U.S. Deploying Jets Around Asia to Keep China Surrounded

Discussion in 'China' started by binayak95, Jul 30, 2013.

  1. binayak95

    binayak95 Regular Member

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    U.S. Deploying Jets Around Asia to Keep China Surrounded
    Posted By John Reed Monday, July 29, 2013 - 2:04 PM

    The United States Air Force will dramatically expand its military presence across the Pacific this year, sending jets to Thailand, India, Singapore, and Australia, according to the service's top general in the region.

    For a major chunk of America's military community, the so-called "pivot to Asia" might seem like nothing more than an empty catchphrase, especially with the Middle East once again in flames. But for the Air Force at least, the shift is very real. And the idea behind its pivot is simple: ring China with U.S. and allied forces, just like the West did to the Soviet Union, back in the Cold War.

    U.S. military officials constantly say they aren't trying to contain China; they're working with the Chinese and other Pacific nations to "maintain stability" in the region. Still, a ring of bases looks an awful lot like something we've seen before.

    In Australia, for example, the Air Force will dispatch "fighters, tankers, and at some point in the future, maybe bombers on a rotational basis," said Gen. Herbert "Hawk" Carlisle, chief of U.S. Air Force operations in the Pacific, during a breakfast with reporters in Washington on July 29. The jets will likely start their Australian presence sometime in the next year at the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) base at Darwin (already crowded with Marines), before moving to nearby RAAF Base Tindal, according to the four-star general.

    This is just the start of the Air Force's plan to expand its presence in Asia, according to Carlisle. In addition to the Australian deployments, the Air Force will be sending jets to Changi East air base in Singapore, Korat air base in Thailand, a site in India, and possibly bases at Kubi Point and Puerto Princesa in the Philippines and airfields in Indonesia and Malaysia.

    All of this helps the United States develop a network of bases in the region and build ties to allies that operate American equipment and know how to work with the U.S. military.

    "One of the main tenets of our strategy is to expand engagement and interoperability and integration … with our friends' and partners' militaries," said Carlisle.

    "The only defense budgets in the world that are climbing are in Asia," said the general. This means the United States is working to grow its network of American-armed Pacific allies that can, in effect, bolster the U.S. presence there.

    "We exercise together; we train together; we build their capability; and we also get familiar with them and the environment," said Carlisle, who promised such collaboration "will pay tremendous dividends."

    Carlisle insists that the service isn't planning on building large amounts of infrastructure across Southeast Asia to support permanent U.S. garrisons. Instead, it will have a steady stream of U.S. and northern Pacific-based units rotating into existing airfields in the region.

    "We're not gonna build any more bases in the Pacific" to support the U.S. Air Force's increased presence there, said Carlisle.

    The Air Force is taking a page from its Cold War playbook designed to keep the Soviets from invading Europe and will constantly deploy units based in the United States and the northern Pacific to a string of airfields in Southeast Asia.

    "Back in the late great days of the Cold War, we had a thing called Checkered Flag: We rotated almost every CONUS [Continental United States] unit to Europe," said Carlisle, "Every two years, every unit would go and work out of a collateral operating base in Europe. We're turning to that in the Pacific."

    Right now, the U.S. Air Force has nine main major bases scattered throughout the Pacific, from Alaska and Hawaii to Guam, Japan, and Korea. While these sites will see some rotational aircraft pass through, they're already pretty crowded with aircraft that are permanently based in those locations. This means the air service will start regularly sending aircraft to countries it hasn't had a presence in since the Cold War.

    "In a lot of ways we'll move increasingly south and east with our rotational presence," said Carlisle. "The most capable platforms will be rotated into the Pacific."

    This means the Air Force will sent large numbers of F-22 Raptors, F-35 Joint Strike Fighters, and B-2 stealth bombers to the region, according to Carlisle (who pointed out that the first permanent overseas base for the F-35 will be in the Pacific).

    Remember, the Navy and Marines have already started their pivot to Asia, with the Navy basing littoral combat ships in Singapore and the Marines sending troops on their aforementioned deployments to Australia. Meanwhile, the Marine Corps is also refurbishing old World War II airfields on Pacific Islands. These bare-bones strips, like the one on Tinian, would be used by American forces in case their main bases are targeted by Chinese ballistic missiles.

    U.S. officials keep saying that these deployments to the Pacific will be just for a short while. But these rotating troops will still need support staff waiting for them at all of these sites -- which means America's expansion in the Pacific be anything but temporary.

