India inherited the same force of British raj but dont think that they were just rookies...it were the same Indian forces which broken the back of Rommel(the best German general of his time) in north Africa and driven him across north Africa. it were the same British Indian forces which driven Japanese from Burma and whole of east Asia.Mao Chinese forces had no chances against japs until Indian forces broke of the siege most of the east Asia.Last not the least please look into the history of British Indian forces which fought across the continents from Africa to Europe to middle east in most of Asia in both the world wars.... India wasn't called the jewel in crown of British empire just like that....it were the Indian army whose contribution immense in freeing up sieged countries like china and egypt and most of middle east and east Asia countries from the stranglehold of Axis powers japs ans Nazis. And regarding 1962 it wasn't the Indian army it was the failure of its civil leadership...thats what this thread is all about.and if u look into the CIA archives and the letters i ve inked on the previous papers you will know about it unless you too are brainwashed by CCP propaganda.And yes nehru was taken by surprise in 1962 due to VP menon hence he did harakiri of trusting the Chinese leadership on. Indian's first home minister sardar patel had long warned nehru about chinese forked tongue and distrust of them long back in 1950.read sardar patel's letter to nehru in 1950. Leadership at helm does work for it the success of any force and same Indian force who you call juvenile had given Chinese bloody nose just after 5 years in 1967 in nathu la incident and chola incident under Indira Gandhi as PM. And after getting bloody nose in 1967 it were the same veteran chinese forces who couldn't come to their buddy(pakistan's) help in east pakistan(now bangladesh)even after promising them and nixon of help in 1971.Coz in part they remembered Nathu La and in Part they remembered indira at the helm of affairs.