Having covered the â€˜non-causesâ€™ of Hindu defeats, we analyze the possible cause of defeat in the following paragraphs. Aggressive Spirit Missing In view of the above types of factors, Hindus lost their aggressive spirit; they were overtaken by a defensive mindset. Their central slogan became â€˜We will fight only when attackedâ€™; and they stuck to it steadfastly. One irrefutable lesson of military history is that nations and generals without an offensive mindset can do no good even in the defensive mode. World military history proves the inviolability of this dictum. The only way to save â€˜Ajmer and Delhiâ€™ (and therefore Bharat) was for Prithviraj Chauhan to go and capture Ghazni and Ghur in Afghanistan. He had the capability and military muscle to do that; but the mindset was missing. But for that type of â€˜defensive mindsetâ€™ Bharat would never have been a slave. Closely allied with the aggressive spirit, is the question of attitude towards â€˜risk-takingâ€™. There is a famous saying â€” â€˜No risk, no gainâ€™; this dictum is particularly applicable to war situations. Only the bold and daring generals succeed. Fortune helps the brave, who will inherit the earth. In an earlier chapter, we have quoted the Sanskrit shloka â€˜Veera Bhoga Vasundhra â€” the Brave will enjoy the Earth.â€™ Lord Krishna in the Bhagwad Gita, effectively gave the same message; but, the Hindu antennas did not receive it. Thus, along with the loss of aggressive spirit, Hindus also became â€˜Risk-Averseâ€™; â€˜Safety firstâ€™ became their motto. Otherwise, there is no reason for Prithviraj Chauhan for not mounting a campaign to capture Ghazni and Ghur. If you dither at a crucial point in history, you are likely to be assigned to its dustbin. In view of the totality of the above factors â€” â€¢ Ask not â€” â€˜Why the Hindus were defeated?â€™ â€¢ But ask â€” â€˜Why the Hindus were never on the OFFENSIVE?â€™ Unfortunately, this latter question has never been asked of the Hindus; neither by themselves, nor by anyone else. The impression that is sought to be created is that the â€˜Offensiveâ€™ option was never available to the Hindus, and is not available now. Hindus themselves are at the forefront of creating this impression. Hindu apologists remark that â€˜Offensiveâ€™ actions are not in Hindu culture. â€˜We are not that type of peopleâ€™ is a phrase often heard. This is a complete distortion of the Hindu religion. The true Hindu scriptures are all for aggressive and offensive actions, for that one aim of achieving victory. Even the means adopted for that do not matter. We have covered this aspect in detail in our earlier chapters (40 and 41); here we just quote a Rig Veda Hymn (RV 6.75.2): â€œWith the bow let us win cows, with the bow let us win the contest and violent battles with the bow. The bow ruins the enemyâ€™s pleasure; with the bow let us conquer all the corners of the world.â€ We must take note of the repeated use of the words â€˜Winâ€™ and â€˜Conquerâ€™ in the above short hymn; â€˜Violentâ€™ battles are recommended. â€˜World conquestâ€™ is a slogan given by the Rig at that stage of pre-history. All this establishes great stress of the Rig on â€˜Offensive Actionsâ€™ and â€˜Victoryâ€™ â€” always and under all circumstances. The Hindusâ€™ problem lay in the fact that at some stage they got confused about their true scriptures. Most of the Hindu religious literature that emerged in the Christian era had a thick coating of Buddhism. That is true of the Puranas that dominate present day Hinduism. The ordinary folk are not able to discern that Buddhist coating; the learned perhaps are not interested. We conclude this part by recording the following three broad reasons for the Hindu military defeats, especially during the 2nd millennium AD: â€” Almost total absence of the â€˜Aggressive Spiritâ€™ â€” General lack of enterprise and aversion to â€˜Risk Takingâ€™ â€” The above two resulting in the absence of the â€˜Killer Spiritâ€™ The above attitudes have arisen in the Hindus, out of misreading and wrong interpretation of Hindu scriptures, combined with their inability to identify their true scriptures. Some of that misreading may have been deliberate; it helped the Hindus explain away their prolonged slavery, in rather easy terms. The overall conclusion that emerges is that Hindus like to blame everyone, except themselves for their woes; this is their trademark. Rather than facing the hard realities of life, they like to live in a cocoon of â€˜make-believeâ€™; it helps their â€˜self-delusionâ€™. Thus, the cause for Hindu defeats lay in their mind, rather than in their muscle. Only after Hindus accept and face this bitter truth that any recovery process can start. The issues involved are of such basic nature that the recovery process may extend over many decades, perhaps even a century. However, there is little probability that Hindus will accept this conclusion. Rather, they would attribute unholy motives to anyone talking along these lines, and call him ignorant, knave and prejudiced, who is not acquainted with the great Hindu culture. http://www.indiandefencereview.com/2010/08/causes-of-indian-military-defeats.html:emot158: Food for thought!!