Turkey’s Ruling Party Loses Parliamentary Majority

Discussion in 'Europe and Russia' started by Zebra, Jun 8, 2015.

  1. Zebra

    Zebra Senior Member Senior Member

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    http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/08/w...tion-recep-tayyip-erdogan-kurds-hdp.html?_r=0

    Turkey’s Ruling Party Loses Parliamentary Majority

    By TIM ARANGO and CEYLAN YEGINSUJUNE 7, 2015

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    A woman prepared to cast her vote in Turkey's parliamentary election at a polling station in Istanbul on Sunday. Credit Yasin Akgul/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images



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    Supporters of the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party in Diyarbakir, Turkey, on Sunday. Based on partial results, the party appeared to be on track to surpass the 10 percent threshold needed to secure representation in Parliament for the first time. Credit Bulent Kilic/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images


    ISTANBUL — Turkish voters delivered a rebuke on Sunday to President Recep Tayyip Erdogan as his party lost its majority in Parliament in a historic election that dealt a blow to his ambition to rewrite Turkey’s Constitution and increase his power.

    The election results represented a significant setback to Mr. Erdogan, an Islamist who has steadily increased his power as president, a partly but not solely ceremonial post. After more than a decade as prime minister, Mr. Erdogan has pushed for more control of the judiciary and cracked down on any form of criticism, including prosecutions of those who insult him on social media, but his efforts appeared to have run aground on Sunday......
     
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  3. sob

    sob Moderator Moderator

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    This was to be expected. The backlash from the Turkish society was coming. After the popular protests a couple of years ago in Taksim Square, his popularity was in the decline.

    The Turks have voted they do not want to be another Iran or KSA.
     
  4. jackprince

    jackprince Turning into a frog Senior Member

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    http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jun/07/turkey-election-preliminary-results-erdogan-akp-party




    Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s Justice and Development party wins 41% of vote – meaning it will need a coalition partner to form a government


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    The Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, casts his vote at a polling station in Istanbul. Photograph: Lefteris Pitarakis/AP
    Constanze Letsch in Istanbul and Ian Traynor

    Sunday 7 June 2015 23.57 BSTLast modified on Monday 8 June 201501.52 BST


    Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, has suffered his biggest setback in 13 years of amassing power as voters denied his ruling party a parliamentary majority for the first time since 2002 and gave the country’s large Kurdish minority its biggest voice ever in national politics.

    The election result on Sunday, with almost all votes counted, appeared to wreck Erdoğan’s ambition of rewriting the constitution to establish himself as an all-powerful executive president. Erdoğan’s governing Justice and Development party, or AKP, won the election comfortably for the fourth time in a row, with around 41% of the vote, but that represented a steep fall in support from 49% in 2011, throwing the government of the country into great uncertainty.

    Kurds take to the streets in Diyarbakir after a strong showing for the Peoples’ Democratic party. Link to video
    The vote was the first time in four general elections that support for Erdoğan decreased. The fall coupled with an election triumph for a new pro-Kurdish party meant it was unlikely that the AKP would be able to form a majority government, forcing it to negotiate a coalition, probably with extreme nationalists, or to call a fresh election if no parliamentary majority can be secured within six weeks.

    The new party, the HDP or Peoples’ Democratic party, largely representing the Kurds but also encompassing leftwing liberals, surpassed the steep 10% threshold for entering parliament to take more than 12% of the vote and around 80 seats in the 550-strong chamber.

    The HDP victory denied Erdoğan’s party its majority. Erdoğan campaigned to secure a minimum of 330 seats in the parliament, a three-fifths majority that would have enabled him to call a referendum on the constitution with a view to converting Turkey into a presidential rather than a parliamentary system. But the AKP appeared unlikely to muster even a simple 276-seat majority.

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    Kurds celebrate the success of the pro-Kurdish HDP party. Photograph: Aurore Belot/Corbis
    “We expect a minority government and an early election,” a senior AKP official told Reuters.

    The prime minister and nominal head of the AK party, Ahmet Davutoglu, had promised to resign if he failed to obtain a simple parliamentary majority. With internal dissent rumbling in recent weeks within the government ranks and at the top of the AKP, the poor result for Erdoğan is likely to embolden dissenters and could spark a power stuggle.

    The atmosphere outside the AKP’s headquarters in Ankara was muted. Several hundred supporters chanted for Erdoğan, the party’s founder, but there was little sign of the huge crowds that gathered after past election victories.

    In the conservative district of Tophane, an AKP stronghold in Istanbul, only a couple of men were sitting in a local teahouse to follow Davutoglu’s balcony speech.

    “I am not unhappy,”, said Nusret Aksoy, 50. “The AKP came out the strongest party by far.” Pointing at the TV screen, he added: “Look, do these crowds seem unhappy to you? They are not. These elections were good and democratic.”

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    A man who was wounded during an attack on an HDP rally on Friday casts his vote in Diyarbakir. Photograph: Ilyas Akengin/AFP/Getty Images
    Voters roundly rejected that ambition, with the Kurdish vote in particular swinging the election against the incumbents on an unprecedented scale. The 10% hurdle, dating from the military-authored constitution of 1980, had been intended in part to diminish Kurdish representation in the parliament.

