Dharmic Knowledge

Haldilal

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The divine knowledge of Vedas was revealed in the beginning of human civilization in the hearts of four Rishis by Almighty, is the basis of both physical as well as spiritual sciences.

1. Shape of earth चक्राणास परीणह पृथिव्या हिरण्येन मणिना शुम्भमाना । न हिन्वानाससित तिरुस्त इन्द्र परि स्पशो अद्धात् सूर्येण ॥ ~ ऋग्वेद(१-३३-८) It is clear from the mantra that the earth is round and rests on the attraction of the सूर्य. The circumferential form in the शतपथ is also a symbol of the spherical shape of the earth. भास्कराचार्य also replicated in his book Siddhanta Shiromani Goladhyay & 4-7 on the basis of Vedadhyayan, like the Earth being round and having attraction magnetic power in it.

2. आयं गो पृश्निर क्रमीदसवन्मातारं पुर:। पितरं च प्रयन्त्स्व॥ ~ यजुर्वेद ३-६ It is clear from the mantra, that the earth revolves around the sun including water. Only superiors(Aryas) can write the principle of planetary operations.

3. The Vedas call the Sun as वृघ्न, that is, hundreds of times larger than Earth and millions of कोस away.

4. दिवि सोमो अधिश्रित। ~अथर्ववेद १४-९-९ Just as चन्द्र is illuminated by the Sun, similarly the Earth is also illuminated by the सूर्य.

5. एको अश्वो वहति सप्तनामा । ~ऋग्वेद १-१६४-२ The knowledge of the sun's seven rays became known to the world with this mantra of the ऋग्वेद. अव दिवस्तारयन्ति सप्त सूर्यस्य रश्मय:। ~अथर्ववेद (१७-१०-१७-९) The seven rays of the sun produce the day. There are dark spots inside the sun.

6. यं वै सूर्य स्वर्भानु स्तमसा विध्यदासुर:। अत्रय स्तमन्वविन्दन्न हयन्ये अशक्नुन ॥ ~ऋग्वेद ५-४०-९ That is, when the Moon comes between the Earth and the Sun, the Sun is not completely clear. The solar eclipse is the only time the Moon engulfs the Sun in darkness. Therefore, it is clear that the Aryas had knowledge of the scientific reasons for the solar and lunar eclipse and also had a precise knowledge of the circumference of the Earth.

7. The तुरीय Yantra (telescope) is clearly revealed in Siddhanta Shiromani. it is written in the craft code that first prepare the glass by melting the soil, then clean it and make clean glass (making a lens) in a bamboo or metal tube (etc., middle and end) and then see the eclipse. The Veda also says that when a solar eclipse is caused by the shadow of the moon, the eye looks through the तुरीय यंत्र. ~ (Rigveda 5-80-4)

8. It is written in the ऐतरेय nd गोपथ ब्राह्मण that tell the true meaning of Vedicmantras, tht neither the sun ever sets nor rises. It always remains, but when it hides from the earth it bcm night nd whn the cover is removed frm the earth it bcms day. ऐतरेय ब्राह्मण Vol.2, p.243. Similarly, the Vedas also describe the day and night of six-six months in the Dhruva region. There is no place left on earth which the Aryas don't know. Now those who say that the Aryas did not make all the subtlest inventions of astronomy, they would be called fools.

9. Distance of different planets: The figures presented by the great Vedic astrology scholar आर्यभट्ट ji about the distance of various planets from the Sun are very similar to the present day figures. Today, the distance of the Sun from the Earth is (1.5 * 108 km). It is called AU (astronomical unit). Based on this ratio, the following list is made: -
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10. Period of the year in the Vedas: - It has been said in the Rigveda (1–14–4) that the year keeps revolving again in the cycle form like a chariot wheel. In that cycle (द्वादश+प्रधय:), like in a cycle there are १२ small ones, Pradhi = Nails. Similarly, there are १२ months in a year. During its rotation, there are three seasons when a part comes near / away from the Sun. Nails of ३६० days in that year never get distracted.

