Property Sale via GPA & SA no more viable/legal : SC

Discussion in 'Economy & Infrastructure' started by thakur_ritesh, Oct 14, 2011.

  1. thakur_ritesh

    thakur_ritesh Administrator Administrator

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    NEW DELHI: Experts analyzing Tuesday'sSupreme Court order barring the sale of properties through general power of attorney(GPA) and sale agreements (SA) said the ruling could reduce black money component in deals and bring down legal disputes. However, they added that it would hit liquidity in the real estate market, bringing down the number of transactions in the short term.

    Lawyers and property consultants said the judgment would cause hardship to owners who have bought dispute-free properties on GPA and SA simply because paperwork wasn't complete for a proper sale registration. Such owners will have problems selling these properties, senior lawyer Kumar Amit, who works for public sector banks that fund transactions through first power of attorney, said.

    The SC had ruled that, effective prospectively from October 11, registered sale deed will be the only valid instrument of transaction of property in the country.

    The verdict is likely to affect a large number of property owners. A senior lawyer who vets sale documents for a leading bank estimated that around 70% of property sales in Delhi take place through GPA and SA.

    Apartment owners in societies which have not got a completion certificate will find themselves on a sticky wicket because these flats cannot be converted into freehold. Until now, these properties could be sold through GPA and SA. The new ruling will effectively mean such apartments cannot be sold. Experts also say the verdict will raise the market value of freehold real estate while depressing the price of leasehold properties.

    Those holding properties on GPA and SA will have to get a sale deed registered if they wish to sell the property in future. But lawyers pointed out that many of the owners may face problems getting sale deeds because their properties do not have a clean title. They said city authorities must share part of the blame for the current state of affairs. "Take the erstwhile unauthorized colonies. Even after regularization, a large number of properties here are still owned through power of attorney because the authorities have never actively facilitated their conversion to freehold. With the SC ruling, these properties cannot be sold as the owners do not have property titles," a lawyer said.

    In 2004, the government had made registration of the sale agreement mandatory-requiring payment of 90% of stamp duty and corporation tax-for a property transaction to be deemed complete. Therefore, the government will not gain additional revenue following the SC order. The registrar's office also keeps track of sale agreements which show all transactions related to a particular property. So, a lawyer argued, a GPA and a registered SA were good enough for sale and purchase of property.

    As the GPA and SA will not be considered sale documents any more, bank loans will not be available for property transactions which, for some reason, take place through this route.

    http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Verdict-on-general-power-of-attorney-seen-hitting-property-sales/articleshow/10346154.cms
     
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  3. Bangalorean

    Bangalorean Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

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    Anyway I wouldn't buy a property using "GPA" ever... I can't bear not registering it in my name.

    In Bangalore and Mysore, people are forced to do it many times because fresh registrations are often banned by the planning authority in some localities. In Delhi, even when is is easily possible to register, I have seen many people go for "GPA". God knows why - it is the most risky thing to do. I have seen people in Delhi who own property with a "string" of GPAs - he purchased it from someone with a GPA, who in turn purchased it with a GPA from someone else. :crazy:
     
  4. thakur_ritesh

    thakur_ritesh Administrator Administrator

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    GPA/SA attract less stamp duty so people go for it, then there is the question of black money which has flooded this sector.

    if there is a builder/financier/middle man buying, it will be always done via GPA. they curtail their costs.

    i think registrations get banned in connivance with the bigger builders, because where registration doesnt happen, the market sentiment takes a dip, so does the market value of the property where no registration is happening.

    i suspect some short term speculation on a pretty high note on properties which are registered. ToI puts the GPA/SA properties at 70%, which is a staggering number, which means a huge number of properties not going out on sale for sometime to come.
     
  5. sayareakd

    sayareakd Moderator Moderator

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    judgment is good but it will cause lot of problems, specially in the area where documents are not registered.
     
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  6. Rage

    Rage DFI TEAM Stars and Ambassadors

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    Thanks for this. I'm guessing the application of the SC verdict is country-wide.

    If it is, it's going to depress a lot of activity in the real estate sector.

    Is there any special provision for non-resident citizens?

    And what if there are pending disputes with the builder, because of which a Completion Agreement cannot be signed? And the builder, for reasons unknown or best known to him, choses to indefinitely delay the mutual resolution of those conflicts? How does a leaseholder, whose estate say upon which a builder has constructed a premises, dispense with his property to a prospective buyer/tenant?
     
  7. sayareakd

    sayareakd Moderator Moderator

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    actually provision was always their and earlier SC judgment also say so....................... now they have specifically said so.
     
  8. sob

    sob Moderator Moderator

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    We can expect the courts to be flooded with cases relating to this in the near future, as owners with GPA will now be tracking the original owners to complete the paper work.

    I am expecting that the Govt. will work out some sort of amnesty deal, like declaring all GPA s executed till say 2000 will be legal.
     

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