull. The S-BR 6 consoles have multi-functions that can replace each other, without limitations, if one fails.

    The entire front of the first S-BR, since the bow to the stern of the central station (station command and control), will be built in France, with direct participation of Brazilian engineers assigned to this project. Then, all the submarines will be fully built following the new Shipyard Sepetiba, Brazil.

    In a few days, the first Brazilian to learn the technologies transferred by France, arrive at Cherbourg and Lorient.

    At the end of the month will be the ceremony marking the start of construction of the first submarine, the DCNS shipyard in Cherbourg.
  5. nandu

    nandu Senior Member Senior Member

    Oct 5, 2009
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    First Steel Cut for Brazilian Submarine Programme

    Work on a Malaysian Scorpene-class submarine at a DCNS shipyard.

    DCNS begins work on first or four Brazilian conventional submarines

    09:15 GMT, June 2, 2010 | Last week, the French naval manufacturer DCNS has begun with the work on the first conventional attack submarine for the Brazilian Navy by celebrating the first steel cut at a ceremony at the company’s Cherbourg centre. In an effort to modernise the South American country’s submarine fleet, DCNS had been awarded a major contracts package by the Brazilian Navy back in December 2008 for the design and construction of four conventional-propulsion submarines under a technology transfer agreement, the technical assistance for the design and construction of the non-nuclear part of the first Brazilian nuclear-powered submarine, and the support services for the construction of a naval base and a shipyard in Itaguai (Rio de Janeiro state). The order is DCNS’ biggest contract ever for an international customer and will be performed by a Joint Venture, established in co-operation with the French company’s Brazilian partner Odebrecht.

    Based upon the Scorpene-class submarines and incorporating the specific requirements of the Brazilian Navy, the submarines will represent a new, enlarged class, named SSK. The first boat of this new class is scheduled to enter active service in 2017. All four submarines use conventional or diesel-electric propulsion and will be manned by a crew of between 30 and 45 submariners. For a length overall of 75 meters the design offers a surface displacement of less than 2,000 tons.

    Pierre Quinchon, head of DCNS's Submarine division said on the occasion of the steel-cut ceremony in Cherbourg, where the forward part of the boat will be built: “This programme confirms the Group’s expertise in setting up innovative partnerships based on well-managed technology transfers in favour of international client navies. We are proud to offer Brazil the opportunity to acquire advanced naval technologies. The design and construction of these submarines represent a significant workload for both DCNS and the Brazilian naval shipbuilding industry, beginning with our benchmark partner Odebrecht.”

    With a contract value of $9.3 billion for the entire naval contracts package, reportedly clinched at the President’s level between Nicolas Sarkozy and Ignacio Lula da Silva and largely financed by loans totalling €6.1 billion extended by a pool of French banks, it gives DCNS a significant stand in South America. DCNS will act as prime contractor for the four conventional-propulsion submarines to be built by the Joint Venture. In the further process of the co-operation, DCNS will provide design assistance under the Brazilian Navy’s design authority - for the non-nuclear part of the Navy‘s first nuclear submarine which will equally be built by the Joint Venture. The entire nuclear power plant will be designed and built in Brazil, based upon an $880 million investment programme.

    The first steel cut marks the start of the industrial production phase of the programme. It will be followed by the arrival of some 130 Brazilian engineers and technicians that will participate in the technology transfer programme for the construction of those submarines in Brazil.
  6. sandeepdg

    sandeepdg Senior Member Senior Member

    Sep 5, 2009
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    Seems Brazil is determined to play role of a big power in South America and bring the whole region into its are of influence so that the major powers don't find much of a foothold there !!
  7. Param

    Param Senior Member Senior Member

    Jun 9, 2010
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    So will Brazil go nuclear some day in the future? They cannot become a true and nonaligned military power if they do not have nukes & missiles.As long as they don't have nukes they would still need to be allied with some established nuclear power.
  8. SHASH2K2

    SHASH2K2 New Member

    May 10, 2010
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    Bihar, BanGalore , India
    Brazil have luxury to militarize at their own pace as they donot have any big rival nearby . Sadly In case of India its compltely opposite. We are completely surrounded by forces ready to destroy us at single chance. Also location they are at is not of very critical importance to all major world powers.I don't think they are in hurry to go Nuclear .
  9. Kunal Biswas

    Kunal Biswas Member of the Year 2011 Moderator

    May 26, 2010
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    It is important for Brazil to be recognized as a Major regional power, as they are also one of the major G4 candidate for United Nations Security Council..

  10. Tshering22

    Tshering22 Sikkimese Saber Senior Member

    Aug 20, 2010
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    Gangtok, Sikkim, India
    Yeah you're right. Afterall, they got this huge coastline almost twice bigger than ours. But what are they going to place on their aircraft carriers? Rafale Ms seem to be possible since Rafale is rumoured to win their air force contest.

    But the thing is despite their economy and stuff, they don't have a powerful adversary other than Argentina who is more like us-Pakistan equation, if we ignore the failed state tag.
  11. Patriot

    Patriot Senior Member Senior Member

    Apr 11, 2010
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    Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
    Brazilian Navy plans to build, induct 6 nuke, 20 conventional submarines

    RIO DE JANEIRO (BNS): With an objective to strengthen its naval forces, Brazil is considering an ambitious programme to induct as many as 26 submarines to its Navy’s fleet.

    The new fleet of submarines will include six nuclear-powered and 20 conventional subs. While 15 conventional subs will be newly built, the rest five will the upgraded versions of the existing fleet.

    The Navy plans to built and induct the submarines over the next three decades, the Latin American news agency MercoPress reported.

    “The navy’s three decade procurement plan and its programme to develop submarines estimates the cost of building the first nuclear powered submarine in 2 billion Euros which already have been earmarked,” the news agency said.


    Brazil’s first nuclear-powered submarine, being built with technical assistance from France, comes at a higher price as it also involves technology transfer and other capabilities costs.

    “However the costs of the following subs to be built in Brazil are estimated by the Brazilian Navy in 550 million US dollars,” the news agency said.

    The 20 conventional submarines, to be built in two lots, will include 15 new subs. Four of these new vessels will be modernised versions of the French Scorpene submarines.

    In the second batch, Brazil will upgrade its existing fleet of five submarines. Four of them will be the Tapi class based on German technology and the other one will be the Tikuna class, built by the Brazilian Navy.

    Brazil, in 2008, had inked a deal worth 6.7 billion Euros with France under which it would get four Scorpene conventional submarines and technical assistance to build its own nuclear-powered submarine.

    The Scorpene subs, being built by French shipbuilder DCNS, are scheduled to be delivered to the Navy by 2021.

    Brazil would be deploying its submarine fleet primarily for patrolling its territorial waters where huge oil deposits have been discovered in recent times.

  12. Tshering22

    Tshering22 Sikkimese Saber Senior Member

    Aug 20, 2010
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    Gangtok, Sikkim, India
    But they lack sufficient occasions to get noticed around the world despite all that. They're not exactly in the world's most hostile location to create any significant military impact, you know. I mean think about it; even India and China won't be on the news radar that much if we were a continent apart, didn't have bilateral rivalry, weren't in a region that is armed with unstable fundamentalist countries who have proliferated nuke tech to another dozen or so unstable dictatorships around the world and who themselves have about 2 dozen terror strikes a day that too less than a 100 km away from our most-bordering cities. :emot15:

    In short, India (and China) gets into news all the time because simply we happen to be located in the world's most hostile region right now. The only region where 3 countries armed with nuclear weapons are at each others' throats: 1 a democracy, 2 a virtual expansionist dictatorship and 3 an unstable, terror-stamped and failed state.

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