11. The expansion of the universe: Regarding the vastness of the universe, the Vedas have said that it is infinite, that is, there is no limit to it. But this is what today's scientists say in another language. Nowadays the unit of light years is used to know the vastness of the universe. Light runs at a speed of 3 lakh kilometers in a second. The distance traveled in this year by running at this speed is called light year. Modern science suggests that the length of our Milky Way is one million years and the width is ten thousand light years. There is a galaxy 20 million 20 thousand light years away from this galaxy. And there are billions of such galaxies in the universe.

The creation of that eternal Ishwara is also infinite. Every attribute of Ishwara has a name. Therefore, among the myriad names of his infinite qualities, one name is also an infinite category cosmic hero अनंत कोटि ब्रह्मांड नायक. This name not only explains the infinity of the universe, this adjective also gives the impression of being a complete scientist. ॥ ओ३म् ॥

Vishal.
 

Haldilal

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Ya'll Nibbiars 1. A picture thread of heritage family pujas of North Kolkata families. They are famous for their heritage & maintaining puja tradition. All photos have been collected from internet. Deep daan ritual at Shil family puja, North Kolkata.
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2. Among West Bengali families no puja is complete without ধুনো পোড়ানো /Dhuno Porano ritual. Married women perform it for the well being of their children.
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From Himalaya.
 

Haldilal

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Dowry is an English language word which according to the Cambridge dictionary means , "an amount of money or property that a woman's parents give to the man she marries". Sanatan Dharma never had this concept. We had the concept of स्त्रीधन which was the property of the woman. So equating स्त्रीधन with dowry is conceptually wrong. While, dowry was meant for the husband, स्त्रीधन remained with the woman and was her property. Eventually, it is this स्त्रीधन that was called dowry. While dowry looked to demean the them, स्त्रीधन meant to empower them.

It was the means for a girl to inherit a share in her father's property and have a way of supporting herself at her in-law's place. The स्त्रीधन which she received was hers to control and no one, not even the husband or her kids could touch it while she was alive. Even after her death, the dowy which she had received, was passed on to her daughters and the sons had no right over it. So, what is स्त्रीधन?

Manusmriti defines स्त्रीधन as, 1) That which is given before the nuptial fire 2) That which is given at the time of the Bride's departure from her father's home 3) That which is given to the bride as the token of love 4) That which her brother, mother and father gifts her. Scope of स्त्रीधन broadened with time to include not just gifts recieved at the time of the wedding but to gifts recieved even after the wedding and then it went on to even include all the properties that the woman held, irrespective of how she acquired it. While some were opposed to this enlarged scope, many were in support of this. And thus, स्त्रीधन came to include a wide variety of possessions. Manusmriti recognises 8 forms of marriage and has rules governing each form. One of the forms that is recognised is the Asura form. While this form is not preferred and is in fact discouraged, it is still one of the recognised forms. In Asura vivah, a bridegroom pays a pre-decided amount to the bride's family. This in English will be called bride price.

Although not promoted, a girl thus wedded will still get all the rights that are due to the wife. Even in this case, the bride usually got the bride price either partially or fully as her स्त्रीधन. She had every right it and she could pass it on to her daughters after her death. In case she died childless, this bride price was to be returned back to her family. The groom and his family had no right over it. Now, who controlled स्त्रीधन? स्त्रीधन, as per early definition not the expanded was controlled completely by women. The expanded scope was still controlled by the women, but with certain conditions attached. The husband was not allowed to touch स्त्रीधन at all. Neither the sons nor any other relatives were allowed to use स्त्रीधन. There was a provision for husbands to use स्त्रीधन but then he was supposed to return it with interest. In times of distress, the husband could use स्त्रीधन but some jurists insisted that he was to return it if he had promised.

No other relative, not even the kids were allowed to touch स्त्रीधन at all. The same rules were applicable to both, original definition, the possessions of which the woman had absolute control and also to the later expanded scope. In short, despite certain conditions being put on the disposal of the possessions that came under the expanded scope, स्त्रीधन was essentially a woman's property and no one could deny her that. She enjoyed it during her lifetime and passed it on to her daughters after her death. So, with this I end the thread on स्त्रीधन. As is evident, it was, by no means a way to extort money from the bride's family like we consider it now. The bride received gifts that her family deemed fit to give her. Most importantly, the bride held and controlled the gifts. No one else had control over it. In next thread we shall see how this system went bad.

