All that is well in good but in the end it was unsustainable for the IPKF to go toe to toe with the LTTE. It was a war of attrition we couldn't afford. Taking major urban centers in a Counter Insurgency war is now shown to mean very little in terms of overall military objective - examples litter the battlefields of the world going back to the Vietnam war.Yet they still managed to capture the Jaffna City from a veteran insurgent group, arguably the most battle hardened in the world, in just two weeks. The Indian army had never fought Urban Guerillas before, and the LTTE had just bloodied the Sri Lankan Army from these very positions.
To put into context, it took the USA, British, and Iraqmore than a month to capture Fallujah in 2004, against an arguably less hardened insurgent force with a technological advantage in firepower.
Not bashing the Americans here, Fallujah 2004 was a brilliantly executed operation and the Marines fought absolutely brilliantly, achieving an amazinf kill ratio, but that’s just to prove into perspective how underrated the Indian Army can really be.
Contrary to hearsay, both official and unofficial, the IPKF performed valiantly in its tasks.
Source: The IPKF in Sri Lanka, 1987-1990 report by an American Major.
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The Indian army is/was an outstandingly well drilled fighting force. BUT the one thing that did make life harder was the fact every single piece of kit we had on our infantryman was inferior to the LTTE cadre kit. And ironically the SG/SFF trained them.
That being said the Army performing Valiantly despite incompetencies in the civilian and military leadership has now become the hallmark of the IA. .