What Russians built in Afghanistan until 1989

Discussion in 'Europe and Russia' started by JBH22, Feb 2, 2011.

  1. JBH22

    JBH22 Senior Member Senior Member

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    1. GES Puli Khumri-II capacity of 9 MW for district. Kungduz 1962

    2. TPP with nitrogen fertilizer plant capacity of 48 MW (4x12) 1 part - 1972 II place - 1974 (36 MW) Expansion - 1982 (up to 48 MW)

    3. The dam and power plant "uppity" on the River. Kabul capacity of 100 MW expansion in 1966 - 1974

    4. Transmission lines with substations from hydroelectric Puli Khumri-II to the town of Baghlan and Kunduz (110 km) 1967

    5. Transmission line from the substation 35 / 6 kW of thermal power plants in the nitrogen fertilizer plant to the city of Mazar-i-Sharif (17,6 km) 1972

    6-8. Power substation in the north-western part of Kabul and power lines - 110 kV power substation from "Eastern" (25 km) 1974

    9-16. Eight oil storage tanks with total capacity of 8300 cu. m 1952 - 1958 years.

    17. The pipeline from the place of gas to nitrogen fertilizer plant in Mazar-i-Sharif 88 km in length and carrying capacity 0,5 billion cubic meters. meters of gas per year 1968 1968 ?.

    18 - 19. The pipeline from gazopromysla to the Soviet border length of 98 km, 820 mm in diameter, up to 4 billion cubic meters. meters of gas per year, including air passage through the river Amu Darya 660 m long in 1967, aerial crossing pipeline-1974.

    20. Looping on the main gas pipeline 53 km in length in 1980

    21. Transmission line - 220 kV from the Soviet border in the vicinity of Shirhan to the town of Kunduz (first stage) 1986

    22. Increased oil depot in the port of Hairaton 5 thousand cubic meters. M 1981

    23. Tank farm in the town of Mazar-i-Sharif with a capacity of 12 thousand cubic meters. m 1982

    24. Petrol station in Logar capacity of 27 thousand cubic meters. m 1983

    25. Tank farm in the town of Puli - Khumri capacity of 6 thousand cubic meters. m

    26-28. Three motor companies in the city of Kabul on 300 trucks "Kamaz" each 1985

    29. Automotive service facility fuel trucks in Kabul

    30. Service station car "Kamaz" in Hairatan 1984

    31. Decoration gazopromysla in the vicinity of Shiberghan power of 2,6 billion cubic meters. meters of gas per year in 1968

    32. Decoration gazopromysla on the field "Dzharkuduk" with its complex structures for desulfurization and the preparation of gas for transportation in the amount of up to 1,5 billion cubic meters. meters of gas per year in 1980

    33. Booster compressor station at gazopromysle "Hodge-Gugerdag, 1981

    34-36. Nitrogen fertilizer plant in Mazar-i-Sharif capacity of 105 thousand tons of urea per year with a residential village and building a base in 1974

    37. Auto Repair Plant in the city of Kabul, the capital repair capacity of 1,373 vehicles and 750 tons of metal per year in 1960

    38. Airport Bagram "with a runway of 3000 m in 1961

    39. The international airport in Kabul with the runway 2800h47 m 1962

    40. Aerodrome "Shindand" with a runway of 2800 m in 1977

    41. A line of multi-channel communication from the city of Mazar-i-Sharif to Hayraton 1982

    42. Fixed satellite communication station Intersputnik type "Lotus"

    43. House-building factory in Kabul capacity of 35 thousand square meters of living space in the year 1965

    44. Increased house-building plant in Kabul to 37 thousand square meters. m of living space in the year 1982

    45. Asphalt-concrete plant in the city of Kabul, paving of streets and delivery of road vehicles (delivery of equipment and technical assistance made through IMT) 1955

    46. River port Shirhan designed to process 155 tonnes of cargo per year, including 20 thousand tons of oil products in 1959 increased in 1961

    47. Highway bridge over the River. Khanabad near the village of Alchin length of 120 m in 1959

    48. Roads "Salang" through the Hindu Kush mountain range (107,3 km tunnel 2,7 km at an altitude of 3300 m), 1964

    49. Reconstruction of technical systems the tunnel Salang, 1986

    50. Roads Kushka - Herat - Kandahar (679 km) from the cement-concrete pavement in 1965

    51. Roads Doshi - Shirhan (216 km) with black finish in 1966

    52-54. Three road bridge across the river Kandaha province. Kunar in areas Bisuda, cameo, Asmar long, respectively 360 m, 230 m and 35 m in 1964

    55. Roads Kabul - Jabel - US-Seraj (68,2 km) 1965

    56-57. Two road bridge over the river and the Salang Gurband to 30 m each in 1961
    58. Central repair shops for repair of road construction equipment in the city of Herat in 1966