Generally the mother's स्त्रीधन was passed on to her daughters. Sons had no right over it. Amongst daughters, unmarried ones were preferred followed by the one who was yet to settle in her marital home newly married/one who didn't have a son yet.

Tanvangi.
 

Haldilal

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India is famous or rather infamous for Dowry system. I am sure each one of us has heard at least one dowry tragedy that made us shiver. Sometimes it's broken alliances or wedding day tantrums by the groom's family due to insufficient dowry or in worst cases a bride burnt within a few months of the marriage because she failed to bring dowry that was at par with the status of her in-laws. But, is the concept of Dowry specific to India only? Certainly not. The custom of wedding gifts from the bride's family has been a part of many cultures.The British who blamed the dowry system and the pressure that it put on poor fathers and insisted that prevalence of female foeticide was due to the practice of dowry also practiced this so called abhorrent practice of Dowry.

The islands of Mumbai, were under the control of the Portuguese and were gifted to the British as dowry when King Charles II married the Portuguese princess, Catherine of Braganza. It was essentially a treaty that enabled the British to have some control over the west coast. Their holier than thou attitude when it comes to so called evil Hindu practices is plenty hypocritical and stems from their lack of understanding of the Indic values and Sanatani texts. While we have always recognised women as a heir to her father's property in part and sole heir to her mother's property (son/s didn't get a share in mother's property), English laws didn't recognise women as worthy of owning property until late 19th Century. Yes, it was Married Women's Property Act, 1882 that enabled British women to hold property independently. Until then, far from having individual rights, they didn't even have an identity seperate from their husbands. She was treated as a property of her husband, who was her lord.

All her possessions were surrendered to him after the wedding and she ceased to exist independently. Is it surprising that the British, with their narrow mindset and male supremacist tendencies, saw the beautiful relationship that Sanatan Dharma regards the marriage to be as a mere contract to be solemnised only through dowry? explore the ancient concept of स्त्रीधन which was later dubbed as "dowry". I had recently conducted a poll and while most people who voted knew that the dowry system was not always evil, most didn't know from which point it became evil. Many attributed it's evilness to human greed. Which is perfectly true. But didn't the greed exist all along? Why did this system, that has been in practice for centuries suddenly turn oppressive? Why did the people of this land, who are proud worshippers of शक्ती without whom even शिव is powerless,suddenly start killing the girl child before she had a chance to live? When did the position of the woman, who is the लक्ष्मी of the house get reduced to such a pitiable state? The British attribute the low status of women in the Hindu society to patriarchal mindset.They insist that female foeticide was due to dowry system.

The A poor father, forced to give exorbitant dowry for daughter's wedding preferred to kill her instead, was something the British said. As with most of their claims, even this one was erroneous at best and malicious at worst. Whatever that was gifted to the girl during her wedding was dubbed as स्त्रीधन which was an umbrella term and as years passed, many other definitions were added to the word स्त्रीधन. So, what changed along the way? What was the reason why women became second class citizens in a land where the feminine power is worshipped? Why was a girl child a burden? And was dowry really the reason for it? What do our ancient scriptures say about dowry? What were women's rights wrt to the property that was dubbed as theirs?

Tanvangi.
 

Anikastha

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The Post on Sins (Part - 1) Sins which you shouldn't do as per Dharma It may land you to hell.

All the points are taken from Shastras Disclaimer : Atheists stay away.

