Indian companies bet on defence sector; pour in billions to manufactur

Discussion in 'Defence & Strategic Issues' started by Srinivas_K, Aug 21, 2014.

  1. Srinivas_K

    Srinivas_K Senior Member Senior Member

    Jun 17, 2009
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    Indian companies bet on defence sector; pour in billions to manufacture guns, ships & tanks
    NEW DELHI: Some of India's biggest companies are pouring billions of dollars into manufacturing guns, ships and tanks for the country's military, buoyed by the new government's commitment to upgrade its armed forces using domestic factories.

    India, the world's largest arms importer, will spend $250 billion in the next decade on kit, analysts estimate, to upgrade its Soviet-era military and narrow the gap with China, which spends $120 billion a year on defence.

    Under the last government, procurement delays and a spate of operational accidents - especially dogging the navy - raised uncomfortable questions over whether India's armed forces are capable of defending its sea lanes and borders.

    Even before his landslide election victory in May, Prime Minister Narendra Modi promised to assert country's military prowess and meet the security challenge posed by a rising China and long-running tensions with Pakistan.

    Within weeks of becoming prime minister, he boosted defence spending by 12 per cent to around $37 billion for the current fiscal year and approved plans to allow more foreign investment into local industry to jump-start production.

    Launching a new, India-built naval destroyer last week, Modi said: "My government has taken important steps in improving indigenous defence technology ... We can guarantee peace if our military is modernised."

    This build-up comes as Southeast Asian nations expand their own defence industries, spurred by tensions with China. India, reliant on a state defence industry that often delivers late and over budget, risks being caught flat-footed.

    "The opportunity is huge," said MV Kotwal, president (Heavy Engineering) at Larsen and Toubro Ltd, one of the country's biggest industrial houses.

    "We really expect quicker implementation. There are signs that this government is very keen to grow indigenisation," added Kotwal, referring to increasing domestic production.

    Tata Sons, a $100 billion conglomerate, said last month it will invest $35 billion in the next three years to expand into new areas with a focus on a handful of sectors including defence.

    Larsen is putting $400 million into a yard to build ships for the navy, while Mumbai-based Mahindra Group is expanding a facility that makes parts for planes, including for the air force, and investing in armoured vehicle and radar production.

    The companies are being lured by the prospect of lucrative returns on their investments as the Modi government has pledged to make "buy Indian" the default option for future orders.

    Larsen is targeting a fourfold increase in annual defence revenue to $1 billion within the next five years.

    Critics of indigenisation argue that producing gear - especially in the lumbering state sector - is more costly than buying from abroad. Such deals can add layers of bureaucracy, increasing risks of corrupt dealings.

    Indian industry is renowned for its ability to adapt, yet questions remain whether the private sector can come up with the solutions needed to bring armed forces into the 21st century without sufficient access to world-class foreign technology.

    Indian companies bet on defence sector; pour in billions to manufacture guns, ships & tanks - The Economic Times

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