India-interesting facts

Discussion in 'Members Corner' started by RPK, Jul 29, 2009.

  1. RPK

    RPK Indyakudimahan Senior Member

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    Religions of India 2001 census

    Code:
    Religion                     Population                          Percent   
    
    All religions                1,028,610,328                    100.00% 
    Hindus                      827,578,868                        80.456% 
    Muslims                    138,188,240                        13.434% 
    Christians                  24,080,016                          2.341% 
    Sikhs                         19,215,730                         1.868% 
    Buddhists                     7,955,207                         0.773% 
    Jains                           4,225,053                         0.411% 
    Others                         6,639,626                         0.645% 
    Religion not stated           727,588                          0.07%
     
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  3. RPK

    RPK Indyakudimahan Senior Member

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    Protected areas of India


    As of May 2004, the protected areas of India cover 156,700 km², roughly 4.95% of the total surface area. India has the following kinds of protected areas, in the sense of the word designated by IUCN.


    National Parks (IUCN Category II): India's first National Park was Hailey National Park, now Jim Corbett National Park, established in 1935. By 1970, India had 5 National Parks; today it has over 90.


    Animal Sanctuary (IUCN Category IV): India has over 500 animal sanctuaries, referred to as Wildlife Sanctuaries. Among these, the 28 Tiger Reserves are governed by Project Tiger, and are of special significance in the conservation of the tiger. Some wildlife sanctuaries are specifically named Bird Sanctuary, eg. Keoladeo National Park before it attained National Park status. Many National Parks were initially Wildlife Sanctuaries.


    Biosphere Reserve (UNESCO designation roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V): The Indian government has also established Biosphere reserves, which protect larger areas of natural habitat, and often include one or more national parks and/or preserves, along buffer zones that are open to some economic uses.


    Reserved Forest and Protected Forest (IUCN Category IV or VI, depending on protection accorded): These are forested lands where logging, hunting, grazing and other activities may be permitted on a sustainable basis to members of certain communities. In reserved forests, explicit permission is required for such activities. In protected forests, such activities are allowed unless explicitly prohibited. Thus, in general reserved forests enjoy a higher degree of protection with respect to protected forests.


    Conservation Reserve and Community Reserve (IUCN Category V and VI respectively): These are areas adjoining existing PAs, which are of ecological value and can act as migration corridors, or buffer zone. Conservation reserves are designated government owned land from where communities may earn a subsistence, while community reserves are on mixed government/private lands. Community reserves are the only privately held land accorded protection by the Government of India.


    Village Forest and Panchayat Forest (IUCN Category VI): These are forested lands administered by a village or a panchayat on a sustainable basis, with the habitat, flora and fauna being accorded some degree of protection by the managing community.


    Private protected areas: These are regions which are owned by an individual or an organization / corporation not affiliated to the government or a communal body. Even though Indian legislation does not provide for protection of such areas, some NGOs are using land trusts to help in the conservation effort, and providing limited means of protection.


    Conservation areas: Conservation areas are large, well-designated geographical entities where landscape conservation is undergoing, and usually contains different kinds of constituent protected areas, as well as privately owned land.
     
  4. A M J

    A M J Regular Member

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    the statistics are quite old.
    .
    India's population is shown as 1.02 billion. But now its nearly 1.2 billion(including bangladeshis which will soon be throned as Indians).
     
  5. RPK

    RPK Indyakudimahan Senior Member

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    List of islands of India

    Andaman Islands
    Barren Island
    Great Andaman
    Little Andaman
    Ritchie's Archipelago
    Sentinel Islands
    Islands of the Cauvery River
    Srirangapatna
    Shivanasamudram
    Chorao, Goa
    Diu
    Divar, Goa
    Lakshadweep
    Majuli
    Minicoy Island
    Monroe Island, Kollam, Kerala
    Islands of Mumbai Harbour
    Butcher Island (Mumbai)
    Cross Island
    Elephanta Island
    Middle Ground
    Oyster Rock
    Salsette Island
    Nicobar Islands
    Great Nicobar
    Car Nicobar
    Rameswaram
    Sriharikota
    Vashee, Goa
    Vypin, Kochi, Kerala
    Willington Island, Kochi, Kerala
    Kavvayi
     
  6. John

    John Guest

    Territorial Sea: 12 NM or 22.2 km

    Contagious Zone: 24 NM or 44.4 km

    Exclusive economic zone: 200NM or 370km

    Continental Shelf : May 11, 2009 Claim has been submitted.

