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sorcerer

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DRDO Chairman G Sateesh Reddy inspects construction work of Missile Testing Range in Andhra Pradesh’s Krishna district
FE Online

3-4 minutes


The project, coming up on a 154.4 hectare site, will comprise a technical facility, a few launch pads, control centre and state-of-the-art communications systems.


Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) Chairman G Sateesh Reddy on Sunday inspected the ongoing construction work of the Missile Testing Range at Gullalamoda village in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh.

The Rs 1,000 crore MTR is being built on the Bay of Bengal coast, work on which commenced last year.

This will be the second MTR after the one at Balasore in neighbouring Odisha.


 

ezsasa

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DRDO Chairman G Sateesh Reddy inspects construction work of Missile Testing Range in Andhra Pradesh’s Krishna district
FE Online

3-4 minutes


The project, coming up on a 154.4 hectare site, will comprise a technical facility, a few launch pads, control centre and state-of-the-art communications systems.


Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) Chairman G Sateesh Reddy on Sunday inspected the ongoing construction work of the Missile Testing Range at Gullalamoda village in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh.

The Rs 1,000 crore MTR is being built on the Bay of Bengal coast, work on which commenced last year.

This will be the second MTR after the one at Balasore in neighbouring Odisha.


nice, saw some dolphins in a nearby beach there once.
 

Trololo

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Not discarding your question but what is the deal with this extreme fascination with glass cockpit? I think they are at a level of optimization already from a pilot pov and anymore touch nonsense you are looking at consumer level dumbness of touching and playing with screens...not to mention bugs and obsolescence that comes with heavy software integration
2 things here:
1> It need not be an ipad type full touch bonanza. Thats actually a problem.
2> an important issue with smaller multiple mfd displays is that LDP/munition sensor image isn't very clear. Raghu Nambiar described this to Shiv Aroor when he talked about his Kargil ops. Its on Shiv's youtube channel.

The point here is that a configurable LAD should let the pilot prioritize what info he sees specific to the mission. It could be radar picture, or sar view, or ldp view, etc. But it shouldnt allow too much hyper customization either, along with 100% ipad like touch ability. That will reduce the utiliy aspect of the display and make it more cumbersome to operate and configure.
 

omaebakabaka

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2 things here:
1> It need not be an ipad type full touch bonanza. Thats actually a problem.
2> an important issue with smaller multiple mfd displays is that LDP/munition sensor image isn't very clear. Raghu Nambiar described this to Shiv Aroor when he talked about his Kargil ops. Its on Shiv's youtube channel.

The point here is that a configurable LAD should let the pilot prioritize what info he sees specific to the mission. It could be radar picture, or sar view, or ldp view, etc. But it shouldnt allow too much hyper customization either, along with 100% ipad like touch ability. That will reduce the utiliy aspect of the display and make it more cumbersome to operate and configure.
Kargil was almost 20 years ago and cockpits have come a long way especially 4+ gen planes....software eventually finds a way to make everything inefficient and expensive and extremely complex and attracts mediocre talent at the bottom level. To me Tejas cockpit seems to be optimal and few smaller dedicated screens are better than one or two large mfd's that keep refreshing....its weird how visual and muscle memory trains the instincts. I think it will be interesting to see how AI will simplify the layouts but my experience tells me, nothing changes and bloat keeps taking over more and more
 

Aniruddha Mulay

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View attachment 101785


INS Tabar seen with new combat system upgrades

The Indian Navy's Project 1135.6 (P1135.6) guided-missile frigate, INS Tabar (F44), has been upgraded with new combat systems.

These systems include a new electronic warfare (EW) suite, radars and sonars, and are visible in recent images of the ship taken throughout its ongoing deployment in the Mediterranean and Europe.

Among equipment seen on the frigate include a Bharat Electronics (BEL)-built EW system that has been installed in place of the older Russian-origin ASOR 11356 EW system. The BEL-built system appears to be the Varuna electronic support measures (ESM) suite developed by India's Defence Electronics Research Laboratory (DLRL).

The system has a distinctive rectangular broadband receiver assembly atop the main mast along with two narrow band receivers installed on bespoke lattice masts on either side of the bridgehouse. However, it is not clear if older jammer elements were retained as part of the ship's EW suite.

