Comac set to deliver China's first passenger jets

amoy

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China's homemade jet completes first test global voyageNEWSCONTENT
Story : China-Test Flight/ARJ21

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A testing plane of China's homegrown ARJ21-700 jets completed its first voyage round the world totaling 30,000 kilometers and returned to the country on Monday.

The testing plane No. 104 took off from Xi'an City of northwest China's Shaanxi Province on March 15, and landed in the Windsor International Airport, Canada, 14 days later by way of China, Russia and the United States, covering 14,000 kilometers.

It tested flight in natural icing condition in Canada to prove the jets' safety and reliability while encountering mid-air frozen situations. The natural icing condition test is considered the most risky test in all trial flights.

"This is the first time that we successfully completed the natural icing test flight. It proved that the ice probing and prevention facilities of the ARJ21 jets are up to the standards of the Civil Aviation Administration of China," said Zhao Zhiqiang, the test pilot of the ARJ21-700 natural icing flight.

After the test, the plane traversed the Atlantic Ocean before back in China via Denmark, Iceland, Austria, Turkey and Kazakhstan.

The plane landed in 18 airports of ten countries during its voyage.

It marked an important step in the test flight proceedings of the ARJ21-700, said the experts, and it is also the first time that a China homegrown jet completes its journey round the world.

The ARJ21 jets are designed for regional short-distance routes within 800 kilometers. Their first number for air lines was completed, and will be launched into operation at the end of May, according to the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, the manufacturer.






Comac ARJ21 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

ARJ21 Delayed Again, Due To Enter Service April-May 2015 | Commercial Aviation content from Aviation Week
Comac says it completed the first two ARJ21s for Chengdu Airlines in late December. Aircraft MSN 103, meanwhile, has completed cold weather tests in Inner Mongolia, with temperatures as low as minus 43.2C. That included operation of the ram-air turbine in those conditions. Tests with unit MSN 104 to confirm the ARJ21's high-speed characteristics are also complete, says Comac. Those tests included determination of out-of-trim characteristics and buffeting properties, including flight at the buffet boundary.

The ARJ21 is designed to seat 90 in an all-economy arrangement.

Meanwhile, structural manufacturing is proceeding for Comac's second type, the 158-seat C919 mainline airliner, with Avic's Chengdu civil aircraft plant completing the first major assembly for the nose of the first prototype. The assembly, including the windscreen frame, is the structure enclosing the cockpit, bounded by the forward bulkhead and the floor. The C919, so far delayed by only about a year, is due to make its first flight next year. The first delivery probably cannot be made before 2017, compared with the original target of 2016.

Delays are detracting from the ARJ21's competitiveness, which in any case has been in doubt because of Comac's inexperience in development. While the manufacturer, a state agency registered as a company, has been challenged in integrating the ARJ21's systems to extract optimal performance, the technology that it has been working with has been aging.

The problem is particularly evident in propulsion. The aircraft was launched with what was then a quite new engine, the General Electric CF34-10, used by the similarly sized Embraer E Jet, which had entered development three years earlier. But by 2008 Mitsubishi Aircraft had chosen the more fuel-efficient Pratt & Whitney PW1217G geared turbofan for its MRJ, also close to the ARJ21 in size. A year ago Embraer decided to drop the CF34-10 and switch to the Pratt & Whitney engine for an extensively revamped E Jet design.

Luo's prediction of entry into service next year presupposes that the ARJ21 will finally be certified. The Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) is overseeing the airworthiness certification process with guidance from the FAA. If the CAAC handles the ARJ21's application to the satisfaction of the FAA, the U.S. agency will recognize Chinese airworthiness certificates for later projects, possibly including the C919. To achieve that recognition, the CAAC need not certify the ARJ21 as airworthy, however. A proper process resulting in rejection of Comac's application for certification would also suffice.
 

Ray

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Comac set to deliver China's first passenger jets

SHANGHAI -- A state-owned aircraft maker said Wednesday it is ready to deliver China's first homegrown regional airliner and should complete a bigger plane in 2018.

