Latin American aerospace news and aircraft projects

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PCC Airfoils, a company based in Merida, has recorded sales of as much as $120 million a year. This company and others in Merida, a city which exports to the United States, Canada and other parts of the world, are positioning Yucatan as a recognized state for the aerospace industry.

“In this sector, important exports are made from the Yucatan. PCC Airfoils is dedicated to manufacturing turbine parts,” explained Torres Parraud.

PCC specializes in finishing the process of making turbines, especially in the manufacturing of blades and key parts, while operating turbomachinery which is responsible for diverting the flow of current in the aircraft.

The blades or propellers are made in plants in Oregon, United States, and are subsequently moved to Merida to be completed and then sent to different fina destinations.

“It requires specialized labor, each piece will have to undergo an X-ray to check if there’s cracks or casting defects needed to be rectified, processes that require advanced knowledge of welding. We are talking about nickel alloys, stainless steel and methane,” said Torres Parraud.

To carry out this procedure, you need specialized equipment; Merida has it. There is also manpower, with engineers focused on this sector. So far there are more than six thousand people in Yucatan working in the aerospace sector.

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The Mayan Journey

05/19/2020 |

John Manuel Contreras
The Mayan Journey

Merida Yucatan
Tuesday May 19, 2020

Yesterday the first stage of economic reactivation began in Yucatan with the reopening of the aerospace, aeronautics and automotive manufacturing industries. In the case of aerospace, about a thousand employees of the only company dedicated to this area in the state returned to work maintaining strict prevention measures.

This is PCC Airfoils, a company located in the Ampliación Ciudad Industrial subdivision of the Yucatecan capital, which since 2001 has been dedicated to the manufacture of aircraft parts and provides finishing operations for various products from the company's other plants.

It is the world's leading company in structural investment casting, forged components and aerodynamic castings for aircraft engines and industrial gas turbines.

At the beginning of the year, the government of Yucatan, through its head, Mauricio Vila Dosal, signed a letter of intent with the Spanish company Deimos belonging to the Elecnor group to make an investment in aerospace and satellite matters in the entity.

The amount of said investment would amount to 130 million dollars so that, in its first stage, a technological center in satellite and space matters would be installed, where 200 engineers would work directly and 600 people indirectly, this with the purpose of building communication and research satellites.

The document signed in Madrid was the product of a work tour that the president made in June of last year when he attended the 53rd edition of the International Paris Air Show, where he met with directors and representatives of the most important aeronautical companies worldwide. .

The letter of intent expresses the legitimate interest in investing in Yucatan, previous feasibility and sustainability analysis studies of the project. That is why they would work with the federal and state authorities in order to know all the paperwork in Mexico in aerospace matters.

The information collected by the satellites could be used for coastal surveillance, security, search for lost fishermen, transit of boats, planes, migratory matters, meteorology, hurricane surveillance, damage, fires.

The investment would have placed the state as the first in Mexico where satellites would be built, with which Yucatan would have been consolidated in the world of the aerospace industry. However, there has been no news of the future of the project in the face of the health emergency derived from COVID-19.

There are experts in the field who see Yucatan as fertile land for this type of industry, such as Luis Lizcano, general director of the Mexican Federation of the Aerospace Industry (Femia), who in January of this year told a national media outlet that the firm of the agreement with Deimos he speaks of the state as a player in the sector, as he recalled that thanks to PCC Airfoils there are already a thousand workers in the industry.

Lizcano explained that geographically, the entity's location favors both reception issues -for the testing of satellite communication equipment, as in the case of Deimos- but it also opens up the testing of more advanced manufactures, even considering aerospace launches, although the latter has not been considered.

As well as Deimos, PCC Airfoils announced at the beginning of the year the investment of 300 million pesos to expand its production capacity with a 18,400-square-meter nickel-based blade and ceramic core foundry complex, which will generate 1,600 jobs. direct and will contribute 3 thousand indirect.

 

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Halcón 2, the 100% Mexican aircraft and proudly 'made in Guanajuato'
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SEDENA. The museums of the Mexican Army and the Air Force. Where are they?
Happy Marketer's Day 2022. Images with phrases to share
The first aircraft manufactured 100% in Mexico will be proudly made in Guanajuato. And more specifically, this aircraft will be manufactured in Celaya.

