China opens the 4th Antarctic research base

Discussion in 'China' started by amoy, Feb 9, 2014.

  1. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

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    China opens Antarctic research base |Sci-Tech |chinadaily.com.cn

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    China completes its fourth Antarctic research station, Taishan, which is expected to run for the next 15 years. Provided to China Daily

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    Last edited: Feb 9, 2014
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  3. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

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    China's first polar fixed-wing aircraft arrives at research station in Antarctica
    10:25, December 02, 2015

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    Following the icebreaker "Xuelong" and the all-terrain vehicle of the same name, China has for the first time sent a fixed-wing aircraft to the South Pole. The "Xueying" will be tested in the next few days.

    According to the State Marine Office, China's first polar fixed-wing aircraft, the "Xueying 601", arrived at the airport near China's first research station in Antarctica on Monday.

    The "Xueying 601" - or "Snow Eagle" in English- took off on Nov. 15 from Canada. Eightdays later, it arrived at the British research station "Rothera". On Nov. 26, the "Xueying" arrived at the South Pole. Carrying three crew members, the aircraft finally arrived at Chinese research station "Zhongshan" Monday, after a journey of seven hours and 46minutes from the South Pole.

    The scientists will test the flight characteristics of the fixed-wing aircraft under the climatic conditions of Antarctica. They will also test the performance of the aircraft's equipment including the ice radar, the gravimeter and magnetometer.

    The research station Zhongshan serves as the base for testing. The first mission of “Xueying" includes flights to another two Chinese research stations "Kunlun" and "Taishan" and for the Australian Station "Casey". It will also complete the scientific studyof the Princess Elisabeth Land near the "Taishan" station.

    Fixed wing aircraft are designed for fast transport and emergency rescue. They are therefore eminently suitable for research purposes. So far, only the US, Germany and Great Britain own multi-functional fixed-wing aircraft in Antarctica.



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    Snow Eagle 601 -- the aircraft, manufactured in the United States, can fly at a speed of 380 km per hour with a maximum payload of 5,900 kg. It will be equipped with research equipment including an ice radar system, airborne gravimeter, airborne magnetometer and onboard laser radar system.

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    Photo taken on March 10, 2015 shows Chinese icebreaker Xuelong, or Snow Dragon, sailing in floating ice area as it pulls out of the Antarctic circle. (Xinhua/Bai Yang)
     
    Last edited: Dec 8, 2015
  4. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

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    China's 1st all-terrain vehicle undergoes field test near Zhongshan Antarctic Station
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    Photo taken on Dec. 14, 2015 shows China's first all-terrain vehicle at the Zhongshan Antarctic Station, a Chinese scientific research base in Antarctica. China's first all-terrain vehicle recently underwent a field test near the Zhongshan Antarctic Station. The amphibious vehicle has excellent maneuverability and can run in snowfields, deserts, beaches and mountainous regions at a maximum speed of 60 kilometers per hour and 5 kilometers per hour in water. (Xinhua/Zhu Jichai)

    http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/photo/2015-12/15/c_134919915_2.htm
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  5. amoy

    amoy Senior Member Senior Member

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    China's scientists find world's largest canyon under Antarctic ice sheet
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    Researchers from China's 32nd scientific expedition to the Antarctic discovered a 1,000 kilometer-long canyon beneath an Antarctic ice sheet. The canyon exceeds the U.S. Grand Canyon in size; it is now the largest known canyon on the earth's surface, Xinhua News reported on Monday.

    Discovered near the Princess Elizabeth Land, the canyon is more than 1,000 kilometers in length and 1,500 meters in depth. The maximum width at the top of the canyon is 26.5 kilometers. This is the first time that any large canyon has been found in the region.

    According to data collected on the site, Chinese scientists have made three major scientific discoveries there, said Sun Bo, vice director of China's 32nd Antarctic expedition team.

    The first big discovery is the world's largest canyon, which was beneath an Antarctic ice sheet near the Princess Elizabeth Land.

    The second big discovery is that there are numerous subglacial lakes and subglacial water channels, also beneath the Antarctic ice sheet. These lakes and bodies of water are interconnected. The width of one of the lakes reaches 26.5 kilometers, and another was formed in a location where the thickness of the ice is over 4,000 meters. This discovery will play an important role in future research.

    The third key finding is that the temperature of deep ice in Princess Elizabeth Land is noticeably higher than in other regions, which makes it easier for ice to melt, meaning that lakes and other water systems form more easily.

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    Since late November 2015, China's 32nd scientific expedition to the Antarctic has been using new equipment, including the first polar airplane (named Snow Eagle601), to conduct large-scale scientific probes around Princess Elizabeth Land, covering an area of 866,000 square kilometers.

    http://en.people.cn/n3/2016/0119/c90000-9006023.html


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