MIT's Nano-Bio-Bandage Can Stop Your Bleeding Almost Immediately

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  1. Vyom

    Vyom Seeker Elite Member

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    Thrombin A clotting agent already found in the blood, thrombin is being layered onto sponges that can stop bleeding almost immediately.
    via Wikimedia


    Bleeding out on the battlefield--far from the trauma wards and triage units that might save their lives--is a scenario that soldiers simply have to live with (and try like hell to avoid). But thanks to ananoscale breakthrough at MIT, the chances of it happening could be significantly reduced. Researchers there have created a nanoscale coating that can stop bleeding nearly instantaneously using a clotting agent already found naturally in blood.That agent, called thrombin, is coated onto sponges that can be easily packed by soldiers and field medics (or civilian medical personnel for that matter) and shaped to fit just about any kind of wound. Those pre-coated sponges are a pretty big improvement over tourniquets and gauze, which are limited in their ability to stop every kind of bleeding. Tourniquets obviously can’t be used on many parts of the body (the neck is a good example), and other glues and chemically treated bandages designed for dressing battlefield wounds come with their own complications and shortcomings.

    Thrombin, on the other hand, is already used by the body to stop bleeding. Civilian hospitals also use it already, but it’s in liquid form so sponges must be soaked immediately before they are applied to the wound, making them impractical for the battlefield. MIT’s sponge instead uses a spray-on biological nanoscale coating using alternating layers of thrombin and tannic acid, which results in a film that contains a large amount of functional thrombin with a shelf life that makes it feasible to pack them into the field. Both substances are already FDA approved, the researchers say, which means the sponges could quickly find their way into wider use.That’s good news for soldiers, and potentially good news for anyone who sustains a trauma far from the emergency room. The MIT lab is now working on a sponge that combines a blood-clotting coating with an antibiotic layer in a single sponge to help fight off infection even as a dressing stops the initial bleeding.

    MIT's Nano-Bio-Bandage Can Stop Your Bleeding Almost Immediately | Popular Science

     
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  3. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

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    It seems incredible today, but my first aid training in 1964 included a block of instruction on how to use a cellophane wrapper from a pack of cigarettes to cover a bullet wound to the chest to prevent a lung collapse. (Cigarettes were actually issued with field rations at that time.)

    This MIT technology will save many lives.:thumb:
     
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  4. Vyom

    Vyom Seeker Elite Member

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    Are the vests not capable of stopping bullets?
     
  5. W.G.Ewald

    W.G.Ewald Defence Professionals/ DFI member of 2 Defence Professionals

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    That is a good question. At the time -- and from here it seems I went into the Army about the time they started using smokeless powder :) -- there were flak vests available for aircrews. Body armor per se was not very well developed.
     

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