    The outer boundary of the continental Shelf wont exceed beyond 658 km from the baseline of the Territorial seas.
     
  7. F-14

    F-14 Global Defence Moderator Senior Member

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    historical FACTS

    India was one of the first in the world to issue passports (during the BIE (british indian Empier)

    india was a founding member of the world council ( the fore runner of the UN )

    During the British raj the territories from bruma to aden was ruled by GoI

    the reserve bank of india was the offical banker for burma , India Proper and the persian gulf loitter states

    the IAS is the oldest Civil service in Asia tracing its roots back to the 1600's as HMEICCS
     
  8. IBM

    IBM Regular Member

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    I think they r more sikhs than christian. i think they have not counted cut surds lolllllllll....
     
  9. johnee

    johnee Elite Member Elite Member

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    Its an old consensus. I feel the percentages would vastly differ now. The missionaries have done a good job, and the percentage of Christians would definitely be more impressive than its present figure. Secondly, Muslims would also have higher percentage since they generally have bigger families compared to other religions.

    So, on the whole, the percentage of Hindus would see a sharp decline and the percentage of Christians and Muslims would see a sharp increase, if we take a consensus now.
     
  10. shravan

    shravan Regular Member

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    Interesting Facts about India

    * When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization)

    * The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu.

    * The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name 'Hindustan' combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus.

    * Chess was invented in India.

    * Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.

    * The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System' were developed in India in 100 B.C.

    * The World's First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur, Tamil Nadu. The shikhara of the temple is made from a single 80-tonne piece of granite. This magnificent temple was built in just five years, (between 1004 AD and 1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja Chola.

    * India is the largest democracy in the world, the 6th largest Country in the world, and one of the most ancient civilizations.

    * The game of Snakes & Ladders was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was originally called 'Mokshapat'. The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. The game was played with cowrie shells and dices. In time, the game underwent several modifications, but its meaning remained the same, i.e. good deeds take people to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births.

    * The world's highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level.

    * India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world.

    * The largest employer in the world is the Indian Railways, employing over a million people.

    * The world's first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.

    * Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.

    * India was one of the richest countries till the time of British rule in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus, attracted by India's wealth, had come looking for a sea route to India when he discovered America by mistake.

    * The Art of Navigation & Navigating was born in the river Sindh over 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word 'NAVGATIH'. The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word 'Nou'.

    * Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. According to his calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun was 365.258756484 days.

    * The value of "pi" was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century, long before the European mathematicians.

    * Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus also originated in India.Quadratic Equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century. The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C.during the Vedic period.Even today, the largest used number is Terra: 10*12(10 to the power of 12).

    * Until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds in the world
    (Source: Gemological Institute of America).

    * The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the Himalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982.

    * Sushruta is regarded as the Father of Surgery. Over2600 years ago Sushrata & his team conducted complicated surgeries like cataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones, plastic surgery and brain surgeries.

    * Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient Indian medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion, metabolism,physiology, etiology, genetics and immunity is also found in many ancient Indian texts.

    * India exports software to 90 countries.

    * The four religions born in India - Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world's population.

    * Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.

    * Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion.

    * There are 300,000 active mosques in India, more than in any other country, including the Muslim world.

    * The oldest European church and synagogue in India are in the city of Cochin. They were built in 1503 and 1568 respectively.

    * Jews and Christians have lived continuously in India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively

    * The largest religious building in the world is Angkor Wat, a Hindu Temple in Cambodia built at the end of the 11th century.