The first two of the ARJ21-700 regional jets have been completed for a Chinese carrier, Chengdu Airlines, and are coming to the end of the certification process, according to Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China Ltd. The company said it has 252 orders.

China launched the ARJ21 project in 2002 in an attempt to break into the Western-dominated aircraft market. The plane was promised for 2007 but delivery was pushed back due to technical problems.

China is expected to become one of the world's biggest aircraft markets over the next two decades. Boeing Co. forecasts total demand at 5,580 planes worth a total of US$780 billion.

The ARJ21-700 can seat 78 to 90 passengers depending on its configuration, with a range of 2,225 to 3,700 kilometers (1,300 miles to 2,300 miles). Comac said it successfully completed test flights in North America in March and April and has flown 13,000 kilometers.

The company is targeting China's domestic market and flights to Southeast Asia.

"We first want to develop our business in China and then gradually we will go to the international market," Comac executive Tian Min told reporters at Comac's assembly and manufacturing center in Shanghai.

Comac's larger C919 is a single-aisle jet meant to compete with Boeing and Airbus Industries. It can seat up to 168 passengers and has a planned range of 4,000 to 5,100 kilometers (2,500 to 3,200 miles).

The C919 is an official initiative "for China to re-capture the value in aircraft manufacturing that currently goes offshore to Airbus and Boeing," said industry analyst Will Horton of CAPA Centre for Aviation. "With such a large objective, accomplishments will come gradually."

The company has received 400 orders from 16 customers, including aircraft leasing company GE Capital Aviation Services. Low cost carrier Ryanair and British airlines have signed memorandums of understanding about their intention to purchase planes, Tian said.

He wouldn't disclose price but said developers were focused on controlling costs.

Most orders have come from China's state-owned airline industry under government instructions to support the program.

"Global aviation remains pessimistic on the C919, given the ARJ21 delays," said Horton.

On May 15, the first front fuselage of a C919 was delivered by a supplier to Comac, Tian said. He said the plane will be assembled in the second half of 2014, its maiden flight is due at the end of 2015 and the first delivery to a customer is slated for 2018.

Longer term, Comac is cooperating with Russia to build a next-generation wide-body plane. The two sides signed a memorandum of understanding on Tuesday during Russian President Vladimir Putin's visit to China. Tian said Comac is working on a feasibility study with Russia.

From its beginning in 2008, Comac has focused on developing the two passenger planes. It has grown from 3,800 employees to 8,300.

Earlier news reports said the C919 maiden flight was due in 2014, with delivery in 2016. Tian said those reports were wrong, and Comac always planned for its maiden flight to be 90 months from the project launch.
Comac set to deliver China's first passenger jets - The China Post

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It is quite an achievement for China.

And soon will be competing with Boeing and Airbus!

The only dampener is that it is cooperating with Russia for a wide body airliner.

Russian commercial aircraft are not really very reliable.

But then, three cheers!
 

amoy

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China Faces Several Obstacles to Building Successful Domestic Commercial Aircraft Industry | RAND
April 4, 2014
China's investment of billions of dollars in a domestic commercial aviation industry has yet to result in a commercially viable aircraft and is unlikely to do so for the foreseeable future, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

Efforts by the Commercial Aviation Corporation of China (COMAC), the Chinese government's effort to compete with aircraft manufacturers Boeing and Airbus, to construct new commercial aircraft have been hindered by problems in systems integration. An earlier regional aircraft has yet to obtain Chinese air certification.

COMAC is in the process of designing a narrow-bodied commercial jet, the C919. But by the time the aircraft is ready for production, COMAC will face stiff competition from new Boeing and Airbus models, and will face pricing competition from used Boeing and Airbus aircraft, the study finds.

"The Chinese government sees designing and manufacturing passenger jets as an important indicator of the nation's advanced technological capabilities," said Keith Crane, director of the RAND Environment, Energy, and Economic Development Program and co-author of the report. "What they have found is that the commercial aviation sector is a highly competitive market, and that large passenger aircraft are difficult to build to international standards."

