Evolution of Fighter Aircraft

EnlightenedMonk

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Nakajima A2N



General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 6.18 m (20 ft 3.4 in)
Wingspan: 9.37 m (30 ft 9 in)
Height: 3.20 m (ft in)
Wing area: m² (ft²)
Empty weight: 1,000 kg (2,205 lb)
Loaded weight: 1,450 kg (lb)
Powerplant: 1× Nakajima Kotobuki 2 air-cooled radial 2-blade, 336 kW (450 hp)

Performance

Maximum speed: 293 km/h (158 knots, 182 mph)
Service ceiling: 7,000 m (22,966 ft)

Armament

2 × 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Type 97 machine guns
 

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Nakajima A4N



General characteristics

Crew: One, pilot
Length: 6.64 m (21 ft 9 in)
Wingspan: 10 m (32 ft 10 in)
Height: 3.07 m (10 ft 1 in)
Wing area: 22.9 m² (246 ft²)
Empty weight: 1,276 kg (2,807 lb)
Useful load: 1,760 kg (3,872 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Nakajima Hikari 1, 545 kW (730 hp)

Performance

Maximum speed: 352 km/h (220 mph)
Range: 850 km (460 mi)
Service ceiling: 7,740 m (25,394 ft)

Armament

2 × fixed, forward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) machine guns
 

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Svenska Aero Jaktfalken



General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 7.50 m (24 ft 7¼ in)
Wingspan: 8.80 m top wing (28 ft 10½ in)
Height: 3.46 m (11 ft 4¼ in)
Wing area: 21.8 m² (235 ft²)
Empty weight: 946 kg (2,085 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 1,470 kg (3,240 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Bristol Jupiter VIIF radial engine, 520 hp (388 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 310 km/h (168 knots, 193 mph)
Cruise speed: 260 km/h (140 knots, 161 mph)
Service ceiling: 7,800 m (25,590 ft)

Armament

2× 7.92 mm (0.31 in) machine guns
 

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Bristol Bulldog



General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 25 ft 2 in (7.67 m)
Wingspan: 33 ft 10 in (10.3 m)
Height: 8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)
Wing area: 307 ft² (28.5 m²)
Empty weight: 2,205 lb (1,000 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 3,490 lb (1,586 kg)
Powerplant: 1× Bristol Jupiter VII radial piston engine, 440 hp (328 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 155 kn (178 mph, 287 km/h)
Service ceiling: 29,300 ft (8,930 m)

Armament

Guns: 2 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine guns
Bombs: 4 × 20 lb (9 kg) bombs
 

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Gloster Gladiator



General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 27 ft 5 in (8.4 m)
Wingspan: 32 ft 3 in (9.8 m)
Height: 11 ft 7 in (3.2 m)
Wing area: 323 ft² (30 m²)
Empty weight: 3,444 lb (1,560 kg)
Loaded weight: 4,864 lb (2,205 kg)
Max takeoff weight: lb (kg)
Powerplant: 1× Bristol Mercury IX radial engine, 850 hp (630 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 257 mph (414 km/h) at 14,600 ft (4,500 m)
Range: 444 mi (710 km)
Service ceiling: 33,500 ft (10,200 m)
Rate of climb: 2220 ft/min (11.2 m/s)
Wing loading: lb/ft² (kg/m²)
Power/mass: hp/lb (W/kg)

Armament

Guns: Four .303 in Browning machine-guns: two synchronised guns on sides of front fuselage, and one beneath each lower wing.
 

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Hawker Fury



General characteristics

Crew: One
Length: 26 ft 9 in (8.15 m)
Wingspan: 30 ft 0 in (9.14 m)
Height: 10 ft 2 in (3.10 m)
Wing area: 250 ft² (23.2 m²)
Empty weight: 2,734 lb (1,240 kg)
Loaded weight: 3,609 lb (1,637 kg)
Powerplant: 1× Rolls-Royce Kestrel IV V12 engine, 640 hp (477 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 223 mph at 16,500 ft (360 km/h at 5,030 m)
Range: 270 mi (435 km)
Service ceiling: 29,500 ft (8,990 m)
Rate of climb: 2,600 ft/min (13.2 m/s)
Wing loading: 14.4 lb/ft² (21.5 kg/m²)
Power/mass: 0.177 hp/lb (0.291kW/kg)

Armament

Guns: 2 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers Mk IV machine guns
Provision for light bomb racks under the wings
 

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Boeing P-12



General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 20 ft 4 in (6.19 m)
Wingspan: 30 ft (9.14 m)
Height: 9 ft (2.74 m)
Loaded weight: 2,690 lb (1,220 kg)
Powerplant: 1× Pratt & Whitney R-1340-17 Radial engine, 500 hp (373 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 189 mph (304 km/h)
Cruise speed: 160 mph (257 km/h)
Range: 570 miles (917 km)

Armament

Guns: Two .30 inch (7.62 mm) machine guns or one .30 inch (7.62 mm) and one .50 inch (12.7 mm) machine guns
Bombs: 244 lb (111 kg) of bombs carried externally.
 

