Pakistan quake island unlikely to last: Experts

Discussion in 'Pakistan' started by happy, Sep 26, 2013.

  1. happy

    happy Senior Member Senior Member

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    BALOCHISTAN: A small island created in the Arabian Sea by the huge earthquake that hit southwest Pakistan has fascinated locals but experts say it is unlikely to last long.

    The 7.7-magnitude quake struck on Tuesday in Balochistan's remote Awaran district, killing more than 200 people and affecting hundreds of thousands.

    Off the coastline near the port of Gwadar, some 400 kilometres (250 miles) from the epicentre, locals were astonished to see a new piece of land surface from the waves.

    "It is not a small thing, but a huge thing which has emerged from under the water," Gwadar resident Muhammad Rustam told AFP.

    "It looked very, very strange to me and also a bit scary because suddenly a huge thing has emerged from the water."

    Mohammad Danish, a marine biologist from Pakistan's National Institute of Oceanography, said a team of experts had visited the island and found methane gas rising.

    "Our team found bubbles rising from the surface of the island which caught fire when a match was lit and we forbade our team to start any flame. It is methane gas," Danish said on GEO television news.


    The island is about 60 to 70 feet (18 to 21 metres) high, up to 300 feet wide and up to 120 feet long, he said. It sits about 200 metres away from the coast.

    Gary Gibson, a seismologist with Australia's University of Melbourne, said the new island was likely to be a "mud volcano", created by methane gas forcing material upwards during the violent shaking of the earthquake.

    "It's happened before in that area but it's certainly an unusual event, very rare," Gibson told AFP, adding that it was "very curious" to see such activity some 400 kilometres from the quake's epicentre.

    The so-called island is not a fixed structure but a body of mud that will be broken down by wave activity and dispersed over time, the scientist said.

    A similar event happened in the same area in 1945 when an 8.1-magnitude earthquake at Makran triggered the formation of mud volcanoes off Gwadar.

    Professor Shamim Ahmed Shaikh, chairman of the department of geology at Karachi University, said the island, which has not been named, would disperse within a couple of months.

    He said it happens along the Makran coast because of the complex relationship between tectonic plates in the area. Pakistan sits close to the junction of three plates -- the Indian, Arabian and Eurasian.

    "About a year back an island of almost similar size had surfaced at the similar distance from the coast in the Makran region. This would disperse in a week to a couple of months," Shaikh told AFP.

    Gibson said the temporary island was very different from the permanent uplift seen during major "subduction zone" earthquakes, where plate collisions force the Earth's crust suddenly and sometimes dramatically upwards.

    For example, in the massive 9.5-magnitude earthquake in Chile in 1960 -- known as the world's largest ever -- whole fishing villages were thrust "several metres" upwards and wharves suddenly located hundreds of metres inland, Gibson said.

    Such uplift events are relatively common in the Pacific's so-called "Ring of Fire", a hotbed of seismic and volcanic activity at the junction of several tectonic plates.

    A thundering 8.0-magnitude quake in the Solomon Islands in 2007 thrust Ranogga Island upwards by three metres, exposing submerged reefs once popular with divers and killing the vibrant corals, expanding the shoreline outwards by several metres in the process.

    During the massive 9.2-magnitude earthquake off Sumatra which triggered a devastating tsunami across the Indian Ocean in 2004, several islands were pushed upwards while others subsided into the ocean.

    The Aceh coast dropped permanently by one metre while Simeulue Island was lifted by as much as 1.5 metres, exposing the surrounding reef which became the island's new fringe.

    Source Pakistan quake island unlikely to last: Experts - The Times of India

    I gather about 300 people lost their lives in this massive earthquake. RIP.

    Does the presence of methane suggest a potential oil field?
     
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  3. AVERAGE INDIAN

    AVERAGE INDIAN EXORCIST Senior Member

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    happy likes this.
  4. natarajan

    natarajan Senior Member Senior Member

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    pakistan itself unlikely to last !!
     
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  5. aerokan

    aerokan Regular Member

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    what will happen to gwadar port? Will this help form a defensive barrier for gwadar or create problems for the port?
     
  6. happy

    happy Senior Member Senior Member

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    I guess it will create more problems. Most likely the sea bed might have risen to considerable height along the coast. This would require more careful maneuvering of ships if not dredging. Also, it seems there is methane so it might pose some risk to ammunition on ships.
     
  7. angeldude13

    angeldude13 Lestat De Lioncourt Senior Member

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    let's claim this island :rofl:
     
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  8. Tshering22

    Tshering22 Sikkimese Saber Senior Member

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    You read my mind!

    Since we pretty much control the Arabian Sea, we should stake our claim to it as the ancient route of sea trade from Mauryan empire.

    I am sure that the Chinese will support us, looking at the excuses they cite to usurp others' territory.
     
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