Chinese Infrastructure and Energy Sector Megathread

xizhimen

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Top 20 Best skylines In CHINA 【2019-2020】

Of course many people may not agree, it's just another countless rankings from some random people, just enjoy the video and forget about the rankings.

 

xizhimen

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Top 50 to 20 cities are very close, very hard to say which one has a better skyline, but different people do have their different preferencies based on their tastes.
 

armyofhind

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Top 20 Best skylines In CHINA 【2019-2020】

Of course many people may not agree, it's just another countless rankings from some random people, just enjoy the video and forget about the rankings.

STOP OPENING A NEW THREAD FOR EVERY POST YOU DUMBASS. POST IN THE CHINA THREAD.
 

Bhumihar

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@xizhimen
Mate I know what u are doing here and I respect ur enthusiasm and dedication towards Image building of your country but u gotta realise this almost feels as if ur spamming.

Here I gotta solutions for u.

Open up a megathread about Chinese Infrastructure and energy, U can post all your post regarding cities and town infra there.
There is a thread about Chinese Space Program u can post all the space related development there.
There is a thread about Chinese economy u can post all ecnomy related development there.
Open up a thread about Chinese Rails u can post all Railway, Metro, Bullet Trains related development there.

Try to compress your information bro.

We appreciate ur effort but if u think u can simply change Members perception regarding China by Image buildings alone then your wrong mate.

We judge a country by its attitude towards us.
Your presence is appreciated just so u know u are cluttering the forum with China related news so we'll request u tone it down a little.

I'll create the relevant threads and tag u and other Chinese members there.
 

rockdog

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I agree, mate.

If you go most Indian forums for military, politics;

Indian posters like to make most news into one thread, that's quite different than our forums,
respect this rule plz.
 

xizhimen

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This one indeed can merge into infrastructure megathread, but most of my other picuture and video threads are about China's poverty alleviation in poverty stricken border regions cause China promised to eliminate powerty before the end of 2020, that's what I care more, I don't really care about big cities and rich wealthy regions. Maybe I will start a Chinese poverty alleviation thread and put everything there.
 

xizhimen

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Thank you, please open a Chinese poverty alleviation thread, I care more about the development of poverty stricken poor regions and people in China.
 

Deathstar

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I agree, mate.

If you go most Indian forums for military, politics;

Indian posters like to make most news into one thread, that's quite different than our forums,
respect this rule plz.
Cz it gets easy to find other threads , u can start China - development thread and merge everything into it
 

xizhimen

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The South-to-North Water Diversion Project is a key strategic infrastructure project for China to alleviate water shortage in its northern provinces. With its eastern, central and western routes, the project links China's four main rivers — the Yellow River, the Huaihe River, the Haihe River, and the Yangtze River. The project has set multiple new world records, including its construction scale, water diversion distance, population benefited, population resettlement, and complexity of engineering.

A total of 22.2 billion cubic meters of water has been diverted through the eastern and central routes of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project so far.

The project has improved the water supply of cities along the route, which has already become a major water source for over 40 large and medium cities in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei province, Henan province and Shandong province,benefiting hundreds of millions of people.

China's south-north water diversion project, 70 billion USD investment

 

xizhimen

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World records set by South-to-North Water Diversion Project
China.org.cn丨Updated: May 8, 2018
The South-to-North Water Diversion Project is a key strategic infrastructure project for China to alleviate severe water shortage in its northern provinces. With its eastern, central and western routes, the project links China's four main rivers — the Yellow River, the Huaihe River, the Haihe River, and the Yangtze River. The project has set multiple new world records, including its construction scale, water diversion distance, population benefited, population resettlement, and complexity of engineering. As the world's largest project of its kind ever undertaken, the South-to-North Water Diversion Project is bound to exert a far-reaching impact.

I. World's largest scale of construction

The South-to-North Water Diversion Project is the world's largest water diversion project, crossing the drainage basins of the Yangtze River, the Huaihe River, the Yellow River, and the Haihe River, involving more than 10 provinces. The ambitious project is consisted of countless hydraulic engineering sub-projects including reservoirs, lakes, canals, river ways, dams, pump stations, tunnels, aqueducts, buried culverts, inverted siphons, PCCP pipes, ditches, etc. Its complexity, scale, and difficulty are unprecedented at home and abroad. In total, 1.78 billion cubic meters of earth and stone was excavated, 620 million cubic meters was filled, and 65 million cubic meters of concrete was used, just in the first phase of the project's eastern and central routes.

II. World's largest water diversion volume

Once completed, the project will divert 44.8 billion cubic meters of water annually to the population centers in northern China. The water will be diverted through three routes: 14.8 billion cubic meters through the eastern route, 13.0 billion cubic meters through the central route, and 17.0 billion cubic meters through the western route. The first phase projects of the eastern and central routes are currently underway, and they will be able to divert 18.27 billion cubic meters of water after completion.

