James Watson and Francis Crick after their discovery of DNA in 1953.
Human understanding of nature's fundamental rules underwent two revolutions at the start of the twentieth century.
These revolutions ultimately resulted in the theory of quantum physics, and of relativity. Albert Einstein played key roles in both of these revolutions. Here he is receiving his nobel prize.
In May of 1980, the most famous operation of the SAS took place as it was the assault of the Iranian embassy. Iranian Terrorist opposing Kohmeni's rule seized the embassy and twenty-six hostages. An eight man team rappelled from the roof while a four man team reached a balcony from adjoining buildings. Another team reportedly blew a hole in a previously weakened plaster wall. Only one terrorist had survived; he was hiding within a group of female hostages who were protecting him.
When the Igbos of eastern Nigeria declared themselves independent in 1967, Nigeria blockaded their fledgling country-Biafra. In three years of war, more than one million people died, mainly of hunger. In famine, children who lack protein often get the disease kwashiorkor, which causes their muscles to waste away and their bellies to protrude. War photographer Don McCullin drew attention to the tragedy. "I was devastated by the sight of 900 children living in one camp in utter squalor at the point of death," he said. "I lost all interest in photographing soldiers in action." The world community intervened to help Biafra, and learned key lessons about dealing with massive hunger exacerbated by war-a problem that still defies simple solutions
The late adventure photographer Galen Rowell called it “the most influential environmental photograph ever taken.” Captured on Christmas Eve, 1968, near the end of one of the most tumultuous years the U.S. had ever known, the Earthrise photograph inspired contemplation of our fragile existence and our place in the cosmos. For years, Frank Borman and Bill Anders of the Apollo 8 mission each thought that he was the one who took the picture. An investigation of two rolls of film seemed to prove Borman had taken an earlier, black-and-white frame, and the iconic color photograph, which later graced a U.S. postage stamp and several book covers, was by Anders.
A mob of 10,000 whites took sledgehammers to the county jailhouse doors to get at these two young blacks accused of raping a white girl; the girl’s uncle saved the life of a third by proclaiming the man’s innocence. Although this was Marion, Ind., most of the nearly 5,000 lynchings documented between Reconstruction and the late 1960s were perpetrated in the South. (Hangings, beatings and mutilations were called the sentence of “Judge Lynch.”) Some lynching photos were made into postcards designed to boost white supremacy, but the tortured bodies and grotesquely happy crowds ended up revolting as many as they scared. Today the images remind us that we have not come as far from barbarity as we’d like to think.
It was the fourth school year since segregation had been outlawed by the Supreme Court. Things were not going well, and some southerners accused the national press of distorting matters. This picture, however, gave irrefutable testimony, as Elizabeth Eckford strides through a gantlet of white students, including Hazel Bryant (mouth open the widest), on her way to Little Rock’s Central High.
Gas leak from Union Carbide Plant that killed thousands of people more than 20 years ago and is still causing illness, disability and premature death totaling an estimated 500,000 both in the immediate aftermath and to the present day
Commemorating the Auschwitz anniversary
This photograph, distributed by the UPI agency in 1980 was awarded the Pulitzer prize without the identity of his author being known. Shot on August 27th, 1979, it captures the shooting of Kurdish men by soldiers of the Iranian theocratic regime led by Ayatollah Khomeini, at the beginning of the Iranian Revolution that overthrew Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
This surveillance footage captures James Bulgar being led away by his murderers in 1993. He was just 3 years old and the two boys who murdered him brutally were just 10.
Marie Curie (1867 - 1934)
Pierre Curie (1859 - 1906)
Their research led to the isolation of polonium, and radium. Together they were awarded half of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903, for their study into the spontaneous radiation discovered by Becquerel, who was awarded the other half of the Prize. In 1911 Marie Curie received a second Nobel Prize, this time in Chemistry, in recognition of her work in radioactivity.
1965. A mom and her children try to cross the river in South Vietnam in an attempt to run away from the American bombs.
1966. U.S. troops in South Vietnam are dragging a dead Vietkong soldier.
In the photo, American sergeant, just found his best friend in the body-bag beside him. He was killed during the Gulf War. The picture was taken by David Turnley, but shortly after it’s appearance it was restricted by the Pentagon.
“New York Construction Workers Lunching on a Crossbeam” is a world famous photo, made during the construction of the GE Building in the Rockefeller Center in 1932. Photographer Charles C. Ebbets took the picture on September, 29, 1932. The workers are on level 69.
This photo was taken on April 18th, 1906. It is the most famous photograph of the devastation caused by the great fire and earthquake. It was taken by Arnold Genthe on a borrowed camera.
Jan Rose Kasmir confronts the National Guard outside the Pentagon during the 1967 anti-Vietnam War march, 1967.
Harold Edgerton’s famous high speed picture of a bullet going through an apple. Taken in 1964, it became a very famous image , not least because it was such an unusual photo based on a great achievement in high speed photography. Edgerton, professor at MIT, is also inventor of the strobe flash and a pioneer of stop-action photography. He collaborated with Jacques-Yves Cousteau to experiment photographing some of the deepest seabeds in the world
Thích Quảng Ðức was a Vietnamese Buddhist monk who burned himself to death at a busy Saigon intersection on June 11, 1963. His act of self-immolation, which was repeated by others, was witnessed by David Halberstam, a New York Times reporter, who wrote:
" I was to see that sight again, but once was enough. Flames were coming from a human being; his body was slowly withering and shriveling up, his head blackening and charring. In the air was the smell of burning human flesh; human beings burn surprisingly quickly. Behind me I could hear the sobbing of the Vietnamese who were now gathering. I was too shocked to cry, too confused to take notes or ask questions, too bewildered to even think.... As he burned he never moved a muscle, never uttered a sound, his outward composure in sharp contrast to the wailing people around him."
Freddy Mercury in front of the Wembley-crowd at Live Aid (1985)
The band's performance is by many considered the greatest live gig ever.
January 27th 2005, After a conjunction of intense cold (-8 to -12 degrees Centigrade), plus very strong winds, blowing at over 100 kmh (70 mph), the waves got so harsh that they passed over the dikes and the droplets immediatly froze everything they touched
Migrant Mother (1936)
For many, this picture of Florence Owens Thompson (age 32) represents the Great Depression. She was the mother of 7 and she struggled to survive with her kids catching birds and picking fruits. Dorothea Lange took the picture after Florence sold her tent to buy food for her children. She made the first page of major newspapers all over the country and changed people's conception about migrants.
An emaciated Buchenwald survivor drinking from a bowl following liberation.
A mass execution of Polish hostages in Bochnia
Berlin: January 16th - 2nd May 1945
The Battle of Berlin was the final major offensive of the European Theater of World War II and was one of the bloodiest battles in human history, with over 1.2m casualties
The day when Soviet Union and American troops met at the River Elbe, marking the first contact between troops on patrol.
'Baby P' - a 17-month old boy who died in the north London Borough of Haringey after suffering over 50 injuries at the hands of his mother, her boyfriend, and their lodger, Jason Owe. Injuries included 8 broken ribs, a broken back and a tear to his fraenulum. A tooth was also found in his colon; he had swallowed it after being punched.
German prisoners from Fourth Army are marched through the streets of Moscow after Operation Bagration - The Soviet Belorussian strategic offensive.
Tank landing ships unloading supplies on Omaha Beach, building up for the breakout from Normandy.
Bloodstains cover the floor of the Chattrapati Shivaji Railway terminus, where one of the Mumbai attacks took place.