China had a choice. It should have been an easy one because India’s entry into NSG did not hurt Beijing in any way and opposition threatened to do fairly serious damage to its ties with India. China did not even blink. Neither should India. How do you feel India should retaliate? China's rejection of India's bid to join the NSG was driven by its sole aim of containing India's rise which is threatening China's strategy of dominance not only in Asia but the world too. So what should India do to pay back China with the same coin? India’s policy will be a failure, however, if New Delhi fails to respond to what is yet another blatant example of China’s containment strategy. India can respond in a number of ways. Because this was primarily a balance of power move, India’s response should also be on that particular chessboard. 1. India can imitate what China is doing with Pakistan: build up the military capabilities of others on China’s periphery who share India’s worry about China. They may be too weak to match China, but enhancing their capabilities is one way of forcing China to divert its energies and make it understand the costs of strategic blowback. This can take the form of military assistance as well as training and other forms of cooperation. These countries would include Vietnam (India is already in the process of selling it Brahmos missiles and warships), Indonesia, Phillipines, and Malaysia. 2. India should also ask its existing partners to expand the Malabar naval exercise to include all other countries in the Asia-Pacific that are worried about China. 3. India should restart the Quadrilateral Strategic Dialogue that was suspended because of China’s objections but seek, once again, to include others such as Vietnam, Philippines and even Indonesia. 4. Curtailing levels of engagement with China, or suspending its own strategic dialogue with Beijing. 5. Restrict Sino-Indian trade which is now $70 billion only to essentials more so as India has a trade deficit of $48 billion. 6. Scrap the feasibility study by the Chinese for the New Delhi - Chennai HSR amounting to over $13 billion. 7. Scrap all Chinese infrastructure projects in the pipeline that are worth over $40 billion. 8. Suspend the “India Year” and “China Year”, an exchange program of culture activities which is a farce. 9. Postpone the ratification on climate change indefinitely that would affect China's peaking date of 2030. 10. Suspend all military exercises with the Chinese. 11. Actively participate with the US Navy in patrolling the South China Sea. Rope in countries like Australia and Japan too.