Modern Infantry Equipment Updates

Kunal Biswas

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The production of cutting-edge flak jackets and composite helmets is one of knowledge-intensive sectors in Russian industry, which involves many experts from chemists, supplied with high-molecular polymers and producing heavy-duty aramid fibres, to integrators and engineers, manufacturing equipment, outfit and protection devices themselves.
Each Russian BAG item is subject to prolonged firing, performance, range and service trials for exposure of various adverse factors and compatibility with other components of combat gear (CG). Sometimes the adjustment of CG components
takes several years. The Americans were the pioneers in development of new generation BAGs. The assessment of U.S.
Army causality has shown that 70-75% injuries were shrapnel wounds; the most of them being body ones.
During the Korean War GIs were provided with flak jackets of sandwich nylon. With these flak jackets the USA entered the Vietnam War while these BAG models did not protect against small arms bullets but only against small fragments. The birth of Kevlar, extra strong synthetic material developed in 1995 by DuPont (USA), and special ceramics let the USA to launch production of flak jackets capable to protect their soldiers against bullets more or less.
The USSR adoption of flak jackets was late a little, but the Afghanistan War became a drive for further development. The first development was Zh-81 military flak jacket introduced in 1981, which was made of 30 layers of SVM fabric (SVM is a Soviet counterpart of Kevlar) and sewed in armour plates of 1.25 mm thick. Unfortunately, it provided protection against fragments only; a rifle bullet could penetrate it from 400-600 meters even. That was why in 1985 it was substituted by Zh-85T and Zh- 85K flak jackets, in which thicker armour plates of titanium and boron carbide were implemented.
The unified flak jacket was included into supply inventory in 1986 and designated as 6B5 (Zh-86). The new flak jacket is a jacket which accommodated soft ballistic shields of TSVM-DZh fabric and so-called mounting pads, pouches of which accommodated armour plates. The protection design could utilise armour plates of ceramics, titanium and steel. Depending on type of protection design and, accordingly, protection class provided, the flak jacket had nine modifications.



Theoretically, a flak jacket can be reinforced by an armour plate even capable to withstand a bullet of heavy machine gun. But by no means can it safe a soldier's life. The armour, steel, Kevlar or composite, merely stops a bullet or fragment:
only a part of bullet/fragment kinetic energy is transformed into heat during plastic deformations of flak jacket and bullet itself. However, the impact is still present. And on impact into flak jacket the bullet causes a heavy strike, which often breaks ribs and hurts soldier's vitals. To absorb that impact, shock pads of sponge elastic materials are used. But they have limited energy consumption. That is why improving a bullet resistance of flak jacket is reasonable only for particular limits.

 

Kunal Biswas

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Generally the development of Russian BAGs may be divided by the protective elements used in them: armoclad designs; laminar designs; monoblock armour plates for vitals. The evolution process of Russian BAGs shows a gradual shift of armature quality criteria - from strictly protective function to complexity of characteristics, amidst which ergonomic parameters become playing a key role. At the present time the up-todate flak jacket is 6B43 military assault flak jacket for Army, VDV, Marines and Spec Ops. In extended version the FJ provides body perimeter protection against fragments, cutting weapons and small arms bullets (including SVD B-32 and .338 Lapua Magnum) during any kind of mission including close combat.
To carry out a specific mission more efficiently, there is a possibility for adaptive configuration of fragment and bullet protection. The FJ is of modular design. Except conventional thoracic and dorsal sections it is equipped with the following
modules:
â–  bullet-proof, side
â–  ballistic-proof, inguinal with additional bullet-proof armour plate
â–  ballistic-proof, shoulder
â–  ventilated and shock-absorbing The ceramic-composite reinforced armour plates provide a perimeter protection at short ranges against SVD B-32 bullet from 10 m, against .338 Lapua Magnum bullet from 300 m. The 6B43 FJ is manufactured in three sizes. The adjusting system provides an easy fitting. The weight of FJ with extended configuration does not exceed 15 kg. For quick (no more than 3 seconds) removal in case of emergency the FJ is equipped with quick release device. On external surface there is a unified mounting system allowing arranging removable pouches of UMTBS gear (6Sh122 multi-purpose load-carrying jacket) or of any other personal combat gear kit equipped with modular mounting system of removable pouches, compatible with UMTBS design or its foreign counterparts MOLLE or PALS.
According to requirements of new flak jacket research engineering, the unified military flak jacket shall ensure personal protection (thoracic, dorsal) of class 5 as per Government Standard GOST R 50744-95. The flak jacket shall provide capability for insertion of armour plates ensuring protection (thoracic, dorsal) of class 6 (GOST R 50744-95) in the same projections
as of class 5 with using auxiliary equipage. Besides, quick-detachable armour plates ensuring protection class 6 shall be placed in the same inserts. The weight of unified flak jacket of protection class 5 of any size shall not exceed 7.6 kg and
of protection class 6 with full configuration shall not exceed 12 kg. Currently, Barmitsa PCGK utilizes helmets of 6B26 (lightweight), 6B27 (reinforced), 6B28 (airborne) and 6B7-1M (reinforced) designs. The modernization of helmets is on the go in the direction of enhancement of protective features, ergonomic parameters, integration with management and survival systems.



