Russia Naval Capabilities to Deal with Future Threats Part 1


Senior Member
Dec 14, 2021
Country flag
I will pretty much underline their conventional and nuclear capabilities and what they have achieved in the past. But as creativity always blooms warfare changes and this has to force the West to adapt to those changes but promoting creativity in the west is difficult based on internal politics shaping the education system of the west therefore drastic measures out of desperation to contain Russia is the only solution for collapsing countries. Russia has already secured itself with nuclear weapons that can still target the west despite ABM shield capabilities and are moving on to conventional means of further detering the west overseas in different battliefields which we have an increase of them detering staged coups along with ongoing conflicts in Syria and Ukraine. As Russia meets its objectives the growth of a multipolar world increases where possibilities not thought possible like Saudi Arabia and Iran or China and India start becoming closer allies due to a common interest of not wanting wanting their politics to be influenced by outside forces.

Russa Naval Capabilities

Of course one of the most important categories that shall be discussed 1st because even if you have a small budget but that budget is enough for you to deter countries that might influence your country's decision than you have the necessary spending you need to give your own political leaders decisions on what they can do without any outside force threatening them.



These missile description varies from different articles on the missiles specs such as Mach 8-10, 30-40km flgiht altitudes, range at 1000kms or over 1000kms, claims that on land the range of the missile is 1,500kms. Current ABM shield air defenses have gained assistance from ground radars and satellites to intercept different class ballistic missiles in which some tests are succesful and some result in failures on land or sea. The general idea for the developement of scramjet missiles is to increase difficulty for current air defense systems to intercept the missile before it hits its target and by doing so it flies at a lower altitude, offers better manueverability and uses the properties of a plasma sheath to offer difficulty for radars to track the missiles to reliance for infrared tracking instead. So to get the general audience to better understand why these attack capabilities of the Zircon are important we must break it down to 3 important categories, plasma sheath, altitudes, and manueverability.

1. The Plasma Sheath


Based on altitudes and the speed of objects the plasma sheath can lower the radar cross section of the object it is covering thus making it hard for radars to track and of course intercept it. Depending on speed and altitude you can effect low and high frequencies of radars tracking the target. 140k to 110k feet matches the altitudes referenced from different articles in which the Zircon missile would cruise in and the example of the sphere in the chart shows a -15 decibel drop which means if the sphere was a Zircon the Zircon would be 50 times more difficult for radars to see and track than a ballistic missile. But spheres offer a creeping wave return meaning the radar cross section of the missile could be more lower since its not a sphere.


if you put the velocity of mach 10, altitude 40kms(cruising altitude for Zircon) and reference length like 8 meters provided and put the total temperature in kelvin you get 6,074 kelvin which means that firecontrol radars using their frequencies will be effected in tracking the missile. Since it is assumed the missile is not a sphere the current radar cross section of the missile would be classified but has a plasma sheath that would offer stealth nonetheless.

2. Altitudes


Based on the calculator for the reference number 3. a 100 meter radar antenna would see the target visible at 865kms if the missile is at an altitude of 40kms. if the altitude is at 200kms the target could be visible at 1,884kms from a ground radar. The Agni-1 an SRBM for example from wikipedia is mach 7.28 the Zircon is listed mach 8-10 and they are around the same range distances. Fuel of a scramjet never runs out until it hits its target while ballistic missiles only use fuel to reach their flight ceilings before diving to their targets which could be lower speeds being reliant on gravity to do the rest. Scramjets always need a 1st stage engine to reach their flight ceilings to cruising altitudes before the 2nd airbreathing stage kicks in mixing fuel with with incoming air velocity until it reaches its target. So radars have less time tracking scramjets than they do for ballistic misisles.

3. Manueverability


Hypersonic glide vehicles and airbreathing missiles offer more manueverability than standard ballistic missiles. The Have Dash 2 a ramjet offered 50G while the standard AIM-120 as a comparison was like 30-35Gs. This means that interceptor missiles have to have better self homing radar tracking and better manueverability to deal with higher manueverable targets to make interceptions succesful than they do with ballistic missiles.

Submarines the Main Backbone of Russia's Navy


Zircon is a perfect tool to have but to make those tools work you need certain things to carry them to be used which means this now depends on their Navy's capabilities. The Yasen-M can carry either 40 kalibrs or 36 Onyx/Zircon missiles so if you have like 10 of these you can sink 360 ships, Kalibr costs 980k and an Onyx missile costs 1.25 million dollars, so I am assuming these missiles would be expensive somewhere in the 2 million to 5 million dollar range but I will just estimate it as a high 5 million dollars. Aircraft Carriers cost 5 billion to 10 billion dollars So lets say we have 5 million dollar missile sink a 7.5 billion dollar aircraft carrier with 100 aircrafts costing 90 million dollars each, Russia loses 5 million dollars the cother country loses 97.5 billion dollars, 360 Zircons can sink 360 Destroyers that usually cost 1.8 billion dollars so Russia loses 1.8 billion dollars for using 360 Zircons the country with 360 destroyers loses 648 billion dollars. There are two ways of finding ships or submarines which is SONAR and Satellites. These submarines can fire Zircons from underwater 1000kms away from ships, carriers or destroyers and still hitting them without getting noticed





The SEVER SONAR system can be placed 200kms away from their coasts and the HARMONY SONAR network can be placed anywhere at sea even the middle of the ocean not needing cable because it has a nuclear reactor system powering it. Russia is developing special purpose submarines to deploy these SONAR systems which of course they will not disclose where they put them. Russia's underwater network can cue other submarines or Russia's satellites to pick up where they see ships or submarines to guide Zircon missiles to their targets. Latest block Tomahawk, Kalbir and Iskander missiles are capable of hitting mobile ships from satellite guidance and using its own radar homing system which can also follow targets passively like ARMs if they start getting jammed by EW systems.

2. Satellite Systems


MEO satellites have a huge footprint of identifying ships in which a 50 meter resolution would be enough where they can task LEO satellites to see the ships at a better resolution offering targetting coordinates to ships or submarines even the MEO satellites can do this as well. As of now current GEO satellites only have a good enough resolution to pick up carriers.

Moving on to Part 2 thread since I cant attach anymore images, If anything I want these threads to be converted to articles, So I will continue where we left off on the 2nd thread.


1. 80669763.pdf (

2. | Atmospheric Properties Calculator

3. Radar Horizon and Target Visibility Calculator • Electrical, RF and Electronics Calculators • Online Unit Converters (

4. Loral HAVE DASH II (

Global Defence

New threads