    * The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th century, is the world's largest religious pilgrimage destination. Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate $6 million (US) to the temple everyday.

    * Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar in Punjab. Famous for housing the Golden Temple, the city was founded in 1577.

    * Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called "the Ancient City" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C., and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.

    * India provides safety for more than 300,000 refugees originally from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who escaped to flee religious and political persecution.

    * His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, the exiled spiritual leader of Tibetan Buddhists, runs his government in exile from Dharmashala in northern India.

    * Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.

    * Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.
     
  11. RPK

    RPK Indyakudimahan Senior Member

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    World Heritage Sites in India

    Agra Fort, Agra, Uttar Pradesh (1983)
    Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra (1983)
    Fatehpur Sikri, Uttar Pradesh (1986)
    Taj Mahal, Agra, Uttar Pradesh (1983)
    Churches and Convents of Goa, Goa (1986)
    Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh (1989)
    Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Madhya Pradesh (1986)
    Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, Madhya Pradesh (2003)
    Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Gujarat (2004)
    Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Mumbai, Maharashtra (2004)
    Elephanta Caves, Mumbai, Maharashtra (1987)
    Ellora Caves, Maharashtra (1983)
    Humayun's Tomb, Delhi (1993)
    Great Living Chola Temples, Tamil Nadu (1987)
    Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu (1984)
    Group of Monuments at Hampi, Karnataka (1986)
    Group of Monuments at Pattadakal, Karnataka (1987)
    Kaziranga National Park, Assam (1985)
    Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam (1985)
    Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan (1985)
    Konark Sun Temple, Konark, Orissa (1984)
    Mahabodhi Temple Complex, Bodh Gaya, Bihar (2002)
    Mountain Railways of India, including Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Kalka-Shimla Railway, and Nilgiri Mountain Railway (1999)
    Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park, Uttaranchal (1988)
    Red Fort, Delhi (2007)
    Sundarbans National Park, West Bengal (1987)
    Qutub Minar and its monuments, Delhi (1993)
     
  12. RPK

    RPK Indyakudimahan Senior Member

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    Rivers of India

    Rivers flowing into Bay of Bengal
    Subarnarekha
    Kharkai
    Karnaphuli River from Mizoram and Bangladesh
    Meghna River from India and Bangladesh
    Titas River in Tripura
    Haora River in Agartala

    Brahmaputra River Basin
    Brahmaputra River
    Lohit River
    Burhidihing River, also called Noa Dihing in its earlier course through Namdapha National Park
    Kameng River
    Manas River
    Sankosh
    Yamuna
    Teesta River
    Rangeet River
    Lachen River
    Lachung River
    Darla River in Bangladesh
    Jaldhaka in Sikkim and West Bengal

    Ganga River Basin
    Ganges River
    Hooghly River (distributary)
    Jalangi River
    River Churni
    Ichamati River
    Damodar River
    Barakar River
    Rupnarayan River
    Ajay River
    Mayurakshi River
    Dwarakeswar River
    Mundeswari River
    Meghna River (distributary)
    Padma River (distributary)
    Budhi Gandak
    Kosi River
    Gandak at Patna
    Son River
    Koel River
    Rihand River
    Ghaghara River (Gogra) or Karnali River in Nepal
    Yamuna River
    Ban Ganga River
    Betwa River
    Dhasan River
    Halali River
    Kaliasote River
    Sindh River
    Kwari River
    Pahuj River in Bhind District Madhya Pradesh
    Chambal River
    Banas River
    Berach River
    Ahar River
    Kali Sindh River
    Parbati River (Madhya Pradesh)
    Shipra River in Ujjain
    Gambhir River
    Parbati River (Rajasthan)
    Gomti River
    Mahananda River
    Mahakali River
    Bhagirathi River
    Alaknanda River
    Gangi River
    Beson River
    Mangai River
    Bhainsai River
    Tamsa River
    Karmanasha