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Mitsubishi A5M



General characteristics

Crew: One
Length: 7.55 m (24 ft 9¼ in)
Wingspan: 11.0 m (36 ft 1 in)
Height: 3.20 m (10 ft 6 in)
Wing area: 17.8 m² (191.6 ft²)
Empty weight: 1,216 kg (2,681 lb)
Loaded weight: 1,705 kg (3,759 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 1,822 kg[11] (4,017 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Nakajima Kotobuki 41 9-cylinder radial engine, 585 kW (785 hp) at 3,000 m (9,840 ft)

Performance

Maximum speed: 440 km/h (237 knots, 273 mph) at 3,000 m (9,840 ft)[11]
Range: 1,200 km (649 NM, 746 mi)
Service ceiling: 9,800 m (32,150 ft)
Rate of climb: m/s (ft/min)
Wing loading: 95.8.7 kg/m² (19.6 lb/ft²)
Power/mass: 0.34 kW/kg (0.21 hp/lb)

Armament

Guns: 2 × 7.7 mm Type 97 machine guns(0.303 in) fuselage-mounted machine guns
 

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Nakajima Ki-27



General characteristics

Crew: one, pilot
Length: 7.53 m (24 ft 8 in)
Wingspan: 11.30 m (37 ft 1 in)
Height: 3.35 m (11 ft 7 in)
Wing area: 18.61 m² (200.3 ft²)
Empty weight: 1,174 kg (2,588 lb)
Loaded weight: 1,598 kg (3,523 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 1,790 kg (3,946 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Nakajima Ha-1 Otsu air-cooled radial engine, 485 kW (650 hp)

Performance

Maximum speed: 444 km/h (275 mph)
Cruise speed: 350 km/h (218 mph)
Range: 630 km (390 mi)
Service ceiling: 10,040 m (32,940 ft)
Rate of climb: 15.3 m/s (3,010 ft/min)
Wing loading: 86 kg/m² (18 lb/ft²)
Power/mass: 0.30 kW/kg (0.18 hp/lb)

Armament

Guns: 2 × 7.7 mm Type 89 machine guns, 500 rounds/gun or 1 x 12.7 machine gun and 1 x 7.7 machine gun on later models
Bombs: 100 kg (220 lbs)
 

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Nakajima Type 91



General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 7.26 m (23 ft 9¾ in)
Wingspan: 11.00 m (36 ft 1 in)
Height: 2.79 m (9 ft 1¾ in)
Wing area: 20.0 m² (215.28 ft²)
Empty weight: 1,075 kg (2,370 lb)
Loaded weight: 1,530 kg (3,373 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Bristol Jupiter VII 9-cylinder radial, 388 kW (520 hp)

Performance

Maximum speed: 300 km/h (162 kn, 186 mph)
Service ceiling: 9,000 m [1] (29,500 ft)
Wing loading: kg/m² (lb/ft²)
Power/mass: W/kg (hp/lb)
Time to 3,000 ft (9,845 ft): 4.0 min
Endurance: 2 hrs

Armament

2 × fixed, forward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) machine guns
 

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Fokker D.XXI



General characteristics

Crew: One, pilot
Length: 8.20 m (26 ft 11 in)
Wingspan: 11.00 m (36 ft 1 in)
Height: 2.95 m (9 ft 8 in)
Empty weight: 1,594 kg (3,511 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 1,970 kg (4,399 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Bristol Mercury VIII air-cooled, 9-cylinder, radial, 619 kW (830 hp)

Performance

Maximum speed: 460 km/h (285 mph)
Range: 930 km (502 nmi, 574 mi)
Service ceiling: 9,350 m (30,675 ft)
Rate of climb: 6,000 m in 7 min 30 sec (19,680 ft)
Power/mass: 405 hp/t

Armament

4 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) FN Browning M36 machine guns
 

