The FIFTH of december

A.V.

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1941 Hitler called a temporary halt to the German offensive in Russia, concluding that the capture of Moscow was not immediately in prospect owing to the breakdown of German panzers and wheeled vehicles in the bitter cold, mud and snow. In addition, German personnel losses had been higher than anticipated owing in part to the effectiveness of Russian winter tactics, and in part to the fact that the Germans had not sufficiently anticipated the need to equip their men and motorized units for winter warfare on the Russian plains. This was not the first time that western European armies had come to grief when dealing with Russian winter weather. Napoleon had the same problem in 1812. Historians would later point out that Hitler had begun his invasion much too late (22 June 1941) to have had any chance of capturing Moscow by the beginning of 1942.
 

bengalraider

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5th december in History

63 BC - Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations.
663 - Fourth Council of Toledo takes place.
771 - Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman.
1082 - Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated.
1301 - Pope Boniface VIII's degree Ausculta fili (only nominee)
1349 - 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacre during Black Death riots
1360 - The French Franc is created.
1408 - Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow.
1448 - Bishop Jona of Moscow chosen as metropolitan of Kiev/Intoxication
1456 - Earthquake strikes Naples; about 35,000 die
1492 - Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)
1496 - Jews are expelled from Portugal by order of King Manuel I
1590 - Niccolo Sfondrati chosen Pope Gregory XIV
1602 - Giulio Caccini's "Euridice," premieres in Florence
1741 - -6] Russian princess Elisabeth Petrovna grabs powers
1746 - Revolt in Genoa against the Spanish rule.
1757 - Battle at Leuthen: Prussian army beats Austrians
1766 - London auctioneers Christie's hold their 1st sale
1775 - At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
1776 - 1st US fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William & Mary College), forms
1792 - George Washington re-elected US pres
1798 - Govt troops occupy Hasselt
1804 - Thomas Jefferson re-elected US pres/George Clinton vice-pres
1813 - Lubeck surrenders to allied armies
1815 - Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
1830 - Hector Berlioz' "Symphonique fantastique," premieres in Paris
1831 - Former Pres John Q Adams takes his seat as member of House of Reps
1832 - Andrew Jackson re-elected president of US
1837 - Hector Berlioz' "Requiem," premieres
1837 - Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
1846 - C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive
1847 - Jefferson Davis is elected to the US senate, his first political post.
1848 - Pres Polk triggers Gold Rush of '49, confirms Calif gold discovery
1854 - Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair
1859 - Dion Boucicault's "Octaroon," premieres in NYC
1861 - Gatling gun patented
1862 - Battle of Coffeeville, MS
1865 - Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
1868 - 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)
1876 - Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench
1876 - Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death
1879 - 1st automatic telephone switching system patented
1881 - 47th Congress (1881-83) convenes
1887 - Stanley's expedition reaches plateau at Lake Albert Congo
1890 - Berlioz' opera "Les Troyens," premieres in Karlsruhe
1892 - Anti-semite Hermann Ahlwardt elected to Germany's Reichstag
1892 - Sir John Thompson becomes the fourth Prime Minister of Canada.
1893 - 1st electric car (built in Toronto) could go 15 miles between charges
1893 - First appearance of an electric car.
1894 - Georges Feydeaus' "L'hôtel du libre échange," premieres in Paris
1896 - Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer," premieres in Leipzig
1905 - Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes PM of England
1906 - British govt-Balfour resigns
1908 - 1st football uniform numerals used (University of Pittsburgh)
1914 - 6th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats U of Toronto, 14-2
1914 - The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
1918 - Oil refinery on Curacao opens
1920 - Pro football playoff game Akron & Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
1920 - Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
1924 - Hamilton Tiger Red Green scores 5 goals to beat Tor Maple Leafs 10-5