C4I SYSTEM
The C4I system combines automated process-control system; command, control, communications, computers and intelligence means. In 2007 Strelets KRUS C4I system was introduced, designed to carry out the main scope of data-information activities (tactical control, communications and data transfer, individual and group navigation, detection,
coordinate measuring and target acquisition, target designa tion, data output for engagement of small arms and close combat means). The interface of the system with unmanned aerial vehicle has been achieved. The integration of this system into the unified C4I sys tem of tactical group is also envisaged.
Personal multi-purpose data system includes improved personal radio set with video data feed features, central computer, audible and optic means for information presentation, components of personal and group means for target designation, friendorfoe system, situational awareness and navigation.
Communication range inside the group (unit) is 1.5 km; VHFbased communication range to command is up to 10 km, satellitebased - 5,000 km. Data transfer rate is up to 11 Mbit/sec. Continuous run time of management and communication means is not less than 7 hours. Positioning error with use of satellite global positioning systems (GLONASS, GPS) is not more
than 20 metres.
Different devices and equipment can be interfaced with Strelets system including: angle-distance measuring device, laser range finder, laser designator pod, ground reconnaissance radars, tactical UAVs, directional antennas, satellite communication sets, NBC gauges, IR and TV scanners, sights, friend-or-foe components, mine detector.
The advanced multi-purpose management system including communication, designation, positioning, navigation and data exchange means (integrated into integrated C4I Sozvezdie-M at the Tactical Level) in combination with reconnaissance
and engagement systems provides as follows:
â–  Robust encrypted voice communication and data transactions (target designation and management commands, data on tactical situation, etc.)
â–  Positioning with respect to location and orientation of personnel with display indication
â–  Personnel natural perception of real-time environment in audio-frequency range and automatic protection of acoustic apparatus against high power blast wave impact caused by firing and explosions
â–  Automatic secure fake-resistant friend-or-foe identification
â–  Survey of environment within predetermined sector, reconnaissance of enemy personnel and materiel, IFF, target type designation
â–  Control of firing from various small arms against personnel, ground and air assets including mobile individual, group and area targets
â–  Display of survey information, aiming marks, alerts and other data received via communication and data links with ensuring eye protection against laser systems and the like
â–  Conversion and processing of data received from alert warning and health monitoring systems, its preparation and transfer via communication links and generation of executive signals
 