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PZL P.7



General characteristics

Crew: 1
Capacity: fighter
Length: 6.98 m (22 ft 11 in)
Wingspan: 10.57 m (34 ft 8 in)
Height: 2.69 m (8 ft 10 in)
Wing area: 17.9 m² (193 ft2)
Empty weight: 1,090 kg (2,400 lb)
Loaded weight: 1,476 kg (3,254 lb)
Useful load: 386 kg
Powerplant: 1× Bristol Jupiter VIIF 9-cylinder radial engine, 520 hp (388 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 327 km/h (203 mph)
Cruise speed: 285 km/h
Stall speed: 104 km/h
Range: 600 km (370 mi)
Service ceiling: 8,500 m (27,900 ft)
Rate of climb: 62.4 m/min (10.4 m/s) (2047.2 ft/min)
Wing loading: 82.5 kg/m²

Armament

2 x 7.9 mm Vickers E machine guns (initially 7.7 mm)
 

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PZL P.11



General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 7.55 m (24 ft 9 in)
Wingspan: 10.72 m (35 ft 2 in)
Height: 2.85 m (9 ft 4 in)
Wing area: 17.9 m² (167 ft²)
Empty weight: 1,147 kg (2,529 lb)
Loaded weight: 1,650 kg (3,638 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Bristol Mercury VS2 or Mercury VIS2[4] radial engine, 470 kW[5] (645 hp)

Performance

Maximum speed: 390 km/h (233 mph)
Range: 550 km (341 mi)
Service ceiling: 8,000 m (26,246 ft)
Rate of climb: 12.4 m/s (2,440 ft/min)
Wing loading: 91.1 kg/m² (18.7 lb/ft²)

Armament

Guns: 2-4× 7.92 mm (0.312 in) machine guns
Bombs: 50 kg (110 lb)
 

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Polikarpov I-16



General characteristics

Crew: One
Length: 6.13 m (20 ft 1 in)
Wingspan: 9 m (29 ft 6 in)
Height: 3.25 m (10 ft 8 in)
Wing area: 14.5 m² (156.1 ft²)
Empty weight: 1,490 kg (3,285 lb)
Loaded weight: 1,941 kg (4,279 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 2,050 kg (4,519 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Shvetsov M-63 air-cooled radial engine, 820 kW (1,100 hp) driving a two-blade propeller

Performance

Maximum speed: 525 km/h (283 kn, 326 mph) at 3,000 m (9,845 ft)
Range: 700 km (378 nmi, 435 mi (with drop tanks))
Service ceiling: 9,700 m (31,825 ft)
Rate of climb: 14.7 m/s (2,900 ft/min)
Wing loading: 134 kg/m² (27 lb/ft²)
Power/mass: 346 W/kg (0.21 hp/lb)
Time to altitude: 5.8 minutes to 5,000 m (16,405 ft)

Armament

2 × fixed forward-firing 7.62 mm (0.30 in) ShKAS machine guns in upper cowling
2 × fixed forward-firing 20 mm (0.79 in) ShVAK cannons in the wings
6 × unguided RS-82 rockets or up to 500 kg (1,102 lb) of bombs
 

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Hawker Hurricane



General characteristics

Crew: One
Length: 32 ft 3 in (9.84 m)
Wingspan: 40 ft 0 in (12.19 m)
Height: 13 ft 1½ in (4.0 m)
Wing area: 257.5 ft² (23.92 m²)
Empty weight: 5,745 lb (2,605 kg)
Loaded weight: 7,670 lb (3,480 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 8,710 lb (3,950 kg)
Powerplant: 1× Rolls-Royce Merlin XX liquid-cooled V-12, 1,185 hp (883 kW) at 21,000 ft (6,400 m)

Performance

Maximum speed: 340 mph (547 km/h) at 21,000 ft (6,400 m) [41]
Range: 600 mi (965 km)
Service ceiling: 36,000 ft (10,970 m)
Rate of climb: 2,780 ft/min (14.1 m/s)
Wing loading: 29.8 lb/ft² (121.9 kg/m²)
Power/mass: 6.47 lb/hp (3.94 kg/kW)

Armament

Guns: 4 × 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano Mk II cannon
Bombs: 2 × 250 lb (110 kg) or 500 lb (230 kg) bombs
 