    59. The road Puli Khumri, Mazar-e-Sheriff Shibergan length of 329 km with a black finish in 1972

    60. The road from the highway Puli Khumri-Shibergan to Hayraton on the bank. Amu length of 56 km

    61. Road / railway bridge over. Amu 1982

    62. The grounds of the storage terminal on the left bank. Amu Darya in the Hairaton
    63. Kindergarten for 220 beds and a nursery for 50 places in the city of Kabul in 1970
    64. City electric network in the city of Jalalabad in 1969

    65-66. City electric network in the cities. Mazar-i-Sharif and Balkh in 1979

    67-68. Two neighborhood in the city of Kabul, the total area of 90 thousand square meters. m 1978

    69-74. 6 meteorological stations and 25 posts of 1974

    75-78. 4 conditioners

    79. Center for Maternal and Child 110 visits per day in the city of Kabul in 1971

    80. Geological, geophysical, seismic and drilling for oil and gas in northern Afghanistan 1968 - 1977 years.

    81. Integrated search and surveying work for solid minerals

    82. Polytechnic Institute in Kabul in 1200 students in 1968

    83. College for 500 students for the training of Petroleum Geologists and miners in the town of Mazar-i-Sharif in 1973

    84. Automotive Technical School for 700 students in Kabul

    85-92. 8 vocational schools to train skilled workers 1982 - 1986.

    93. Boarding School on the basis of an orphanage in Kabul in 1984

    94. Bread-baking plant in Kabul (silo capacity of 50 thousand tons of grain, two mills - 375 tons per day milling, bakery 70 tons of bread per day) 1957

    95. The elevator in the town of Puli Khumri capacity of 20 thousand tons of grain

    96. The bakery in Kabul capacity 65 tons of bread per day in 1981

    97. The mill in the town of Puli Khumri capacity of 60 tons per day in 1982

    98. The bakery in the town of Mazar-i-Sharif with production capacity of 20 tons of bakery products a day

    99. The mill in the town of Mazar-i-Sharif with production capacity of 60 tons of flour a day

    100. Jalalabad irrigation canal with a knot head intakes on the River. Kabul, 70 km long with a hydroelectric power 11,5 tys.kVt 1965

    101-102. Dam Sard with reservoir capacity of 164 million cubic meters. m, and
    irrigation networks in the dam to irrigate 17.7 hectares of land 1968 - 1977gg.

    103-105. Two multi-agricultural farm "Gazibad" with the territory of 2.9 ha, "Hulda" on the territory of 2.8 ha and the irrigation and reclamation of land preparation in the area of Jalalabad to the canal area of 24 hectares 1969 - 1970.

    106-108. Three veterinary laboratories to combat infectious diseases of animals in the cities. Jalalabad, Mazar-e Sharif and Herat, 1972

    109. Processing plant citrus and olives in the city of Jalalabad in 1984

    110. Control seed laboratory for grain crops in Kabul

    111-113. Three soil-agrochemical laboratory in years. Kabul, Mazar-i-Sharif and Jalalabad
    114-115. Two cable cranes in the area of Khorog and Qala-Khumb 1985 - 1986.

    116. LEP-220 kV State Border of the USSR-Mazari-Sherif, 1986

    117. Complete laboratory analysis of solid minerals in Kabul in 1985

    118. Elevator with a capacity of 20 thousand tons of grain in Mazar-i-Sharif
    119. Station maintenance trucks on 4 posts in Pul-Humrm

    120-121. 2 hlopkovh seed lab in years. Kabul and Balkh

    122. Polyclinic insurance company public servants at 600 visits per day in Kabul

    123-125. Stations of artificial insemination in the cities. Kabul (Binigisar), Mazar-e Sharif (Balkh), Jalalabad

    126. Institute of Social Sciences under the Central Committee of the Democratic Party of Afghanistan in 1986

    127. Development of technical and feasibility of establishing two state farms on the basis of the irrigation system "Sard"

    128. 10 kV power transmission line from the state border in the area Kushki to the station. Turgundi with the substation - "-

    129. Gas-filling station in Kabul capacity of 2 thousand tons per year

    130. Base MIA Hairaton for unloading and storage spetsgruzov (on contract terms)

    131. Reconstruction of the railway station Turgundi 1987

    132. Restoration of the bridge over the river. Samangan

    133. Gas-filling station in Hairaton capacity of 2 thousand tons of liquefied gas

    134. Looping 50 km pipeline USSR - Afghanistan

    135. Refurbishment work on trunk roads

    136. Secondary school for 1300 students in the city of Kabul with a number of subjects taught in Russian

    137. Installation for processing gas condensate diesel fuel production capacity of 4 thousand tons per year for gazopromysle Dzharkuduk

    138. MGB base in the port of Hairaton

    139-141. Three concreted area in Hairaton

    142. The company on a progressive assembly bike capacity of 15 thousand units per year in Kabul in 1988

     
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  3. SATISH

    SATISH DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    Yeah the Evil Commie and the Yindoo people have totally destroyed Afghanistan...but the Taliban showed them a way to heaven! it was fast and simple...it is the AK 47.
     
