Russia defence & technology updates

Soldier355

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Russian Prometheus complex, robotization of armored vehicles. Russia has begun a full cycle of testing the Prometheus software and hardware complex, capable of converting any armored vehicle, including tanks, armored personnel carriers or infantry fighting vehicles into a remote-controlled robotic vehicle. The complex was developed by the Signal Research Institute. Military equipment equipped with the Prometheus complex is capable of moving along given coordinates without the participation of an operator, autonomously determining the best route, successfully avoiding obstacles, and also quickly processing information received using technical vision. The Prometheus complex is designed for installation on any serial model of military equipment. For example, on the BMP-3 it allows robotic functions of the driver and gunner. At the same time, the Prometheus complex does not affect the ergonomics of the cabin - standard seats for the crew remain inside.

 

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The Russian Titan armored vehicle, developed by Remdizel specialists, is undergoing the final stage of state testing. soon the cars will go to the troops. Titan armored vehicles are a development of the Typhoon family of armored vehicles, also developed by Remdizel, we previously talked about them, the link to the video is in the comments to the video. Unlike the base vehicle, Titan is produced only with Russian components. The vehicle's armor is the same as that of the Typhoon armored car and provides protection against 7.62 mm caliber bullets, fragments of 155 mm shells and an explosion of 6 kg of TNT under the wheel or 4 kg under the bottom. The Titan armored vehicle is equipped with a Spica combat module, with a 2A42 cannon with 300 rounds, a 7.62 mm machine gun with 1000 rounds and 2 Konkurs-M anti-tank guided missiles with a firing range of up to 4 kilometers. It is possible to install foreign combat modules. The vehicle weighs 15 tons, the load capacity is 1420 kg, and the vehicle has a fairly large cargo compartment. Under the hood of the Titan is a 350-horsepower engine, allowing the armored car to accelerate along the highway to 100 kilometers per hour and overcome a ford 1.75 meters deep. The crew of the vehicle is 2 people and up to 6 equipped soldiers. The price of the Titan armored car has not yet been announced.

 

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The commander of the Russian tank support combat vehicle "Terminator" showed how it works at the training ground. These are the first shots showing how the Terminator BMPT is structured inside and the operation of its guidance systems.

 

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The Russian Arena-M active protection complex will be improved, General Designer Valery Kashin announced this to the Russian Minister of Defense. The Arena-M complex for protecting tanks from ATGMs and shells will be equipped on T-72, T-80 and T-90 tanks, and possibly on the Terminator BMPT. The Arena-M complex will also have the function of protecting the tank from drones, since this is now the main threat to tanks. It is not reported how this will be done; most likely there will be a new radar. The Russian active protection complex "Arena-M" was tested back in 2021, it was tested on Russian and foreign ammunition, it is worth noting that it was never installed on tanks. The Arena-M active protection system is similar to the Israeli Trophy tank protection system from Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd., which is installed on the Merkava Mark IV and M1A2C Abrams tanks. The Arena-M complex consists of a radar, an on-board computer, a console and blocks of protective ammunition in installation shafts. The Arena-M complex, with the help of a radar, detects a missile or projectile flying at a tank, after which it gives the command to neutralize it. To do this, narrowly targeted ammunition placed along the perimeter of the tower is fired towards the missile. The complex detects targets at a distance of up to 50 meters and fires defensive ammunition in 0.07 seconds. Each defensive ammunition fires at its own sector around the tank. The use of the Arena-M complex makes it possible to approximately double the survivability of a tank during offensive operations.

 

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Russian President Vladimir Putin visited Uralvagonzavod in Nizhny Tagil, which produces Russian armored vehicles. The head of state got acquainted with the production process of armored vehicles and talked with plant employees. The video shows the T-72BZM and T-90M Proryv tanks ready to be sent to the troops. Judging by the video, special attention was paid to the Terminator tank support combat vehicle. Reportedly, a new workshop for the production of transmissions for military equipment, modern machine tools, as well as samples of finished products were shown. Among other things, the head of state inspected the area preparing equipment for run and firing tests, while work in the workshop did not stop, installation of systems and equipment continued. Uralvagonzavod is the main plant producing tanks for the Russian army. These include the T-14 on the Armata platform, the modernized T-72BZM tank and the T-90 Proryv.

 

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The heavy transport unmanned aerial aircraft of the ultra-short take-off and landing “Partizan” has completed the first stage of flight testing. The UAV is based on the TVS-2MS aircraft. The flight of the heavy UAV lasted 20 minutes at an altitude of 200 meters at speeds from 50 to 200 kilometers per hour. During testing, a pilot was in the cockpit to monitor the parameters. An aircraft with a drone function was developed at the Siberian Aviation Research Institute named after Chaplygin. The Partizan UAV is designed to transport cargo and can be used for civil and military purposes. The Russian Partizan UAV is equipped with a hybrid propulsion system and can take off and land on a site measuring 50 by 50 meters, with obstacles at the border of the site up to 15 meters high. The flight range of the Partizan UAV is up to 1 thousand kilometers, at an altitude of up to 8000 meters with a maximum speed of over 300 km/h, payload weight of up to one ton. As reported, the Partizan unmanned aircraft will be 100% made in Russia. In 2024, it is planned to deploy a production complex and produce 10 serial copies of the Partizan heavy UAV.