This is the Halcón 2, an aircraft manufactured by the Mexican company Horizontec, which is dedicated to the design, development and manufacture of aircraft.

During his Fourth Government Report, Diego Sinhué Rodríguez Vallejo, governor of Guanajuato, presented the Halcón 2, "the first one hundred percent Mexican aircraft: Made In Guanajuato."
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HALCON PLANE 2 MADE IN GTO 05
The Guanajuato governor explained that this Mexican plane has the capacity to make flights of five or six hours. "You could easily get from here to any point in the country, to Tamaulipas, to Yucatan."

A special feature of Halcón 2 is that it works with Premium gasoline and not with jet fuel, the fuel used by most aircraft.

During his speech, Diego Sinhué recognized Giovanni Angielucci, general director of the Horizontec company, "manufacturer of this plane because he has made Guanajuato his home, thank you for trusting us."

Who is behind the 100% Mexican plane?
Halcón 2 was designed and built by engineers from the National Polytechnic Institute (IPN) and technicians from CONALEP.

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It is an LSA (light sport) aircraft that meets high international standards of design, performance and quality.

Horizontec's design and manufacturing employ state-of-the-art engineering. “Using analysis and simulations through finite element software for structural and aerodynamic design; as well as computer aided design software”.
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Fuselage of the Halcón 2 aircraft, manufactured in Celaya, Guanajuato
Horizontec, a company created in 2014, created the Halcon 1 (Falcon 1) aircraft using aeronautical wood and fiberglass-reinforced plastics, said aircraft already has the mandatory certification for light and experimental Mexican aircraft.
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Fuselage of the Halcón 2 aircraft, manufactured in Celaya, Guanajuato
The Halcon 2 project (Falcon 2) is an LSA made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP).

The Halcón 2 is the first aircraft of its kind for more than 50 years. Its structure is made entirely of composite materials: carbon fiber and resins. It was created to be used in aviation schools, in recreational flights and can be used in security issues.

Last February, Horizontec laid the first stone of its plant in Celaya, Guanajuato, which has an investment of more than ten million dollars and will create 140 specialized jobs.
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During that event, Giovanni Angielucci, CEO, assured that "the Halcón II is a commercial product, it was thought, designed and manufactured on a manufacturing platform".

 

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Historical! The Halcón II flies for the first time, a 100% Mexican aircraft
BY ERICK CERQUEIRA JULY 6, 2022

Reading time: 3 minutes
After a presentation ceremony at the Capitan Rogelio Castillo National Airport (CYW), the first prototype of the Horizontec Halcón H2 —a 100% Mexican aircraft— took off and successfully completed its first flight. It is the successor version of the Halcón H1, Horizontec's light sport aircraft (LSA) that first flew five years ago; and the third aircraft developed in Mexico, after Oaxaca Aerospace's PE-210A Pegasus single-engine trainer.

The historic moment was recorded around 12:12 LT (GMT-5) on Monday, July 4, in Celaya, Guanajuato, in the presence of some 300 guests, including the city's mayor, Javier Mendoza Márquez, and the state governor. , Diego Sinhue Rodríguez Vallejo. The first flight was made with the prototype registration XB-SCG (s/n 001) under the command of the pilot and engineer José Javier Barbosa Castro, 23 years old, and lasted seven minutes.



It might also interest you: AISG receives capital contribution from Discovery Americas for its expansion
According to Horizontec, the aircraft must carry out 50 test flights to meet the certification requirements demanded by the Federal Civil Aviation Agency (AFAC). The company was born from an incubator at the Aeronautical University in Querétaro (UNAQ) and the project to develop and assemble a 100% Mexican aircraft began eight years ago, in 2015; so they worked together with the National Center for Aeronautical Technology (CENTA) and the Center for Engineering and Industrial Development (CIDESI) to make it a reality.

