Republic of India - Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries

Hindustani78

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Fisheries Dept. launches pilot on shrimp cultivation
HYDERABAD, January 05, 2018 00:27 IST
Updated: January 05, 2018 00:27 IST

http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities...lot-on-shrimp-cultivation/article22369767.ece



A view of L. Vannamei (Vellai Eraal or White Shrimp) harvested using bio-floc technology. Shrimp captured by boat operators in Bay of Bengal near Visakhapatnam. | Photo Credit: K_Pichumani


Vannamei production to be scaled up based on success of zero-salt technique

The State Government has launched an ambitious programme to promote fish culture for achieving self-sufficiency. But, little is known about the initiatives launched for cultivation of shrimp and Vannamei on an experimental basis.

Faced with acute shortage of availability of varieties of prawn, the Fisheries Department has launched cultivation of two varieties - Vannamei suited for brackish water and Shrimp for fresh water - on an experimental basis.

Following an advice given by Chief Minister K. Chandrasekhar Rao, the department had released 1.1 crore hatchery-reared prawn varieties into 10 major reservoirs across the State and it is proposed to release another 40 lakh in the coming days.

“This is a pilot project. We have to wait for the results till April-May. If the experiment, the first of its kind in the country, is successful, we will scale up the production,” Fisheries Commissioner C. Suvarna told The Hindu. The department had taken much trouble in procuring the seed required for the pilot project as there was no availability of fresh water variety scampi in the coastal areas where the cultivation is now shifted to Vannamei which had market value as well as export potential.

The department, according to Ms. Suvarna, was more focussed on the shrimp cultivation as there was no adequate resource of brackish water that is required for Vannamei. Vannamei no doubt had more demand and promised more yield. But, the department had decided to go for shrimp as cultivation of Vannamei on a large scale would entail environmental concerns. “Brackish water will have some content of salt which over a period of time will affect the fertility of soil. We have decided to take up Vannamei cultivation on a smaller scale,” she said. The department had therefore focussed on a variety of shrimp after technical consultations with premier institutions like Central Institute for Fresh water Aquaculture and Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute on various finer aspects of shrimp culture before opting for the pilot project.

Technical advice

Technical advice from these institutions was necessitated given the major thrust on fisheries promotion.

“Fish, prawn and other marine products survive at different depths. We have released the seed after ascertaining their survival rates at different levels so that one species do not compete with the other,” she said. The focus therefore was on shrimp culture and it was proposed to stock the species in all open water bodies based on the success of the pilot project. The department would scale up cultivation of Vannamei after examining the efficacy of the new zero-salt technique that is being tested.
 

Hindustani78

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(From left) A screen grab of a mobile equipped to receive messages from the NAVIC set; A boat carrying a NAVIC receiver puts out to sea for user trials from the Vizhinjam harbour on Friday; and Fisheries Minister J. Mercykutty Amma examines the Navic device at the Saktikulangara harbour in Kollam. | Photo Credit: C_SURESH KUMAR

Thiruvananthapuram:, January 05, 2018 19:28 IST
Updated: January 06, 2018 07:39 IST
http://www.thehindu.com/news/nation...performance-of-navic-sets/article22377838.ece


Five fishing vessels with satellite navigational equipment for trial run


As many as five fishing vessels equipped with satellite navigational equipment put out to sea from three locations along the Kerala coast on Friday for user trials of the fleet safety management system. Officials of the Indian Space Research Organisaton, the State Disaster Management Authority and the Fisheries Department are closely monitoring the performance of the NAVIC receiver sets provided by the ISRO to keep track of the vessels and issue weather warnings to the fishers on board.

M.C. Dathan, Scientific Adviser to the Chief Minister, said test messages uplinked from the ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) station were being transmitted every hour to the two outboard engine vessels that had set out from Vizhinjam, along with two trawlers from Neendakara and a vessel belonging to the Central Institute of Fisheries Technology from Kochi. Till late noon, the monitoring agencies had reported that the system was working well.

All the boats involved in the trial run are expected to return by Saturday evening after travelling up to 200 km from the coast. A review meeting has been scheduled for Tuesday to analyse the results.

