The BMP-3M is an modernized version of the standard BMP-3 tracked armoured infantry fighting vehicle designed and developed by the Russian Company Kurganmashzavod. The BMP-3M with its new improvements offers more capabilities in terms of fire power, mobility, protection increasing combat efficiency of standard BMP-3 IFV. The BMP-3M was unveiled for the first time in 2011 during the Defense Exhibition, Russian Expo Arms.
The BMP-3M is fitted with a two-man turret armed with 100mm 2A70 semi-automatic gun which can be used against ground targets at a maximum range of 4,000 m. Turret traverse is a full 360º with weapon elevation from -5 to +60º. The latter enables the weapons to engage helicopters. Turret traverse and weapon elevation are powered. The 100 mm 2A70 gun fires 3UOF17 and 3OF32 high-explosive fragmentation rounds at a rate of 8 to 10 rds/min and the 9M117M1 laser-guided anti-tank missiles. The 100mm cannon of the BMP-3M can also fire high-explosive fragmentation shells 3UOF19. The new 100-mm high-explosive fragmentation shell 3UOF19 features improved characteristics of fragmentation effect and better firing accuracy. The anti-tank guided missile 9M117M1 has a tandem warhead, which enhances armour-piercing impact and ensures piercing of explosive-reactive armour. ATGM firing range is increased from 4 up to 5.5 km Mounted coaxially to the right of the 100 mm gun is the 30 mm 2A72 cannon which can engage ground targets from a range of 1,500 to 2,000 m and helicopters up to 4,000 m using three types of 30 mm ammunition are fired, AP-I (Armor-Piercing Incendiary), HE-I (High Explosive Incendiary) and HE-T (High-Explosive Tracer). The 30mm gun of the BMP-3M can also fire 30mm armour-piercing discarding sabot shells. The 30-mm armour-piercing discarding sabot shell features 80% better armour-piercing capability as compared with the standard armour-piercing shell. One 7.62 mm PKTM machine gun is mounted either side of the hull, firing forwards and these are operated by one of the front three crew members. There is also one more 7.62mm PKTM coaxial machine gun mounted to the left side of the main armament. Three 81mm smoke grenade dischargers are mounted on either side at the front of the turret.
|Design and protection|
The BMP-3M IFV is divided in three main compartments with the driver seated at the front, the turret in the middle and the troop compartment at the rear of the hull with entry via two doors in the hull rear opening left and right. The BMP-3M can carried a total of 10 military personnel including driver, commander and gunner. The hull and turret of the BMP-3M IFV (Infantry Fighting Vehicle) are of all-welded aluminium armour construction providing the crew with protection from small arms fire and shell splinters. The BMP-3M armour is increased with additional armour shields to provide protection against 12.7mm armour piercing bullets, as well as with active protection or explosive reactive armour (ERA) kit to protect the vehicle from anti-tank hollow charge projectiles.
The BMP-3M is motorized with a turbocharged UTD-32 engine that increases specific power and dynamic characteristics of the vehicle. Due to the forced cooling system the engine is fully adapted to operation in hot climate conditions. The engine is coupled to an hydromechanical automatic transmission with 4 forward and 2 reverse gears. The BMP-3M can run at a maximum road speed of 55 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 600 km. The suspension either side consists of six dual rubber-tyred roadwheels with the idler at the front, drive sprocket at the rear and three track-return rollers. The BMP-3M has a 2.5 m trench crossing, 0.8m vertical climb and 35°gradient capabilities. The BMP-3M is fitted with an electromechanical track adjustment system allowing the driver to adjust the track tension for both tracks without leaving his seat. The BMP-3M vehicle can be equipped with a chassis control system (IUSSH-688). The system is programmable with microprocessor control of chassis units and assemblies, parameters of their operation, delivery of current and warning information to driver's display and generation of voice messages. Thus IUSSH-688 serves to automate some of the functions, previously performed by the driver, to improve operational reliability of chassis units and assemblies, to control their serviceability in interactive mode, to warn about failures of chassis important elements.
Standard equipment of the BMP-3M IFV includes the capability to lay a smoke screen by injecting diesel fuel into the exhaust outlet, an NBC system and a dozer/entrenching blade fitted at the front of the vehicle. The BMP-3 has a fire detection/suppression system in the front and rear crew compartments, turret and engine compartment. The vehicle can be also equipped with KBM-3M2E air conditioner to provide comfort working conditions for the crew and troopers in hot climate with high ambient temperature. In order to enhance fire power, the BMP-3M is equipped with an automatic fire control system which includes SOZH-M main gunner's sight with integrated laser rangefinder and ATGM guiding channel, VESNA-K sighting system with thermal imaging camera and AST-B automatic target tracker, commander's vision deviceTKN-AI, digital ballistic computer, and ATGM (Anti-tank Guided Missile) loading mechanism. The new fire control system ensures target identification and effective aimed firing at great distances and speeds, provides decrease of target destruction time and considerable improvement of firing efficiency afloat. The commander's day-night vision device TKN-AI with active-pulse illumination is used within the system and provides increase of target detection range in poor visibility conditions (dust smoke, fog, etc.).The BMP-3M is equipped with an automatic ATGM loading mechanism, which reduces loading time to 12 seconds. The mechanism ensures ATGM loading in automatic and operational modes at any angle of turret traverse relatively to the vehicle hull. The modernized BMP-3M also includes installation of a new multipurpose (day-night) driver's vision deviceTVK-1, which broadens driver's capabilities during the vehicle movement at night, and also installation of APP-688 automatic gear selector to decrease the driver's fatigue. The BMP-3M is fitted with the ARENA-E
The BMP-2 is fitted with a two-man turret armed with a stabilized 30 mm cannon 2A42 and a 7.62 mm PKT coaxial machine gun mounted to the left of the main armament with 2,000 rounds. A bank of three smoke grenade dischargers is mounted on each side of the turret. The BMP-2 is also able to create a smokescreen by injecting diesel fuel into the exhaust outlet on the right side of the hull. Mounted on the turret roof between the gunner's and commander's hatches is a launcher for an AT-4 SPIGOT or AT-5 SPANDREL ATGM (Anti-Tank Guided Missile) which has a maximum range of 4,000m. The 2A42 two-axis stabilized automatic cannon; the 7.62-mm PKT coaxial machine gun and the antitank guided weapon launcher enable the crew to hit different targets, including tanks and combat helicopters. The BMP-2 is able to attack air and ground targets while the vehicle is moving or stationary. The turret can rotate on 360° with elevation from +75° to - 5º. The gunner can select single shots or one of two automatic rates of fire, low at 200 to 300 rds/min; high at 500 rds./min. The roof-mounted ATGW launcher can be traversed through a full 360º with elevation from -5 to +15º.