Kunal Biswas

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SURVIVAL SYSTEM




The survival system includes personal combat gear, engineering aids, clothing, rations, drugs and personal functional state monitoring aids. One of key components of personal combat gear is so-called tactical vest, a system ensuring a suitable wearing of weapons, ammunitions and equipment. The shoulder straps and belt, which were supplied for Soviet Army soldiers, were hard to be regarded as suitable for daily usage in combat. The operations of Armed Forces within Afghanistan War did not impel our industry to develop a suitable infantry tactical vest, thus soldiers began crafting, sewing designs in one's own way. Such bandoleer was slang denoted as military bra.
The most advanced designs at that date were craftworks sewed from two pouches of RD-54 airborne packs, thankfully that RD-54 packs were supplied to airborne assault brigades, GRU and KGB special forces in great numbers. That bra could accommodate 4 AKM magazines and 4 grenades. More rowdy, purely infantry design was achieved by sewing two regular pouches for AKM and AK74, to which rucksack straps or canvas rifle belts were sewed.
Only in 1988 well-known POYAS-A, first industrial tactical vest, was introduced to service. The designers tried to incorporate all remarks of soldiers: pouches for assault rifle magazines to store two magazines in each (including bundle of magazines pair), grenade pouches to be arranged by one above other, which would facilitate access to them and grenade removal under combat conditions, sewed semi-rings for rockets were added. The POYAS-B tactical vest could be additionally attached
to this vest by using two canvas straps and stow 10 VOG-25 grenades for GP-25 under-barrel grenade launcher.
The multi-purpose modular loadcarrying assault equipment (UMTBS) was developed under Barmitsa RE. It was designed for mounting and carrying personal combat and march load of any service person of the Russian Armed Forces.
Due to its modular design the UMTBS (designated as 6Sh112) provides a rational arrangement of gear components into removable attached pouches in accordance with individual needs and mission objectives. It is a Russian alternative
for STRIKE and MOLLE gears, de facto standard foreign equipment.
â–  Vest support - 1 pc.;
â–  Pouches for 2 AK74 magazines and flares (left, right) - 2 pcs;
â–  Pouch for 2 AK74 magazines - 2 pcs;
â–  Pouch for RGO, RGN, RGD-5 and F-1 hand grenades - 4 pcs;
â–  Pouch, multi-purpose - 2 pcs;
â–  Pouch for radio set - 1 pc.;
â–  Pouch for small infantry shovel (fold entrenching shovel) - 1 pc.;
â–  Holster, multi-purpose - 1 pc.;
â–  Pouch for 2/4 pistol magazines -2 pcs;
â–  Holster extension - 1 pc.;
â–  Pack-pouch, combat (ratio bag) - 1 pc.;

The equipment can be additionally extended by assault pack or patrol pack, or backpack; all pouches are compatible with M.O.L.L.E. components. The 6Sh112 UMTBS weights 2.6 kg.
The survival system is being continuously improved in terms of new materials development for BDU, underwear, boots and personnel property with its ergonomic characteristics being enhanced. It is planned to improve the system by implementing
gear components corresponding to different roles of personnel, electronic medical records and health monitoring features (including group health recording and processing means), personnel remote search systems in case of injury or KIA (custodial system). The separate components incorporated into medical means group are being improved almost annually (disposal injectors for automatic injection of fluid drugs and antidotes, personal first aid dressing); new technologies for production of modern hemostatic agents and dressing, rations have been developed and adopted. There is a development of advanced individual meals ready to eat and survival rations based on new approaches towards their composition in accordance with findings of integrated experimental studies on impact of their composition to personnel health. Kit and personal property development (advanced kit and personal property meeting requirements to advanced system) keeps running. The survival system of advanced infantry combat gear will be generally integrated into combat gear kit and provide an automatic internal environment control, health monitoring of personal physical and mental state under mission conditions.
In general the realisation of Special-Purpose Program allows ensuring infantry mission completion duringboth peacetime and war.


Victor Murakhovskiy

RUSSIAN INFANTRY COMBAT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
 

Kunal Biswas

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By GeneralDynamics on Tuesday, May 15th, 2012











General Dynamics Armament and Technical Products, a business unit of General Dynamics (NYSE: GD), today unveiled a next-generation Lightweight Medium Machine Gun (LWMMG) at the Joint Armaments Conference in Seattle, Wash.

Identifying an unmet warfighter need, General Dynamics Armament and Technical Products conducted its own research and development program to develop the LWMMG in just over one year. The weapon is designed for low-cost production and for maximum effectiveness at the small unit level, where weight and lethality are decisive factors.

"The LWMMG is an affordable weapon that closes a current operational gap, providing .50 caliber-like firepower in range and effect at the same weight and size of currently fielded 7.62mm machine guns," said Steve Elgin, vice president and general manager of armament systems for General Dynamics Armament and Technical Products. "Weighing in at 24 pounds and featuring a fully collapsible stock, the LWMMG offers superior mobility and portability in both mounted and dismounted operations."