In this regard, Giovanni Angelucci, Director of Horizontec, commented:

The project was born in 2015; was born with a very simple vision, we wanted to achieve an excellent product using new technologies, I am referring above all to carbon fiber or epoxy resin, light materials and new digital tools; when I talk about digital tools I mean design software programs”.

The company chose the Calaya Airport as its home and already has two hangars for the development and construction of its current and future products; a third hangar is under construction. And that's where the manufacturer began assembling the Halcón II on February 2 of this year. A historical fact, since 105 years have passed since the Aviator Pilot Lieutenant, Horacio Ruiz Gaviño, on August 24, 1917, made the first flight of an aircraft made in Mexico.



The investment that the company will make will be $10 million dollars, with the creation of 140 jobs; So far, $4 million has already been invested. The Halcón II project is made of carbon fiber, epoxy resins and light materials; It is an aircraft of the Light Sport Aircraft (LSA) category, which allows a less complex certification process, but fully complies with the international standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). Its design is sporty, so it can be used for basic aviator training, recreational flying and aerial security surveillance; but the first target market will be flight schools.




With a cost that varies between $120 and $160 thousand dollars, the Halcón H2 has capacity for two occupants; its panel has Garmin 3GX avionics and is powered by an Austrian Rotax 915 iS engine, with a range of up to 810 nautical miles (1,500 kilometers). There are two fuel tank options, one of 90 liters and one of 120 liters, with computerized fuel injection, being able to fly for 5 or 6 hours, with a cruising speed of 135 knots (250 kilometers per hour).

From the Cockpit
According to the manufacturer, it is 6.1 meters long and 2.3 meters high, with an empty weight of 300 kilograms and a maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of 600 kilograms. The structure is made up of composite materials such as carbon fiber and epoxy resins and aeronautical grade aluminum; It has the latest technology worldwide, the resins are French, the materials are German.


 

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Embraer will present solutions for commercial aviation, defense and UAM at the Farnborough International Airshow
The 'Fly the Future' experience will showcase, for the first time, Eve's eVTOL cabin · The E195-E2, E190-E2, KC-390 and A-29 aircraft will be on display


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Embraer returns to the Farnborough International Airshow (FIA) this year, from July 18 to 22, to present its solutions for commercial aviation, defense, sustainability and technology in the C105/C106 cabin and in the E037 product area.

“We are thrilled to be back at the Farnborough International Airshow and welcome our customers to experience Embraer’s commercial and military aircraft up close, as well as the Eve eVTOL passenger cabin that will be on display for the first time,” said Francisco Gomes Neto, President and CEO of Embraer. “The two E2 aircraft, the KC-390 and the A-29 will fly at the fair on a 39.06% blend of sustainable aviation fuel, in line with our commitment to a more sustainable future and our renewable energy targets. ”

Embraer's activities at the FIA 2022 include:

· Presentation of Eve's eVTOL passenger cabin (Sunday, 10 am in the Embraer products area – E037)

· Conceptual aircraft designs – from new propulsion sources to sustainability-related design

· Aircraft visits for press/photographers: E195-E2, E190-E2, KC-390 and A-29 aircraft (Monday and Tuesday at 3 pm; and Wednesday and Thursday at 10 am and 3 pm in the area of Embraer products – E037)

· In-flight demonstration of the E190-E2 “Tech Shark”

· Press conference: update on the collaboration between Embraer Defense & Security and BAE Systems (Tuesday, 11:15 am in the Embraer product area – E037)

· Press conference: Commercial Aviation market sales and perspectives (Tuesday, at 1 pm, in the Embraer product area – E037)

Embraer Commercial Aviation

Embraer's E-Jets E2 lineup, including the E190-E2 and E195-E2, is comprised of the most fuel-efficient single-aisle aircraft. They offer lower operating costs, higher yields for airlines, more comfort for passengers and space for their luggage, as well as lower noise levels and less impact on the environment. All flights in Farnborough will be on a 39.06% sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) blend.

In June, the E195-E2 powered by Pratt & Whitney GTF engine was successfully tested using 100% SAF, proving that the E-Jets E2 family can fly both engines with mixtures up to 100% SAF, without compromising safety. or performance. The E2 currently emits 25% less CO2 emissions compared to previous generation aircraft, and this reduction can be increased to 85% with the use of SAF.

