According to prominent Russian and Chinese experts India could have made liquid fueled silo based ICBMs since early 1992 as Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) was the first De facto Indian ICBM . Comparison of Russian , Chinese and Indian first generation systems Russia ICBM -- Mass 276 tonnes -- payload 3.7 tonnes --- Range 12000 kms China ICBM -- Mass 183 tonnes -- payload 3 tonnes --- Range 12000 kms India SLV/ICBM -- Mass 294 tonnes --- payload 3 to 5 tonnes --- Range Leo ( 12000 to 15000 kms) India had the capability for MIRVing the launch vehicle post boost control system with 5 to 8 nuclear warheads of 1974 vintage of 13 kt therefore achieving its 2nd leg of triad . India had already developed strap-ons, a clustered combination of single-stage missiles, parallel staging (not required) , serial staging , thrust-to-weight ratio of greater than one , maranging steel motor casing , thrust vector control system , sufficient thermal protection because the velocity of the RV due to very high ballistic coefficient entry paths etc. The Indian LV flies on a steeper trajectory early on to get the satellite to a high altitude and then onto a horizontal path that will put it into orbit but with a little modification to the trajectory it could have been an ICBM which could have had range excess of 12000 kms and a 3000 kgs + payload with MIRV and defense penetration aids to avoid BMD with twice the burnout time than other ICBMs Though 2 problems prevents India for going this road 1 ) Lack of sophistication of Nuclear weapons in 1991 as India hadn't tested its thermonuclear weapon only theoretical simulation completed. 2) Strategic amateurism and fear by Indian policymakers as it would have sent jitters from Moscow to Washington. So that would make Agni-V India's Third generation ICBM not first generation as commonly thought with canister launch capability and solid fueled. It is time India woke up from its self created slumber and fear of antagonizing western countries and test its third generation solid fueled canisterized ICBM with MIRV capability and 12000 + Kms range .