    West Bengal Coastal Rivers
    Subarnarekha river
    Kharkai River
    Kangsabati River
    Bhagirathi
    Hughli

    Mahanadi River Basin
    Mahanadi River
    Brahmani River
    South Koel River near Rourkela
    Sankh River
    Devi River
    Kusabhadra River
    Daya River
    Bhargavi River
    Kadua River

    Godavari River Basin
    Godavari River in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra states
    Kolab River in Orissa State
    Indravati River in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra State and also in Chhattisgarh state [1]
    Bandiya River in Gadchiroli
    Pranahita River in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra State and also in Andhra Pradesh state
    Dina River in Gadchiroli
    Wainganga River in Gadchiroli, Chandrapur, Nagpur, Bhandara, Gondiya districts of Maharashtra state and Balaghat District of Madhya Pradesh State
    Sati River in Gadchiroli
    Khobragadi River in Gadchiroli
    Teepa River in Gadchiroli
    Chulband River in Bhandara, Gondiya districts of Maharashtra state
    Kanhan River in Nagpur
    Nag River in Nagpur
    Pench River in Nagpur
    Kolhar River in Nagpur
    Sur River in Bhandara, Nagpur districts of Maharashtra state
    Bawanthadi River in Bhandara
    Wagh River in Gondiya
    Wardha River in Chandrapur, Yavatmal, Wardha, Nagpur, Amravati
    Penganga River in Andhra Pradesh state and Chandrapur, Yavatmal, Nanded, Hingoli, Washim and Buldhana districts of Maharashtra State
    Vidarbha River, Yavatmal in Yavatmal
    Khuni River in Yavatmal
    Waghadi River in Yavatmal
    Arunavati River in Yavatmal, Washim
    Adan River in Yavatmal, Washim
    Kayadhu River in Nanded, Hingoli
    Vena River in Wardha, Nagpur districts of Maharashtra state
    Pothara River in Wardha
    Lai River in Wardha
    Bor River in Wardha, Nagpur districts of Maharashtra state
    Yashoda River in Wardha
    Dham River in Wardha
    Bhakalee River in Wardha
    Ramganga River in Yavatmal
    Bembala River in Yavatmal, Amravati, Washim districts of Maharashtra state
    Vidarbha River, Amravati in Amravati
    Charghad River in Amravati and Madhya Pradesh State
    Maad River in Amravati and Madhya Pradesh State
    Manjra River in Bidar district of Karnataka State, Nizamabad district of Andhra Pradesh and Nanded, Latur, Osmanabad, Beed districts of Maharashtra State
    Manhaad River in Nanded, Latur
    Lendi River in Nanded, Latur
    Terna River in Osmanabad, Latur
    Tavarja River In Latur
    Karanja River in Bidar, Latur
    Devani River in Latur, Bidar
    Kadakpurna River in Parbhani, Hingoli, Buldhana, Aurangabad districts of Maharashtra state
    Dudhna River in Parbhani, Jalna, Aurangabad
    Kelna River in Jalna, Aurangabad
    Girija River in Jalna, Aurangabad
    Kapra River in Parbhani district of Maharashtra state
    Sindfana River in Beed
    Bindusara River in Beed
    Kham River in Aurangabad
    Shivna River in Aurangabad
    Pravara River in Ahmednagar
    Mula River in Ahmednagar
    Kadwa River in Nashik
    Darna River in Nashik district of Maharashtra state
    Mina River
    Vel River
    Andhra River
    Kundali River
    Dudhganga River
    Panchganga River in Kolhapur district of Maharashtra state
    Warna River
    Yerla River
    Koyna River in Satara district of Maharashtra state

    Andhra Pradesh Coastal Rivers
    Rivers like vamsadhara and nagavalli are the two coastal rivers in srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh

    Sharada river starts at Devarapally in visakhapatnam district and drains in to the Bay of Bengal


    Penner River Basin
    Penner River

    Kaveri River Basin
    Kaveri River (Kaveri)
    Kollidam (distributary)
    Amaravati River
    Arkavathy River
    Mettur Dam
    Bhavani River
    Hemavati River
    Kabini River

    Tamil Nadu Coastal Rivers
    Thamirabarani River
    Palar River
    Vaigai River
    Vellar
    Vasishta Nadi
    Sweta Nadi

    Rivers flowing into Arabian Sea

    Karnataka Coastal Rivers
    The rivers flowing through three coastal districts of Karnataka join Arabian sea.