Until recently, production in China's aircraft manufacturing industry was limited almost exclusively to serving the Chinese military. Consequently, almost all of China's commercial aircraft have been imported from foreign manufacturers.

The Chinese government has adopted a strategy of first engaging in domestic production and assembly using foreign designs, then developing its own designs with foreign assistance, culminating in development of a commercial aircraft without foreign assistance.

In 2008, the government consolidated its efforts by setting up a new state-owned commercial aircraft manufacturing company, COMAC, to build two domestic aircraft: a regional jet, the ARJ-21, already under development, and a narrow-bodied aircraft, the C919.

The RAND study finds that China's indigenous commercial aviation manufacturing industry has more than doubled output between 2005 and 2010, while becoming increasingly technologically sophisticated. However, industry output remains a very small share of China's total industrial output, just 0.17 percent in 2010. Moreover, China's share of the world export market for commercial aviation products also remains small, just 1.3 percent in 2011.

"Even when these planes are fully realized, they are not likely to be competitive with commercial aircraft now available," said Scott Harold, a report co-author and an associate political scientist at RAND, a nonprofit research organization. "The Chinese government will then need to face a decision of whether to spend billions more to develop a new round of planes that may or may not be competitive."

Researchers say that foreign aerospace companies are willing to invest in China because they can cultivate a competitive source for aircraft parts and generate sales to Chinese airlines. However, these companies are wary of losing their intellectual property and technology to the Chinese government, which would in turn use the technology to enhance China's aerospace industry.

The study offers several key recommendations to trade policy makers in the United States and the European Union to address potential trade issues stemming from Chinese government support for its commercial aviation manufacturing industry, including:

* The United States could engage in bilateral negotiations with the European Union to encourage Airbus and Boeing to reduce the purchase of components as a marketing tool.
* The United States and the European Union could advocate for more transparent tenders for purchases of aircraft by Chinese state-owned airlines.
* The United States and the European Union could monitor the development of Chinese technology and intervene through the World Trade Organization in response to efforts by China to use subsidies to enter American or European Union markets.
"If the Chinese government wishes to fully integrate into the global commercial aviation manufacturing industry, it may wish to consider changing its current policies to create a more-equitable business environment for foreign and Chinese commercial aviation manufacturers," Crane said.

Researchers suggest that China forego its goal of creating an aerospace "national champion," and instead focus on general aviation, where it is more likely to succeed building smaller aircraft for private or charter use.

The report, "The Effectiveness of China's Industrial Policies in Commercial Aviation Manufacturing," can be found at RAND Corporation Provides Objective Research Services and Public Policy Analysis | RAND. Other co-authors are David Yang, Samuel K. Berkowitz and Xiao Wang.

The report was funded by RAND donors and conducted within the RAND Environment, Energy, and Economic Development Program, part of RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment division. The program addresses topics relating to environmental quality and regulation, water and energy resources and systems, climate, natural hazards and disasters, and economic development, both domestically and internationally.

 

amoy

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AVIC takes flight in Cambodia - China Market Intelligence Center

Cambodia made its biggest international order of the Chinese MA60 "Modern Ark" twin turboprop aircraft on Thursday after the newly launched Cambodia Bayon Airlines signed a procurement contract for 20 MA60s with Xi'an Aircraft Industry Group under China Aviation Industry Corp.

According to the contract, all 20 aircraft will be delivered within five years and operated by Bayon Airlines for domestic business.

Before signing the contract, a launching ceremony of Bayon Airlines took place in the capital city of Phnom Penh. Backed by Joy Air, Bayon Airlines is China's first airline in Cambodia, as well as the first to have Cambodia owning planes rather than leasing them.

Starting in December, Bayon Airlines plans to open routes from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap and Siem Reap to Sihanoukville, then gradually open express routes between other major Cambodian cities, to become the second company obtaining the right to fly domestic routes in Cambodia after Angkor Air.