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P-26 Peashooter



General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 23 ft 7 in (7.18 m)
Wingspan: 28 ft (8.50 m)
Height: 10 ft 0 in (3.04 m)
Wing area: ft² (m²)
Empty weight: 2,196 lb (996 kg)
Loaded weight: 3,360 lb (1,524 kg)
Powerplant: 1× Pratt & Whitney R-1340-7 "Wasp" radial engine, 600 hp (440 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 234 mph (203 knots, 377 km/h) at 6,000 ft (1,800 m)
Combat radius: 360 mi (310 nm, 580 km)
Ferry range: 635 mi (550 nm, 1,020 km)
Service ceiling: 27,400 (8,350 m)

Armament

Guns: 2× .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns
Bombs: 1× 200 lb (90 kg) bomb
 

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Brewster Buffalo



General characteristics

Crew: One, pilot
Length: 26 ft (7.9 m)
Wingspan: 35 ft (10.7 m)
Height: 11 ft 11 in (3.63 m)
Wing area: 208.9 ft² (19.408 m²)
Empty weight: 3,785 lb (1,717 kg)
Loaded weight: 5,040 lb (2,286 kg)
Powerplant: 1× Wright R-1820-34 Cyclone 9, 940 hp

Performance

Maximum speed: 301 mph at 17,000 ft (484 km/h at 5,200 m)
Cruise speed: 258 mph (415 km/h)
Range: 1,000 mi (1,600 km)
Service ceiling: 33,000 ft (10,100 m)
Rate of climb: 3,060 ft/min (933 m/min)

Armament

1 × 0.30 in Browning AN machine gun and 1 × 0.50 in M2 Browning machine gun in the fuselage, with additional 2 × 0.50 in M2 wing-mounted machine guns for combat operations
In Finnish service: 4 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) Browning M2 machine guns
 

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Ikarus IK 2



General characteristics

Crew: one, pilot
Length: 25 ft 10 1/4 in (7.88 m)
Wingspan: 37 ft 4 4/5 in (11.40 m)
Height: 12 ft 7 1/8 in (3.84 m)
Wing area: 193 3/4 ft² (18.00 m²)
Empty weight: 3,311 lb (1502 kg)
Loaded weight: 4,094 lb (1857 kg)
Powerplant: 1× Hispano-Suiza 12Ycrs liquid-cooled V12 engine 3-bladed, adjustable pitch, 860 shp (642 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 270.3 mph at 16,400 ft (435 km/h at 5000 m)
Cruise speed: 155.3 mph (250 km/h)
Range: 435 miles (700 km)
Service ceiling: 39,400 ft (12,000 m)
Wing loading: 22 lb/ft² (107 kg/m²)
Power/mass: 0.21 hp/lb (0.35 kW/kg)

Armament

1 × 20 mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 cannon with 60 rounds
2 × 7.92 mm Darne machine guns
 

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CAC Boomerang



General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 25 ft 6 in (7.77 m)
Wingspan: 36 ft 0 in (10.97 m)
Height: 9 ft 7 in (2.92 m)
Wing area: 225 ft² (20.9 m²)
Empty weight: 5,373 lb (2,437 kg)
Loaded weight: 7,699 lb (3,492 kg)
Powerplant: 1× Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp radial engine, 1,200 hp (895 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 305 mph (265 knots, 491 km/h) at 15,500 ft (4,730 m)
Range: 930 mi (810 nm, 1,500 km)
Service ceiling: 29,000 ft (8,800 m)
Rate of climb: 2,940 ft/min (14.9 m/s)
Wing loading: 34.2 lb/ft² (167.1 kg/m²)
Power/mass: 0.16 hp/lb (256 W/kg)

Armament

Guns:
2× 20 mm (0.787 in) Hispano or CAC cannons
4× 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Browning machine guns
Bombs: Could be fitted when the large drop tank was not carried
 

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Bloch MB.150

General characteristics

Crew: one, pilot
Length: 9.10 m (29 ft 10 in)
Wingspan: 10.54 m (34 ft 7 in)
Height: 3.20 m (9 ft 11 in)
Wing area: 17.32 m² (186 ft²)
Empty weight: 2,158 kg (4,758 lb)
Max takeoff weight: 2,800 kg (6,173 lb)
Powerplant: 1× Gnome-Rhône 14N-25 radial engine, 757 kW (1030 hp)

Performance

Maximum speed: 509 km/h (274 kn, 315 mph)
Range: 600 km (324 nmi, 373 mi)
Service ceiling: 10,000 m (32,810 ft)
Rate of climb: 590 m/min (1,935 ft/min)

Armament

2 × 20 mm Hispano 404 cannon (60-round drum) and 2 × 7.5 mm MAC 1934 machine guns (500 rpg) or
4 × MAC 1934s
 

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