 

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Footage of the work of the Russian single-bucket military excavator EOV-3523, produced by the EKSMASH company, put into service in 2012. The EOV-3523 military excavator is designed for mechanization of excavation and loading work when equipping positions, areas where troops are located and areas where command posts are deployed. The EOV-3523 excavator is located on the KAMAZ-KAMAZ-53501 chassis and has better characteristics in comparison with the existing EOV 3521M excavator. The excavator is equipped with an air conditioning system and has a system to protect the chassis cabin from damage due to erroneous actions of the excavator operator during installation of working equipment. The excavator uses a hydraulic system from the German company Bosch Rexroht and can be equipped with replaceable working equipment intended for other work. The volume of the excavator bucket is 0.8 cubic meters, the maximum digging depth is 5 meters, the digging height is 8.6 meters, the soil unloading height is 6.1 meters, the digging radius is 8.5 meters. The weight of the excavator is 18.8 tons.

 

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Delivery and storage of fuel in field storage facilities of the Russian Army. Personnel of the work of units of the fuel logistics service of the Russian Army. The video shows the delivery and transfer of fuel to field storage facilities of the Russian army. Fuel is transported by railway tanks; upon arrival at the station, the presence and serviceability of seals on the railway tanks are checked, after which samples of petroleum products are taken. A fuel sample is taken in each tank, from the bottom, top and middle of the tank. After the laboratory concludes that the quality of the fuel meets the established standards, the fuel is drained.
Loading devices are connected and fuel is pumped into polymer elastic tanks of the field warehouse. Polymer tanks are very convenient; they can be quickly camouflaged and placed on any area of the terrain. The polymer tank is highly durable and has a capacity of 50 cubic meters. Next, the fuel arrives at a stationary warehouse, from where tankers deliver it to the units. Vehicles intended for refueling and transporting fuel are camouflaged and additionally armored.

 

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Russian specialists from the Sukhoi Design Bureau have successfully tested a prototype of a huge heavy vertical take-off and landing UAV. The BTS-VAB UAV is equipped with a hybrid power plant; the drone includes an electric lifting power plant and a piston propulsion engine. Vertical takeoff and landing are carried out by lifting electric motors located on the wing beams. Take-off, route flight and landing are performed fully automatically, without operator participation. During tests on the flight stand, control algorithms and operation of takeoff, hovering and landing systems were tested. The Sukhoi Design Bureau UAV does not require specially prepared sites for takeoff and landing and will allow solving a wide range of transport and logistics tasks. The drone can also accommodate weapons or reconnaissance equipment; the payload capacity of 300 kilograms allows this to be done. At the moment it is known that the UAV’s flight range will be up to 500 kilometers.

 

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A new batch of BMP-3 manufactured in 2024 was sent by Kurganmashzavod to the Russian troops. Quite often they ask why the BMP-3 does not have protection. According to the company, additional protection kits, anti-cumulative grilles and armored screens, are supplied to the customer as separate products and are installed on the equipment upon the arrival of the combat vehicles at the unit. Now the number of Russian BMP-3s transferred to the army since the beginning of this year is one and a half times greater than the volumes of the same period in 2023.

 

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Footage of the modernized Russian Tu-160M missile carriers. The President of Russia visited the Kazan Aviation Plant named after Gorbunov, where he talked with aircraft manufacturers and boarded one of the aircraft. The Tu-160 supersonic bomber entered service in 1987, later it was upgraded to the Tu-160M and Tu-160M2 versions. In the modernized aircraft, most of the equipment, automatic on-board control system, fuel management complex, aviation system, and weapons were replaced. The new information and control system of the aircraft made it possible to abandon analog instruments. The aircraft can carry Kh-555, Kh-101, Kh-15, Kh-22 and Kh-55 missiles. After inspecting one of the aircraft, the President of Russia proposed giving it the name "Mintimer Shaimiev".

 

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Moscow enthusiasts showed a prototype of the Tikhon unmanned control system, designed for converting cars into drones. At first glance, against the backdrop of modern developments, the design looks archaic, but the advantages of this complex are that it can quickly be equipped with any car, without altering its design. Currently, the Tikhon unmanned control system consists of a twelve-kilogram suitcase and a control panel, but the developers plan to reduce the weight to 6 kilograms. According to the developers, this complex can be quickly installed on any equipment, including military equipment, and turned into an unmanned vehicle. According to them, all components are made in Russia.

 

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A prototype of Afalina maritime drones is shown in Russia. Russia has begun testing a prototype of the Afalina naval kamikaze drone. At the moment, it is known that surface unmanned vehicles are equipped with artificial intelligence, apparently implying communication with neural networks. The unmanned boat will be 3.5 meters long and capable of carrying up to 200 kilograms of explosives over a range of up to 500 kilometers. This is the second type of maritime drone announced by Russia.