According to DLRL literature, the Varuna ESM system is capable of identifying both low probability of intercept radars and conventional radars with a 360° azimuth coverage. The system can monitor as many as 500 radar emitters in a dense electronic environment.

Other noticeable changes on the Tabar include a removal of the Garpun Bal surface search and targeting radar for the Klub (and possibly Brahmos) surface-to-surface missile system, and its replacement by what appears to be a Terma Scanter radar set.

Another visible change is the installation of an active towed array sonar system with a distinctive towed body. This is believed to be the Atlas Elektronik low frequency Active Towed Array Sonar set, known locally as the Advanced Towed Array Sonar.
Any chance of that single arm launcher getting replaced with 24 VLS cells for the Buk missile system like on the Admiral Grigorovich class frigates?
 

Lonewolf

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Kargil was almost 20 years ago and cockpits have come a long way especially 4+ gen planes....software eventually finds a way to make everything inefficient and expensive and extremely complex and attracts mediocre talent at the bottom level. To me Tejas cockpit seems to be optimal and few smaller dedicated screens are better than one or two large mfd's that keep refreshing....its weird how visual and muscle memory trains the instincts. I think it will be interesting to see how AI will simplify the layouts but my experience tells me, nothing changes and bloat keeps taking over more and more
Okay let's analyze your problem point by point .


Think of moving at mach 1+ and you think some hostile are in nearby as per ground sources ,so you turn on radar and sensors , now in case of no single mfd ,yiu would be looking at 4 different display from various sensors , also at same time you have to look at fuel reserve , weapons standby and selection for launch .

Also you need to have to control beezels and switches , also you have to look at a side display to look at altitude to know what's your altitude as ut will set your missile range etc .





A single touch optimized mfd , with a backup display as fail safe , you can have full info of the Missile you gonna launch , what's their range at the altitude .

You can see how much time do you have before returning to base .

You have a single screen where you can have either a sensor fused image from sensors or layered image from various sensors .

You can see what's your altitude and all in it .



Software make everything better if the design is user friendly
 

omaebakabaka

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Okay let's analyze your problem point by point .


Think of moving at mach 1+ and you think some hostile are in nearby as per ground sources ,so you turn on radar and sensors , now in case of no single mfd ,yiu would be looking at 4 different display from various sensors , also at same time you have to look at fuel reserve , weapons standby and selection for launch .

Also you need to have to control beezels and switches , also you have to look at a side display to look at altitude to know what's your altitude as ut will set your missile range etc .





A single touch optimized mfd , with a backup display as fail safe , you can have full info of the Missile you gonna launch , what's their range at the altitude .

You can see how much time do you have before returning to base .

You have a single screen where you can have either a sensor fused image from sensors or layered image from various sensors .

You can see what's your altitude and all in it .



Software make everything better if the design is user friendly
It actually does not work like that at all....with more sensors and fusion and what not screens are not the solution that will solve the information overload. Unmanned and AI will come along and its a given at this point. My point is one screen is no advanced than two separate screens and combination of buttons, there are various aspects to a UI and different schools have different approaches. Apple watch vs G-shock....some prefer G-shock vs touch heavy smart watches....

With that said, glass cockpits simplified the wiring and lots of other things but saying that a plane is more advanced with one great lcd than one with two or three may not be true. That is like saying, someone running with top of line Nike is better than someone wearing a different brand shoe with different approach to design.
 
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Lonewolf

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It actually does not work like that at all....with more sensors and fusion and what not screens are not the solution that will solve the information overload. Unmanned and AI will come along and its a given at this point. My point is one screen is no advanced than two separate screens and combination of buttons, there are various aspects to a UI and different schools have different approaches. Apple watch vs G-shock....some prefer G-shock vs touch heavy smart watches....