Embraer Defense & Security
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Embraer Defense & Security products and solutions are present in more than 60 countries and include the C-390 Millennium multi-mission military transport aircraft and the A-29 Super Tucano light attack and advanced training aircraft, which will be on display at the FIA.

The C-390 aircraft was first delivered to the Brazilian Air Force in 2019 and has proven its capability, reliability and excellent performance in domestic and international missions, as well as its ability to respond quickly to emergencies or humanitarian situations. The aircraft has already been acquired by Portugal and Hungary. On 16 June, the Dutch Ministry of Defense announced the selection of a fleet of C-390 Millenniums to upgrade their current C-130 Hercules.

Regarding the A-29 Super Tucano aircraft, the world fleet reached 500,000 flight hours earlier this year. With more than 260 units delivered, the aircraft has already been selected by more than 15 air forces worldwide.
 

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Embraer and BAE Systems Announce Collaboration for the C-390 Millennium and Eve's eVTOL
The first MoU aims to establish a strategic partnership between Embraer and BAE Systems to collaborate in Middle Eastern markets for the C-390, with an initial focus on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The companies intend to create a joint venture to explore


A A A

Embraer and BAE Systems announced today at the Farnborough Airshow the signing of two Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs), which expand the companies' presence in the global defense market.

The first MoU aims to establish a strategic partnership between Embraer and BAE Systems to promote the C-390 in Middle Eastern markets, with an initial focus on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The second MoU confirms the intention to create a joint venture to develop a defense variant of Eve's electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) vehicle.

The C-390 Millennium and its in-flight refueling configuration, the KC-390, are the new generation of multi-mission military transport aircraft that offer unparalleled mobility and payload, rapid reconfiguration, high availability, enhanced comfort, and flight safety. , as well as reduced operating costs throughout its lifecycle - all on a single platform.

“The memorandum for the C-390 Millennium builds on the expertise of two aerospace leaders, Embraer and BAE Systems. The aircraft brings a new concept to the market, offering a versatile, multi-mission platform with extremely competitive operating costs and high availability, an unbeatable combination,” said Jackson Schneider, President and CEO of Embraer Defense & Security.

Ian Muldowney, BAE Systems Director of Operations for the Air Sector, said: “This collaboration underscores the capabilities of the C-390 Millennium aircraft, as well as BAE Systems' broad knowledge and understanding of international markets, including experience in expanding military capability. and industrialization through support, maintenance and training solutions for advanced aircraft.”



For the collaboration on eVTOL, the companies intend to create a joint venture that will bring together the recognized competences of Embraer and BAE Systems for the potential development of a defense variant, which will have Eve as the platform supplier.

“The Embraer and BAE Systems teams will continue to work together to explore how the aircraft, designed for the urban mobility market, can be a low-operating-cost, sustainable and adaptable defense variant,” explained Schneider.

“Our customers' operating environment is increasingly complex and eVTOL is just one example of how we are studying emerging technologies, including from the commercial aviation market. We explore how we can adapt these solutions to provide our customers with vital operational capability at a reduced cost, while reinforcing our environmental and sustainability commitments,” added Muldowney.

In December 2021, Embraer and BAE Systems announced plans to work together on the development of a possible defense variant of Eve's eVTOL. Today's announcement demonstrates the expanding collaboration of two leading companies in the aerospace and defense industries

 

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Alaska Air Group announced plans to increase its regional fleet with an additional order of eight new E175 jets and options to purchase 13 more. The E175 aircraft will fly exclusively for Alaska Airlines under a Capacity Purchase Agreement (CPA) with Horizon Air.

The contract value, including options, is $1.12 billion based on list price. The new Horizon aircraft will have 76 seats, and will be delivered with Alaska branding and a three-class cabin configuration over the next four years, beginning in the second quarter of 2023.
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Mark Neely, director of Embraer Commercial Aviation for the Americas, said: “The E175 is the backbone of the US regional network, powering airport hubs across the country, as well as generating the connectivity that all communities need to thrive, both economically and socially. While this market is currently under pressure, it is essential for operators to be able to provide these essential services across the United States. The Embraer E175, with an 85% market share in its segment, is keeping the United States moving and connected.”