    Kali River
    Netravati River
    Sharavathi River
    Aghanashini River
    List of rivers of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi districts

    Coastal rivers of Goa
    Zuari River
    Mandovi River
     
  13. RPK

    RPK Indyakudimahan Senior Member

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    Boundaries

    Land boundaries: 14,103 km
    Bangladesh 4,053 km
    China 3,380 km including the territorial disputes along its border; McMahon Line
    Pakistan including the disputed LoC is 2,912 km
    Nepal 1,690 km
    Burma 1,463 km
    Bhutan 605 km
    Coastline: Indian Ocean 7,000 km
     
  14. prahladh

    prahladh Respected Member

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    the value of pi was calculated correctly upto the last decimal. very precise. IMO.
     
  15. RPK

    RPK Indyakudimahan Senior Member

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    India participates in the following international organisations

    ADB-Asian Development Bank, AfDB-African Development Bank (nonregional members), ASEAN Regional Forum, ASEAN (dialogue partner), BIMSTEC-Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multisectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation , BIS-Bank for International Settlements, Commonwealth of Nations, CERN-European Organization for Nuclear Research (observer), CP-Colombo Plan, EAS, FAO-Food and Agriculture Organization, G-15, G-24, G-77, IAEA-International Atomic Energy Agency, IBRD-International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), ICAO-International Civil Aviation Organization, ICC-International Chamber of Commerce, ICRM-International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, IDA-International Development Association, IFAD-International Fund for Agricultural Development, IFC-International Finance Corporation, IFRCS-International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, IHO-International Hydrographic Organization, ILO-International Labor Organization, IMF-International Monetary Fund, IMO-International Maritime Organization, IMSO-International Mobile Satellite Organization, Interpol-International Criminal Police Organization, IOC-International Olympic Committee, IOM-International Organization for Migration (observer), IPU-Inter-parliamentary Union, ISO-International Organization for Standardization, ITSO-International Telecommunications Satellite Organization, ITU-International Telecommunication Union, ITUC-International Trade Union Confederation (the successor to ICFTU (International Confederation of Free Trade Unions) and the WCL (World Confederation of Labor)), LAS-League of Arab States (observer), MIGA-Multilateral Investment Geographic Agency, MONUC-United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, NAM-Nonaligned Movement, OAS-Organization of American States (observer), OPCW-Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, PCA-Permanent Court of Arbitration, PIF-Pacific Islands Forum (partner), SAARC-South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, SACEP-South Asia Co-opeative Environment Programme, SCO-Shanghai Cooperation Organization (observer), UN-United Nations, UNCTAD-United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, UNDOF-United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, UNESCO-United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, UNHCR-United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, UNIDO-United Nations Industrial Development Organization, UNIFIL-United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, UNMEE-United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea, UNMIS, UNOCI-United Nations Operation in Cote d'Ivoire, UNWTO-World Tourism Organization, UPU-Universal Postal Union, WCL-World Confederation of Labor, WCO-World Customs Organization, WFTU-World Federation of Trade Unions, WHO-World Health Organization, WIPO-World Intellectual Property Organization, WMO-World Meteorological Organization, WTO-World Trade Organization
     
  16. RPK

    RPK Indyakudimahan Senior Member

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    India's territorial disputes

    India's territorial disputes with neighboring Pakistan and People's Republic of China have played a crucial role in its foreign policy. India is also involved in minor territorial disputes with neighboring Bangladesh, Nepal and Maldives. India currently maintains two manned stations in Antarctica but has made some unofficial territorial claims, this is yet to be clarified.

