Emergency Services and Vehicles

Tanmay

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Considering the rapid growth of urban centers and critical infrastructure like airports and industries it is but natural that major accidents/disasters will follow on.

Fires in high density urban areas and refineries along with chemical leaks do occur regularly in our country.The Bhopal Gas Tragedy remains a stark reminder of unpreparedness in facing chemical disasters.

Also the risk of terrorist attacks using Chemical Biological Nuclear (CBN) weapons poses a threat to internal security.

Despite this emergency services like Fire Brigade, Ambulance services, Disaster Management teams seem to get least attention from city municipalities and state authorities.

This thread has been created to keep track of our disaster resilience and preparedness infrastructure.
 

Tanmay

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Mumbai Fire Brigade got its first Hazmat Vehicle to combat Hazardous Material (Hazmat) emergencies. It will be helpful in facing chemical leaks which occur around Mumbai port area housing refineries and industries.

The trucks also come with one or two Hazmat suits.

Dxgmz7_WsAAqNq9.jpg


https://www.hindustantimes.com/mumb...l-disasters/story-fGB2HzvhsD0aQop0crDKdI.html





Delhi Fire Brigade also owns a Hazmat vehicle and was displayed in a Republic Day Parade.

CjdATm2WkAA32kn.jpg



Oil Companies like BPCL also seem to maintain their own fleet of such vehicles.

Screenshot 2019-05-28 18.12.14.png


Screenshot 2019-05-28 18.12.32.png


 

Tanmay

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Aircraft accidents are another source of worry.

The mid-air collision over Delhi and the Mangalore air-crash were two biggest air disasters in Indian history. Such accidents do affect passenger morale and affect the air industry. However minor aeroplane fires and accidents(bird hits, stray animal/vehicle on runway, plane slipping from runway) remain a regular feature.

So safety at airports remains of paramount importance.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1996_Charkhi_Dadri_mid-air_collision
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_India_Express_Flight_812

The UDAN scheme has led to opening of more than 100 airports to civilian traffic.
It is mandated by ICAO guidelines to have specialist Airport Crash Fire Tenders (AFCT) at major airports. Accordingly AAI (Airport Authority of India) maintains AFCTs.

Previously Tatra AFCTs were in use across India. These were made by companies like BEML, Brijbasi.

https://www.bemlindia.in/writereaddata/Downloads/20170905133159Crash Fire Tender.pdf

CFT BEML TATRA2.jpg
 

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However since 2010 onwards, AAI started buying new Austrian Rosenbauer Panther 6x6. Every major airport now has at-least 4 Rosenbauer Panthers (4 for one runway usually)






 

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Curiously Mumbai Airport ordered American Oshkosh ACFTs along with Rosenbauer Panther

Mumbai Airport Oshkosh


Mumbai Airport Rosenbauer Panther 6x6



Delhi Airport also has larger Rosenbauer Panther 8x8 along with 6x6. It has more than 10 ACFTs!! (It has three runways.)

Delhi Airport Rosenbauer Panther 8x8
 
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Tanmay

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Interestingly IAF which landed a C-17 at Tuting ALG in Arunachal carried a Rosenbauer 4x4 ACFT. Tuting is not even a domestic airport, but just a small airstrip.


Rosenbauer 4x4 ACFT @ Tuting ALF, Arunachal Pradesh
 
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http://www.civilaviation.gov.in/sites/default/files/AnnualReport(Eng)16_17Part-II.pdf

AAI has inducted 50 Nos. M/S. Rosenbauer AG, Austria make total 50 nos. Airfield Crash Fire Tenders (ACFTs) for 23 Nos. airports of AAI at Coimbatore, Bhubaneswar, Paykong, Varanasi, Udaipur, Khajuraho, Dehradun, Bhopal, Aurangabad, Vadodara, Indore, Rajkot, Gaya, Ranchi, Raipur, Agartala, Dimapur, Imphal, Lengpui, Dibrugarh, Vijayawada, Surat, and Tirupathi.

The cost of each Rosenbauer ACFTs is Rs. 3.98 crores


Rosenbauer 6x6 ACFT at the newly inaugurated Paykong(Sikkim) airport.

 

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Mumbai Airport also got India's first Aerodrome Evacuation & Fire-fighting Truck. This is to be used to evacuate passengers from airplane and provide additional firefighting ability.

 

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However since 2010 onwards, AAI started buying new Austrian Rosenbauer Panther 6x6. ...

Cochin Airport (aka Nedumbassery Airport) uses Ivecco Magirus Dragon 6x6

Ivecco Magirus Dragon 6x6

.

 

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While the fire brigade was blamed for late response to the Surat Coaching Center fire, the Surat Fire Brigade seems to have pretty cool hardware with it.

Observe the two remote controlled Hydraulic Arms used to spray water on the Surat Coaching Center building. A good tool to deal with building fires and protect firemen from unnecessary danger.



This system is made in India. One of the manufacturers being http://www.hitechspv.com/ from Pune, Maharashtra.

Similar system in use by Nashik and Pune Fire Brigades. A good demonstration below by Nashik Fire Brigade. Haven't seen this system in Mumbai.
 

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Halwara airbase also seems to have got Rosenbauer Panther 6x6. Perhaps its because of UDAN Scheme where AAI is setting civil enclaves in military airbases and hence stations brand new firetrucks there.


Capture.PNG
 

Tanmay

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Mumbai Fire Brigade has inducted robotic fire fighting vehicles. Were used real time to tackle fire in MTNL building.
Also seen in the first video is the Mobile Control and Command Post Vehicle i had mentioned earlier.


 

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Was reading report of 2010 Mangalore Air India Crash.

Quoting it :
At the time of accident, Mangalore airport maintained Rescue and Fire Fighting Capability at level - 7 as laid down in CAR, Section-4, Series-B, and Part-I, dated 31st July 2006. There were a total of 6 RFF vehicles, 4 of which were Rosenbauer, re- christened as Panther 1 to 4 and 2 TATRA vehicles known as Agni Shatru and Agni Vijay. There were 3 ambulances as part of the team. The 4 Rosenbauer were procured centrally by AAI. These new RFF vehicles are heavy, but have a good capability of Rescue and Fire Fighting within the airfield. Considering the surrounding terrain of the Table Top runway at Mangalore, no terrain specific tests were conducted prior to their allotment to Mangalore Airport. As such, when these RFF vehicles were taken outside the airport, difficulty was experienced while negotiating the narrow and curving roads. These vehicles had not been registered with Regional Transport Authority at the time of accident. The RFF manpower was 31 and was well trained. It was given to understand that the responsibility of Rescue and Fire Fighting operations outside the Mangalore Airport area lies with the civil administration. However, within 5 km of the airport especially in view of an accident on overshoot or undershoot area, the RFF for the airport needed to be deployed at the earliest to carry out RFF operations.


Since the Rosenbaur RFF vehicle was unable to negotiate the narrow roads, TATRA RFF reached the sites within 4-5 minutes.

Famed Tatra mobility lives upto its name. Though Rosenbauers Panthers are cutting edge technology.
 

Tanmay

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Mumbai Fire Brigade has inducted robotic fire fighting vehicles. Were used real time to tackle fire in MTNL building.
Also seen in the first video is the Mobile Control and Command Post Vehicle i had mentioned earlier.


Fire Brigade Robot in action today

file pics :





 

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