Indian Human Spaceflight Program (HSP)

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@Akask kumar @indiatester @rishivashista13 @Anupu @Chinmoy
Dedicating a thread for the HSP. Though final details and confirmation about the program was to be known in 2017, Outcome budget of 2016-17 is already out.
There were rumours that it may have been put on hold but after ISRO chief's remarks, it seems positive, ISRO will further be going ahead with a Pad Abort test by year end.
This thread gonna be about reports, news of rockets, spacecrafts, suites, life support systems, training or anything related to HSP.
From Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre:
HUMAN SPACEFLIGHT
The Indian Human Spaceflight Programme (HSP) is a proposal by ISRO to develop and launch the ISRO Orbital Vehicle, which would carry a two-member crew to the Low Earth Orbit. The programme envisages the development of a fully autonomous orbital vehicle carrying two crew members to about 300 km low earth orbit and their safe return. The spaceship would be launched by the GSLV MkIII launcher. Pre-project activities have been initiated to study and develop critical technologies for this mission.
Crew Module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Indian human spaceflight programme - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Michael Clark talks about India's human spaceflight programme and the rockets that will enable them.
 
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From Dr. Jitendra Singh:
ISRO has taken up the development of critical technologies as part of pre-project activities for the Manned Space Programme. Major activities identified under Pre-Project are Crew Module (CM) systems, Environmental Control & Life Support System (ECLSS), Flight Suit and Crew Escape System (CES). The Crew module was flight tested in the experimental mission of GSLV MkIII on December 18, 2014 and the re-entry characteristics and the recovery of the Crew Module were successfully demonstrated. The flight suit development has been completed. Development of the ECLSS and the Crew Escape Systems are progressing well and is targeted to be completed in 2016-17.
http://indiabudget.nic.in/ub2016-17/eb/sbe84.pdf
http://defenceforumindia.com/forum/threads/isro-news-and-updates.33401/page-82#post-1191399
Outcome Budget 2016-17 - ISRO [PDF File]
 
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ISRO Rendezvous & Docking experiment Update
As mentioned previously on this blog, ISRO has been working on a rendezvous and docking (RVD) experiment mission involving two IMS (Indian Micro Satellite) series spacecrafts. ISAC, a ISRO centre, has been involved in developing navigation and guidance algorithm for RVD. In this experiment, two IMS Spacecrafts, one designated as target and the other designated as chaser, will be launched by a PSLV launcher into two slightly different orbits. There will be no communication link between the target and chaser during the far range rendezvous phase in which relative separation between the spacecrafts will be around 50km to 5km range and this phase will be a ground guided phase. In the docking phase of the mission, docking sensors such as Laser Range Finder during the relative separation of 5 km to 0.25km, Docking Camera during the relative separation of 300m to 1m ,Visual Camera for real time imaging during the relative separation of 1m to docking will be used respectively.
For the purpose of testing and verification of vision based docking algorithms before a real world implementation is carried out, ISRO has developed a 3D simulation environment that is being used to simulate docking phase of the mission. A snap of the simulation is presented in the Figure below.

3D Simulation of Chaser and Target to test vision based RVD. (credit ISRO, [1])
Targeted Applications of RVD: RVD technology is one of many enabling technologies for ISRO's human space flight program. Another promising application of this technology will be increasing age of ISRO's satellites like that from IRS, INSAT and IRNSS systems. RVD technology will allow a resupply (fuel, power pack etc) spacecraft to dock with a satellite in orbit and allow for replenishment of fuel and power pack, thereby increasing satellites age. To facilitate this, as per my research, ISRO has been designing its newest satellite bus called I-6K, which is a unified bus with modular design ,multi EV panels and scalable structure (Bus module & payload module). A modular design will allow easy and fast replacement of bus module in the orbit by the resupply space craft. The resupply spacecraft might itself be a new bus module (with fuel, power pack etc.) that will dock with the payload module in the orbit after the old bus module undocks.

I-6K Concept Art.
[1] Gladwin J, et al., Performance Evaluation of a Vision Sensor in 3D Virtual Environment for Rendezvous and Docking Application.
 