  4. vishal_lionheart

    vishal_lionheart Regular Member

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    Great work done by Russian, Soviet and India had built Afghanistan and America pak destroyed it
     
  5. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    The Soviets also modernised the transportation system in Afghanistan. Some glimpses:

    Å koda Ostrov Trolleybus in Kabul:

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  6. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    The Soviets also modernised the transportation system in Afghanistan. Some glimpses:

    GAZ Volga Taxis in Mazar-i-Sharif and Kabul:

    [​IMG]

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    AvtoVAZ Zhiguli/LADA Taxis in Kabul:

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    [​IMG]
     
  7. JBH22

    JBH22 Senior Member Senior Member

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    SALANG TUNNEL

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    Salang Tunnel



     
    Last edited by a moderator: May 10, 2015
  8. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    Some beautiful pics from pre war Afghanistan!
    all pics and captions courtesy-http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2010/05/27/once_upon_a_time_in_afghanistan

    [​IMG]
    The physical campus of Kabul University, pictured here, does not look very different today. But the people do. In the 1950s and '60s, students wore Western-style clothing; young men and women interacted relatively freely. Today, women cover their heads and much of their bodies, even in Kabul. A half-century later, men and women inhabit much more separate worlds.

    [​IMG]
    "Biology class, Kabul University."

    In the 1950s and '60s, women were able to pursue professional careers in fields such as medicine. Today, schools that educate women are a target for violence, even more so than five or six years ago.

    [​IMG]
    "Student nurses at Maternity Hospital, Kabul."
     
    Last edited: Feb 3, 2011
  9. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    [​IMG]
    "Most hospitals give extensive post-natal care to young mothers."

    This infant ward in a Kabul hospital in the 1960s contrasts sharply with one I visited in 2004 in Mazar-e-Sharif. There I found two babies born prematurely sharing the same incubator. That hospital, like many in Afghanistan today, did not have enough equipment.

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    "Infant ward at feeding time."

    In the 1960s, about half of Afghanistan's people had access to some level of medical care; now a much smaller percentage do. Today's hospitals are crowded, the facilities limited; nearly one in four babies born in Afghanistan today does not reach its fifth birthday.

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    "A laboratory at the Vaccine Research Center."

    Above is a vaccine research center attached to a Kabul hospital in the 1960s. Today, medical care across the country is limited by several factors, including lack of electricity. Less than 20 percent of Afghans have access to electricity; many homes are lit by kerosene lamps, with only fans running to combat the heat.
     
  10. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    [​IMG]
    "A villager welcomes visiting nurses to his compound."

    The central government of Afghanistan once oversaw various rural development programs, including one, pictured here, that sent nurses in jeeps to remote villages to inoculate residents from such diseases as cholera. Now, security concerns alone make such an effort nearly impossible. Government nurses, as well as U.N. and NGO medical workers, are regular targets for insurgent groups that merely want to create disorder and terror in society.

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    "Hundreds of Afghan youngsters take active part in Scout programs."

    Afghanistan once had Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts. In the 1950s and '60s, such programs were very similar to their counterparts in the United States, with students in elementary and middle schools learning about nature trails, camping, and public safety. But scouting troops disappeared entirely after the Soviet invasions in the late 1970s.

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    "Park Cinema, like many others, provides the needed entertainment."

    This movie theater was located near where I once lived, and we could even see Hollywood movies there. (I remember seeing Spartacus, The FBI Story, and The Dirty Dozen.)
     
  11. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    [​IMG]
    "Mothers and children at a city playground."

    I also remember a playground a few hundred yards away from the theater, where mothers used to take their children to play. Now, only men loiter in the city parks; it is unsafe to bring children outside.

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    "Skilled workers like these press operators are building new standards for themselves and their country."

    Light and medium industry, like this metal shop in the Kabul suburbs, once held great promise for Afghanistan's economy. But today, how could you run such an operation without ample electricity? Now there are only small shops, people who work at home -- no major industrial centers. Currently, Afghanistan's chief export is opium.

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    "Sarobi hydro-power plant on Kabul River is one of the country's foremost power stations."