“The E175 is an extremely efficient aircraft,” said Nat Pieper, senior vice president, fleet, finance and alliances, Alaska Airlines. “The jet is the perfect aircraft to service Horizon's regional network in the Pacific Northwest and beyond. Our customers will enjoy the three-class cabin experience when traveling from small towns to flights in Alaska's major hubs or many other global partner airlines.”

 

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Porter Airlines has placed a firm order for 20 Embraer E195-E2 commercial jets, in addition to the existing 30 firm orders. Porter will use the E195-E2 to extend its award-winning service to destinations across North America.

The agreement, valued at US$1.56 billion, brings Porter's orders to Embraer to a total of up to 100 E195-E2 aircraft, with 50 firm orders and 50 purchase rights. In 2021, Porter ordered 30 Embraer E195-E2 jets, with the right to purchase another 50 aircraft, worth US$5.82 billion, if all options are exercised.

Michael Deluce, President and CEO of Porter Airlines said: “Embraer has an aircraft that has proven itself to be the best in environmental efficiency, operational performance and passenger comfort. We are in final preparations to introduce the E195-E2 to North America, joining other global airlines that already benefit from its use.

The aircraft will become essential to our fleet as Porter is reshaping passenger expectations for air travel in the same way we did more than 15 years ago. We will soon announce details on our initial routes, onboard products and other details.”

Arjan Meijer, President and CEO of Embraer Commercial Aviation, said: “Porter Airlines' ambition to grow, while providing an enhanced passenger experience, is expected to impact the industry in North America. With 50 E2s now on firm order, Porter is poised to make an impressive debut as a North American launch customer for the E195-E2. Its commitment to add 20 jets shortly after its first order demonstrates the unbeatable performance and results of the E2 family, the quietest and most economical aircraft in the segment. The E195-E2 also emits 25% less carbon than previous generation aircraft.”

Porter Airlines will be the North American launch customer for Embraer's newest jet family, the E2. Porter's investment will bring significant changes to Canadian aviation, increasing competition, raising passenger service levels and creating up to 6,000 new jobs.
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Porter intends to deploy the E195-E2s to popular business and leisure destinations across Canada, the United States, Mexico and the Caribbean, departing from Ottawa, Montreal, Halifax and Toronto Pearson International Airport. First delivery to Porter and entry into service is scheduled for the second half of 2022. The E195-E2 seats between 120 and 146 passengers. Setup plans for Porter's E2s will be revealed soon.
 

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Ne
Drafting A21 / Wednesday, 20 July 2022 - 01:00
AIRBUS HAS BEEN IN MEXICO FOR 40 YEARS DEVELOPING AERONAUTICAL COMPONENTS
Queretaro
The Airbus Helicopters company signed a cooperation agreement with Querétaro to expand its industrial activities in Mexico, which will give the assembly company financial incentives to improve its industrial capacity in this region.

With this expansion, Airbus Helicopters plans to create up to 200 new jobs in the area of single-aisle aircraft door production; in 2019 it manufactured around four thousand doors a year

Mauricio Kuri González, Governor of Querétaro, and Laurent Mazoué, Executive Vice President of Operations at Airbus Helicopters, signed the cooperation agreement during the Farnborough International Air Show 2022, which is being held in the United Kingdom.

“We are excited about this project, which will boost the economic development of our region. Airbus has been a great ally of Querétaro for many years and that is why we want to maintain and grow the great relationship between both parties,” added the official.

For his part, Laurent Mazoué assured that "Airbus Helicopters' supply chain has a solid and ambitious transformation plan to achieve the excellence expected by its customers, both local and global, and our manufacturing operations in Querétaro are part of this journey. ”.

The Airbus plant in Querétaro manufactures components and subassemblies for helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft, which are delivered to final assembly lines in Europe.