    The HDP gambled on breaking the built-in disadvantage and triumphed. If it had fallen short of 10%, it would have forfeited all seats.

    Erdoğan’s divide-and-rule strategy of rallying his religious-conservative base has led to increasing polarisation in Turkey, and in some cases to violence.

    In the runup to the election, the HDP reported more than 70 attacks on election offices and campaigners across the country. On Friday, two bombs exploded at an election rally in Diyarbakir, killing three and wounding hundreds of others.

    Official results based on 99.9% of votes counted gave the AKP 41%, followed by the Republican People’s party (CHP) on 25%, the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) on 16.5% and the HDP in fourth place with 13%.

    Turnout was at 86%.

    “This is the end of identity politics in Turkey,” said Gencer Özcan, professor for international relations at Bilgi University in Istanbul. “The election threshold is not the only barrier that was overcome tonight in the elections, but also emotional and identity barriers have been breached. This is a golden opportunity for the HDP. Voters in Turkey endorse democracy in Turkey across identity boundaries.”

    The HDP ran on a platform defending the rights of ethnic minorities, women, and lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people. In a polling station in the predominantly Kurdish suburb of Dolapdere in Istanbul, Hacer Dinler, 25, said that she had high hopes for the HDP.

    “If they make it into parliament, everything will be better,” she said. “We will have more MPs to speak for us, which in turn will strengthen the peace process.”

    The HDP success marked a sea-change likely to have a big impact on national politics. Shackled by the high threshold, pro-Kurdish candidates had previously run as independents in single seats to try to beat the 10% party barrier. But the HDP also successfully sought to reach beyond Turkey’s roughly 20% Kurdish population, attempting to woo centre-left and secular voters disillusioned with Erdoğan.

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    Supporters of the pro-Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic party (HDP) celebrate in Diyarbakir. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images
    “The reason the HDP has won this many votes is because it has not excluded any members of this country, unlike our current rulers,” said 25-year-old Siar Senci. “It has embraced all languages, all ethnicities and members of all faiths and promised them freedom.”

    The secularist Republican People’s party will be the second biggest group in parliament. Murat Karayalçin, the party’s Istanbul chairman, said the outcome was a “clear no” to the executive presidential system championed by Erdoğan.

    The rightwing MHP, long seen as the AKP’s most likely partner if it tried to form a coalition government, took close to 17% of the vote. The deputy chairman, Oktay Vural, said on Sunday it was too early for him to say whether it would consider forming a coalition government with the AKP. “It would be wrong for me to make an assessment about a coalition, our party will assess that in the coming period. I think the AK party will be making its own new evaluations after this outcome,” Vural said.

    The high stakes of this year’s parliamentary elections mobilised a large majority of the population to vote. Aliye Goga, 39, a woman of Armenian descent, said it was the first time she had voted. “I just never saw the point before,” she explained. “Now my eyes have opened up. The HDP is the only party for women in this country, and they make realistic promises.”

    Leyla Çelik, 38, a part-time student voting in Istanbul’s conservative Fatih district, hoped the AKP would continue in power. “This government has exceeded all my expectations. We have good healthcare, and women can go to school and university with a headscarf. They are a party that treats us like human beings.”
     
  5. jackprince

    jackprince Turning into a frog Senior Member

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    It is more likely that Turkey will get into worse condition than better given Erdogan will go for coalition with right-wing islamists which will go in direct conflict with the rest.
     
  6. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

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    So the Kurds party the biggest gainer? What abt joining up with Kurds in Iraq, and Syria who have much autonomy to revive the Kurdistan aspiration?[​IMG]
     
  7. jackprince

    jackprince Turning into a frog Senior Member

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    They are smart and knows that thinking of joining up with other Kurds in the region, they will be loser. Turkey will never let any part of it to seperate and that would ensue a bloody battle for separation, which the Kurds are unlikely to win ever. Also, Turkey's economy promises them a brighter future than the war-torn uncertain Kurdistan.

    Furthermore, I doubt every where every group of people think on ethnicity angle than nationalistic angle.
     
  8. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

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  9. jackprince

    jackprince Turning into a frog Senior Member

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    That's the thing I am talking about. Don't always go back to ancient history, read these lines of the article that you have qouted
    "Turkish Kurds and the Turkish business community have both praised the ceasefire and peace process between the Turkish government and the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) as a chance to end the bloodshed and pursue economic development. For Turkish Kurds ending the war opens the predominantly Kurdish areas in southeastern Turkey to more investment and development."
     
  10. Rowdy

    Rowdy Co ja kurwa czytam! Senior Member

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    Good. This lunatic has had his powers curbed. He is a moron of the highest order.....His pro-ISIS policies are gonna come back and bite turkey in a few decades.
     
  11. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

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    Hope u haven't skipped these paras

    Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/ori...bani-defeat-turkish-policy.html#ixzz3cTFxkEZA
     

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