Fatehpur Sikri was once a Jain pilgrimage centre

Discussion in 'Religion & Culture' started by LurkerBaba, Mar 4, 2013.

  1. LurkerBaba

    LurkerBaba Staff Administrator

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    Fatehpur Sikri, that Mughal emperor Akbar established as his capital and is now a World Heritage site 32 km from here, was once a "flourishing trade and Jain pilgrimage centre", a new book says.

    Basing his arguments on the excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in 1999-2000 at the Chabeli Tila, senior Agra journalist Bhanu Pratap Singh said the antique pieces, statues, and structures all point to a lost "culture and religious site," more than 1,000 years ago.

    "The excavations yielded a rich crop of Jain statues, hundreds of them, including the foundation stone of a temple with the date. The statues were a thousand years old of Bhagwan Adi Nath, Bhagwan Rishabh Nath, Bhagwan Mahavir and Jain Yakshinis," said Swarup Chandra Jain, senior leader of the Jain community. The Jains comprise about 0.4 percent of India's population of 1.2 billion and are a generally religious, prosperous and literate community.

    Historian Sugam Anand said: "The findings should have led to serious research, but that was not done. You need time and resources. Definitely before Akbar built his capital in Fatehpur Sikri, there is proof of habitation, of temples and commercial centres. The open space on the ridge was used by Akbar to build his capital. But we still need a lot of research."

    The statues and artefacts discovered buried in a pond have been kept in a guest house in Fatehpur Sikri by the ASI.

    Bhanu Pratap Singh, the author of "Jain Dharm Ka Pramukh Kendra Tha Fatehpur Sikri," said: "Sikri existed much before Akbar. The excavations have clearly established this fact."

    DV Sharma, former superintending archaeologist of the ASI in Agra, who supervised the excavations, said: "We found scores of damaged statues piled up, and with dates, also a manuscript. These are now lying in the guest house at Fatehpur Sikri. They should have gone ahead with the excavations and engaged historians to research on the subject."

    "My book on Fatehpur Sikri excavations is there in the ASI library with complete details of the findings which unmistakably point to a flourishing trade and pilgrimage centre of both the Jains and the Sikarwars. Akbar built a few structures and modified others that were already there. Who demolished the temples and the statues is a subject which further research alone can establish," Sharma added.

    The ASI, for reasons known only to itself, abruptly stopped excavations at Fatehpur Sikri. "Had they pursued and dug up all the mounds, startling revelations would have been made that would have changed the course of our historical understanding," Bhanu Pratap Singh claimed.

    Prior to the excavations in 1999, the ASI, in its various publications, had categorically stated: "Before Akbar's time, the higher ridge was uninhabited, its former glory and present fame are the result of a sufi saint's choice of it as a hermitage."

    But ASI's documents do refer to Sikri village, "a site full of interest and promise for archaeological exploration".

    Bhanu Pratap Singh said the Fatehpur Sikri area was under the Sikarwar Rajputs, who had many structures and palaces, including a fort and temples, which were either demolished or suitably modified by the Mughals and before them by the Muslim rulers. Fatehpur Sikri was earlier Vijay Pur, according to the ASI's DV Sharma.

    The Jain community in Agra is now planning to develop a museum in Fatehpur Sikri to tell the world "the real history of the area", according to philanthropist Ashok Jain, a chartered accountant.

    Fatehpur Sikri was once a Jain pilgrimage centre
     
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  3. blank_quest

    blank_quest Senior Member Senior Member

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  4. panduranghari

    panduranghari Senior Member Senior Member

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    Look at the caveat of this Dharam Vir Sharma - The excavation, according to Sharma, shows that Fatehpur Sikri was a pre-Mughal city with temples around its periphery. ``But we are yet to ascertain when they were demolished,'' he said, clearly voicing the premise of his project but hedging on whether it was the Mughals or a Hindu invader of a previous period who was responsible for the wide-scale destruction.

    Do we need to even question IF it was a Muslim invader?

    I hope this will lead credence to the argument of Tejo Mahalaya. Was it a Jain temple too?
     
  5. warriorextreme

    warriorextreme Senior Member Senior Member

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    I would say they could have been sanatan dharmic invaders..Hinduism came after fall of buddhism..
    Pushyamitra Sunga did actually destroyed many Stupas or converted them to temples..
     
