Chinaâ€™s nuclear programme in East Turkestan and its impact today (64) The Lop Nor testing site, located in East Turkestan, was used for a total of 46 individual nuclear detonations over three decades (1964 â€“ 1996). Since the termination of the tests in 1996 â€“ marked by Beijingâ€™s signature of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty â€“ the environmental and health impact of the radioactive contamination in the area has not yet been addressed. To raise this urgent need, LÃ¡szlÃ³ TÅ‘kÃ©s MEP, in cooperation with Kristiina Ojuland MEP and Vytautas Landsbergis MEP, will convene a conference, â€˜50 Years After Test 596: Chinaâ€™s Nuclear Programme in East Turkestan and Its Impact Todayâ€™ at the European Parliament in Brussels from 9.30â€“12.30 on 29 February 2012 in collaboration with the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO, www.unpo.org) and the World Uyghur Congress (WUC, www.uyghurcongress.org ). The international conference promises rare information on Chinaâ€™s nuclear policies, the scope of its nuclear weapons tests in East Turkestan, and the consequences of radioactive exposure for people and environment with a particular focus on the disproportionate effects on the Uyghur population. A multi-faceted programme will cover elements of Chinaâ€™s programmes for scientific development as well as social and health policies, which have acquired international significance due to their wide-reaching effects. Expert panellists with a research background in nuclear security will provide an unadorned insight into the legacy of long-standing birth defects, cancer and death, which the local Uyghur community is facing as a consequence. The conference will provide a constructive discussion on ways to secure meaningful recognition and compensation for the survivors of the Communist Partyâ€™s nuclear testing programme conducted in Lop Nor, East Turkestan over three decades, frequently neglected by the international community.