|Design and protection|
The layout of BMP-2 is very similar to the design of the BMP-1. The driving compartment is located in the frontal part of the vehicle. It accommodates the driver and one infantryman. The driving compartment is outfitted with observation devices, directional gyro, vehicle steering levers, instruments, actuating devices, and fire-fighting equipment. There is a gun port in the glacis plate. The engine compartment is located in the frontal part of the hull on the starboard side. The turret is located in the middle of the hull, just aft of the engine compartment. The commander and the gunner are positioned in the turret. The troop compartment is located in the rear of the hull between the port and starboard sides. In the middle, it is divided into two sections by the central fuel tank and a container, which holds electrical equipment. The troop compartment has six seats for the mounted personnel: three seats in each section. All seats are equipped with observation instruments and have gun ports nearby through which the mounted personnel can fire with machine guns or individual assault rifles. The infantrymen enter and leave the vehicle through two doors in the rear of the hull. Each door has an observation device and one gun port to fire with individual assault rifles. The hull and the turret are made in all-welded steel which provides protection on the front against 23-mm armor-piercing rounds fired from a distance of 500 m and the sides against 7.62-mm armor-piercing bullets fired from a distance of 75 m. The BMP-1 can be also fitted with add-on armor to increase protection against ballistic and mine threats.
The BMP-2 engine and transmission are to the right of the driver's compartment with the air inlet and outlet louvers on top of the hull. The BMP-2 IFV is motorized with a four-stroke, six-cylinder Model UTD-20 supercharged diesel engine developing 285/300 hp at 2,600 rpm. The torsion bar suspension of BMP-2 consists of each side with six roadwheels with the drive sprocket at the front, idler at the rear, and three track return rollers. The upper part of the suspension is protected by armor plates. The BMP-1 is able to reach a maximum road speed of 65km/h with a maximum road range of 600 km. The BMP-1 can climb a side slope of 30% and a gradient of 60%, cross a trench of 2.5m, and a vertical obstacle of 0.7m.
The BMP-2 is fully amphibious and propelled in the water by its tracks at a maximum speed of 7 km/h. An infra-red searchlight is mounted coaxially to the right of the 30-mm cannon and the commander also has a roof-mounted infra-red searchlight model OU-3GA2. Standard equipment on the BMP-2 includes a full range of night vision equipment for the commander, gunner and driver, a fire extinguishing system, a GPK-59 gyrocompass system, a PAZ overpressure NBC system, an engine preheater, and a turret extractor fan. For mine clearing, the BMP-2 is outfitted with mine-clearing equipment mounted at the front of the vehicle.
|One 30mm 2A42 cannon, one coaxial machine gun PKT 7.62mm, 1 launcher for AT-5 `Spandrel' or AT-4 `Spigot' ATGW||Protection against small arms and shell splinters. Front 23mm armor-piercing rounds, 7.62-mm armor-piercing bullets for the sides.|
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Czech Republic, Finland, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Kuwait, Macedonia, Russia, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syria, Tajikistan, Togo, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen.
|Russia||65 km/h maximum road speed|
|Infrared night vision, NBC protection system, fire control system||550 to 600 km|
|3 + 7 soldiers||Length: 6.73 m; Width: 3.15 m; Height: 2.45 m|
The existing UTD 20 engine produces 285 hp mated to a manual transmission. The upgradation project was dead long ago because none of the Development agencies could achieve what was asked for.On 2/8/21 the #IndianArmy quietly transferred 12 BMP-2's to 12 domestic private and public sector companies – referred to as Development Agencies (DAs) – to retrofit by 31 July 2022 one of the BMP-2s provided to them by the IA. Chosen design to get replicated across the fleet.
Details kept under wraps but from what I know the usual suspects
etc are all involved . Goal is to upgrade the BMP-2 to ensure the 2000 odd units we have stay viable for the next 15-20 yrs.
Package Army has asked for involves uprated power pack, Add on armor, new sights, new secure communication & fire control, ATGM launchers, modernized turret with modernized dual feed version of same 30mm gun & coaxial 7.62 gun to begin with.
It just seems to me that all these up armouring stuff misses the point - any moderately protected IFV will always be toast if faced with artillery, any decent ATGM, tank rounds.Russian BMP-2 with additional side armor and Kontakt-1 ERA bricks.
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