    India is involved in the following international disputes:


    Bangladesh
    6.5 km of the border between India and Bangladesh remains to be demarcated.
    Dispute with Bangladesh over South Talpatti Island / New Moore in the Bay of Bengal.
    Ongoing discussions with Bangladesh to exchange 162 minuscule enclaves between the two.

    Nepal
    Kalapani village of India is claimed by Nepal and Nawalparasi district of Nepal is claimed by India.
    The dispute between India and Nepal involves about 75 km² of area in Kalapani, where China, India, and Nepal meet. Indian forces occupied the area in 1962 after China and India fought their border war. Three villages are located in the disputed zone: Kuti [Kuthi, 30°19'N, 80°46'E], Gunji, and Knabe. India and Nepal disagree about how to interpret the 1816 Sugauli treaty between the British East India Company and Nepal, which delimited the boundary along the Maha Kali River (Sarda River in India). The dispute intensified in 1997 as the Nepali parliament considered a treaty on hydro-electric development of the river. India and Nepal differ as to which stream constitutes the source of the river. Nepal regards the Limpiyadhura as the source; India claims the Lipu Lekh. Nepal has reportedly tabled an 1856 map from the British India Office to support its position. The countries have held several meetings about the dispute and discussed jointly surveying to resolve the issue. Although the Indo-Nepali dispute appears to be minor, it was aggravated in 1962 by tensions between China and India. Because the disputed area lies near the Sino-Indian frontier, it gains strategic value.


    British Indian Ocean Territory
    Dispute over the British Indian Ocean Territories with the colonial power. India regards this as part of its oceanic vicinity of its sovereignty and a threat to its integrity and does not recognise the crown's rule over these "Indian" islands.

    Maldives
    Dispute over Minicoy Island with Maldives.

    Pakistan
    The unresolved Kashmir dispute and the status of Kashmir with Pakistan, involving the Siachen Glacier, India claims the disputed territory from Pakistan occupied Kashmir.
    Boundary issues of the Ferozepur and Pathankot with the Government of Pakistan.
    Dispute over Kori Creek and the maritime boundary regarding the Rann of Kachchh area of India.
    Water-sharing problems with Pakistan over the Indus River (Wular Barrage); (Indus Water Treaty)

    People's Republic of China
    India claims Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract, as part of Jammu and Kashmir.
    China claims most of Arunachal Pradesh, a contested disputed territory of north-east India by not recognising the McMahon Line.
    Two regions are claimed by both India and China. Aksai Chin is in the disputed territory of Kashmir, at the junction of Pakistan, Tibet and occupied Kashmir. India claims the 38,000-square-kilometre territory, currently administered by China. Arunachal Pradesh is a state of India in the country's northeast, bordering on Bhutan, Myanmar and China. Though it is under Indian administration, China calls the 90,000-square-kilometre area as South Tibet. Also the boundary between the North Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal with China's Tibet is not properly demarcated with some portions under de-facto administration of India
     
  17. S.A.T.A

    S.A.T.A Senior Member Senior Member

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    One of the most popular misconception which is prevalent today is that the name 'Hindu' is derived from the river Sindhu and is due to a Persian corruption.However i myst add the misconception is mostly semantic.

    When this subject comes i usually argue that its not derived from any one river,but rather derived from an already well established geographical expression.The Hindu is all probability is definitely Persian.In the later Persian Avestan text like vendidad(which deals with Old Persian creation myth),which is from a period later than our Epics,One of the 18 good lands that their god Ahura Mazda created was called "Hapta Hendu"

    From opur studies of Vedas,we are certain that the Vedic people from the samhita period called their home land as "Sapta Sindhu"(or Sapta Sindhva),which translates to the land of seven rivers.the Sindhu here does not represent any one river in particular and infact among the seven,the now extinct Saraswati was perhaps the largest and most significant of the rivers.