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About the rocket to be used (LVM3):
LVM3
About the Launch Vehicle
LVM 3 is a heavy launch capability launcher being developed by ISRO. It will allow India to achieve complete self reliance in launching satellites as it will be capable of placing 4 tonne class Geosynchronous satellites into orbit. The LVM3 will have an India built cryogenic stage with higher capacity than GSLV. The first experimental flight of LVM3, the LVM3-X/CARE mission lifted off from Sriharikota on December 18, 2014 and successfully tested the atmospheric phase of flight. Crew module Atmospheric Reentry Experiment was also carried out in this flight. The module reentered, deployed its parachutes as planned and splashed down in the Bay of Bengal.

Vehicle Specifications
Height : 43.43 m
Vehicle Diameter : 4.0 m
Heat Shield Diameter : 5.0 m
Number of Stages : 3
Lift Off Mass : 640 tonnes

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Payload to GTO: 4,000 kg
LVM3 will be capable of placing the 4 tonne class satellites of the GSAT series into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbits.


Payload to LEO: 8,000 kg
The powerful cryogenic stage of LVM3 enables it to place heavy payloads into Low Earth Orbits of 600 km altitude.


Cryogenic Upper Stage : C25
The C25 is powered by CE-20, India's largest cryogenic engine, designed and developed by the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre of ISRO located at Thiruvananthapuram.

Cryo Stage Height : 13.5 m
Cryo Stage Diameter : 4.0 m
Engine : CE-20
Fuel : 27 tonnes of LOX + LH2
Thrust : 186 kN

Solid Rocket Boosters : S200
LVM3 uses two S200 solid rocket boosters to provide the huge amount of thrust required for lift off. The S200 was developed at Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.

Booster Height : 25 m
Booster Diameter : 3.2 m
Fuel : 207 tonnes of HTPB (nominal)
Thrust : 9316 kN
Vacuum Isp : 274.5 sec
Burntime : 130 sec

Core Stage : L110 Liquid Stage
The L110 liquid stage is powered by two Vikas engines designed and developed at the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre.

Stage Height : 17 m
Stage Diameter : 4 m
Engine : 2 x Vikas
Fuel : 110 tonnes of UDMH + N2O4
Thrust : 1598 kN
Vacuum Isp : 293 sec
Burntime : 200 sec

Courtesy: ISRO - Government of India
 
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Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE – 1) is a 550 kg capsule intended to demonstrate the technology of an orbiting platform for performing experiments in micro gravity conditions. After completion of the experiments, the capsule was de-orbited and recovered. SRE – 1 mission provided a valuable experience in fields like navigation, guidance and control during the re-entry phase, hypersonic aero thermodynamic, development of reusable thermal protection system (TPS), recovery through deceleration and flotation, besides acquisition of basic technology for reusable launch vehicles.
SRE – 1 carries two experiments, an Isothermal Heating Furnace (IHF) and a Bio-mimetic experiment. SRE was launched into a 635 km polar SSO in January 2007 as a co-passenger with CARTOSAT -2 and stayed in orbit for 10 days during which its payloads performed the operations they are intended to. The SRE capsule was de-boosted and recovered successfully back on earth on 22nd January 2007.
Launch Mass:
550 kg
Launch Vehicle:
PSLV-C7 / CARTOSAT-2 / SRE-1
Type of Satellite:
Science & Exploration
Manufacturer:
ISRO
Owner:
ISRO
Application:
Experimental
Orbit Type:
SSPO

Space Capsule Recovery Experiment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
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Crew module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment (CARE)
Crew Module (CM) is identified as the payload in GSLV MK-III-X/CARE Mission. CARE is the acronym for Crew module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment. The mission would be used as a platform for testing the re-entry technologies envisaged for Crew Module including validating the performance of parachute based deceleration system. CARE is expected to enhance the understanding of blunt body re-entry aerothermodynamics and parachute deployment in cluster configuration.
The external configuration of the Crew Module to be flight tested in GSLV MK-III is same as that of manned flight.
Objectives:

  • Demonstration of reentry flight of Crew Module
  • End to end parachute system validation
    • Demonstration of apex cover separation
    • Demonstration of parachute deployment
The Crew Module (CM) is separated from the Launch Vehicle at an altitude of 126 km, re-enters Earth’s atmosphere at about 80 km and descends further in ballistic mode. Beyond 80 km, CM follows an uncontrolled re-entry trajectory and impacts at sea about 180 km from Andaman and Nicobar Island from where it will be recovered by Indian Coast guard.
Launch Vehicle:
LVM-3/CARE Mission
Manufacturer:
ISRO
Owner:
ISRO
Application:
Experimental
Related Images