Airbus has been in Mexico for 40 years developing aeronautical components. Currently, the Querétaro plant produces emergency exits, cargo and bulk doors for single-aisle aircraft, as well as sub-assemblies for helicopter parts.
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The Mexican UAV S-45 BÁALAM, is presented with artillery in Europe
 

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INDUSTRIAGKN Aerospace and Femia will invest 12 million dollars in ChihuahuaPosted 2 min ago on July 21, 2022By Redacción INMOBILIARE
GKN-Aerospace-Femia-alt
GKN Aerospace will invest 10 million dollars (mdd) and the Mexican Federation of the Aerospace Industry (Femia) will allocate two million dollars in Chihuahua to expand its operations in the entity.

GKN will build an 80,000-square-foot industrial warehouse to incorporate three other projects with high-tech equipment and processes that will allow it to supply clients dedicated to the manufacture of executive aircraft.

The expansion contemplates the transfer of a production line that is currently in Europe, for the elaboration of composite materials; the manufacture of elevators for aircraft, which is a line that transfers from Asia; and business jet airframe manufacturing, which will be transferred from an operation in South Carolina.

In addition, with these projects they will generate an impact on the GKN supply chain in the state, the company in turn will promote the economic growth of suppliers such as "Metal Finishing Company", which specializes in providing surface treatment services for the industry. aerospace.

For his part, René Espinoza Terrazas, president of Femia, reported the expansion of six thousand square meters of its plant, which is currently located in the Chihuahua Industrial Complex.

The capital is also going "directly to special processes for machined steel parts and for ultrasonic inspection technology for composites and carbon fiber," he said.

In Chihuahua, GKN Aerospace and Femia will generate more jobs
The investment that GKN Aerospace will make in Chihuahua will be reflected in the generation of jobs, according to the company they plan to create more than 100 new jobs in the city.

Likewise, he highlighted that this staff will be trained by company collaborators from Europe and the United States.

While Femia indicated that it will achieve the creation of approximately 35 new highly certified jobs, that is, with significant economic remuneration.
 

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Dassault Systèmes develops aerospace engineers in Baja California
Written by Industrial Cluster

Aerospace 08/01/2022 15:47

Dassault Systèmes will support the Industrial Innovation Center for the Aerospace Sector of Baja California of the Technological Institute of Tijuana, to equip it with its world-leading platform.
Baja California, August 1, 2022.- Dassault Systèmes, a French aerospace company, will support the Industrial Innovation Center for the Aerospace Sector of Baja California (CIIA) of the Technological Institute of Tijuana (ITT), to equip it with its leading platform in the world and aerospace design 3DExperience.

The inauguration of the CIIA aims to train technical personnel and engineers in the adoption of technology, focused on innovation and product development and technology-based entrepreneurship.

Alfred Rodríguez, ambassador of the industrial alliance of the future of France, said that worldwide there is a deficit of one million engineers, therefore, the company's commitment is to collaborate with Mexico to create the added value chain, with training 360 hours to ITT professors with international certifications.

“The Dassault Systèmes 3DExperience platform will provide the CIIA work teams with the knowledge and experience for the training of instructors, in addition to incorporating them into the global network of Centers of Excellence, as well as linking them with its international community of experts. from North America, Europe and Asia,” he said.

The challenge for the aerospace industry is to increase the productivity and competitiveness of the industry in all regions of the country, to consolidate supply chains and make Mexico a more dynamic and attractive destination for intensive investments in knowledge and innovation.

 

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Hydra Technologies, a Mexican company specialized in the design and manufacture of Unmanned Aerial Systems, or UAVs for its acronym in English, for military, police and civil use, has taken a relevant qualitative leap by presenting its first Tactical artillery UAV, capable of performing ground attacks: the S-45 Baalam.

The model was developed by the Mexican company in collaboration with the Turkish Military Industry (Turkish Defense & Aerospace), whose catalog shows the consolidated development of five advanced unmanned aircraft: Anka, Bayraktar, Karayel, Anka Aksunaur and Bayraktar Akinci. The latter is the armed model that can carry rockets and attack systems weighing 1,350 kilos.