    With German assistance, Afghanistan built its first large hydropower station, pictured here, in the early 1950s. At the time, it was state of the art. It is still in operation, but unfortunately, in the last eight years, Afghanistan's government has not been able to build a single large power plant of any kind. The only sizable accomplishment has been the expansion of a transport line to Uzbekistan so that power can be imported from the north.
     
  12. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    @JBH22, @bengalraider,

    Thanks for this wonderful thread and nice pictures.
     
  13. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    [​IMG]
    "Gulbahar Textile Plant is one of the most modern in Asia."

    When I was growing up, Afghanistan did have medium and light industry, such as the textile factory pictured here. There was a sense then that Afghanistan had a bright future -- its economy was growing, its industry on par with other countries in the region. Back then, most of the cotton processed in a plant like this was grown locally. But three decades of war have destroyed industry and the supply chain.

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    "Kabul is served by an up-to-date transportation system."

    Compared with the 1950s and '60s, fewer women work outside the home, and their outfits are much more conservative than what you see here.

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    "Central control panel at Radio Kabul transmitter. Transmitter can be heard as far distant as South Africa and Indonesia."

    If you flipped through the radio dial in the 1960s, you would hear broadcasts of world news, local news, music programs, funny skits, political discourse, maybe an art program, a children's show. Radio Kabul, a state-run station whose old offices are pictured here, was launched in the 1930s.
     
  14. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    [​IMG]
    "Recording room pre-records many interviews, special service programs for delayed broadcast."

    Modern Afghanistan actually has a greater number of private radio stations, as well as broadcast and satellite television shows. This is one bright spot. But access to radio and TV depends on electricity, and so in a practical sense, the audience is therefore limited. Only the most well-to-do families have private generators to ensure uninterrupted electricity to power electrical devices.

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    "International trade fair at Kabul."

    During the annual commemoration of Afghanistan's independence, Kabul was lit up at night in late August and early September for nine evenings in the early 1960s. Now the city is dark. Even driving at night gives an eerie feeling. There are hardly any lights on; the streets are desolate, and there is no night life.
     
  15. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    [​IMG]
    "Textile store window display."

    Clothing boutiques like these were a familiar feature in Kabul during my childhood.

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    "Phonograph record store."

    So, too, were record stores, bringing the rhythm and energy of the Western world to Kabul teenagers.

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    "Furniture display room."

    Today, furniture stores like this one are a rarity. Most furniture is manufactured outside Afghanistan, and only a small percentage of Afghans now have even simple furniture like this in their homes.
     
  16. bengalraider

    bengalraider DFI Technocrat Stars and Ambassadors

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    [​IMG]
    "Fresh fruit bazaar."

    When I visit Kabul today, it is only the fruit bazaars that still look the same.

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    "Cabinet in session."

    The education level of Afghanistan's cabinet today is far less than it was 50 years ago, when this photo was taken. Back then, most high-ranking government officials would have had master's or doctoral degrees. Western dress was the norm. These days, government meetings in Kabul are conducted among men, many with long beards, big turbans, and traditional garb.

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    "In the absence of dependable international peace, national defense plays an important role in the affairs of the nation."

    Afghanistan's once strong and functional defensive forces are today only a memory. After the Soviets left, Pakistan was instrumental in destroying the country's armed services. Since the 1990s civil war, the subsequent Taliban takeover, and the U.S.-led intervention, domestic security forces have proved extremely difficult to build, even as security remains a top concern.
     
  17. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    Good point. One thing to note here is that the Najibullah regime had this unexpected staying power. They would have stayed on power had it not been for Yeltsin who cut military aid to the DRA Army. One can refer to the Battle of Khost right before Soviet withdrawal in which joint Soviet and DRA Armies beat the Scheiße out of the Pak-US backed Mujahideen.
    (DRA: Democratic Republic of Afghanistan)
     
    Last edited: Feb 3, 2011
  18. anoop_mig25

    anoop_mig25 Senior Member Senior Member

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    is this tram or this bus runs on electricity / diesel.?

    by the way they really did good job . hell what american has done in this case
     
  19. JBH22

    JBH22 Senior Member Senior Member

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    I think its electricity,Americans rationale is give an egg and take a cow
     
  20. Daredevil

    Daredevil On Vacation! Administrator

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    Its very sad to see that such a progressive country has become a shadow of itself, all due to geo-politics of Americans/Pakistanis. No wonder they are reaping the benefits of destabilizing Afghanistan. Serves them right.
     
  21. pmaitra

    pmaitra Moderator Moderator

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    They run on electricity (well, used to run). They have rubber wheels, just like buses, but have two pantographs to take in DC power (-ve and +ve). No, they do not tun on tracks. They run on tarmac or road.

    Here is a route map of the trolley-bus in Kabul.

    [​IMG]
     
    Last edited: Feb 4, 2011

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