With that said, glass cockpits simplified the wiring and lots of other things but saying that a plane is more advanced with one great lcd than one with two or three may not be true. That is like saying, someone running with top of line Nike is better than someone wearing a different brand shoe with different approach to design.
You are clearly out of line here , basic thing is ergonomics and simplicity of this system , you have single screen ,you can avoid looking at various screen , and ai is a integral part for a fighter jet now
 

SavageKing456

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There's possibility that it would be used in AMCA
What's special about them?
They existed earlier too.
They don't need external agents like heat, light, or other chemical products to heal themselves.
And they're harder than earlier one's thus giving a way for it's use in multiple applications,I'd say it's a breakthrough
 

Lonewolf

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What's special about them?
They existed earlier too.
They don't need external agents like heat, light, or other chemical products to heal themselves.
And they're harder than earlier one's thus giving a way for it's use in multiple applications,I'd say it's a breakthrough
Maybe wider application and ability to be used at higher temperature or in special moulding structure where breakage is more common . Read the full report at iiser.


It is peizeoelectric process , so more good at healing , as whenever the pressure increase to start cracks , healing starts .
 

ezsasa

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Strengthening the Defence Manufacturing Sector


DRDO has taken the following measures for strengthening the industry to reduce the timelines from development to induction:-



  • Accessibility of DRDO Test Facilities to Indian Industry.
  • Identification of Development-cum-Production Partner/ Production Agency/ Lead System Integrator (DcPP/ PA/ LSI) for early integration of industry.
  • Technology Development Fund (TDF) has been implemented to provide support for design and development of technologies/ prototypes, indigenisation of imported systems/ components and new systems especially by MSMEs/ Start-ups.
  • Simpler Transfer of Technology (ToT) Policy to encourage industries
  • Free access of DRDO patents to industries
  • Identified 108 exclusive systems for development by industry which will not be taken by DRDO
  • DRDO is focused to carry out R&D work on critical & advanced technologies that industries cannot do.


Measures proposed to be taken for strengthening the Ordnance Factories and DPSUs to meet countries defence requirements are as follows:-



  • To carve out a future growth path, a visioning exercise and study has been commissioned for DPSUs for restructuring and reforming them to become cost competitive and efficient.
  • DPSUs have been encouraged to work as aggregators and maximize outsourcing from indigenous sources. Over the last 2 years, the vendor base of DPSUs/OFB has increased substantially from 8000 to 12878 as on 30.06.2021.
  • Disinvestment of DPSUs is being pursued.
  • Focus on modernization of production facilities through higher CAPEX. Further, following roadmap is being implemented by the OFB/DPSUs for technology modernization:
    • Investing in Industry 4.0 technologies in areas of Manufacturing, Supply Chain & other broader digital transformation initiatives.
    • Focusing on emerging areas of Artificial Intelligence, Data Fusion, Web Technologies, Data Analytics, 3D Printing, Networking and Cyber Security. These technologies are now being incorporated into Products and Systems at the design stage itself.
    • Change in the traditional ToT based manufacturing approach to a more proactive Co-development and Co-Production approach.
    • Increased software based testing for reducing the time and efforts that go in testing of products.
  • Promoting IP culture in DPSUs through Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti. So far, 32,799 officers and staff of DPSUs/ OFB/DGQA have been trained in IPRs and 2,417 IPs have been filed and 981 IPs have been granted/registered.
  • For 2021-22, the allocation for Domestic procurement has been enhanced compared to previous years and is planned to be about 64.09 % i.e. Rs. 71,438.36 Crore of the allocated amount for military modernization.
  • Ministry of Defence has notified two ‘Positive Lists’ for Indigenisation comprising of 209 items on 28.08.2020 and 31.05.2021 respectively, for which there would be an embargo on the import beyond the timeline indicated against them.
  • An indigenization portal namely SRIJAN has been launched in August 2020 for DPSUs/OFB/Services with an industry interface to provide development support to MSMEs/Startups/Industry for import substitution. So far, more than 10,945 Defence items, which were earlier imported, have been displayed on the portal. Private industry has expressed interest in indigenising more than 2400 items.
  • To enhance functional autonomy, efficiency and unleash new growth potential and innovation in Ordnance Factories, the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) in its meeting held on 29.07.2020 had approved to convert Ordnance Factory Board (OFB), a subordinate office of Ministry of Defence, into one or more than one 100% Government owned corporate entities, registered under the Companies Act, 2013. The Cabinet in its meeting held on 16.06.2021, has now, inter-alia, approved to convert the production units of OFB into 07 DPSUs with 41 units.
  • The Government has enhanced FDI in Defence Sector up to 74% through the Automatic Route for companies seeking new defence industrial license and up to 100% by Government Route. The obligatory government approval for existing FDI approval holders / current defence licensees for change in equity /shareholding pattern up to 49% FDI has been replaced with mandatory declaration for the same within 30 days of change of equity / shareholding pattern. These reforms are likely to attract foreign investment in Defence & Aerospace sector.
  • Reforms in Offset policy have been included in DAP 2020, higher multipliers have been assigned for Transfer of Technology (ToT) to DPSUs/OFB.
  • In order to promote indigenous design and development of defence equipment ‘Buy {Indian-IDDM (Indigenously Designed, Developed and manufactured)}’ category has been accorded top most priority for procurement of capital equipment.
  • Department of Defence Production has notified 46 items under the latest Public Procurement Order 2017 notified by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), for which there is sufficient local capacity and competition and procurement of these items shall be done from local suppliers only irrespective of the purchase value.
Services are the primary stakeholders in DRDO projects. They are involved right from the conceptualization of the project through peer reviews, design reviews i.e. Annual Joint reviews, Joint reviews & bi-annual reviews and a three tier project monitoring mechanism as per DRDO procedure for all Mission Mode (MM) projects undertaken by DRDO.