    Hence its quite clear that word Hendu/Hindu was not derived from any river but a direct reference to a geographical expression,well known to and used for describing their homeland,by Ancient Indians from the early Vedic period,which the ancient Persians later adopted for the same.
     
  18. Jarnee

    Jarnee New Member

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  19. RPK

    RPK Indyakudimahan Senior Member

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    Hijacking of Indian aeroplanes


    1971 January 30 : An Indian Airlines plane on its way from Srinagar to Jammu was hijacked by Hashim Quereshi and Ashraf Quereshi of the JKLF, who took it to Lahore. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, then Foreign Minister of Pakistan rushed to Lahore and met the hijackers and helped them get maximum international publicity. On February 1, he persuaded them to release the crew and passengers who were then sent by road to Amritsar. The Government of India sought permission of Pakistan to send a replacement crew to fly the aircraft back to India. Pakistan authorities denied the permission. Instead it is alleged they supplied petrol to the hijackers with which they burnt the aircraft on February 2. From Lahore Airport the hijackers were taken into a procession as heroes.
    1981 September 29 : An Indian airlines plane on flight from Srinagar to Delhi is hijacked and taken to Lahore. Pakistan took commando action and got all passengers released.
    1982 August 22: A lone militant, armed with a pistol and a hand grenade, hijacked a Boeing 737 on a scheduled flight from Bombay to New Delhi carrying 69 persons. Indian security forces killed the hijacker and rescued all passengers.
    1982 August: An Indian Airlines flight from Jodhpur to Delhi was hijacked. The hijacked plane landed at Amritsar.
    1984 July 6 : An Indian Airlines jet carrying 255 passengers and a crew of nine on flight from Srinagar to New Delhi was hijacked and forced to land in Lahore ,Pakistan.The hijackers were reported to be armed with pistols, daggers and explosives. The hijackers' surrender to Pakistan authorities ended a 17- hour ordeal for the plane's passengers and crew, who remained aboard the A-300 Airbus in suffocating heat, with little food and water.
    1984 August 24: Seven young hijackers demanded an Indian Airlines jetliner, on a domestic flight from Chandigarh to Srinagar with 100 passengers on board ,be flown to the United States. The plane was taken to Lahore and then to Karachi and finally to Dubai where the defense minister of UAE negotiated the release of the passengers. It was related to the secessionist struggle in the Indian state of Punjab.The hijacker was subsequently repatriated by UAE authorities to India, who handed over the pistol recovered from the hijacker. Investigations revealed that the pistol was manufactured in Germany and was part of 75 pistols consigned from Germany to CAO, PO Box 1040, Islamabad.The Pakistani Foreign Ministry denied the accusation.
    1993 April 24: Indian Airlines aircraft bound for Srinagar via Jammu from Delhi is hijacked . The hijacker wanted to take the plane to Lahore but Pakistan authorities refused permission. The plane landed at Amritsar where the hijacker was killed and passengers freed.
    1999-2000: Indian Airlines Flight 814 flying from Kathmandu is hijacked and diverted it to Kandahar. After a week-long stand-off India agrees to release three jailed Kashmiri militants in exchange for the hostages. 1 hostage was stabbed to death and his body thrown on the tarmac as a "warning attack"
     
  20. Tamil

    Tamil Regular Member

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    Just Wake-Up INDIA

    This is the worst thing made my government. If im the in-charge i order NSG/MACROS/SPF else just destroy the aircraft. by not allowing the Prisoners and the terrorist to set FREE.

    300 normal humans will die for the country,

    Not a single Terrorist will Escape...

    by releaseing that 3, now more than 3000 already died...

    Think twice b4 do...
     
  21. RPK

    RPK Indyakudimahan Senior Member

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    India in International Relations

    United Nations · East Asian Summit · G4 · G8+5 · G20 · BRIC · IBSA · IAEA · IMF · ISO · Commonwealth of Nations · NAM · SAARC · UNESCO · WHO · WTO · SAEU · BIMSTEC
     

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