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The S-45 Baalam from Hydra Technologies is an advanced version of the S-4, widely used by the armed forces, the National Guard, security forces and civil protection agencies that have dedicated the use of these systems to the monitoring and control of pests and fighting forest fires as early warning instruments.

The S-45 Baalam is capable of performing ground attacks by dropping guided munitions and loitering munitions on defined targets. This aircraft has been operated since 2004 without weapons by the Mexican armed forces and by the National Guard (formerly the Federal Police), in missions of strategic surveillance, protection of strategic installations and support in diplomatic events.

The aircraft shown at Farnborough is the first of its kind to be manufactured by Hydra Technologies. The S-45 Baalam can operate day and night, in any weather condition, has an operating radius of up to 120 kilometers, a range of 12 hours of flight, and can take off with a headwind of up to 22 knots ( around 40 kilometers per hour), has a weight of 80 kilograms, can operate on runways between 350 and 500 meters long, its operating ceiling is 17 thousand feet (about 5 thousand meters high), it develops a maximum speed of 85 knots (about 157 kilometers per hour) and its effective and recommended operating ceiling is between 4,000 and 8,000 feet in altitude (up to 2.5 kilometers in height).

Hydra Technologies is a Mexican company based in Guadalajara, Jalisco, and since 2004 it has been working with the Secretary of National Defense (SEDENA) providing the Mexican Air Force (FAM) with twenty unmanned devices of various models. At the time, it sold UAVs to the Federal Police, material that was later transferred to the National Guard in 2019.


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www.defensa.com

S-45 Baalam: El primer UAV armado hecho en México
La mexicana Hydra Technologies y la Industria Militar de Turquía México han fabricado conjuntamente el primer UAV armado construido en México
www.defensa.com
www.defensa.com
 

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HE: What is your greatest achievement so far? And what is your greatest challenge?



RKT: In terms of height, we reached 85kms with a solid rocket a few years ago.



As far as fuels are concerned, successful experiments have been carried out with “sweet”, mixed (some called ecological) and liquid fuels.



Static tests of liquid fueled engines have been successfully performed at various power ranges.



Regarding manufacturing: RKT Aerospace designs, develops and manufactures the rockets 100% in Saltillo Mexico.



We can say that our greatest current challenge is to finish a liquid fuel-based engine with a power of 75 Kilo Newtons, which uses liquid oxygen and kerosene on which I have been working for about 10 years.



A second challenge is to launch a rocket that was canceled on 2 occasions and that must reach 120kms in height.



HE What can you tell us about the near and medium-term future? What plans are there?



RKT: The projects we have had since 2018 are focused on the development of liquid and hybrid engines, for now we are leaving solid engines, due to issues of permits for the use of controlled substances. And we believe that there is a larger field for research in the area of liquid fueled engines.



In the short term, we want to perfect liquid fuel engines applicable to suborbital sounding rocket flights. We want Mexico to have its own technology and for it to be accessible to our Universities.



In the medium term; the construction and suborbital launch of liquid fueled sounding rockets for scientific and academic purposes.



In the long term, we dream of Mexico having a Spaceport and a Propulsion Laboratory.
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HE: For your long-term plans and dreams, I'll tell you that there are joint state initiatives with the AEM to study the feasibility of a Spaceport, which this pandemic has delayed. In this second point of your dreams I give you good news, the AEM, in its EdoMex facilities that will open this year, as soon as the pandemic allows it, there is a space reserved for a launcher design and construction laboratory. The question that remains open is: Would you be interested in joining forces?



RKT: It will be a pleasure to accompany you at the inauguration of the Laboratory.



HE: Finally: Share some numbers with us: How expensive is this activity? And how do you generate the budget?



RKT: Space development is very expensive, and it is directly related to the size of the launcher that the mission requires. Given the characteristics and scope of RKT, we require a long time to manufacture a rocket, especially with a liquid or hybrid engine. The use of materials and devices makes it a development where it is essential to invest a lot of capital, normally the devices used in its manufacture are not available in the common market, it requires special valves, connections, gaskets, pipes, servomotors, for specific use. space. The cost of fuel alone for a suborbital flight can be around $200,000 pesos with the dollar at 20 pesos.
 

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