  6. anoop_mig25

    anoop_mig25 Senior Member Senior Member

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    so was ayodhya
     
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  7. maomao

    maomao Veteran Hunter of Maleecha Senior Member

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    Not Just in India, but world over Islam has done this, they have meticulously tried to destroy local history and heritage and built mosques over Temples and cities! Unfortunately, truth in India is now popping out due to all the wrong doings of treacherous Left Liberal Anti-Hindu secularists sitting at the top, protecting their natural allies the Islamists to flourish and trample upon any sanity left in this land to be replaced by bloodthirst of Islam by propping inane theories such Islam bringing Golden Age and civilization to India (what a crude Joke for millions of Hindus killed and converted)!
     
    Last edited: Mar 5, 2013
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  8. Bhadra

    Bhadra Defence Professionals Defence Professionals Senior Member

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    Hinduism came after Budhism ... that is a big news friend..... depends what you understand by Hinduism ??
     
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  9. Bhadra

    Bhadra Defence Professionals Defence Professionals Senior Member

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    Given a choice from where I shall start publication of my new newspaper if not from Delhi, Madras, banglore, Mumbay, Chenai and Calcutta ?

    Muslims made their Mosques at the places of public gatherings even at the cost of destruction of existing news paper offices..
    Simple... how can it be denied.... Ram ajnma bhoomi, Varanasi, Mathura etc..

    It was simple logic...
     
  10. warriorextreme

    warriorextreme Senior Member Senior Member

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    The religion people generally refer to as Hinduism is actually Sanatan Vedic Dharma...Hinduism is product of mixture of Sanatan Vedic Dharma, Jainism & Buddhism.
     
  11. Bhadra

    Bhadra Defence Professionals Defence Professionals Senior Member

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    You mean Vedic dharma is different from Sanatan dharma ?

    What about Upanishada inspired dharmas like ashtanaga, Sankya and Budhism itself ?
     
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  12. ashdoc

    ashdoc Senior Member Senior Member

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  13. ashdoc

    ashdoc Senior Member Senior Member

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    Re: Akbar's Fathehpur Sikri , once a jain pilgrimage center

    Sorry---repeat thread .:confused:
     
  14. dhananjay1

    dhananjay1 Regular Member

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    Well, Sikri was a stronghold of Sikri Rajputs and after conquering it Akbar gave it the name Fatehpur Sikri. I think there would be evidence of Hindu temples, too.
     
  15. Known_Unknown

    Known_Unknown Devil's Advocate Stars and Ambassadors

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    Scientific conclusions cannot be drawn merely on the basis of popular perception. To assert an event as a historical fact requires collection of evidence based on archaeological, literary, geological and various other data and only then can one say with any confidence what may have happened.

    Do you really believe that it is impossible for an opposing Hindu or Buddhist king to destroy Jain temples or palaces built by a rival kingdom?

    From the sacking of Persepolis by the Greeks to the destruction of Ayutthaya by the Burmese, rival armies have rarely demonstrated reverence towards the architectural grandeur of their enemies' cities.
     
  16. civfanatic

    civfanatic Retired Moderator

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    Well, no one exactly knows what happened to the Jain temples, but it is extremely unlikely that Akbar himself destroyed any Jain structures. Akbar had great respect and fondness for the Jains and Jain ideology. Jain scholars and teachers like Hiravijaya Suri had a tremendous influence on Akbar and eventually caused him to embrace vegetarianism and ban animal slaughter.

    You can read more about the relationship between Akbar and the Jains here:
    JAINpedia->-Themes->-Places->-Jains and the Mughals
     
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  17. Virendra

    Virendra Moderator Moderator

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    Such an established Jain centre would not cease to exist just like that.
    The Jain structures may have got damaged by some early raid.
    Or perhaps a climate event like continued drought etc that forced the people to flee and not come back for a long time.
    What I don't get is, why the ASI stopped excavations and why there is no reason given for the same?

    Regards,
    Virendra
     
  18. LordOfTheUnderworlds

    LordOfTheUnderworlds Regular Member

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    1999-2000. BJP was in power. Perhaps Murali Manohar Joshi can best answer why excavation was abruptly stopped.
     
  19. parijataka

    parijataka Senior Member Senior Member

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    Fatehpuri Sikri was abandoned due to shortage of water - perhaps same reason Jain temples/settlements were too before that.
     
  20. Virendra

    Virendra Moderator Moderator

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    I don't like that guy :dude:
    Its intuitive, I have no explanation as to why.
     

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