1. Murdering
2. Killing foetus
3. Breaking Holy vows
4. Murdering a woman ( special punishment )
5. Poisoning someone
6. Not doing duty / being lazy
7. No compassion to poor people
8. Killing animals for fun
9. Drinking Liquor
10. Being Regular in Gambling
11. Engaging in Prostitution
12. Giving a false witness
13. Cutting Trees without much need
14. Uttering falsehood
15. Killing cows and cattles
16. Stealing Gold ( Mahāpātakā )
17. Intercourse with family members ( Ticket to Taptakumbha )
18. Theft
19. Hating own Father and Mother
20. Not taking care of old parents and gaurdians
21. Practicing Magic or Witchcraft for harming others .
22. Keeping pets as Hogs , birds , dogs and cats
23. Follower of one who do adultery
24. Destroying Nets and Bee hives
25. He who causes impotence to others
26. He who hunt lions and tigers for fun
27. A mature person who is instructed what to do and what not to do by his children as per Shâstras .
28. who deviate from the duties imposed upon them by their condition, whether in thought, word, or deed.
29. Kidnapping for adharma
30. Seeing other's village and crops to fire
31. Enjoying other's property
32. Guru Hatya
33. Doing astrology by going house to house for looting people
34. Ooppresing the poor or good people and not helping them if required despite having resources .
35. Intercourse with animals ( Ticket to Vajrakantakashali )
36. Men who marry to intercourse and reject them after sometime ( Ticket to Punyodakam hell)
37. The man who makes his wife swallow his semen ( Ticket to Lalabhaksham ) ( Thrown into river of semen , only food available there is semen )
38. Terrorists ( Thrown into Sarameyasanam hell )
39. For the maintenance of their bodies and the satisfaction of their tongues, cruel persons cook poor animals and birds alive. Such persons are condemned even by man-eaters. ( Ticket to Kumbhipâk of boiling waters of oil )
40. By the arrangement of the Supreme Lord, low-grade living beings like bugs and mosquitoes suck the blood of human beings and other animals. Such insignificant creatures are unaware that their bites are painful to the human being. A human being endowed with knowledge certainly commits sin if he kills or torments insignificant creatures, who have no discrimination. The Supreme Lord punishes such a man by putting him into the hell known as Andhakūpa.
41. There are men and women in this world who sacrifice human beings to deities and then eat their victims’ flesh. Those who perform such sacrifices are taken after death to the abode of Yamarāja, where their victims, having taken the form of Rākṣasas, cut them to pieces with with sharpened swords.
[ Bhagwat Puran ]
i did or doing 4 of these....:troll:
 

Haldilal

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AGAD-TANTRAअगदतन्त्र : Ancient Indian TOXICOLOGY Science of poisons and their treatment [agad] (नास्ति गदो यस्मात् By which the body System is protected, it is called the Tantra त्रायते शरीरमनेनेति तन्त्रम् It is branch of Ayurveda Danshtra chikitsa. According to Hareet samhita - The action Science of destroying the venom of snake, scorpion and spider is called Vish Tantra Agad tantra According to Stedman : Medical Dictionary The Science of poisons, their source, Chemical composition, Action, tests and antidotes. Nature/Def. of POISON [ विष ] •Derived from root विष् + क (ka) which means Encircle,clog i.e. the matter that gets into the bodyand quickly permeat. The matter which comes into contact with the psychosocial system of the animal or enters its body to produce grief or take life.

Pandit.
 

Haldilal

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YANTRA [ यन्त्र ] in RASA-SHASTRA: ANCIENT Chemistry/Alchemy The instrument by which the substance is controlled is called 'Yantra' For the success in purification of chemicals,or the equipment to save the liquid from Evaporating, burning, etc. used in work, is called Yantra.

1. DOLA YANTRA Used for 'shodhana' This is a purification device in rasayogas •The material that is going to be detoxified is packed in hanging cloth potali, The drava inside the apparatus is kañjika • Purification of Goumutra, Mercury. Purification of Goumutra, Mercury.

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2. DAMRU YANTRA For Sublimation instrument For Extraction of Mercury from cinnabar For Purification of Navsagar NH4CL For Rasabandhan For Urdhwapatan of As2O.

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3.STHALI YANTRA For Heating of RasaDravya For Preperation of 'Tamra Bhasm'.

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4.PALIKA YANTRA For Preperation of Various Chemicals For Stirring Purpose For Parpati Preperation.

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5. SWEDANI YANTRA For Shodhana For Parada Mercury Sanskar For Extraction of Swarasa For Softening Process.
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6.BALUKA YANTRA.

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7.PUTA YANTRA For bhasma preparing and testing For Amritikarana, Jarana, Satva Patana.

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8. VIDYADHAR YANTRA • For Sublimation • For Parada Hg Sanskar.

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https://mobile.twitter.com/RamaInExile/status/1317094347133734914/photo/1
9 . Ghanta Yantra Volume = 4 prasthan. Circumference = 4 Angul. Use for Containers, Preservation of the Chemical.

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Haldilal

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10.URDHWA-PAATANA YANTRA For Extraction Hartal Sublimation.