1925 - 13th CFL Grey Cup: Ottawa Senators defeats Win Tammany Tigers, 24-1
1925 - German govt of Luther falls
1926 - Sergei Eisenstein's "Battleship Potemkin," debuts
1928 - England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane
1928 - MW Miklas elected president of Austria
1929 - 1st US nudist organization (American League for Physical Culture, NYC)
1931 - CFL Grey Cup: Mtl AAA beats Regina, 22-0 at Montreal
1932 - German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa
1933 - 21st Am ratified, 18th Amendment (Prohibition) repealed (5:32 PM EST)
1935 - 1st coml hydroponics operation established (Montebello Calif)
1935 - National Council of Negro Women forms by Mary McLeod Bethune (NYC)
1936 - 24th CFL Grey Cup: Sarnia Imperials defeats Ottawa Rough Riders, 26-20
1936 - Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
1941 - Football Writers Association of America organized
1941 - Patrick Hamilton's "Angel Street," premieres in NYC
1941 - Russian anti offensive in Moscow drives out nazi army
1941 - Sister Elizabeth Kenny new treatment for infantile paralysis approved
1941 - US aircraft carrier Lexington/5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor
1942 - CFL Grey Cup: Tor beats Win RCAF, 8 -5 at Toronto
1942 - Seyss-Inquart orders students in nazi-Germany to go work
1942 - West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland
1943 - NFL Phila Eagle-Pitts Steeler merger disolves
1944 - German troops rob all the silver coin in Utrecht
1945 - "Lost Squadron" crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle)
1945 - Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl
1946 - Pres Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808
1947 - Joe Louis beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1948 - NY Giant Charley Conerly sets NFL record of 36 pass completions
1949 - Ezzard Charles defeats Jersey Joe Walcott for heavyweight boxing title
1950 - Ezzard Charles KOs Nick Barone in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
1950 - Sikkim becomes a protectorate of India
1951 - "Dragnet" premieres
1952 - -8] worst smog in London ever, 4-8,000 die
1954 - KTEW (now KJRH) TV channel 2 in Tulsa, OK (NBC) begins broadcasting
1955 - AFL & CIO merge, with George Meany as president
1955 - Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks
1955 - The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merge and form the AFL-CIO.
1956 - Thornton Wilder's "Matchmaker," premieres in NYC
1957 - William Inge's "Dark at the Top of the Stairs," premieres in NYC
1957 - NYC is 1st city to legislate against racial or religious discrimination in housing market (Fair Housing Practices Law)
1957 - Sukarno expels all Dutch people from Indonesia.
1958 - Phils drop plans for NY sportcast as Yanks threat to do same in Phila
1958 - WTOL TV channel 11 in Toledo, OH (CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the UK by Queen Elizabeth II when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh.
1958 - The Preston bypass, the UK's first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.
1959 - Intikhab Alam bowls Colin McDonald with 1st ball in Tests
1960 - Ghana drops diplomatic relations with Belgium
1964 - Vietnam War: For his heroism in battle earlier in the year, Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the war.
1966 - "I Do! I Do!" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 561 performances
1967 - Beatles clothing store "Apple" on 94 Baker Street, London, opens
1967 - Benjamin Spock & Allen Ginsberg arrested protesting Vietnam war
1968 - Rolling Stones release "Beggar's Banquet" LP
1969 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1970 - LA Rams Willie Ellison sets NFL record of 247 yards rushing
1970 - Stanley Cup, Conn Smythe Trophy & Bill Masterson trophy stolen from NHL hall of fame
1970 - Premiere of Dario Fo's Morte accidentale di un anarchico.
1971 - KCBJ (now KMIZ) TV channel 17 in Columbia, MO (ABC) 1st broadcast
1972 - 38th Heisman Trophy Award: Johnny Rodgers, Nebraska (FL)
1972 - Australia Labour party wins parliamentary election
1972 - Joseph A Walkers "River Niger," premieres in NYC
1973 - Cubs' Ron Santo became 1st baseball player to veto his trade
1973 - Dodgers trade Willie Davis to Expos for relief pitcher Mike Marshall
1973 - Paul McCartney releases "Band on the Run" album
1974 - "Monty Python's Flying Circus" last shown on BBC
1974 - 1st Wash Cap penalty shot, Tom Williams unsuccessful vs Buff Sabres
1974 - 1st World Football League Bowl, Birmingham Americans beat Florida
1974 - Airport terminal roof collapses killing 17 (Teheran Iran)
1974 - Monty Python's final episode airs on BBC