III. World's longest water diversion distance

The total planned length of the project's eastern, central and western routes is 4,350 kilometers. The ongoing first phase sub-projects of the eastern and central routes measure 2,899 kilometers in the mainlines and approximately 2,700 kilometers in auxiliary branch lines, reaching six provinces and one city.

A bird's eye view of the Taocha Canal Head Works Project on the central route.

IV. World's largest population benefited

The South-to-North Water Diversion Project targets water shortage in China's northern areas, particularly in the drainage basins of the Yellow River, the Huaihe River, and the Haihe River, which in 2002 had a total population of 438 million. In the first phase sub-projects of the eastern and central routes alone, 253 county-level or above cities gain direct water supply, benefiting 110 million people. Water supply through the project has brought about vast opportunities for those areas to restructure and grow their industries and economies. Meanwhile, the project supplements water to the lower reaches of the Yellow River, thus enabling the northwestern areas to improve water resource carrying capacity. After the elevation project of the Danjiangkou Dam, 3.3 billion cubic meters of storage capacity was added, which with the coordination of flood control projects can effectively prevent flooding and protect more than 700,000 people living in the middle and lower reaches of the Hanjiang River.

The central route stretches through downtown area of Jiaozuo city, Henan province.

V. World's largest scope of benefited areas

The South-to-North Water Diversion Project targets water shortage problems in China's northern areas, in particular the drainage basins of the Yellow River, the Huaihe River, and the Haihe River[]. The total area of diverted water supply is 1.45 million square kilometers, equal to 15 percent of China's land area. The first phase sub-projects of the eastern and central routes have created approximately 180,000 jobs annually. The completion of the project will highly improve the water resources and drive the socio-economic development, thus creating more jobs while producing benefits for agriculture, flood control, shipping, stagnant water drainage, and ecological protection. Adjusted for inflation, the project is estimated to generate an annual economic benefit worth 53.3 billion yuan.

The central route stretches through Zhengzhou city, Henan province.

VI. World's largest number of resettlement due to water projects – migrants of the Danjiangkou Dam in the central route

About 345,000 people were resettled due to the elevation project of the Danjiangkou Dam in the project's central route, and the resettlement was mainly completed in 2010-11. In 2011, 190,000 people were resettled, marking a world record in resettlement due to water projects. The two provinces involved, Henan and Hubei, set up migrant relocation headquarters to ensure improved housing, traffic, medical service, and education for resettled people.

VII. World's largest scale of pump station cluster – the Pump Station Cluster Project of the Eastern Route

The first phase of the project's eastern route's mainline totals 1,467 kilometers. Thirteen cascade pump stations, 22 pivots and 34 pump stations are established along the route, with the total hydraulic head of 65 meters. The stations are equipped with 160 hydroelectric generators, with the overall installed capacity of 366.2 kilowatts and the total design flow of 4,447.6 cubic meters per second. After completion, the highly concentrated pump station cluster will reach international advanced level in pump manufacturing, and in other aspects.

VIII. World's first case of large-tube water tunnels traversing under subway – the Buried Culvert Project in the 4th Ring Road of Beijing (central route)

The Buried Culvert Project in the 4th Ring Road of Beijing (central route) has two pressurized water tunnels with the inner diameter of four meters, which traverse under Beijing's Wukesong Subway Station. It was the world's first case of large-tube water tunnels traversing under a running subway. The nearest distance between the buried culvert and the subway is only 3.67 meters, while the largest settlement of the subway is merely three millimeters.

Completion of the tunnel lining of the Buried Culvert Project in the 4th Ring Road of Beijing.

IX. World's largest U-type aqueduct – the Tuanhe Aqueduct Project in the central route

The Tuanhe Aqueduct Project in the central route is a U-type aqueduct with three-dimension prestressing. The inner diameter of the aqueduct is nine meters, the single span 40 meters, and the maximum flow 420 cubic meters per second. All three parameters are unprecedented.

An overlook of the Tuanhe Aqueduct in the Central Route.

X. China's deepest water diversion shaft – shaft of the Yellow River Crossing Project of the central route

Located around 30 kilometers to the west of Zhengzhou, the Yellow River Crossing Project of the Central Route is designed to transfer water diverted from the Yangtze River through the central route, to cross the Yellow River. The large, cylinder structure shaft was built in the high permeable foundation of fine sand, on the bank of the Yellow River. With an inner diameter of 16.4 meters and a depth of 50.5 meters, the shaft has a design flow of 265 cubic meters per second and an increasing flow of 320 cubic meters per second. Double-layered, the shaft's outer layer is an underground diaphragm wall with the thickness of 1.5 meters and a depth of 76.6 meters, and its inner layer is made with concrete steel with the thickness of 0.8 meters. It is by far China's largest and deepest shaft, also with the most complicated geological conditions and most difficult engineering conditions.