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11. ADHAH PAATANA YANTRA For Adhahpatan sanskar and sodhan of Gandhaka.

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12.TIRYAK PAATAN YANTRA For distillation of Various Chemicals especially mercury For Extraction of volatile Chemicals oils.

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13. BHOODHAR YANTRA.

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14. PAATAL YANTRA Mainly For Oil Extraction.

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15. KHALVA Used for Ptriturating , Mixing of herbs , minerals, chemical There are many types of khalvas Tapta, Vartul,Ardhachandrakar.

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16.TULA YANTRA For Quantitative Analysis of Chemicals.

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17. ULOOKHAL YANTRA For mixing ,powdering Medicines.
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Haldilal

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SRILA HARIDAS THAKUR Vs [email protected] TERROR of [email protected]
Though Born in a muslim family,he deeply involved in extreme devotion and ascetism for Lord Krishna and becameVaishnava Nawab called him to his court and asked for death penalty acc. to the Islamic view, for the act done by him Haridasa tries to enlighten him, he says, "All living entities in creation are inspired by the Lord in the heart in different ways, People of different religions praise God's holy names and qualities according to the viewpoint of their scriptures. The Supreme bhagwan accepts everyone's mood if someone shows maliciousness to another's religion, he actually shows malice towards God, who is revered by that religion Since God is one, that person Jealous of the same Supreme God that he himself is worshiping Narrative of Haridas ji could not change his evil, malicious heart, but the Qazi insisted that Haridasa make a choice:"Either give up your faith or die" Haridas firmly replied, IF MY BODY IS CUT INTO PEICES nd EVEN IF I AM KILLED - I WILL CONTINUE TO CHANT HARE KRISHNA. Qazi ordered Haridas Thakur to be put to death in public, was brutally beaten, dragged into 22 markets, a stream of blood flowed from their bodies, was finally thrown into the Ganga , Engaged in remembering Lord Hari, he miraculously survived by the grace of bhagwan. Kazi immediately ran to Haridas thought that he was saint He enthusiastically welcomed Haridas Thakur and apologized for his crimes . Haridasa forgave them and blessed them with devotion Even after that rulers continue their atrocities on saints and common Hindu. While seeing Lord Chaitanya's lotus face, holding His feet upon his chest, and chanting Krishna Chaitanya, Haridasa left the world personally carried the body of Haridasa to the sea ane with His own hands buried him in the sand.Mahaprabhu begged alms for a festival to honor him.
 

Haldilal

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BHAIṢAJYA KALPANA-ANCIENT HINDU PHARMACEUTICS •Derived from word Bheṣaja (Auṣadha) which means "That which conquers the disease"[भेषं रोगं जयतीत्यौषधमित्यमर:] •Kalpana is process/Samskaraṇa/ preperationof drugs using simple drug (Prakalpanam Samskaraṇam iti (chakrapāni))

First Recorded evidenceof usage of drugs( in various ailments) were seen in Ṛgveda and Atharvaveda Veda classify 1) Bhaiṣajyāni(for curing diseases) 2) Āyuṣyāni( for longivity/health) Atharvaveda describe Rasa as essence of drug Rasaha Sārabhūtāmśaha.

Details description , pharmaceutical preparation are mentioned in :-
BHELA SAMHITA (1200-800?BC)
SUŚRUTA SAMHITA (1000-600BCE) (sūtra,44thch)
CARAKA SAMHITA (400-200 BCE)
Caraka Sūtra (4th,15th,25th,27th ch)
Vimāna Sthāna(7th ch)
Caraka Cikitsa (1st ,7th,16 ch)

Some other texts are
AṢṬĀNGA SAÑGRAHA (by vāgbhata-I)
AṢṬĀNGA HṚDAYA ( by vāgbhata-II (7CE))
ŚĀRANGADHARA SAMHITA (14CE )(madhyama Kanḍa)
Mordern text is BHAIṢAJYA RATNĀVALI(18CE)

IMPORTANCE Charak says ,that by proper processing even a poisonous /tīkṣṇa dravya can be converted into an excellent medicine. Importance of Bhaiṣajya-Kalpana in potentising drug Action has been explained by Vāgbhata also.

Pandit.
 

