India tops with 56,000 migrant doctors in OECD countries

Discussion in 'Foreign Relations' started by ejazr, Jan 2, 2011.

  1. ejazr

    ejazr Stars and Ambassadors Stars and Ambassadors

    Oct 8, 2009
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    Hyderabad and Sydney

    India is the top country of origin of migrant doctors in Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OECD) countries with over 56,000 Indian doctors in these countries, which include the UK, the US, Canada, and Australia.

    India also figures at sixth place in the expatriation of nurses to OECD countries (about 23,000). In terms of percentages, however, these figures constitute just 8% and 3% respectively of the doctor and nurse population in India, comfortingly low compared to some of the smaller countries severely affected by emigration of doctors such as Mozambique (75%) and Angola (70%).

    These numbers, revealed by the recently released World Migration Report 2010, however, do not include the large number of Indian doctors and nurses working in the Gulf.

    "It is estimated that at any given time there are over one lakh Indian nurses in the GCC (Gulf Coordination Council) countries. The poor working conditions in India coupled with low salary and the lack of respect at the work place are the top reasons for nurses migrating abroad," said Sreelekha Nair, of the Centre for Women's Development Studies at a recently organised seminar on Indian Nursing in the New Era of Healthcare.

    The World Migration Report talks about the problem of "medical brain drain", especially in African countries. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the number of physicians per 100,000 population for India is 70, which is at par with low-income countries, and for the public sector, the figure is a paltry 20. In the European Union, the figure is 310 physicians per 100,000 population and in the US 240 physicians per 100,000. Similarly, the number of nurses per 100,000 population in India is 80, while it is 330 for the world and 160 for low-income countries.

    The WHO threshold for a 'health workforce crisis' is 230 health workers per 100,000 population. For example, India, an origin country, with only 190 health workers per 100,000 persons, is in a crisis state.

    As destination countries, the United Kingdom and the United States have ratios of 750 and 1,250 health workers per 100,000 persons respectively, which are far above the benchmark. However, there is still a demand for doctors and nurses in these countries. This was pointed out in a background paper, "The Future of Health Worker Migration", by Professor Binod Khadria of the Zakir Hussain Centre for Educational Studies in JNU. In OECD countries, there is an increasing demand for health workers because of rising incomes, new technology, and an aging population.

    In terms of nurses, the Philippines is the main country of origin for nurses, with over 110,000 Filipino nurses working in OECD countries, followed by the United Kingdom (just under 46,000), Germany (under 32,000). According to the OECD data of 2007, the top five countries in terms of emigration rates of nurses are all from the Caribbean — Haiti leads with an expatriation rate of 94%, followed by Jamaica (87.7%), Grenada (87.6%), St Vincent and the Grenadines (81.6%) and Guyana (81.1%).

    "A lot of the data on migrating health workers could be outdated and also fluctuates a lot depending on the demand around the world. But it is a given that there is no stopping the migration of health workers. Migration for employment abroad is the basic human right of every health worker - or any skilled worker," said professor Khadria.
  3. Tshering22

    Tshering22 Sikkimese Saber Senior Member

    Aug 20, 2010
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    Gangtok, Sikkim, India
    There's shortage of doctors and stuff because of the headaches and the shoddy education arrangement of quota system that students face thanks to dirty politics. Tell me, if a student has to study 18 hours a day and get minimum 90% to enter while another student enters on reservation with 25% less and gets the same privileges, then what motivation will the 90% student have in the country? He will naturally leave for greener pastures showing the middle finger to GOI and her system.
  4. Vikramaditya

    Vikramaditya Regular Member

    Jul 21, 2009
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    Bangalore, India, India
    not good, we need them but they get much better salary in other country then India...
  5. kuku

    kuku Respected Member

    Mar 30, 2009
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    We can not restrict a persons right to go where he/she wants to, and no matter where that person works i am fine with it as long he brings back the money to India. Human Resources can be a huge export from our nation i do not think there are many nations with a population as young as us and with a ability to adapt to any nation they go to, provided we put in equal amounts of money into higher education, as we do in giving subsidies, infra projects, etc. etc.

    The bigger question in the shortage of doctors in India is, while spending money on stupid projects like the CWG games, where was the XX,000 crore rupees spent on putting up and supporting new medical colleges?

    The level of mis-governance in our dear nation is mind boggling, which should make us appreciate the hard work our countrymen do to achieve the 9% growth, while all that the government does is to find new ways to make life hell....
    Last edited: Jan 2, 2011
  6. Syd

    Syd Regular Member

    Aug 18, 2010
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    You should bear in mind that most European Countries (including the UK) as well as the US and Canada insist on some degree of retesting or requalification before allowing doctors from outside their "area" (in UK this means the EU) to practice. The UK requires a language test and a competency test - many Indian doctors pass without problems but I do know of at least one who took two years to pass the language test.

    My cousin's wife emigrated to Canada from Goa about ten years ago and she had to do three years retraining before she was allowed to practice. Luckily my cousin was earning and supporting her otherwise life would have been very tough for her. Incidentally the Canadian rules vary from state to state but apply to all wo qualify from outside N. America. I know an English doctor who had to move to British Columbia because Ontario would not recognise her qualification

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