General Dynamics' LWMMG also offers a distinct advantage in both extended and close-in fighting by using the highly efficient .338 Norma Magnum cartridge for increased accuracy and lethality out to 1,700 meters, a distance currently gapped in the operational capabilities of warfighters.

"By employing the larger .338 NM round, the LWMMG delivers twice the range and dramatically increases lethality above the 7.62 round," said Elgin. "In addition, the LWMMG goes beyond providing suppressive fire and gives warfighters the ability to attack point targets at significantly extended ranges."

The LWMMG has a firing rate of 500 rounds per minute, a maximum range of 5,642 meters, and is equipped with quick-change barrel technology. In addition to use by dismounted infantry and on ground vehicles, the weapon can be used as the armament system aboard helicopters and littoral craft, providing greater range and effectiveness for those platforms.

"The LWMMG is a well-designed machine gun ideally suited to provide long-range lethality to U.S. and allied forces," Elgin said.


Read more: New Medium-caliber Machine Gun Unveiled at Joint Armaments Conference | Army & Land Forces News at DefenceTalk
 

jackhammer2

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ACP - ADAPTIVE CARBINE PLATFORM
The SIG SAUER Adaptive Carbine Platform (ACP) allows any handgun with an accessory rail to be quickly modified into a personal defense weapon or carbine style firearm. Regardless of the brand, most pistols equipped with an accessory rail can be mounted to the ACP without the need for modification to the base gun.

Fabricated from solid aircraft-grade aluminum, the ACP sports M1913 rails at the 3, 6 and 9 o'clock
positions with a full-length top rail at the 12 o'clock position. Compatible accessories such as lights, red
dot sights and lasers can be mounted for additional functionality.

The ACP brings Personal Defense Weapon (PDW) features to almost any handgun.

The ACP offers law enforcement and executive protection agencies the ability to deploy a carbine or
SMG, but wth the controllability of a handgun. An integral hand stop permits the user to get a forward
grip without the danger of covering the muzzle. The integral quick-detachable sling mounts allow an
ACP-equipped pistol to be carried on a sling for fast access. The new SIG SAUER ACP allows the shooter
access to the pistol's frame mounted controls, providing an easy training transition and familiar manual of
arms. The ACP is also compatible with most sound suppressors.
 

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Intelligent munition system or IMS


The IMS sensor will gather data and transmit target features based on three types of target signatures: acoustic, magnetic and seismic. Each sensor node will be able to provide signatures to estimate the target type, bearing and direction of movement. The system will be able to differentiate between tanks, trucks and personnel carriers and send reports to the control point. IMS will use self-configuring and self-healing communications network integrated into the Brigade-and-Below (FBCB2) and the Unit of Action networks.

The system will also be able to determine the appropriate effects module to engage the target and the time it should activate for maximum effectiveness. Distributed situational awareness nodes will be used as an integral part of the system, providing sensing and communications to the intelligent munitions. The munitions will use mature Skeet based scatterable mine warhead technology providing wide area top attack effects against vehicles and fragmenting grenade lethality against dismounted personnel. It will be interoperable with the Spider antipersonnel landmine system.

Used for battlefield shaping, IMS will be employed to deny terrain and isolate enemy forces, objectives and areas of decisive operations, preventing enemy reinforcement their withdrawal. As enemy movements in areas under IMS attacks are reduced, targets will also become easy prey for other means of attack. With the capability to be switched on and off on command from friendly forces, IMS will render a flexible obstacle providing the Unit of Action (UA) maximum security and maneuvering flexibility. Operated in force protection roles, IMS will be used to secure flanks, protect fixed facilities, provide close-in protection of small units, fill gaps in dangerous terrain. When equipped with non-lethal munitions, IMS will be able to deny non-combatant movement in certain areas, and reduce the risk of collateral damage in uncertain situations.

The IMS will be deployed dynamically, as part of the UA maneuverability and battlefield shaping actions. Systems could be hand-emplaced, remotely delivered, or launched from a dispenser module carried by manned or unmanned ground vehicles.
 