1974 - NFL's Seattle Seahawks forms
1974 - Oliver Tilden Triangle in the Bronx named
1974 - Tom Williams is unsuccessful on Wash Capitals 1st NHL penalty shot
1975 - "Me & Bessie" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 453 performances
1975 - NASA launches space vehicle S-196, it failed
1976 - Buffalo Bill OJ Simpson rushes 203 yards
1977 - Egypt breaks dipl relations with Syria, Libya, Algeria, Iraq & S Yemen
1978 - EG decides establishes EMS, European Monetary System
1978 - Free agent Pete Rose signs 4-year, $32 million contract with Phillies
1978 - Phillies Pete Rose becomes highest paid baseball player
1978 - Pioneer Venus 1 begins orbiting Venus
1978 - Sam Shepard's "Buried Child," premieres in NYC
1978 - Islanders took 28 shots in 1 period vs Penguins Penguins' Ross Lonsberry failed on 7th penalty shot against Islanders
1979 - Ireland premier Jack Lynch resigns
1980 - Bank of Canada's Canadian Currency Museum opens
1981 - 47th Heisman Trophy Award: Marcus Allen, Southern Cal (RB)
1981 - 56th Australian Women Tennis: Navratilova beats Chris Evert (67 64 75)
1981 - France performs nuclear test
1982 - Cleve Browns' Brian Sipe sets club record with 33 pass completions
1982 - Herschel Walker of Georgia wins Heisman Trophy
1982 - Ingrid Berghmans (Neth) retains judo's world championship
1982 - Mel Gray ends NFL streak of 121 consecutive game receptions
1982 - Seattle Univ Baptist Ch declares sanctuary for Cen Am refugees
1982 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1983 - 12 killed by a car bomb shattering 9-story building in west Beirut
1983 - LA Dodger pitcher Steve Howe is suspended for 1 year for cocaine use
1983 - ICIMOD established and inaugurated with its headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal, and legitimised through an Act of Parliament in Nepal in the same year.
1984 - A's trade Rickey Henderson to Yankees for Jay Howell & Jose Rijo
1984 - French colonies killed 10 Kanaken in New Caledonia
1984 - Yankees trade catcher Rick Cerone to Braves for pitcher Brian Fisher
1985 - Dow Jones Industrial Average rose above 1,500 level for 1st time
1985 - Great Britain performs nuclear test
1985 - Sam Shepard's "Lie of the Mind," premieres in NYC
1987 - 53rd Heisman Trophy Award: Tim Brown, Notre Dame (WR)
1987 - David Boon's 5th Test Cricket century, 143 v NZ at Brisbane
1987 - Schonbrunn skates world record 3 km ladies (4:16.76)
1988 - NC fed grand jury indict PTL founder Jim Bakker on fraud & conspiracy
1988 - Shuttle Atlantis launches world's 1st nuclear-war-fighting satellite
1989 - France TGV train reaches world record speed of 482.4 kph
1990 - Blue Jays trade F McGriff & T Fernandez to SD for R Alomar & J Carter
1990 - Former Noriega aide Luis del Cid pleads guilty
1990 - Salman Rushdie, author, ordered to death by Iran for blasphemy, appears in public for 1st time in 2 years
1991 - "Catskills on Broadway" opens at Lunt-Fontanne NYC for 452 perfs
1991 - Charles Keating Jr (Lincoln Savings & Loan fraud), found guilty
1991 - NY Daily News files for protection under chapter 11
1993 - "Timon of Athens" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 37 performances
1993 - 82nd Davis Cup: Germany beats Australia in Dusseldorf (4-1)
1993 - Astronauts begin repair of Hubble telescope in space
1993 - Melissa Mcnamara/Mike Sopringer wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1993 - Newhart actor William Sanderson (47) weds Sharon Wix (39)
1993 - Rafael Caldera elected president of Venezuela
1993 - The mayor of Wien (Vienna), Helmut Zilk, is wounded by a letter bomb.
1995 - The Sri Lankan government announces the conquest of Tamil stronghold of Jaffna.
1996 - "Dreams & Nightmares," opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC
1996 - Players union approves new collective bargaining agreement
1996 - Portland's Jermaine O'Neal, 18, becomes youngest NBA player
1997 - 1st Game at Wash Capitals' MCI Center vs Fla Panthers
1997 - STS 87 (Columbia 24) lands
2005 - The Lake Tanganyika earthquake causes significant damage, mostly in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
2005 - The Civil Partnership Act comes into effect in the United Kingdom, and the first civil partnership is registered there.
2006 - Commodore Frank Bainimarama overthrows the government in Fiji.
2007 - Westroads Mall massacre: A gunman opens fire with a semi-automatic rifle at an Omaha, Nebraska mall, killing eight people before taking his own life.
2008 - Human remains previously found in 1991 are finally identified by Russian and American scientists as those of Tsar Nicholas II.
 

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