Haldilal

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We need the ferocious Simhas Lions that can protect the temple of Sanātana Samskriti but the Simhas need to be careful that they don't eat up the temple residents, they don't attack the Garbha Griha. Let only the scaffolding be tough, do not trample the flowers within.

MahaDevanGiri.
 
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Haldilal

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Tantra is as scientific as it gets. Wrong to call tantra magical. In magic, random fantastic phenomena is supposed to occur out of the blue. Whereas, tantra involves recognition of how things work - the principles, and, utilising them to produce desired results.

MahaDevanGiri.
 

Haldilal

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Ya'll Nibbiars Right to Property of Women in Sanatan Dharma Women have the right to property in Sanatan Dharma. The Vedas and other Dharmic texts clearly state that women have rights in their father / husband's property. Here are some facts of evidence in support:

The Rig-Veda (3•31•1) शासद्वह्निर्दुहितुर्नप्त्यं गाद्विद्वाँ ऋतस्य दीधितिं सपर्यन्। commands that a son-less father accepts son of his daughter as his own son i.e. all properties of a son-less father shall be inherited by son of his daughter. The Soulless father, who is the upholder of the family, refer to his grandson(the son)of his daughter n relying the efficiency of the Yajna, honour(his son in law)with various gifts.Father, trusting to the impregnation of the daughter, support himself with peaceful n happy mind.

Rig-Veda (3•31•2) commands that if parents have both son and daughter, son performs pindadaan (after death of father) and daughter be enriched with gifts. न जामये तान्वो रिक्थमारैक्चकार गर्भं सनितुर्निधानम्। यदी मातरो जनयन्त वह्निमन्यः कर्ता सुकृतोरन्य ऋन्धन्॥ O men! One mother who does not give wealth to her son-in-law, she upholds the distribution and then provides the impregnation (through marriage) to her daughter. As the fire accomplishes other things, the same way a mother bears noble performers of good deeds.

Rig-Veda (2•17•7) also attests share of a daughter in property of her father. अमाजूरिव पित्रोः सचा सती समानादा सदसस्त्वामिये भगम्। कृधि प्रकेतमुप मास्या भर दद्धि भागं तन्वो३ येन मामहः॥ Son and daughter have equal status महर्षि मनु is the first Lawgiver to have ordained that son and daughter enjoy an equal status in the family. He has also given this concept a constitutional validity. यथैवात्मा तथा पुत्रः पुत्रेण दुहिता समा । तस्यां आत्मनि तिष्ठन्त्यां कथं अन्यो धनं हरेत् ॥ Manusmriti 9/130. The son is as one’s own self, and the daughter is equal to the son; hence so long as she is there in her own real character, how can anyone else take his property? मातुस्तु यौतकं यत्स्यात्कुमारीभाग एव सः । दौहित्र एव च हरेदपुत्रस्याखिलं धनम् ॥ Manusmriti 9/131 Whatever may be the separate property of the mother is the share of the unmarried daughter alone; and the daughter’s son shall inherit the entire property of the man who has no son. The Equal partners in parental property Manu regards both the son and the daughter as equal heirs toparental property. This opinion finds a mention in the Manusmriti. जनन्यां संस्थितायां तु समं सर्वे सहोदराः ।भजेरन्मातृकं रिक्थं भगिन्यश्च सनाभयः ॥ Manusmriti 9/192 When the mother has died, all the uterine brothers and uterine sisters shall divide the mother’s property equally.

यास्तासां स्युर्दुहितरस्तासां अपि यथार्हतः । मातामह्या धनात्किं चित्प्रदेयं प्रीतिपूर्वकम् ॥ Manusmriti 9/193 Even to the daughters of those daughters something shall be lovingly given, as is quite proper, out of the property of their maternal grandmother. Thus it is clear from the Shastra Prmaan that Married or unmarried women inherited and shared properties. A Widow too is entitled to a share in the properties of the dead husband.
 

Haldilal

लड़ते लड़ते जीना है, लड़ते लड़ते मरना है
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To be able to use a special time for sadhana to gain max results one has spend a lot of normal time in sadhana. Suddenly one day things do not happen. It builds into a progression, the mind-body becomes tuned, then even a little bit in an special desh-kala does magic.
 

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