Also, a number of Collegiate interaction meetings between DRDO and Users are being held for specific requirements/ issues as and when required.

Moreover, DRDO, OFB, DPSUs and Armed Forces being part of the same Ministry regularly interact with each other for the design development and production of Defence equipment as per the requirements of Defence Forces.



This information was given by Raksha Rajya Mantri Shri Ajay Bhatt in a written reply to Dr Banda Prakash in Rajya Sabha today.

 

ezsasa

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Indigenously Manufacturing Defence Products
Posted On: 26 JUL 2021 3:24PM by PIB Delhi

The Government has taken several policy initiatives and reforms to promote indigenisation and self-reliance in defence manufacturing, under Atmanirbhar Bharat Mission in the defence sector. Important policy initiatives are as under:-

      • Ministry of Defence has notified a ‘First Positive Indigenisation list’ of 101 items on 21 Aug 2020 and ‘2nd Positive Indigenisation list’ of 108 items on 31 May 2021 for which there would be an embargo on the import beyond the timelines indicated against them. This is a big step to promote indigenisation in defence sector. This offers a great opportunity to the Indian defence industry to manufacture these items using their own design and development capabilities to meet the requirements of the Indian Armed Forces. These lists include some high technology weapon systems like artillery guns, assault rifles, corvettes, sonar systems, transport aircrafts, light combat helicopters (LCHs), radars, wheeled armoured platform, rockets, bombs, armoured command post vehicle, armoured dozor and many other items to fulfill the needs of our Defence Services.

      • SRIJAN portal to promote indigenization was launched on 14 Aug 2020. As on date 10940 items, which were earlier imported, have been displayed on the portal for indigenisation. The Indian industry has shown interest for indigenization of 2880 displayed items so far. DPSUs/OFB interact with these industries to facilitate indigenization of the items as per extant procedures.

      • 1776 components & spares have been indigenised in the year 2020-21 as a result of efforts of indigenisation by DPSUs, OFB & SHQs through their own process of indigenisation (In-house, Make-II & Other than Make-II).

      • DPP-2016 has been revised as Defence Acquisition Procedure (DAP)-2020, which is driven by the tenets of Defence Reforms announced as part of ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan’.

      • In order to promote indigenous design and development of defence equipment ‘Buy {Indian-IDDM (Indigenously Designed, Developed and Manufactured)}’ category has been accorded top most priority for procurement of capital equipment.

      • The ‘Make’ Procedure of capital procurement has been simplified. There is a provision for funding upto 70% of development cost by the Government to Indian industry under Make-I category. In addition, there are specific reservations for MSMEs under the ‘Make’ procedure.