    U.S. Deploying Jets Around Asia to Keep China Surrounded | Killer Apps
     
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  3. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

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    Clicking on the link brings up a goddamn annoying nag screen to sign up for Foreign Policy.:fu:
     
  4. s002wjh

    s002wjh Senior Member Senior Member

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    keywords are "in the future" sequestration are going on remember.
     
  5. sesha_maruthi27

    sesha_maruthi27 Senior Member Senior Member

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    So, what are they going to send to India.... is it the F-22 RAPTORS?

    If it is so then we can get a chance of getting to know something about F-22 RAPTORS.......
     
  6. SajeevJino

    SajeevJino Long walk Elite Member

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    I want the F 15 in Ladakh
     
  7. binayak95

    binayak95 Regular Member

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    Maybe they will deploy to Hindon so that the Singaporean F-16s will disguise US F-16s!!!
     
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  8. binayak95

    binayak95 Regular Member

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    Well then do join Foreign Policy, its a great site for keeping an eye on international affairs!:thumb: I am a member, so I am speaking from experience!
     
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  9. agentperry

    agentperry Senior Member Senior Member

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    communist party and BJP will create a havoc if the news of american base coming up in india flash in any of the national daily
     
  10. Ray

    Ray The Chairman Defence Professionals Moderator

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    Great idea!
     
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  11. t_co

    t_co Senior Member Senior Member

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    The CP and the BJP?

    America, uniting people around the world...
     
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  12. agentperry

    agentperry Senior Member Senior Member

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    cpi and not cpc first of all.
    secondly both bjp n cpi will protest but with different reasons
     
  13. binayak95

    binayak95 Regular Member

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    I don't quite understand what BJP's opposition to this would be????
     
  14. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

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    binayak95 likes this.
  15. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

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    I have noticed something about Chinese on DFI. Most members from India and other countries have individual viewpoints and interests which bear on their participation. Chinese come right out of the gate in every thread with a political axe to grind, and a party line to parrot. I have a feeling I have been slow to come to this insight compared to others. :notsure:
     
  16. binayak95

    binayak95 Regular Member

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    You have been slow to come to this forgone conclusion because you are far too generous and trusting unlike the present American Govt!:sad:
     
  17. binayak95

    binayak95 Regular Member

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  18. binayak95

    binayak95 Regular Member

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    The Land of the Sinking Sun
    Is Japan’s military weakness putting America in danger?

    BY PHILIPPE DE KONING , PHILLIP Y. LIPSCY | JULY 30, 2013

    Since returning to office in December, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has done little to reassure his neighbors that Japan comes in peace. Within his first two weeks of office, he ordered a review of his country's defense guidelines, which his defense minister, Itsunori Onodera, described as "a priority we must work on with no letup." On July 26, Japan's Defense Ministry released interim results of the review, urging significant military upgrades. It included plans to create an amphibious island defense force, and hinted at the possibility of preemptive strikes against foreign military targets.

    Over the last seven months, Abe's staunchly nationalistic views and desire to revise Japan's post-war constitution, which prohibits the use of military capabilities except in self-defense, have exacerbated tensions with China and South Korea. A Pew Research Center poll, released in July, found that 85 percent of Chinese and South Koreans view Abe unfavorably, and that sentiment towards Japan has worsened sharply. The now regular flare-ups over the disputed Senkaku islands in the East China Sea have increased the risk of conflict between Japan and China, which calls the islands the Diaoyu. And Abe's decisive victory for the Liberal Democratic Party in late July's upper house elections brought him closer to the two-thirds legislative majorities in both houses of the Diet required to initiate constitutional reform.

    There is a paradox at the heart of Abe's bluster. Although his calls for a stronger military have worried his neighbors, a decade of budget cuts and a struggling economy means that Japan's military is surprisingly feeble. Despite Abe's bluster, the real threat posed by Japan is not that its military is growing too strong, but that it is rapidly weakening.

    Even accounting for the 0.8 percent increase contained in Abe's 2013 budget, Japan's annual defense budget has declined by over 5 percent in the last decade. During the same period, China's defense budget increased by 270 percent (South Korea's and Taiwan's grew by 45 percent and 14 percent, respectively.) In U.S. dollar terms, Japan's defense budget was 63 percent larger than China's in 2000, but barely one-third the size of China's in 2012. In fact, since 2000, Japan's shares of world and regional military expenditures have fallen by 37 percent and 52 percent, respectively. Japan's defense review will likely frighten its neighbors more than it will improve the military.

