India's nuclear arsenal third largest in the world

Discussion in 'Strategic Forces' started by LETHALFORCE, Aug 11, 2009.

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  1. LETHALFORCE

    LETHALFORCE Moderator Moderator

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    INDIA'S NUCLEAR ARSENAL THIRD LARGEST IN THE WORLD - Hindustan Forums India discussions



    INDIA'S NUCLEAR ARSENAL THIRD LARGEST IN THE WORLD
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    By Kalidass Ghosh on Monday, June 21, 2004 - 12:02 am

    In reality India's nuclear arsenal is the third largest in the world after Russia and the U.S.

    Current Arsenal
    There are no official figures for weapon stockpiles at any stage of development of India's arsenal. The only figures that can be offered are either explicit estimates made from considerations of India's probable ability to produce critical raw materials and considerations of likely production plans; or are unofficial statements of uncertain provenance and authenticity. To show the problems with figures of the latter sort we have only to look at the statement by K. Subrahmanyam, a leading strategic theorist, that by 1990 India had stockpiled at least two dozen unassembled weapons, versus the May 1998 estimate by G. Balachandran, an Indian nuclear researcher, that India had fewer than 10 weapons ready to be assembled and mounted on warplanes or missiles.

    The types of weapons India is believed to have available for its arsenal include:

    a pure fission plutonium bomb with a yield of 12 kt;
    a fusion boosted fission bomb with a yield of 15-20 kt, made with weapon-grade ploutonium;
    a fusion boosted fission bomb design, made with reactor-grade plutonium;
    low yield pure fission plutonium bomb designs with yields from 0.1 kt to 1 kt;
    a thermonuclear bomb design with a yield of 200-300 kt.
    All of these types should be available based on the tests conducted during Operation Shakti (Pokhran-II). It may be possible to extrapolate significantly from these device classes however without further testing. There is reasonable doubt about whether the thermonuclear device actually performed as designed. Even if this so, it does not rule out the possiblity that sufficent test data was collected to field a successful design with reasonable confidence of good performance. Interest has been expressed in the development of a neutron bomb (a very low yield tactical thermonuclear device), but this would probably require additional testing to perfect.

    The most widely accepted estimates of India's plutonium production have been made by David Albright ([Albright et al 1997], [Albright 2000]). His most recent estimate (October 2000) was that by the end of 1999 India had available between 240 and 395 kg of weapon grade plutonium for weapons production, with a median value of 310 kg. He suggests that this is sufficient for 45 - 95 weapons (median estimate 65). The production of weapon grade plutonium has actually been greater, but about 130 kg of plutonium has been consumed - principally in fueling two plutonium reactors, but also in weapons tests. His estimate for India's holdings of less-than-weapons-grade plutonium (reactor or fuel grade plutonium) are 4200 kg of unsafeguarded plutonium (800 kg of this already separated) and 4100 kg of IAEA safeguarded plutonium (25 kg of this separated). This unsafeguarded quantity could be used to manufacture roughly 1000 nuclear weapons, if India so chose (which would give it the third largest arsenal in the world, behind only the U.S. and Russia
     
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  3. Tamil

    Tamil Regular Member

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    ya i too saw a article regards few years back. India have large amount of plutonium in his belt. when it is used to built the nuclear arsenal it cross 1000+.:india:
     
  4. Singh

    Singh Phat Cat Administrator

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    Unreliable source. Thread Closed.
     
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