LVM-3/CARE Mission
Related News
ISRO Orbital Vehicle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
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‘Safety of crew is the priority for ISRO in manned space missions’
ISRO gears up for critical crew rescue test

The test, known as Pad Abort, will be held at the launch pad of Sriharikota High Altitude Range (SHAR) in a month or two, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) Director K. Sivan told The Hindu in an interaction on the sidelines of the ongoing expo in connection with the World Space Week celebrations at Ernakulathappan ground here.
“While the overall aim is to master the technology that aims at rescuing the crew if a launch is aborted at any stage, the present test will try out the scenario of aborting a launch at the pad itself,” he said.
ISRO Pad Abort Test - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 
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CREW MODULE ATMOSPHERIC RE-ENTRY EXPERIMENT (CARE)
A demonstration of the atmospheric re-entry flight of the proto crew module developed for the Human Spaceflight Programme was successfully carried as part of the experimental flight of LVM3 on December 18, 2014. This was used as a platform for testing the atmospheric re-entry technologies envisaged for crew module and also for validating the performance of end to end parachute based deceleration system. In CARE mission the crew module got separated from the launch vehicle at an altitude of 126 km and re-entered the Earth’s atmosphere at an altitude of 80 km and further descended in the ballistic mode. Three axis control was provided for damping out the rates and for ensuring zero degree angle of attack during re-entry.

The crew module made a safe splash down at the predicted impact point about 600 km away from Port Blair approximately 1243 s after lift-off. Subsequently the module was recovered by Indian Coast Guard and brought to Ennore port Chennai on Dec 21, 2014.
 

Mikesingh

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Great news that we have budgeted for manned space flight experiments! We need to speed things up a bit though.

The Porkis must be turning green with envy when they compare this with their lame duck SUPARCO which is controlled by their military.

We have reached Mars and they they're still trying to reach Kashmir! We've reached the Moon and they have a part of it only on their flag! Jeeez!
 
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Great news that we have budgeted for manned space flight experiments! We need to speed things up a bit though.

The Porkis must be turning green with envy when they compare this with their lame duck SUPARCO which is controlled by their military.

We have reached Mars and they they're still trying to reach Kashmir! We've reached the Moon and they have a part of it only on their flag! Jeeez!
Their argument will be that China is launching their remote sensing satellite in 2018; at least 3-5 years before Indian Manned Mission.:p
Here's the main SUPARCO thread.
http://defenceforumindia.com/forum/threads/suparco-news-and-updates.75268/
 

Akask kumar

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GSLV Mark 3 (LVM 3 X) CARE Mission from Sriharikota on 18th December 2014
Gujarat's Firm Develops India's First Space Suit for ISRO | Make in India
the suit video that u provided looks to me endo-vehicular suit to be worn inside the the Care module.. they made a suit but cant put a neat Indian flag LOGO..:crying:
 

rishivashista13

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Why that spacesuit has golden helmet ??
It doesn't look transparent !!
Don't know how anyone will able to look through that .........

Sent from my Micromax Q380 using Tapatalk
 

Akask kumar

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Why that spacesuit has golden helmet ??
It doesn't look transparent !!
Don't know how anyone will able to look through that .........

Sent from my Micromax Q380 using Tapatalk
i think thats just for demo..
in reality space suits have transparent helmets and a golden shield.. that is pulled down while facing sun.. radiation protection
 
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Why that spacesuit has golden helmet ??
It doesn't look transparent !!
Don't know how anyone will able to look through that .........

Sent from my Micromax Q380 using Tapatalk
Probably just for display or glass is actually transparent. I don't know about it.
lol, the language of the news report should not be a problem for you...but for me it is

Trust me my friend, you won't even like you to hear India TV's Garbage.
The main thing you need to know that suit program costs just Rs. 10 lakh and India has already developed life support systems.

I will provide you an English video from DD News or a report when released or I found. But it's better to keep away from Hindi News channels. I just had to post it to provide info, rest of wordings documentary is full of garbage.
Indian media and Bollywood are complete $hit and keep this in mind - from the mouth of an Indian.:biggrin2:
wow!! never expected a chinese to understand hindi..
He didn't understand either and it's better for us that he even doesn't in future.:biggrin2:
 

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