    These figures understate Japan's predicament. Steady declines in defense expenditures over the past decade forced Japan into a series of measures that are beginning to take a toll. In a nation where lifetime employment is the norm, aversion to layoffs and pension cuts have made personnel expenditures virtually impossible to reduce. Consequently, much of the burden fell on the equipment procurement budget, which has declined by roughly 20 percent since 2002. Japanese defense policymakers have coped by extending the life of military hardware, such as submarines, destroyers, and fighter jets. As a result, Japan's focus has shifted from acquisition to preservation, and maintenance costs have skyrocketed: at the end of the Cold War, maintenance spending was roughly 45 percent the size of procurement expenditures; it is now 150 percent.

    Because of declining procurement budgets and higher unit costs, Japan now acquires hardware at a much slower rate: one destroyer and five fighter jets per year compared to about three destroyers and 18 fighter jets per year in the 1980s. In the coming decade, Japan's fleet of destroyers stands to be reduced by 30 percent. Although Japan plans to order 42 F-35 fighter jets in the next decade to replace what remains of its aging F-4EJ aircraft, project delays and cost overruns will likely lead to the order's reduction or postponement.
    There is significant concern in U.S. policy circles that Abe's aggressive remarks, coupled with Japan's waning military power, could undermine U.S. interests. Power transitions are notoriously destabilizing: Japanese defense officials now publicly fret about the threats posed by China's improving maritime capabilities, while vessels from both countries patrol the waters around the disputed islands on a daily basis, raising the likelihood of unintended escalation. The United States, as Tokyo's principal ally, risks being drawn into a military confrontation. Japan's decline also threatens to undercut the Obama administration's "pivot" towards Asia, as the United States now needs to compensate for Japan's decline.

    The United States expects Japan to support its efforts in East Asia and to help ensure that China's rise is peaceful. Indeed, Tokyo played a similar role in the late 20th century, when, despite constitutional restrictions on the use of force, Japan was a respectable military power: as recently as 2002, Japan had the third largest defense budget in the world, with particularly robust, albeit defensive, naval capabilities. Japan's forces in East Asia helped the United States focus its military assets elsewhere without risking instability in the Asia-Pacific region.

    Getting back to that place won't be easy, and might even be impossible. A deep structural and economic malaise is at the heart of Japan's military austerity. Japan suffers from the highest public debt levels of any major nation -- 235 percent of GDP -- and a severe budget deficit of 10 percent of GDP in 2012. It has the most rapidly aging population in the world, which means its tax base is shrinking, and its pension and healthcare costs are rapidly mounting. The Japanese government now spends more on debt service and social security than it raises in tax revenues: all other spending, including national defense, is effectively financed through unsustainable debt. Whether fiscal consolidation comes through draconian austerity or a debt crisis, defense spending will continue to be squeezed.

    To compensate for the growing gaps in the Japanese military, the United States needs to cooperate ever more closely with Japan. Outstanding issues that threaten to undermine relations, such as Futenma air base relocation and host-nation support, must be resolved quickly. Joint capabilities need to be adapted in anticipation of further fiscal troubles, which may make it impossible to replace aging hardware such as Japan's Asagiri- and Hatsuyuki-class destroyers and F-4EJ fighter jets.

    Abe would be wise to use his new, large legislative majorities to pursue pragmatic reforms instead of ideological ones. A constitutional revision that relaxes constraints on Japan's military will be a hollow victory if the country's economy and military capabilities sink into oblivion. Japan would be better served if Abe's party expands the prime minister's bold economic plan into a long-term reform program that addresses the country's enduring problems: economic stagnation, public debt, and demographic decline. Indeed, Abe's attempts to boost defense spending are unsustainable unless these underlying structural issues are resolved.

    Tackling these issues will do far more to restore Japan's international status and credibility than symbolic gestures that stoke nationalism and antagonize Japan's neighbors.
     
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  19. agentperry

    agentperry Senior Member Senior Member

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    what they wanted if taken up by congress will off course trouble bjp. they will oppose just to make it a reality when they are in power
     
  20. Spindrift

    Spindrift Regular Member

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    I would not want American bases to be on Indian soil... i do not have anything against the Americans, its just that i do not trust the American government and their foreign policy. And also for the same reasons why a majority of American citizens would not like to have an Indian military base on American soil.
     
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  21. IBSA

    IBSA Regular Member

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    I also don want amrikaans fighters on Indian soil.

    India has a great army - including nuke warheads - and is capable to defend itself from the regional threats.

    To be a power a country dont shall ask for help.
     
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