XI. China's largest water tunnel that goes through giant rivers – the Yellow River Crossing Tunnel of the central route

To adjust to the wandering and silt-foundation features of the Yellow River, the Yellow River Crossing Tunnel Project is consisted of two tunnels which are both 4,250 meters long and seven meters in inner diameter. Both tunnels have a two-layered structure, with the inner layer and the outer layer separated by a permeable barrier so that each layer can endure water pressure both in and out of the tunnel. This kind of structure is a first in the world. The Yellow River Crossing Tunnel Project has been completed, setting a new record for China's long-distance underwater tunnel construction in soft soil.

Inside the Yellow River Crossing Tunnel Project.

XII. China's largest scale dam elevation project – the Danjiangkou Dam Elevation Project

By pouring concrete on the body of the original dam, the Danjiangkou Dam Elevation Project elevates both the concrete dam and the core earth-rock dam. After elevation, the height of the dam increased from 162 meters to 176.6 meters, with the normal water level rising from 157 meters to 170 meters, adding 11.6 billion cubic meters of reservoir capacity. Specific structural technologies were applied during the elevation project to blend the original concrete with the newly poured. Without affecting the dam's normal operation, the project successfully elevated the dam along with fracture detection and repairing, making it one of the most complicated cases of the world's dam elevation projects.

XIII. Cutting edge technologies applied in mechanized construction of large scale concrete canal

The South-to-North Water Diversion Project diverts water through long-distance routes that traverse land with complicated geological and topographical conditions. An array of devices with domestic intellectual property rights were developed to tackle various problems. Compared with devices of the same category developed overseas, the molding machine used in the South-to-North Water Diversion Project is two-thirds lighter, with 66 percent greater power and 80 percent less cost. A great many research results have been achieved in large channel slope stability and optimization technology, new structure type, mechanized lining comprehensive construction technology, mechanized lining series complete equipment, etc., filling China's blanks in design and manufacture, construction process and engineering technology of large scale channel mechanized molding equipment.

XIV. Cutting edge technologies applied in PCCP pipe engineering at the Beijing section of the central route

Through the construction and quality control of ultra large diameter Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Pipe (PCCP), a full set of technical parameters concerning PCCP design and cathodic protection, which also comply with China's regulatory system and material standards, were established. A quality control standard was set up concerning the installation of ultra large diameter PCCP in ditches and tunnels. An array of pioneering technologies have been developed, including test probes for the cathodic protection of PCCP, materials and processes of mechanized spray of PCCP external anti-corrosive coating, installation of ultra large diameter PCCP in ditches using goliath crane, installation processes and technologies for PCCP in tunnels, etc.

http://english.scio.gov.cn/chinaprojects/2018-05/08/content_51532477_0.htm
 

xizhimen

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Beijing's new $63 billion mega-airport
Saturday, October 26, 2019 9:22 p.m. CDT


People walk at the terminal hall of the newly launched Daxing International Airport on the outskirts of Beijing, China September 28, 2019. R

BEIJING (Reuters) - Beijing's new $63 billion Daxing airport began its first scheduled international flights on Sunday as it ramped up operations to help relieve pressure on the city's existing Capital airport.

Shaped like a phoenix - though to some observers it is more reminiscent of a starfish - the airport was designed by famed Iraqi-born architect Zaha Hadid, and formally opened in late September ahead of the Oct. 1 celebrations of the 70th anniversary of the People's Republic of China. [nL3N26G11O]

It boasts four runways and is expected to handle up to 72 million passengers a year by 2025, eventually reaching 100 million.

China Southern Airlines and China Eastern Airlines will be the main domestic carriers at Daxing, though Air China will provide a small number of flights too.

An Air China flight to Bangkok was the first international flight to leave on Sunday, while British Airways will operate the first transcontinental flight, to London.

About 50 foreign airlines, including Finnair, plan to move all or part of their China operations to the airport in the coming quarters.

The relocation of all the airlines which will use Daxing is to due to be completed by the winter of 2021. Air China and its Star Alliance partners will remain mostly at Capital airport.

The airport, roughly the size of 100 football fields and expected to become one of the world's busiest, has come in for some criticism due to its distance from central Beijing.

By public transport it takes over an hour to reach it from Beijing's central business district, more than double the time needed to reach Capital airport, which strains at the seams and is often hit by delays.

Officials say Daxing airport is not only designed to serve Beijing, but also the surrounding province of Hebei and next-door city of Tianjin, to boost regional development.

https://kfgo.com/news/articles/2019...rnational-flights/951273/?refer-section=world
 

Bhurki

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Shanghai_skyline_unsplash.jpg

Straight from wikipedia 'Economy of China' page. I understand the camera makes it look better than the eye would. Looks almost like a cyberpunk wallpaper.
 

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