Bayon Airlines also plans to introduce 10 Airbus A320s on routes linking Cambodia with other Southeast Asian countries including Vietnam, Laos and Thailand.
Two MA60s have been operated by the Royal Cambodian Air Force since 2012, which was the first export of the aircraft to the Southeast Asian country. Cambodian King Norodom Sihamoni and Prime Minister Hun Sen traveled on a MA60 from Phnom Penh to Siem Reap and praised the aircraft's performance, according to the country's ministry of national defense.

"The MA60 works quietly and efficiently. It will help us to improve our transportation capability. Our guests who flew on the MA60 liked it very much," said Zhou Pirun, director-general of the equipment and technology bureau under the ministry.

The Cambodian Air Force is training more pilots on the Chinese-made aircraft and has strong interest in cooperating with the Chinese aircraft manufacturers in the future, the senior defense officer added.

By the end of 2013, there were 210 orders for the MA60 from domestic as well as foreign clients, and 88 aircraft were delivered, according to AVIC. Clients from 16 nations in Asia, South America and Africa got most of the deliveries.
Heng Samrin said tourism is considered key to boosting Cambodia's economic development. Approximately 4.2 million international travelers visited Cambodia in 2013, and the country aims to host 6 million tourists by 2018.
 

kenduffy

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It is quite an achievement for China.

And soon will be competing with Boeing and Airbus!

The only dampener is that it is cooperating with Russia for a wide body airliner.

Russian commercial aircraft are not really very reliable.

But then, three cheers!


airliners are low technology
any country can make one if they want
China is only wasting money
 

SLASH

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airliners are low technology
any country can make one if they want
China is only wasting money
If it were so easy to make, why is there a duopoly? Its a private venture and seems to be on the right path. There needs to be more competition in this sector. However, the competition should be for better amenities and safety standards and not price.
 

amoy

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LEAP-X Engine / AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine Co. Ltd.

Currently, only four countries in the world, namely the United States, Russia, Britain and France, can independently develop advanced aircraft engines. The only shortcoming of China's aviation industry is the engine. According to Chinese analysts, developing aircraft engines will break the monopoly of foreign suppliers such as GE, Rolls-Royce and the Pratt & Whitney Group. An engine industry will also stimulate the growth of other domestic sectors such as electronics, digitally-controlled machines and composite materials. The Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC) established the AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine Company at the beginning of 2009 to produce LEAP-X engines for the domestically-made C919 large aircraft. In November 2009 AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine (ACAE) (China) signed a MOU with MTU Aero Engines to study the building of an aircraft engine industry in China.

In July 2008 CFM International launched LEAP-X, an entirely new baseline turbofan engine to power future replacements for current narrow-body aircraft. CFM International (CFM) is a 50/50 joint venture between Snecma (SAFRAN Group) and General Electric Company. LEAP-X thrust baseline for the C919 starts at 30,000 lbs - with much more growth potential. The LEAP-X's launch aircraft is the Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China's (COMAC's) 168-190 passenger C919 narrowbody. This engine will incorporate various technologies developed over the previous three years as part of the LEAP56 technology acquisition program. The first full demonstrator engine was scheduled to run in 2012, and LEAP-X could be certified by 2016.

The LEAP-X fan features 18 blades, a 50% reduction from the CFM56-5C, and 25% fewer blades than the CFM56-7B. This advanced new turbofan will reduce the engine contribution to aircraft fuel burn by up to 16 percent compared to current CFM56 Tech Insertion engines that power Airbus A320 and Boeing Next-Generation 737 aircraft. Additional fuel burn improvements will be achieved once this engine is paired with new aircraft technology. The LEAP-X1C-powered C919 is the beginning of a new chapter in the collaboration between CFM, the Chinese aviation industry and Chinese airline customers - a relationship that goes back more than 25 years. As of 2010 there were more than 2,300 CFM56 engines in service or on order with Chinese airlines, representing more than 10 percent of CFM's commercial fleet.

The AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine Co. Ltd. was established in Shanghai in January 2009. The company, which has also used the English name Avic Engine, will focus on the research and development of home-made jet engines. The government-owned Aviation Industry Corp. of China (AVIC) holds a 40 percent stake in the company, which has registered capital of 6 billion yuan (US$ 877 million). The firm is another step in the development of the commercial aviation industry after the establishment of the Commercial Aircraft Corp. of China Ltd. in May 2008. The plan is to put aircraft with at least 150 seats into the market by 2020.

AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine Co has signed a memorandum of understanding with its German counterpart MTU Aero Engine to research and develop domestically made engines for China's jumbo jet project but they haven't decided on the form of cooperation. "We will own independent intellectual property rights of the engines no matter if it is jointly or independently researched," said Zhang Jian, general manager of AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine. MTU is Germany's leading engine maker and is strong in the development, manufacturing and repair of commercial and military engines. The two firms have been discussing the cooperation for half a year. In 2010 AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine Co. Ltd. started building a research and development center to develop engines for domestic-made jumbo jets in Shanghai. The center is responsible for developing home-made engines for the 150-seat C919 and a 250-seat model. The center in Minhang District covers an area of 30 hectares and will have a floor area of 300,000 square meters. It costs CNY 3.23 billion ($473 million) and will be finished in 2013. The center will accommodate nearly 3,000 research staff, according to the company.

China's first home-made jet engine will make a debut in 2016, a significant step of the large-jet program, an official said 27 August 2009. "China is expected to complete the research of its first jumbo jet engine in 2016 and begin to apply for aviation certificate from the state aviation authority," said Zhang Jian, general manager of the Shanghai-based AVIC Commercial Aircraft Engine Co. Ltd. "We hope the home-made engine will fly together with the home-made large aircraft," he said.
 

anupamsurey

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good one, thats not significant as chineese already design, and manufacture their fighter jets. the important thing is engine
 

amoy

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as long as chinese master it,any tech allways sudddenlly become"low tech", from spaceships,stealth aircraft,smartphone ,bulltin train to airjet.
Chinese are known as tech and price killers of everything almost, crushing monopoly and making "mysterious high-end" stuffs affordable.

Even Boeing and Airbus had to set upJV factories in China to make parts for assembly



Sent from my 5910 using Tapatalk 2
 

pmaitra

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Chinese are known as tech and price killers of everything almost, crushing monopoly and making "mysterious high-end" stuffs affordable.

Even Boeing and Airbus had to set upJV factories in China to make parts for assembly



Sent from my 5910 using Tapatalk 2
Agreed.

While subsidies are an aggressive way to kill the opponents' industrial base, one has to admit much of the western produced goods are extremely overpriced.

PRC will face embargoes in the guise of WTO and all kinds of other excuses. We Indians have been at the receiving end with our food security concerns.

I say kudos to PRC and I wish all success to Comac. Hopefully, someday, India will also produce its own civil airliners, like Comac, and give it a healthy competition.

On a lighter note, what does Comac mean? Communist AirCraft? :)
 

amoy

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TASS: Economy - China interested in joint production of modernized Il-114 plane — Russian deputy PM

MOSCOW, October 13. /TASS/. China has showed interest in producing a renewed version of an Ilyushin Il-114 passenger plane jointly with Russia, Russian Vice-Premier Dmitry Rogozin said on Monday.

"We'll be actually restoring this plane [Il-114], using a new technological platform. In actual fact, the Chinese also need such a plane," Rogozin said in response to a question about the prospects of cooperation between Moscow and Beijing.

The Il-114 aircraft can be used as a patrol plane, including for military purposes, the Russian vice-premier said.

"The Chinese side does not deny it has interest," Rogozin said, adding that Russia will soon transfer "information and the relevant documentation to the Chinese side.
 

amoy

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COMAC signs deal for 30 C919 jets with China Merchants Bank
ZHUHAI China Mon Nov 10, 2014 11:00pm EST


The order, sealed at China's premier air industry trade show in Zhuhai, lifts COMAC's order book for the C919 to 430, mostly from domestic companies. Still in development, the C919 will be the first Chinese-built jet of its type, targeted at eventually competing with Boeing Co (BA.N) and Airbus Group NV (AIR.PA).

