Indian Army T- 90 (Bhishma) and T- 72 (M-1) Tanks


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Oct 20, 2015
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T-90 tank production to be hit by Ukraine-Russia war
Nagpur: The Russia-Ukraine war is now expected to impact production
T-90 tanks by the ordnance factories. Earlier, it was hoped ..
that the conflict may not last long and things would continue
smoothly. As the war prolongs, sources say that production
process may be affected in the coming days if the situation
does not normalize.

Sources said some of the sub-assemblies are still imported
from Russia. As the war continues their supply is expected
be hit, perhaps even affecting the delivery schedule.
Over the years as much as 95% of the T-90 production
has been indigenized. However, the remaining 5% of
5% of spares for which dependency is on Russia remain crucial
The T-90 tanks are based on Russian technology.

There are certain crucial sub-assemblies for which the factory
depend, as drawings have not been shared yet.
These include certain electro-mechanical components, said a source.

As against this almost 98% indigenization has been achieved
for the T-72 tanks, which are also based on Russian know-how.

The tanks are made at the Armoured Vehicles Nigam Limited
Limited (AVNL), at Avadi in Tamil Nadu.
The PSU has been carved out of earlier ordnance factories like
the Heavy Vehicles Factory at Chennai, Ordnance Factory Project
Medak, Vehicle Factory at Jabalpur, and the Engine factory at chennai.

The AVNL has also taken proactive steps to tackle the situation
although it may take some months to show results.

Union sources said even the employees’ associations have been
stressing on the indigenization of production.
This takes care of a major component.

Meanwhile, in an independent development, the 155x52 mm caliber

advanced towed artillery gun systems (ATAGs), made by the p
rivate sector companies — Bharat Forge and Tatas — are expected
to go through a round of trials in the coming weeks.

These would be reliability firing, as it happened for the Dhanush
guns made by Advance Weapons and Equipment Limited (AWEL)
also a PSU formed out of the ordnance factories.

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