      • Procedure for ‘Make-II’ category (Industry funded), introduced in DPP 2016 to encourage indigenous development and manufacture of defence equipment has number of industry friendly provisions such as relaxation of eligibility criterion, minimal documentation, provision for considering proposals suggested by industry/individual etc. So far, 58 projects relating to Army, Navy & Air Force, have been accorded ‘Approval in Principle’.

      • The Government of India has enhanced FDI in Defence Sector up to 74% through the Automatic Route and up to 100% by Government Route.

      • An innovation ecosystem for Defence titled “Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX)” has been launched in April 2018. iDEX is aimed at creation of an ecosystem to foster innovation and technology development in Defence and Aerospace by engaging Industries including MSMEs, Start-ups, Individual Innovators, R&D institutes and Academia and provide them grants/funding and other support to carry out R&D which has potential for future adoption for Indian defence and aerospace needs.

      • Reforms in Offset policy have been included in DAP 2020, with thrust on attracting investment and Transfer of Technology for Defence manufacturing, by assigning higher multipliers to them.

      • Government has notified the ‘Strategic Partnership (SP)’ Model in May 2017, which envisages establishment of long-term strategic partnerships with Indian entities through a transparent and competitive process, wherein they would tie up with global Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) to seek technology transfers to set up domestic manufacturing infrastructure and supply chains.

      • Government has notified a ‘Policy for indigenisation of components and spares used in Defence Platforms’ in March 2019 with the objective to create an industry ecosystem which is able to indigenize the imported components (including alloys & special materials) and sub-assemblies for defence equipment and platform manufactured in India.

      • Government has established two Defence Industrial Corridors, one each in the States of Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. The investments of Rs 20,000 Crore have been envisaged in Defence corridors of Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu by year 2024. So far, investment of approx. Rs 3342 Crore have been made in both the corridors by public as well as private sector companies. Moreover, the respective State Governments have also announced their Aerospace & Defence Policies to attract private players as well as foreign companies including Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) in these two corridors.

      • An Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) on “Mutual Cooperation in Joint Manufacturing of Spares, Components, Aggregates and other material related to Russian/Soviet Origin Arms and Defence Equipment” was signed in Sep 2019. The objective of the IGA is to enhance the “After Sales Support” and operational availability of Russian origin equipment currently in service in Indian Armed Forces by organizing production of spares and components in the territory of India by Indian Industry by way of creation of Joint Ventures/Partnership with Russian Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) under the framework of the “Make in India” initiative.

      • Defence Products list requiring Industrial Licences has been rationalised and manufacture of most of parts or components does not require Industrial License. The initial validity of the Industrial Licence granted under the IDR Act has been increased from 03 years to 15 years with a provision to further extend it by 03 years on a case-to-case basis.

      • Department of Defence Production has notified 46 items under the latest Public Procurement Order 2017 notified by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), for which there is sufficient local capacity and competition and procurement of these items shall be done from local suppliers only irrespective of the purchase value.

      • Defence Investor Cell (DIC) has been created in Feb-2018 in the Ministry to provide all necessary information including addressing queries related to investment opportunities, procedures and regulatory requirements for investment in the sector. As on date, 1182 queries had been received and addressed by Defence Investor Cell.

      • Technology Development Fund (TDF) has been created under DRDO to promote self reliance in Defence Technology through participation of Public/Private industries especially MSMEs and startups.

      • For the year 2021-22, the allocation for domestic procurement has been enhanced compared to previous year and is about 64.09% i.e. Rs. 71438.36 Crore of the allocated amount for military modernization.

There are 6 (six) Ordnance Factories and one Manufacturing Unit of BEL in Tamil Nadu at present. Moreover as reported by the Government of Tamil Nadu, there are 35 major private companies which manufacture products for defence. These are supported by MSMEs, numbering about 250. After announcement of defence corridor in Tamil Nadu, about 30 more companies have expressed their intentions to set up/expand manufacturing units.

Industrial development is a continuous process. Thus, the Government of Tamil Nadu has not fixed any target date for completion.

This information was given by Raksha Rajya Mantri Shri Ajay Bhatt in a written reply to Shri A Vijayakumar in Rajya Sabha today.

ABB/Nampi/KA/DK/Savvy

 

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