Financial terms of the order weren't disclosed.

China is keen to develop a successful commercial aircraft to prove it can match the United States and Europe. But it has been held back by inexperience, a shortage of local aerospace design and engineering talent, as well as a lack of home-grown companies with the technology to help drive the project.

But the first test flight for the C919 has now been pushed back to 2015 from 2014, a delay which gives Boeing and Airbus more time to deliver their upgraded 737 Max and A320neo aircraft respectively first.
Realistically speaking the global Boeing-Airbus duoplay will be around for many decades ahead!
 

amoy

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The actual delivery happened on 03 Nov. 2014

Nepal Airlines new aircraft Harbin Y12e handed over | ktm2day.com

China Aviation Industry Corporation formally handed over a Y12e aircraft, part of a six-aircraft deal between Nepal and China, to Nepal Airlines Corporation (NAC) in Harbin, China on Sunday.

The 17-seater twin-engine turboprop utility plane is a gift from China to Nepal. Built by Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation, it is scheduled to arrive in Nepal on July 25, said NAC officials. China Aviation Industry Corporation is the parent company of Harbin Aircraft.

NAC has six Chinese aircraft on order–two MA60 manufactured by Xi'an Aircraft Industrial Corporation and four Y12e manufactured by Harbin Aircraft. Of these six aircraft, an MA60 and an Y12e are gifts. The MA60 has already been delivered and is operating on various routes.

The delivery of the first batch of Y12e had been originally set for June 30. However, taking a lesson from the two-month delay in getting its MA60 aircraft into service due to inadequate paperwork, NAC has pushed back the delivery date of the Y12e to have ample time to prepare the necessary documentation.

The MA60, which arrived in Kathmandu on April 27, was forced to take an extended rest at Tribhuvan International Airport as NAC officials scrambled to get various documents in order, of which they said they were not aware as requirements had changed in the 27 years since they last acquired new aircraft.

"We pushed back the delivery date to be able to fulfil all the documentation process," said Madan Kharel, managing director of NAC.

This time, the national flag carrier plans to bring the aircraft bearing a Nepali registration mark. The overstretched national flag carrier, whose domestic fleet presently consists of one antique Twin Otter, plans to bring another Twin Otter into service by mid-July.

The Y-12e is powered by PT6A-135A engines. It received Type Certification from the Civil Aviation Administration of China in 2002. The aircraft made its first flight in August 2001.

This version was certified by the US Federal Aviation Administration on August 2, 2006. Experts said that the Y12e would be a fitting alternative to the Twin Otter.

 

amoy

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ARJ21-700 airplane awarded TIA and enters into CAAC certification flight tests phase__Commercial Aircraft Corporation of China, Ltd.

The Pre-Flight Type Certification Board (TCB) Meeting for ARJ21-700 was held at Shanghai from February 13th to 14th, 2012. The ARJ21-700 Type Certification Leadership Team of Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) signed and issued the type inspection authorization (TIA), which meant that ARJ21-700 aircraft enters into the CAAC certification flight tests phase.

Comac ARJ21-700©

Congo Brazzaville firms order for three ARJ21s - ch-aviation.com

Comac (Shanghai Pudong) has firmed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Republic of Congo's Ministry of Transport for three ARJ21-700s. The order, announced at the ongoing 10th China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition in Zhuhai, has provision for two ARJ21-700 regional jets and one ARJ21-700 business jet.

"Air transport demand has seen sustained continuous growth in the Republic of Congo, which has a strong demand for regional aircraft," a Congolese government functionary said. "We are very glad to cooperate with COMAC and become the first African country to purchase the ARJ21-700 aircraft. We look forward to the delivery and operation of the three aircraft at an early date."
 

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Chinese achievements in Industry, technology and military are the topic our fellow Chinese should focus on, not on some empty talks such as democrazy or freedom, those topics should be left to Indians.
 

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