Apart from weather warnings, the system also provides potential fishing zone advisory and maps to fishers up to a distance of 1,500 km. In the wake of the Ockhi tragedy, the government has announced plans to equip all fishing vessels with NAVIC sets. The collaborative project between the Government of Kerala and the ISRO involves the use of India’s own regional satellite navigation system to ensure the safety of fishermen at sea. The NAVIC constellation includes seven satellites in the IRNSS series launched by the ISRO.

The soap box-sized receiver on board uses an antenna to pick up satellite signals that are relayed as text message and maps to Android phones equipped with a special software application. For the trial run, the messages are in English, but Malayalam will be used later. A voice messaging system is also under consideration.

The government has formally requested the ISRO to provide two- way communication using the NAVIC sets on fishing boats. Currently, the receivers can only transmit weather warnings and state-of-the-sea information to the vessels at sea. Mr. Dathan said the proposed facility would allow fishers to communicate with the coast within the operational range of the NAVIC receivers.

An official press note issued here said the ISRO had initiated moves to develop a two-way communication sea mobile handset for less than ₹15,000. In the meantime, efforts are on to tweak the NAVIC receivers and provide additional features.

Keltron role

The government is planning to use the facilities at Keltron to manufacture the satellite navigational equipment to be installed on fishing vessels for fleet safety management, Fisheries Minister J. Mercykutty Amma has said.

The ISRO had agreed to transfer the technology for mass manufacture of the equipment, she said.
 

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Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
9 -January, 2018 19:57 IST

National Conference of CPCSEA on Welfare of Laboratory Animals Held In Environment Ministry

A one-day National Conference on Welfare of Laboratory Animals was organised by CPCSEA, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, with the theme of “Implementation of 3Rs (Replacement, Reduction and Refinement) while using animals in academic research and regulatory testing in India”, here today. The conference deliberated upon elaborating the understanding of animal use in academics, as well as regulatory testing and evaluating the use of alternatives, wherever animals can be exempted from testing. The conference also included brainstorming sessions in the form of panel discussions, which had eminent scientists working with animals, versus those working in the field of alternatives.

The conference laid emphasis on the issue of ethical use of animals in academics and regulatory testing in India. The discussions were focussed on evaluating the possibilities of exemption of animal experiments in academics and regulatory testing. Eminent speakers who disseminated valuable information regarding the ethical use of animals were Director, National Institute of Animal Biotechnology (NIAB), Dr. Subeer Majumdar, Professor, School of Life Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Dr. K. Muralidhar, Professor and Head, Department of Pharmacology, AIIMS, Dr. Y.K Gupta and Director, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Dr. Alok Dhawan,. The conference was also attended by representatives from animal welfare organisations like PFA, and PETA India, to encourage exchange of views between the stakeholders.

The Conference was attended by 200 participants from all over the country from various research establishments. The inaugural session of the Conference was chaired by Additional Secretary, MoEF&CC, Shri A.K Jain and Drug Controller General of India (DCGI), Dr. G. N. Singh.

The CPCSEA is mandated to alleviate pain & suffering to the laboratory animals before, during or afterthe performance of experiments on them. CPCSEA is trying to find appropriate alternatives to the use of animals in experiments in India.



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The Additional Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change and Chairman, CPCSEA, Shri Anil Kumar Jain lighting the lamp to inaugurate the “National Conference of CPCSEA on Welfare of Laboratory Animals”, in New Delhi on January 09, 2018.



The Additional Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change and Chairman, CPCSEA, Shri Anil Kumar Jain releasing the publication at the inauguration of the “National Conference of CPCSEA on Welfare of Laboratory Animals”, in New Delhi on January 09, 2018.


The Additional Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change and Chairman, CPCSEA, Shri Anil Kumar Jain addressing at the inauguration of the “National Conference of CPCSEA on Welfare of Laboratory Animals”, in New Delhi on January 09, 2018.
 

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The Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Radha Mohan Singh distributing the Animal Breed Registration certificates, in New Delhi on January 10, 2018. The Secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Shri Devendra Chaudhry and the Secretary, Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE) and DG, ICAR, Dr. T. Mohapatra are also seen.


The Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Radha Mohan Singh distributing the Animal Breed Registration certificates, in New Delhi on January 10, 2018.


The Union Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Shri Radha Mohan Singh addressing at the distribution ceremony of the Animal Breed Registration certificates, in New Delhi on January 10, 2018. The Secretary, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Shri Devendra Chaudhry and the Secretary, Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE) and DG, ICAR, Dr. T. Mohapatra are also seen.
 

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Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare
10-January, 2018 16:32 IST

Breed registration is an important step in documenting the vast animal genetic resource and related knowledge and information: Shri Radha Mohan Singh

Need to protect native animal genetic diversity in the global scenario of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and Intellectual Property Rights: Shri Singh Agriculture Minister distributes certificates of all Animal Breed Registration 5 out of 9 newly registered breeds are from North Eastern states Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister, Shri Radha Mohan Singh said breed registration is an important step in documenting the vast animal genetic resource and related knowledge and information and that this process will lead to preparation of an inventory of our genetic resources so that systematic efforts can be made for genetic improvement, conservation and sustainable utilization of these resources. Shri Singh said it today at the ceremony for Award of all Animal Breed Registration Certificates, organised in, New Delhi.

Shri Singh said that a large number of livestock and poultry breeds have evolved in India due to the fact that, they have diverse use and utility and found in varied climate and ecological zones. Currently, India has 512 million livestock and 729 million poultry heads. At present, there are 169 registered breeds of livestock and poultry in India, which include 41 breeds of cattle, 13 breeds of buffalo, 42 breeds of the sheep, 28 breeds of goat, 7 breeds each of pig and horse, 9 breeds of camel, one breed each of yak and donkey among livestock; and 18 breeds of chicken and one breed each of duck and geese among poultry group. It is important that for the first time, the breeds of Yak, Duck, and Geese have also been registered.

Union Agriculture Minister said that with the advent of era of national sovereignty on genetic resources under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), a new approach is required to catalogue and describe the animal breeds. There is a need to protect our native animal genetic diversity in the light of the global scenario after World Trade Organization (WTO) and Intellectual Property Rights. Understanding the diversity, distribution, basic characteristics, comparative performance, and current status of each country's animal genetic resources is essential for their efficient and sustainable use, improvement, and conservation. Effective management of diversity of our native animals requires complete National List and periodic monitoring of the trends and associated risks. I feel that in the absence of such information, some animal breeds may fall significantly in population or even become extinct.

On the occasion Shri Singh also mentioned that understanding the need for an authentic national documentation system of valuable sovereign animal genetic resources along with known characteristics, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) introduced a process for the registration of "Livestock and Poultry Breeds" through National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), Karnal, in 2007. This system is the only recognized process for registration of "animal genetic resources" at national level. Once registered, these genetic materials are included in the public sector, so that we can prepare an inventory for genetic improvement, conservation, and sustainable use of these resources. This type of documenting process helps to create a sense of awareness and ownership among local communities, policy makers, and research and development organizations.

Shri Singh also said that at the beginning of breed registration process, a total of 129 indigenous breeds of livestock and poultry present in the country were registered together. After this, many new breeds were registered. Today this number has increased to 169. But, even today 54% of the country's livestock population is yet to be identified in the form of breeds. New livestock breeds are being recorded from remote and inaccessible areas of the country. Agriculture Minister said that he is happy to share that this time, 5 out of 9 newly registered breeds are from North-Eastern states. Still, there is a possibility of more breeds in these areas, which would be in pure form. Similarly, there may be still more new breeds of India's major livestock resources - cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep, and pigs. It is also expected there should be unique and stable lesser-known population in other species like mule, yak, mithun, duck, quail, etc. which are yet to be identified.

Agriculture Minister said that it is a matter of great pleasure that like previous year ICAR is organizing such a program this year also, in which we are going to honour breed applicants for registration of different breeds. Shri Radha Mohan Singh said that such programs will encourage the farmers and the animal stakeholders of the country.

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