 

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The Rhythm-Flight biostimulation complex, designed for quick rest for soldiers, has been introduced in Russia. The complex was developed by engineers of the Nizhny Novgorod NPP Polet and was previously used for civilian purposes and for the quick recovery of military pilots. The “Rhythm-Flight” complex is quite an interesting device and can be useful to many people. According to the developers, the Rhythm-Flight device allows you to achieve deep relaxation of the body in a 20-minute session, comparable to 4–6 hours of sleep. The device, using programmable light and sound effects, normalizes a person’s emotional state, relieves nervous tension and fatigue, increases resistance to stress, prevents fatigue, increases vitality and performance. The “RITHM-FLIGHT” device consists of a mask with a screen transmitting special light signals, headphones, and a remote control for controlling the time and procedure mode. The cost of the RITM-POLET device is about 54 thousand rubles or 580 dollars.

 

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Footage of firing of a Russian BMD-2 armored vehicle, the work of a unit of Pskov paratroopers. The BMD-2 fires from a 30 mm 2A42 automatic cannon, the gun's rate of fire is up to 800 rounds per minute, the range of destruction of enemy personnel is up to 4000 meters, lightly armored vehicles up to 1500 and air targets up to 2000 meters. The gun barrel length is 2400 mm, 80 calibers, the gun uses 30x165 mm shells, the gun life is up to 9000 rounds. The 2A42 automatic cannon has been produced at Tulmashzavod since 1980 and is installed on various armored vehicles, including helicopters. A non-licensed copy of the gun is also produced in Ukraine under the symbol ZTM-2.

 

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The Russian army successfully tested the S-500 Prometheus air defense system, testing the complex’s ability to shoot down hypersonic targets. Tests of the S-500 air defense system took place on February 22. The S-500 "Prometheus" air defense system hit the R-29RMU2 "Sineva" intercontinental ballistic missile launched by the submarine nuclear-powered missile cruiser "Tula" from the Laptev Sea at the "Chizha" training ground in the Arkhangelsk region. The S-500 air defense system confirmed all its characteristics, including the ability to hit hypersonic weapons. SAM 55Р6М "Triumfator-M" is a fifth-generation anti-aircraft system developed by the Almaz-Antey concern. A special feature of the complex is its ability to operate against a wide range of targets at altitudes up to 200 km and at a range of up to 600 km, target detection range up to 2000 km. The main task of the complex is to intercept cruise and ballistic missiles, but it can also hit low-orbit satellites. The S-500 air defense system must be covered by short- and medium-range air defense. It is also planned to develop a ship version of the promising S-500 air defense systems for Project 23000 Storm aircraft carriers. The complex includes: a combat control point 85Zh6-1, a long-range detection radar 60K6, an antenna post with a phased array radar operating in the X-band and optionally other systems. The air defense system uses 77N6-N, 77N6-N1 and 40N6 missiles. The S-500 air defense system is mounted on a BAZ-69096 chassis with a 10×8 wheel arrangement. The cost of one division of the S-500 air defense system is about 2 billion dollars, this is 4 times more expensive than the S-400 air defense system, but the complex is unique and better than the American THAAD missile defense system worth 3 billion dollars. It is known that the S-500 Prometheus complex will begin to enter the Russian armed forces in 2024, but the number of such systems has not been disclosed.

 

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Russia has developed an automatic defense system against drones, the Stupor complex. The Stupor company, we previously talked about their complexes, announced the creation of a complex designed to effectively protect objects from drone attacks. Due to the ever-increasing threat from drones, the demand for these systems around the world is constantly growing. The complex works automatically without an operator and can transfer data to the operator’s phone; the complex uses elements of artificial intelligence. The Stupor system was developed based on complementary detection systems, such as phased array radar, radio frequency scanner, optical UAV recognition station and counter-drone capabilities. It is worth noting that adding an optical drone recognition station to the complex is a very correct decision, since not all drones can be detected by radars; due to the small EPR of UAVs and especially FPV drones, it is becoming increasingly difficult to detect them. The complex is capable of interrupting the drone control channel, replacing coordinates and intercepting control of drones. The Stupor complex is capable of detecting UAVs at a range of up to 5 kilometers and suppressing drones at a range of up to 2 kilometers; the complex forms a protective field of 360 degrees.

 

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Russian sappers demonstrated a method for remote mining of terrain with POM-2 anti-personnel mines using an RPG-7 grenade launcher. Sappers screw a mine onto a powder engine from a rocket-propelled grenade for an RPG-7 and mine at a range of up to 2 kilometers. The POM-2 family of mines includes several ammunition, the mass of the mine is 1500 grams, the amount of explosive is 140 grams, the radius of continuous destruction is 16 meters. This method allows sappers to safely carry out mining without entering the line of fire

 

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