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Kunal Biswas

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Darpa's Super Sniper Scope





By Robert Beckhusen
August 3, 2012 | 6:30 am


On Wednesday, Darpa awarded a $6 million contract to Cubic Corporation's defense division to develop the device, called the One Shot XG. the new device is intended to be a "compact observation, measurement, and ballistic calculation system" that is mounted onto a sniper's rifle or scope, allowing accurate shots "under crosswind conditions, at the maximum effective range of current and future weapons." One day the optics having built-in LASER rangefinder, ballistics computer, thermal imaging, environmental sensors, and so on.
 

Kunal Biswas

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Lockheed Martin Performs Outdoor Flight Test Of Laser Powered UAS



Lockheed Martin and LaserMotive, Inc., have completed a series of flight tests of the Stalker Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) to further validate the performance of an innovative laser power system. These tests mark the first-ever outdoor flight of a UAS powered by laser.

Stalker is a small, silent UAS used by Special Operations Forces since 2006 to perform intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance missions. In a recent wind tunnel test, the UAS demonstrated 48 hours of continuous flight powered by this innovative laser system.

"This series of proof-of-concept tests took place in a remote desert location where environmental factors like wind and heat were constants. Not only did we demonstrate that the laser powered Stalker could perform well in this type of environment, we flew during both day and night without incident," said Tom Koonce, Lockheed Martin Skunk Works® Stalker program manager. "Ultimately we hope to provide our customers with remarkably long endurance to extend and expand the mission profiles possible for a small UAS like Stalker."

For the demonstration, the Stalker was fitted with a lightweight photovoltaic receiver and on-board power management hardware. The ground-based laser transmitter was based on LaserMotive's hardware developed for its winning entry in the 2009 NASA Centennial Challenge.

--------------------------------------


Accomplishments of these proof-of-concept flights include:

Demonstrated net positive power to Stalker in flight, at ranges up to 600 meters.

Proved that the laser did not damage the Stalker and that the addition of the laser receiver did not impact its normal flight operations or aerodynamics. Operated multiple test flights in a range of desert conditions (day and night, high temperatures, and strong winds), demonstrating the ruggedness of the Stalker-mounted laser receiver power system.

The beam director tracked the receiver for long periods, with centimeter accuracy at 500 meters, despite turbulence and aircraft maneuvers.

Met all operational and safety requirements, including coordination with the Laser Clearinghouse and flight operations.

------------------------------------

"We're excited to work with Lockheed Martin to validate the ability of lasers to power Stalker in the field," said Tom Nugent, president of LaserMotive.

"Wireless power via laser is an important emerging technology, and I look forward to continuing to work together to further prove this technology in future experiments."

http://www.prnewswire.com/news-relea...165271226.html
 

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Caracal promotes UAE-made pistols in Las Vegas

Abu Dhabi: Caracal International, a subsidiary of Tawazun Holding, is in the United States to showcase its latest UAE-made products to law enforcement professionals, and sport shooting and hunting enthusiasts.
This is the second year that Caracal has participated in the Shooting, Hunting, Outdoor Trade (Shot) Show and Conference, the largest and most comprehensive trade show held in Las Vegas.
Caracal's US division, Caracal USA, unveiled the latest range of UAE-made modern pistols, including the new .40 caliber Caracal F and the CC10 Carbine. All the products on show incorporate the most modern technologies to provide the highest reliability, precision and safety, the company say.
Salem Al Matroushi, CEO of Caracal, said: "The shooting, hunting and defense markets are continually evolving and becoming more dynamic. Since launching a few years ago, we have been able to attract an increasing list of customers from around the world because our products are made to meet their unique needs and requirements.

"It is important that we invest our time to be present at exhibitions — like the Shot show — to demonstrate the UAE's strategic manufacturing capability and make our products available in international markets. This highlights an important step in our development and we remain eager to extend our reach by attracting and retaining global partnerships. This, we feel, will allow us to be part of the elite group of small arms manufacturers producing world-class products."
In February, along with all other Tawazun Holding subsidiaries, Caracal will be showcasing its products under the Tawazun pavilion at the International Defence Exhibition and Conference 2013, taking place on February 17-21 at the Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Center.

Caracal promotes UAE-made pistols in Las Vegas | GulfNews.com
 

JBH22

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Russians making good progress towards their future soldier
 
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rocky balboa

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Infantry equipment of ia is pathetic....... standard issue helmet sucks,no tactical gloves, no tactical goggles, no bpjs etc wonder why our infantry is so neglected..
 

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