Russia Future Air Space Capabilities Part 3

blackjack

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We covered air defenses, drones, aircrafts and all those brand-new projects associated with them, but the last part would rather be more on the miscellaneous side talking about microwave weapons, lasers, EW systems, HF radars that nonetheless are important in engaging aerial targets.

Lasers

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If you want to take a lesson from the Russians of wanting to have the most powerful lasers it would be best to master nuclear miniaturization technology.

What is known is that it is stated that the laser system can disable satellite optic systems at a 1,500km altitude. A nuclear facility helped develop the system and as anyone can guess Peresvet is a nuclear fuel pump laser system which could also explain why it's like a double trailer truck system because it uses a mobile nuclear reactor. As other countries developed diesel fuel to power lasers in the kilowatt range Russia decides to use mobile nuclear reactors instead to power their lasers to the megawatt range in which the Peresvet is said to range anywhere from 1 to 10 megawatts. Russian designers of the nuclear space tug Zeus even stated the tug can be used to use lasers which will work great in the vacuum of space to destroy satellites as well. The laser system called RAT can detect a drone at a 3.5km range with an RCS of .01m2, at 2.5km the drone will use EM waves to destroy electronics, at 1km suppress the telecommunications channel of the drone and at 1km or less physically destroy the drone with a laser, the vehicle has a 1000km travelling distance. Next is the KPVC uses radars and laser but ranges for those are unknown, and the power range is anywhere from 50-1000 kilowatts. Moscows institute of physics and technology has also simulated tests of using a laser to target an incoming 200-meter asteroid to earth in reference 10.

EM Weapons

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an EM wave cannon was created but information is classified that it can destroy drones, aircrafts or missiles at a 10km distance. We can add the RAT system to this topic as well, but it also uses a laser which is why I explained about the system earlier on the laser section. KRET spoke of putting EM wave cannons on 6th gen aircrafts but if the aircraft is unmanned and talks of the TOR system using EM wave cannons for air defense. Earliest EM wave cannon project was the Ranets-E. I am assuming there are a few EM wave cannon systems that I am only able to find on the public domain based on what I gathered here.

EW systems

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The Krasukha-2 operates in the S-band with a jamming range of 250kms and it works against AWACs radars in that range, while the Krasukha-4 operates in the X-band and Ku-band with a jamming range of 300kms and works against LEO satellites. Back in part 2 thread, three of the GaN MMICs that were showcase for the 3 airborne systems the 4th and final EW system to receive these modules as well is the Krasukha-4. The Krasukha-4 was able to suppress one radar satellite or one E-8 Joint STARS reconnaissance aircraft at a time or 11 tactical aircraft simultaneously according to claims. Murmansk-BN is designed to jam HF frequencies at ranges of 5000km to 8000kms blocking HF communications between adversary forces exchanging data. The Repellent-1 detects miniature drones from 35kms and jams them at a 2.5km range. The Leer-3 has a 30km range jamming cellular devices and up to 2000 can be jammed or SMS messages can be sent to them as well along with drones for 10s of hours and coordinates of devices can be sent to command to make decisions in the battlefield. The Pelena-B is a smoke generator system that camouflages an area to reduce visibility and reduce infrared homing systems from locking on targets, the TD4 is basically the same but with a vehicle that can do it. The Tirada-2s and Bylina-KV-KRET are to jam or spoof communication on satellites on a wide band and the Divnomorye is an EW system that is to replace the Krasukha-2 and Krasukha-4 as a more powerful EW system in passive detection and jamming range of 700kms. According to reference 17 Russia is developing EW systems that can track and jam hypersonic target radars, EO and satellite homing heads. The Palantine EW system consists of 22 vehicles that can hide and mask an army by suppressing Navigation and radio communication systems and replacing signals on bombs or missiles with their own to stray from intended targets. The Pole-21 EW system uses 100 antennas that cover an area of 150kms by 150kms that jams satellite navigation signals and UAVs from providing coordinates for adversary artillery systems. the ZALA ZONT is an electronic warfare vest that gets put on a soldier with a jamming range of 2kms from GPS signals or from drones protecting a group for a duration of 6 hours.

Container Radar

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The container radar works in HF waves meaning bounces from the sky and ground where radar horizon doesn't exist detecting targets. The container radar can classify stealth aircrafts, cruise missiles, decoys or watch aircrafts fly off from runways giving their location, distance, altitudes and speed data to their air force, air defense and EW systems. Has a 3000km range and a 900km dead zone which shouldn't be much of a concern if they place another OTH radar systems with more antennas to the back to cover the dead zone of the other OTH radar. Also, it can detect 5000 targets and know when and where a hypersonic missile was launched.

Passive Radars

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Passive radars track targets by monitoring their emissions from radars to communication systems and use EW systems to suppress those targets or help discriminate the target from aircraft, missile or decoy which could also have been done with OTH radars. Kolchuga-M radar has a 800km range and based on studying 40 different parameters of a signal it can identify the target. The Moskva-1 has a 400km range and the Avtobaza-M has a 150km range monitoring airborne adversary radars. Air defenses can also use flares and chaffs as well as decoy emitters to fool ARMs being fired at them or lure them to short range air defenses.

References

1.Laser weapons used in Ukraine – Russia — RT Russia & Former Soviet Union

2. ВЗГЛЯД / Шойгу похвалил ученых из Саровского ядерного центра за разработку боевого лазера «Пересвет» :: Новости дня (vz.ru)

3. Секреты комплекса «Пересвет»: как устроен российский лазерный меч? (topwar.ru)

4.«Роскосмос» создаст пушку для уничтожения космического мусора | Новости науки | Известия | 10.06.2018 (iz.ru)

5.https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EqGNIy5WMAIO2Nn?format=jpg&name=900x900

6. https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EqGM2b7XAAEmTM8?format=jpg&name=900x900

7.https://i.servimg.com/u/f10/19/89/13/22/epilam10.jpg

8.https://i.servimg.com/u/f71/19/35/56/92/egrgzn10.jpg

9.Лазерный комплекс "Рать" впервые представили на форуме "Армия-2020" - Российская газета (rg.ru)

10.https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-03/miop-rpm031318.php

11.Russia to kill drones, missiles with 10km-range super-high frequency cannon — RT World News

12. Russia offers to develop new types of radio frequency weapons — if buyers pay for the research | Military Aerospace

13.Murmansk-BN electronic warfare communications jamming system data | Russia Russian military field equipment | Russia Russian army military equipment vehicles UK (armyrecognition.com)

14. INPROCOM - AUTONOMOUS AEROSOL CAMOUFLAGE COMPLEX "VENEL-B" NPRK.061511.005 (inprokom.ru)

15. INPROCOM - ADVANCED AEROSOL SHIELDING SYSTEM ON THE LINE OF CONTACT (inprokom.ru)

16. The Space Review: Russia gears up for electronic warfare in space (part 1)

17.Заглушат на лету: в РФ разрабатывается оружие против гиперзвуковых ракет | Статьи | Известия (iz.ru)

18. https://tvzvezda.ru/news/forces/content/2019917125-o9vTM.html

19. Electronic warfare systems "Pole-21" in the Russian army (topwar.ru)

20. ZALA AERO представила портативное устройство РЭБ ZALA ZONT (kalashnikovgroup.ru)
 
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